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bronfenbrenner essay All online transactions are done using all major Credit Cards or Electronic Check through either PayPal™ or Moneybookers™. These are safe, secure, and efficient ways to make payment online. Various divergent theories have proposed in an attempt to preparation, explain lifespan development and human behavior. Two of the why is essay, most popular theories on thesis preparation lifespan development include the ethological theory, which places emphasis on how biology shapes human behavior; and the ecological theory, which perceives the scientific, role that the environment plays in mcgill, influencing the growth and development of a person (Arch, Marylouise, Spurr, 2006). The ecological theory was formulated by Urie Bronfenbrenner, who theorized five environmental factors that influenced the growth and development of coursework papers4you a person.
The ecological systems theory perceives lifespan development in the domain of a system of relationships that constitutes one’s environment. According to Bronfenbrenner’s theory, each of the complex layers has an effect on one’s lifespan development. Recently, the ecological systems theory has been renamed “the bio ecological systems theory” in mcgill preparation, order to give emphasis to one’s biology as the primary development that fuels one’s lifespan development (Berk, 2000). The relationships between these variables in one’s maturing biology, one’s immediate family and community environment, and the societal setting play an instrumental role in fuelling and steering individual development. In order to explore lifespan development, there is the cover for resident, need to assess the individual and his/her individual environment as well as the interaction taking place in thesis, the larger environment. The five environmental factors that Urie Bronfenbrenner highlights in the ecological systems theory that affect lifespan development include the microsystem, mesosystem, macrosystem, exosystem, and the chronosystem (Bronfenbrenner, 1979). The goal of this paper is to describe the current research and application of the ecological system theory to the field of isee test essay lifespan development. Systems Structures in the Ecological Systems Theory.
Bronfenbrenner hypothesized that socialization and development are determined by the various environmental variables in which an individual is in active inter-relation. The three main assumptions help by the Bronfenbrenner’s theory include: the individual is an active player and exerts substantial force on his/her own environment; the environment can force an individual to adapt to thesis mcgill, its restrictions and conditions; and that the environment is perceived to comprise of dissimilar size entities that are positioned one inside another. The environmental factors are analyzed and synthesized in the following subsections (Paquette Ryan, 2001). The microsystem encompasses of the environment that the isee test essay, person lives and this system comprises of family members, neighborhoods, religious communities, peers, and other entities that the mcgill preparation, person interacts with directly on bibliography a regular basis. The individual usually comes to mcgill, contact with the microsystem in most instances involving social interactions. In the microsystem, the individual does not only observe things happen, but also plays an instrumental role in the creation and construction of the experiences that they are likely to have (Jorgensen, 2004).
Bronfenbrenner defined the microsystem as “a pattern of interpersonal relationships, roles and activities that a developing individual experiences in a particular face-to-face situation with specific material and physical entities including other people having unique belief systems and temperament and personality traits”. According to Berk (1979), the microsystem is the closest environment variable for cover an individual and constitutes of structures that the child has direct contacts with. Paquette Ryan (2001) make inferences from Bronfenbrenner’s theory and asserts that, at the microsystem level, the relations between people take place in two ways, which include towards the child and from the child. For instance, the thesis, parents of a child can determine his/her behavior and beliefs; however, the papers4you, child can also have an effect on the behavior and thesis, beliefs of his/her parents. Bronfenbrenner refers to this observation as bidirectional influence and highlights how these relationships manifest on essay the various degrees of all environmental factors. The core of the ecological systems theory stems from the interaction taking place within the various layers of the preparation, structures and the interaction taking place between the various layers. In the context of the microsystem, bidirectional interactions are extremely strong and have the most significant influence on the individual. Nevertheless, the interactions taking place on the outer levels of environments can still have an effect on the inner structures. At first, the manner in which the Structure and Culture, child relates with other individuals is dyadic; however, later, the thesis, child becomes able to handle concurrent interaction relationships. Bronfenbrenner (1979) asserts that the nature of relationships among the people close to the child and their respective systems has an impact on the development of the child.
Several scholars have applied the concept of Bronfenbrenner’s microenvironment in cover for resident assistant, understanding child development. Wendy Mary (2006)considers the mcgill, closest surroundings to to vote, be a person’s microsystem such as home, classmates, close relatives, kids in the play yard and day care group among others. Penn (2005) used Bronfenbrenner’s ecological systems theory to come up with the preparation, family system model whereas Vander Zanden, Crandell, Crandell (2007) developed the classroom model using the ecological systems theory, where the teacher was the target. When expounding on bidirectional influences, Berk (2000) cites that a child who is friendly and attentive is highly likely to stir up patient and positive reactions from their parents. On the other hand, an irritable child is likely to stir up punishment, restriction and impatient from his/her parents. As a result, Berk (2000) concludes that when reciprocal interactions take place over time, they impose a lasting effect on lifespan development. Third parties, who are other people in the microsystem, also have an influence on the quality of relationship that the developing individual has with other people. For instance, if they are supportive, there is enhanced interaction.
An example is when parents tend to encourage each other during the child rearing process; they tend to develop a more effective parenting. On the contrary, cases of marital conflicts are always linked to inconsistent discipline and hostilities towards children; as a result, children in such environments tend to coursework papers4you, exhibit aggression, anxiety and fear (Kail Cavanaugh, 2010). Penn (2005) perceives the mesosystem as the interactions existing between the microsystems and mcgill, could comprise of school-related experiences at home, home-related experiences at cover, school. Thesis Mcgill Preparation! Just like the microsystem, the coursework, person does not only observe things that happen but also play a significant role in mcgill preparation, the creation of research paper their experiences. The perspectives relating to the notion of the mesosystem has been unchanged, and has not been changed since its original definition even by Bronfenbrenner. According to Bronfenbrenner (1979), the mesosystem encompasses of the thesis mcgill, processes and linkages that occur between at least one setting containing the developing individual; examples include the relations between schools and home, and workplace and school. Berk (2000) perceives the mesosystem as a system of microsystems. On the other hand, Paquette Ryan (2001) assert that the why is essay, mesosystem generates the connections between the thesis mcgill, various microsystems of the developing individual. According to Penn (2005), the mesosystem comprises of relationships that exist between the microsystem of a child and a young person. The most important relations include the relation between school interaction and home, kindergarten and home, and child clinic and home and mother. It is imperative to assess if the factors that influence socialization have diverging or converging directions, which entails assessing whether the various microsystems support each other, or the individual views them as classing.
Bronfenbrenner (1979) asserts that the study of relations between microsystems have been extremely one sided. For instance, studies have focused more on how school and day care disjointedly determine the development of the child but have disregarded their joint impacts on child development. In pointing out the significance of the mesosystem, Penn (2005) cites that the academic progress of creative region a child does not only depend on the classroom environment but also on the level parental involvement with school activities. The case is replicated among adults whereby spousal relationships at home are also affected by other relationships among peers and the workplace, and vice versa. This clearly indicates the role the mesosystem plays in lifespan development. Paquette Ryan (2001) perceives the exosystem as a system whereby the developing individual plays no significant role in construction his/her own experiences; however, these experiences impose a direct effect on the microsystems that the person is part of. For instance, a when a person losses his job, the job loss has a direct effect on the financial state of the family, which could in turn affect the daily lifestyle and domestic stress levels.
According to Bronfenbrenner (1979), the exosystem comprises of the processes and linkages occurring between at least two settings, one of which does not typically contain the thesis mcgill preparation, developing individual but the coursework papers4you, events in preparation, have an effect on the processes taking place on Organizational other immediate setting that do not contain the individual. Mcgill Preparation! According to york region, the Penn (2005), the social settings devoid of the developing individual but shape the experiences in his/her immediate settings tend to affect lifespan development. Examples of social settings that the developing person may not be part of include social networks of a child’s parents and members of the extended family, which all have an impact on the child’s development process. Research studies affirm the negative effect of a breakdown in mcgill preparation, the exosystem processes and activities (Shaffer, 2008). For instance, families isolated socially and having few community-based or personal ties tend to exhibit high rates of writing york child abuse and conflict, which are detrimental to lifespan development. Mcgill Preparation! The macrosystem is the outermost level of the ecological systems theory and comprises of cultural values, resources, laws and customs.
The manner in which the coursework papers4you, macrosystem prioritizes the needs of the developing individual usually has an preparation, impact on the support that the developing person receives at the inner environment levels. For instance, in nations having generous workplace benefits for employed parents/guardians and establish high child care standards, children are highly likely to enjoy favorable experiences as regards their immediate settings (Santrock, 2011). The case is the same for elderly citizens in countries where the government offers a generous pension plan for its retirees. Penn (2005) asserts that society and isee test essay, culture has a significant influence on mcgill preparation the macrosystem. The ideologies and belief systems of the papers4you, culture of the developing person directly affects the person; nevertheless, the thesis, developing person lacks sufficient freedom in influencing his/her surroundings. Bronfenbrenner’s ecological systems theory maintains that the environment is not static and does not affect people uniformly; rather, it is dynamic and ever changing.
Every time the developing person adds or relents some of his/her roles in his/her setting, the entities in the microsystems tend to change (Sven, 2007). Structure And Culture! The contextual shits, sometimes referred as ecological transitions, play an instrumental role during lifespan development; examples include starting education, working, retiring, and becoming a parent. Life changes can either stem from within the developing individual because they choose, recognize and thesis mcgill, generate their own experiences and settings, or imposed externally. How they respond to these ecological transitions depend on various factors such as their intellectual and physical capabilities, age, personality and environmental opportunities (Underdown, 2006). The ecological systems theory, also referred to coursework, as the bio-ecological systems theory has been instrumental in understanding lifespan development and socialization processes among people. As a result, Bronfenbrenner’s ecological systems theory concedes that lifespan development is mcgill preparation, neither driven mainly by inner dispositions nor subject to control by innate dispositions. Instead, the ecological systems theory perceives individuals as products and producers of their own environments whereby the person and the environment establish a network of interdependent impacts. Arch, W., Marylouise, C., Spurr, R. (2006). . (2006). Advancing Ecological Systems Theory in to vote essay, Lifestyle, Leisure, and Travel Research. Preparation! Journal of Organizational Structure Travel Research , 259–272.
Berk, L. Thesis! (2000). Child Development . Boston: Allyn and creative york region, Baco. Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). The Ecology of Human Development: Experiments by Nature and Design. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Cumming, G. (2011). Spatial Resilience in Social-Ecological Systems.
New York: Springer. Jorgensen, S. Thesis! E. (2004). Towards a Thermodynamic Theory for Ecological Systems. New York: Gulf Professional Publishing. Organizational Structure And Culture! Kail, R. V., Cavanaugh, J. C. (2010).
The Study of Human Development. Human Development: A Life-span View. Preparation! Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage Learning. Paquette, D., Ryan, J. (2001). Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems Theory . Retrieved October 23, 2012, from http://pt3.nl.edu/paquetteryanwebquest.pdf. Penn, H. 2. (2005). Understanding early childhood education. Issues and paper bibliography, controversies. Glasgow: Bell Bain Ltd. Thesis! Santrock, J. W. (2011).
Life-span development. New York: McGraw-Hill. Shaffer, D. (2008). Social and Organizational, Personality Development. New York: Cengage. Sven, E. (2007). A New Ecology:Systems Perspective. New York: Elsevier.
Underdown, A. (2006). Health and well being in thesis mcgill, Child hood development. New York: McGraw-Hill International,. Vander Zanden, J. W., Crandell, T. L., Crandell, C. H. (2007). Human Developmen. New York: McGraw Hill. Wendy, P., Mary, M. (2006). Career Development and Systems Theory.
New York: Sense Publishers.
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nature emerson essay A subtle chain of countless rings. The next unto the farthest brings; The eye reads omens where it goes, And speaks all languages the rose;
And, striving to be man, the thesis, worm. Mounts through all the spires of form. Introduction Our age is retrospective. It builds the sepulchres of the fathers. It writes biographies, histories, and criticism. The foregoing generations beheld God and nature face to face; we, through their eyes. Why should not we also enjoy an original relation to the universe? Why should not we have a poetry and isee test essay, philosophy of insight and thesis mcgill, not of tradition, and a religion by revelation to us, and research paper bibliography, not the history of theirs? Embosomed for thesis preparation, a season in nature, whose floods of life stream around and through us, and invite us by the powers they supply, to action proportioned to research paper bibliography nature, why should we grope among the thesis mcgill, dry bones of the past, or put the Structure, living generation into thesis, masquerade out of its faded wardrobe? The sun shines to-day also.
There is more wool and flax in the fields. There are new lands, new men, new thoughts. Let us demand our own works and laws and worship. Undoubtedly we have no questions to ask which are unanswerable. We must trust the perfection of the creation so far, as to believe that whatever curiosity the order of things has awakened in our minds, the order of things can satisfy. Every man's condition is a solution in hieroglyphic to those inquiries he would put. Why Is It Important To Vote Essay! He acts it as life, before he apprehends it as truth. Mcgill! In like manner, nature is already, in its forms and tendencies, describing its own design.
Let us interrogate the great apparition, that shines so peacefully around us. Creative York! Let us inquire, to what end is nature? All science has one aim, namely, to find a theory of nature. We have theories of races and of functions, but scarcely yet a remote approach to an idea of creation. Mcgill! We are now so far from the road to truth, that religious teachers dispute and hate each other, and speculative men are esteemed unsound and cover letter, frivolous. But to thesis a sound judgment, the most abstract truth is the most practical. Whenever a true theory appears, it will be its own evidence. Its test is, that it will explain all phenomena. Research Paper Bibliography! Now many are thought not only unexplained but inexplicable; as language, sleep, madness, dreams, beasts, sex. Philosophically considered, the thesis mcgill preparation, universe is composed of Nature and the Soul.
Strictly speaking, therefore, all that is classes york separate from us, all which Philosophy distinguishes as the mcgill preparation, NOT ME, that is, both nature and art, all other men andmy own body, must be ranked under this name, NATURE. In enumerating the values of nature and casting up their sum, I shall use the word in both senses; -- in its common and in its philosophical import. In inquiries so general as our present one, the inaccuracy is not material; no confusion of creative classes york region thought will occur. Nature, in the common sense, refers to essences unchanged by man; space, the air, the river, the leaf. Art is applied to the mixture of his will with the thesis preparation, same things, as in a house, a canal, a statue, a picture. But his operations taken together are so insignificant, a little chipping, baking, patching, and washing, that in an impression so grand as that of the world on the human mind, they do not vary the classes york, result. Chapter I NATURE To go into preparation, solitude, a man needs to retire as much from his chamber as from society. I am not solitary whilst I read and isee test essay, write, though nobody is with me. But if a man would be alone, let him look at the stars. Mcgill Preparation! The rays that come from those heavenly worlds, will separate between him and what he touches.
One might think the atmosphere was made transparent with this design, to give man, in the heavenly bodies, the perpetual presence of the sublime. Seen in the streets of cities, how great they are! If the stars should appear one night in a thousand years, how would men believe and adore; and preserve for many generations the remembrance of the city of God which had been shown! But every night come out these envoys of beauty, and scientific paper, light the universe with their admonishing smile. The stars awaken a certain reverence, because though always present, they are inaccessible; but all natural objects make a kindred impression, when the mind is open to their influence. Nature never wears a mean appearance.
Neither does the mcgill, wisest man extort her secret, and letter assistant, lose his curiosity by finding out all her perfection. Nature never became a toy to a wise spirit. The flowers, the animals, the mountains, reflected the wisdom of his best hour, as much as they had delighted the thesis mcgill preparation, simplicity of his childhood. When we speak of nature in this manner, we have a distinct but most poetical sense in the mind. We mean the integrity of impression made by manifold natural objects.
It is this which distinguishes the stick of timber of the wood-cutter, from the tree of the poet. The charming landscape which I saw this morning, is indubitably made up of some twenty or thirty farms. Miller owns this field, Locke that, and Manning the woodland beyond. But none of them owns the landscape. There is a property in the horizon which no man has but he whose eye can integrate all the parts, that is, the poet.
This is the best part of these men's farms, yet to this their warranty-deeds give no title. To speak truly, few adult persons can see nature. Most persons do not see the sun. At least they have a very superficial seeing. The sun illuminates only the eye of the man, but shines into the eye and the heart of the child. The lover of nature is why is it important to vote essay he whose inward and outward senses are still truly adjusted to each other; who has retained the spirit of infancy even into the era of mcgill manhood.
His intercourse with heaven and scientific research paper, earth, becomes part of his daily food. Thesis Mcgill Preparation! In the presence of nature, a wild delight runs through the man, in spite of real sorrows. Nature says, -- he is my creature, and maugre all his impertinent griefs, he shall be glad with me. Not the sun or the summer alone, but every hour and season yields its tribute of delight; for every hour and change corresponds to and authorizes a different state of the mind, from breathless noon to grimmest midnight. Nature is a setting that fits equally well a comic or a mourning piece.
In good health, the air is a cordial of incredible virtue. Why Is It Important Essay! Crossing a bare common, in snow puddles, at twilight, under a clouded sky, without having in my thoughts any occurrence of special good fortune, I have enjoyed a perfect exhilaration. I am glad to the brink of mcgill preparation fear. In the woods too, a man casts off his years, as the isee test essay, snake his slough, and at what period soever of life, is always a child. In the woods, is perpetual youth. Within these plantations of thesis mcgill preparation God, a decorum and sanctity reign, a perennial festival is dressed, and the guest sees not how he should tire of them in paper, a thousand years. In the woods, we return to reason and faith. There I feel that nothing can befall me in life, -- no disgrace, no calamity, (leaving me my eyes,) which nature cannot repair. Standing on the bare ground, -- my head bathed by the blithe air, and uplifted into infinite space, -- all mean egotism vanishes. I become a transparent eye-ball; I am nothing; I see all; the currents of the thesis mcgill, Universal Being circulate through me; I am part or particle of God. The name of the nearest friend sounds then foreign and accidental: to be brothers, to be acquaintances, -- master or servant, is then a trifle and region, a disturbance.
I am the lover of thesis preparation uncontained and immortal beauty. In the wilderness, I find something more dear and connate than in streets or villages. In the tranquil landscape, and especially in the distant line of the horizon, man beholds somewhat as beautiful as his own nature. The greatest delight which the fields and woods minister, is the suggestion of an occult relation between man and the vegetable. I am not alone and unacknowledged.
They nod to me, and I to it important to vote essay them. Thesis! The waving of the boughs in the storm, is scientific paper bibliography new to me and old. It takes me by surprise, and yet is not unknown. Its effect is like that of a higher thought or a better emotion coming over me, when I deemed I was thinking justly or doing right. Yet it is certain that the power to produce this delight, does not reside in nature, but in man, or in a harmony of both.
It is thesis mcgill necessary to use these pleasures with great temperance. Scientific Paper! For, nature is not always tricked in thesis mcgill preparation, holiday attire, but the isee test essay, same scene which yesterday breathed perfume and glittered as for the frolic of the nymphs, is overspread with melancholy today. Nature always wears the colors of the spirit. To a man laboring under calamity, the heat of his own fire hath sadness in it. Then, there is mcgill preparation a kind of contempt of the landscape felt by him who has just lost by death a dear friend. The sky is less grand as it shuts down over less worth in coursework, the population. Chapter II COMMODITY Whoever considers the final cause of the thesis preparation, world, will discern a multitude of usesthat result. They all admit of being thrown into one of the following classes; Commodity; Beauty; Language; and Discipline.
Under the general name of Commodity, I rank all those advantages which our senses owe to nature. This, of course, is a benefit which is scientific research paper bibliography temporary and mediate, not ultimate, like its service to the soul. Yet although low, it is perfect in thesis mcgill preparation, its kind, and is the only use of why is nature which all men apprehend. The misery of thesis mcgill preparation man appears like childish petulance, when we explore the steady and prodigal provision that has been made for his support and delight on this green ball which floats him through the heavens. What angels invented these splendid ornaments, these rich conveniences, this ocean of air above, this ocean of coursework papers4you water beneath, this firmament of earth between? this zodiac of lights, this tent of dropping clouds, this striped coat of climates, this fourfold year?
Beasts, fire, water, stones, and corn serve him. The field is at once his floor, his work-yard, his play-ground, his garden, and his bed. More servants wait on man. Than he 'll take notice of. ------ Nature, in its ministry to man, is mcgill preparation not only the material, but is also the process and the result. All the parts incessantly work into each other's hands for the profit of man. Cover For Resident! The wind sows the seed; the sun evaporates the sea; the wind blows the vapor to the field; the ice, on the other side of the mcgill, planet, condenses rain on this; the rain feeds the plant; the plant feeds the animal; and research paper bibliography, thus the endless circulations of the divine charity nourish man. The useful arts are reproductions or new combinations by the wit of man, of the same natural benefactors.
He no longer waits for thesis mcgill, favoring gales, but by means of steam, he realizes the fable of Aeolus's bag, and carries the two and thirty winds in the boiler of his boat. To diminish friction, he paves the road with iron bars, and, mounting a coach with a ship-load of men, animals, and merchandise behind him, he darts through the country, from town to town, like an cover letter assistant, eagle or a swallow through the air. By the aggregate of these aids, how is the face of the world changed, from the era of Noah to that of Napoleon! The private poor man hath cities, ships, canals, bridges, built for him. He goes to the post-office, and the human race run on his errands; to the book-shop, and the human race read and write of all that happens, for him; to the court-house, and nations repair his wrongs. He sets his house upon the road, and the human race go forth every morning, and shovel out the snow, and cut a path for him.
But there is no need of thesis specifying particulars in this class of uses. The catalogue is endless, and the examples so obvious, that I shall leave them to the reader's reflection, with the general remark, that this mercenary benefit is one which has respect to a farther good. Isee Test Essay! A man is fed, not that he may be fed, but that he may work. Chapter III BEAUTY A nobler want of man is served by nature, namely, the love of Beauty. The ancient Greeks called the world , beauty. Such is the constitution of all things, or such the thesis mcgill, plastic power of the human eye, that the primary forms, as the sky, the mountain, the tree, the coursework papers4you, animal, give us a delight in and for themselves; a pleasure arising from outline, color, motion, and grouping.
This seems partly owing to the eye itself. The eye is the best of artists. By the mutual action of its structure and of the laws of light, perspective is produced, which integrates every mass of objects, of what character soever, into a well colored and shaded globe, so that where the mcgill preparation, particular objects are mean and unaffecting, the landscape which they compose, is why is to vote essay round and symmetrical. And as the eye is the best composer, so light is the first of painters. There is no object so foul that intense light will not make beautiful. And the stimulus it affords to the sense, and a sort of infinitude which it hath, like space and time, make all matter gay. Even the corpse has its own beauty. But besides this general grace diffused over nature, almost all the individual forms are agreeable to the eye, as is proved by thesis our endless imitations of some of them, as the research paper bibliography, acorn, the thesis mcgill, grape, the pine-cone, the wheat-ear, the egg, the wings and forms of most birds, the lion's claw, the serpent, the butterfly, sea-shells, flames, clouds, buds, leaves, and the forms of many trees, as the palm. For better consideration, we may distribute the aspects of Beauty in why is it important to vote essay, a threefold manner.
1. First, the simple perception of natural forms is a delight. The influence of the forms and actions in nature, is so needful to man, that, in its lowest functions, it seems to lie on the confines of commodity and beauty. To the body and mind which have been cramped by noxious work or company, nature is medicinal and restores their tone. The tradesman, the attorney comes out of the din and mcgill preparation, craft of the street, and sees the sky and cover letter, the woods, and is a man again. In their eternal calm, he finds himself. The health of the mcgill preparation, eye seems to demand a horizon. We are never tired, so long as we can see far enough.
But in other hours, Nature satisfies by its loveliness, and without any mixture of corporeal benefit. Creative Writing Classes Region! I see the spectacle of morning from the hill-top over against my house, from day-break to sun-rise, with emotions which an angel might share. The long slender bars of cloud float like fishes in the sea of crimson light. From the earth, as a shore, I look out into that silent sea. I seem to partake its rapid transformations: the active enchantment reaches my dust, and I dilate and thesis, conspire with the morning wind. How does Nature deify us with a few and cheap elements! Give me health and a day, and I will make the pomp of emperors ridiculous. The dawn is my Assyria; the isee test essay, sun-set and moon-rise my Paphos, and unimaginable realms of faerie; broad noon shall be my England of the senses and the understanding; the night shall be my Germany of mystic philosophy and dreams.
Not less excellent, except for our less susceptibility in thesis mcgill preparation, the afternoon, was the charm, last evening, of a January sunset. The western clouds divided and subdivided themselves into pink flakes modulated with tints of unspeakable softness; and the air had so much life and sweetness, that it was a pain to come within doors. What was it that nature would say? Was there no meaning in the live repose of the valley behind the mill, and which Homer or Shakspeare could not reform for me in isee test essay, words? The leafless trees become spires of flame in thesis preparation, the sunset, with the blue east for their back-ground, and research paper bibliography, the stars of the dead calices of flowers, and every withered stem and stubble rimed with frost, contribute something to the mute music. The inhabitants of cities suppose that the country landscape is pleasant only mcgill preparation half the year. I please myself with the graces of the winter scenery, and believe that we are as much touched by it as by the genial influences of summer. Classes! To the attentive eye, each moment of the year has its own beauty, and in the same field, it beholds, every hour, a picture which was never seen before, and which shall never be seen again. The heavens change every moment, and reflect their glory or gloom on the plains beneath. The state of the crop in the surrounding farms alters the expression of the earth from preparation week to week. The succession of it important native plants in the pastures and roadsides, which makes the thesis, silent clock by which time tells the summer hours, will make even the divisions of the day sensible to a keen observer.
The tribes of birds and insects, like the plants punctual to their time, follow each other, and coursework, the year has room for all. By water-courses, the variety is greater. In July, the blue pontederia or pickerel-weed blooms in large beds in the shallow parts of our pleasant river, and swarms with yellow butterflies in continual motion. Art cannot rival this pomp of purple and gold. Indeed the river is a perpetual gala, and boasts each month a new ornament. But this beauty of Nature which is seen and felt as beauty, is the least part. The shows of day, the dewy morning, the rainbow, mountains, orchards in blossom, stars, moonlight, shadows in mcgill preparation, still water, and the like, if too eagerly hunted, become shows merely, and mock us with their unreality. Go out of the house to see the moon, and 't is scientific research mere tinsel; it will not please as when its light shines upon your necessary journey. The beauty that shimmers in the yellow afternoons of October, who ever could clutch it? Go forth to find it, and it is gone: 't is thesis mcgill only a mirage as you look from the scientific bibliography, windows of diligence.
2. The presence of a higher, namely, of the spiritual element is essential to its perfection. The high and divine beauty which can be loved without effeminacy, is that which is preparation found in classes region, combination with the human will. Beauty is the thesis preparation, mark God sets upon virtue. Every natural action is graceful. Every heroic act is isee test essay also decent, and causes the place and the bystanders to shine. We are taught by great actions that the universe is the property of every individual in preparation, it. Every rational creature has all nature for his dowry and estate.
It is his, if he will. He may divest himself of it; he may creep into a corner, and abdicate his kingdom, as most men do, but he is entitled to the world by his constitution. In proportion to the energy of his thought and will, he takes up the cover, world into himself. Mcgill Preparation! All those things for which men plough, build, or sail, obey virtue; said Sallust. The winds and isee test essay, waves, said Gibbon, are always on the side of the ablest navigators. So are the sun and moon and all the stars of heaven. When a noble act is done, -- perchance in thesis mcgill preparation, a scene of great natural beauty; when Leonidas and his three hundred martyrs consume one day in dying, and the sun and moon come each and look at them once in the steep defile of Thermopylae; when Arnold Winkelried, in the high Alps, under the shadow of the avalanche, gathers in his side a sheaf of Austrian spears to break the line for his comrades; are not these heroes entitled to research paper add the beauty of the scene to the beauty of the deed? When the thesis mcgill preparation, bark of Columbus nears the isee test essay, shore of America; -- before it, the beach lined with savages, fleeing out of all their huts of cane; the sea behind; and the purple mountains of the Indian Archipelago around, can we separate the man from the living picture? Does not the New World clothe his form with her palm-groves and savannahs as fit drapery? Ever does natural beauty steal in like air, and envelope great actions.
When Sir Harry Vane was dragged up the thesis preparation, Tower-hill, sitting on a sled, to suffer death, as the champion of the English laws, one of the multitude cried out to him, You never sate on so glorious a seat. Charles II., to why is intimidate the citizens of London, caused the patriot Lord Russel to be drawn in an open coach, through the principal streets of the city, on his way to the scaffold. Thesis Mcgill! But, his biographer says, the multitude imagined they saw liberty and virtue sitting by his side. In private places, among sordid objects, an act of truth or heroism seems at once to draw to itself the sky as its temple, the creative, sun as its candle. Nature stretcheth out her arms to embrace man, only let his thoughts be of mcgill preparation equal greatness. Coursework Papers4you! Willingly does she follow his steps with the rose and preparation, the violet, and bend her lines of grandeur and grace to the decoration of her darling child. Only let his thoughts be of equal scope, and it important essay, the frame will suit the picture.
A virtuous man is in unison with her works, and makes the central figure of the visible sphere. Homer, Pindar, Socrates, Phocion, associate themselves fitly in our memory with the geography and climate of Greece. The visible heavens and earth sympathize with Jesus. And in common life, whosoever has seen a person of preparation powerful character and happy genius, will have remarked how easily he took all things along with him, -- the persons, the opinions, and the day, and nature became ancillary to coursework papers4you a man. 3. Thesis Mcgill Preparation! There is still another aspect under which the beauty of the world may be viewed, namely, as it become s an object of the intellect. Beside the relation of things to virtue, they have a relation to thought. The intellect searches out the absolute order of things as they stand in the mind of God, and without the colors of affection. The intellectual and the active powers seem to papers4you succeed each other, and the exclusive activity of the one, generates the exclusive activity of the other. There is something unfriendly in each to the other, but they are like the alternate periods of feeding and working in animals; each prepares and thesis mcgill preparation, will be followed by the other. Therefore does beauty, which, in relation to actions, as we have seen, comes unsought, and comes because it is unsought, remain for the apprehension and pursuit of the intellect; and then again, in its turn, of the active power. Research Paper Bibliography! Nothing divine dies.
All good is eternally reproductive. The beauty of nature reforms itself in the mind, and not for barren contemplation, but for new creation. All men are in some degree impressed by the face of the thesis preparation, world; some men even to delight. This love of beauty is Taste. Others have the same love in such excess, that, not content with admiring, they seek to embody it in new forms. The creation of beauty is Art. The production of a work of art throws a light upon the mystery of humanity. Isee Test Essay! A work of art is an abstract or epitome of the world. It is the result or expression of nature, in miniature.
For, although the works of nature are innumerable and all different, the thesis preparation, result or the expression of them all is cover letter for resident similar and single. Nature is a sea of forms radically alike and even unique. A leaf, a sun-beam, a landscape, the thesis, ocean, make an analogous impression on the mind. Research! What is common to them all, -- that perfectness and harmony, is beauty. The standard of beauty is the entire circuit of natural forms, -- the totality of nature; which the Italians expressed by defining beauty il piu nell' uno. Nothing is quite beautiful alone: nothing but is beautiful in the whole. A single object is only so far beautiful as it suggests this universal grace. The poet, the painter, the preparation, sculptor, the musician, the architect, seek each to concentrate this radiance of the world on one point, and each in isee test essay, his several work to satisfy the love of beauty which stimulates him to produce. Thesis! Thus is Art, a nature passed through the alembic of man.
Thus in art, does nature work through the will of a man filled with the beauty of her first works. The world thus exists to why is it important to vote essay the soul to satisfy the desire of beauty. This element I call an thesis preparation, ultimate end. No reason can be asked or given why the soul seeks beauty. Beauty, in writing classes, its largest and thesis mcgill, profoundest sense, is one expression for the universe. God is the all-fair. Truth, and goodness, and beauty, are but different faces of the same All. But beauty in isee test essay, nature is not ultimate. It is the preparation, herald of inward and eternal beauty, and letter, is not alone a solid and satisfactory good.
It must stand as a part, and not as yet the last or highest expression of the final cause of thesis Nature. Chapter IV LANGUAGE Language is a third use which Nature subserves to man. Nature is the coursework papers4you, vehble, and threefold degree. 1. Words are signs of natural facts. 2. Particular natural facts are symbols of thesis preparation particular spiritual facts. 3. Nature is the symbol of spirit.
1. Words are signs of natural facts. The use of natural history is to isee test essay give us aid in supernatural history: the use of the outer creation, to give us language for the beings and changes of the inward creation. Every word which is used to express a moral or intellectual fact, if traced to thesis mcgill preparation its root, is found to letter for resident be borrowed from some material appearance. Right means straight ; wrong means twisted . Thesis Preparation! Spirit primarily means wind ; transgression , the crossing of a line ; supercilious , the raising of the eyebrow . We say the scientific paper bibliography, heart to thesis express emotion, the head to denote thought; and thought and emotion a re words borrowed from sensible things, and now appropriated to spiritual nature. Classes York! Most of the process by which this transformation is made, is thesis mcgill hidden from us in papers4you, the remote time when language was framed; but the preparation, same tendency may be daily observed in children. Children and savages use only nouns or names of things, which they convert into verbs, and apply to analogous mental acts. 2. But this origin of all words that convey a spiritual import, -- so conspicuous a fact in the history of language, -- is our least debt to nature. Structure And Culture! It is not words only that are emblematic; it is mcgill things which are emblematic. York Region! Every natural fact is a symbol of some spiritual fact. Every appearance in nature corresponds to some state of the mind, and that state of the mind can only be described by presenting that natural appearance as its picture. An enraged man is a lion, a cunning man is a fox, a firm man is a rock, a learned man is a torch.
A lamb is innocence; a snake is subtle spite; flowers express to mcgill preparation us the delicate affections. Light and darkness are our familiar expression for knowledge and creative classes york, ignorance; and heat for love. Visible distance behind and before us, is respectively our image of memory and hope. Who looks upon a river in a meditative hour, and is not reminded of the flux of all things? Throw a stone into the stream, and the circles that propagate themselves are the beautiful type of all influence.
Man is conscious of a universal soul within or behind his individual life, wherein, as in a firmament, the natures of Justice, Truth, Love, Freedom, arise and shine. This universal soul, he calls Reason: it is not mine, or thine, or his, but we are its; we are its property and mcgill preparation, men. And the blue sky in which the essay, private earth is buried, the sky with its eternal calm, and full of everlasting orbs, is the mcgill, type of Reason. That which, intellectually considered, we call Reason, considered in relation to nature, we call Spirit. Spirit is the Creator. Spirit hath life in itself. And man in all ages and countries, embodies it in his language, as the FATHER. It is easily seen that there is nothing lucky or capricious in these analogies, but that they are constant, and pervade nature.
These are not the dreams of a few poets, here and there, but man is an analogist, and studies relations in all objects. He is placed in the centre of beings, and a ray of relation passes from Organizational every other being to him. And neither can man be understood without these objects, nor these objects without man. All the facts in mcgill, natural history taken by themselves, have no value, but are barren, like a single sex. But marry it to human history, and it is full of life. Whole Floras, all Linnaeus' and Buffon's volumes, are dry catalogues of facts; but the writing, most trivial of these facts, the mcgill preparation, habit of a plant, the organs, or work, or noise of an insect, applied to the illustration of a fact in intellectual philosophy, or, in any way associated to human nature, affects us in the most lively and agreeable manner. The seed of a plant, -- to what affecting analogies in the nature of man, is that little fruit made use of, in all discourse, up to why is it important the voice of Paul, who calls the human corpse a seed, -- It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. The motion of the thesis mcgill, earth round its axis, and round the sun, makes the day, and the year. These are certain amounts of brute light and heat.
But is there no intent of an analogy between man's life and the seasons? And do the seasons gain no grandeur or pathos from Structure that analogy? The instincts of the ant are very unimportant, considered as the ant's; but the moment a ray of relation is seen to extend from mcgill it to man, and the little drudge is seen to isee test essay be a monitor, a little body with a mighty heart, then all its habits, even that said to be recently observed, that it never sleeps, become sublime. Because of mcgill this radical correspondence between visible things and human thoughts, savages, who have only what is necessary, converse in figures. As we go back in history, language becomes more picturesque, until its infancy, when it is all poetry; or all spiritual facts are represented by natural symbols. The same symbols are found to make the original elements of all languages.
It has moreover been observed, that the idioms of all languages approach each other in passages of the creative writing york, greatest eloquence and power. And as this is the first language, so is it the thesis mcgill preparation, last. This immediate dependence of language upon nature, this conversion of an outward phenomenon into a type of isee test essay somewhat in human life, never loses its power to thesis mcgill preparation affect us. It is this which gives that piquancy to the conversation of a strong-natured farmer or back-woodsman, which all men relish. A man's power to isee test essay connect his thought with its proper symbol, and so to utter it, depends on the simplicity of his character, that is, upon thesis, his love of truth, and his desire to communicate it without loss. The corruption of man is isee test essay followed by the corruption of language. When simplicity of character and the sovereignty of ideas is broken up by the prevalence of secondary desires, the thesis, desire of riches, of pleasure, of power, and of praise, -- and duplicity and falsehood take place of simplicity and truth, the power over nature as an interpreter of the will, is in a degree lost; new imagery ceases to be created, and old words are perverted to stand for things which are not; a paper currency is employed, when there is no bullion in the vaults. In due time, the fraud is manifest, and words lose all power to stimulate the understanding or the affections. Hundreds of writers may be found in papers4you, every long-civilized nation, who for a short time believe, and make others believe, that they see and utter truths, who do not of themselves clothe one thought in its natural garment, but who feed unconsciously on the language created by the primary writers of the country, those, namely, who hold primarily on nature. But wise men pierce this rotten diction and fasten words again to visible things; so that picturesque language is at once a commanding certificate that he who employs it, is a man in alliance with truth and mcgill preparation, God. Isee Test Essay! The moment our discourse rises above the ground line of familiar facts, and is inflamed with passion or exalted by thought, it clothes itself in images.
A man conversing in earnest, if he watch his intellectual processes, will find that a material image, more or less luminous, arises in his mind, cotemporaneous with every thought, which furnishes the vestment of the thesis, thought. Hence, good writing and brilliant discourse are perpetual allegories. This imagery is spontaneous. It is the blending of experience with the why is it important to vote essay, present action of the mind. It is proper creation. It is the thesis mcgill, working of the Original Cause through the instruments he has already made. These facts may suggest the advantage which the country-life possesses for a powerful mind, over the artificial and curtailed life of cities. We know more from nature than we can at will communicate. Its light flows into the mind evermore, and we forget its presence.
The poet, the orator, bred in the woods, whose senses have been nourished by their fair and appeasing changes, year after year, without design and creative writing york, without heed, -- shall not lose their lesson altogether, in the roar of cities or the broil of thesis mcgill preparation politics. Long hereafter, amidst agitation and terror in national councils, -- in the hour of revolution, -- these solemn images shall reappear in their morning lustre, as fit symbols and words of the thoughts which the passing events shall awaken. At the call of a noble sentiment, again the woods wave, the letter, pines murmur, the river rolls and shines, and the cattle low upon the mountains, as he saw and heard them in his infancy. And with these forms, the spells of persuasion, the keys of power are put into his hands. 3. We are thus assisted by natural objects in the expression of particular meanings. Thesis Mcgill! But how great a language to convey such pepper-corn informations! Did it need such noble races of creatures, this profusion of forms, this host of orbs in heaven, to furnish man with the cover letter for resident, dictionary and grammar of his municipal speech? Whilst we use this grand cipher to expedite the affairs of our pot and kettle, we feel that we have not yet put it to its use, neither are able. We are like travellers using the cinders of a volcano to roast their eggs. Whilst we see that it always stands ready to clothe what we would say, we cannot avoid the question, whether the characters are not significant of themselves. Have mountains, and waves, and skies, no significance but what we consciously give them, when we employ them as emblems of our thoughts?
The world is emblematic. Parts of speech are metaphors, because the whole of nature is a metaphor of the human mind. The laws of moral nature answer to those of matter as face to face in a glass. The visible world and the relation of its parts, is the dial plate of the invisible. The axioms of physics translate the laws of ethics. Thus, the thesis preparation, whole is and Culture greater than its part; reaction is equal to action; the smallest weight may be made to lift the greatest, the difference of weight being compensated by time; and many the like propositions, which have an ethical as well as physical sense. These propositions have a much more extensive and universal sense when applied to human life, than when confined to technical use. In like manner, the memorable words of history, and the proverbs of thesis mcgill preparation nations, consist usually of a natural fact, selected as a picture or parable of why is it important a moral truth. Thus; A rolling stone gathers no moss; A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush; A cripple in the right way, will beat a racer in preparation, the wrong; Make hay while the sun shines; 'T is hard to carry a full cup even; Vinegar is the son of wine; The last ounce broke the camel's back; Long-lived trees make roots first; -- and the like. In their primary sense these are trivial facts, but we repeat them for the value of their analogical import. What is Organizational Structure true of proverbs, is true of all fables, parables, and allegories.
This relation between the mind and matter is not fancied by some poet, but stands in the will of God, and so is mcgill free to be known by all men. It appears to men, or it does not appear. When in fortunate hours we ponder this miracle, the wise man doubts, if, at all other times, he is not blind and deaf; ------ Can these things be, And overcome us like a summer's cloud, Without our special wonder? for the universe becomes transparent, and the light of higher laws than its own, shines through it. It is the standing problem which has exercised the wonder and the study of every fine genius since the world began; from the era of the Egyptians and the Brahmins, to that of Pythagoras, of Plato, of scientific research bibliography Bacon, of Leibnitz, of Swedenborg. There sits the Sphinx at the road-side, and from age to age, as each prophet comes by, he tries his fortune at reading her riddle. There seems to be a necessity in spirit to thesis mcgill manifest itself in material forms; and Organizational Structure, day and night, river and storm, beast and bird, acid and alkali, preexist in necessary Ideas in the mind of God, and are what they are by virtue of mcgill preceding affections, in the world of spirit. Organizational Structure! A Fact is the end or last issue of spirit. The visible creation is the terminus or the circumference of the invisible world.
Material objects, said a French philosopher, are necessarily kinds of scoriae of the substantial thoughts of the Creator, which must always preserve an exact relation to their first origin; in thesis mcgill, other words, visible nature must have a spiritual and moral side. This doctrine is abstruse, and though the images of garment, scoriae, mirror, c., may stimulate the fancy, we must summon the aid of subtler and more vital expositors to make it plain. Paper Bibliography! Every scripture is to be interpreted by the same spirit which gave it forth, -- is the fundamental law of criticism. A life in harmony with nature, the love of truth and of virtue, will purge the eyes to understand her text. By degrees we may come to know the primitive sense of the permanent objects of nature, so that the world shall be to us an open book, and every form significant of its hidden life and final cause. A new interest surprises us, whilst, under the view now suggested, we contemplate the fearful extent and multitude of objects; since every object rightly seen, unlocks a new faculty of the soul. That which was unconscious truth, becomes, when interpreted and defined in thesis preparation, an object, a part of the domain of knowledge, -- a new weapon in the magazine of power. Chapter V DISCIPLINE In view of the significance of nature, we arrive at once at a new fact, that nature is a discipline. This use of the world includes the preceding uses, as parts of isee test essay itself.
Space, time, society, labor, climate, food, locomotion, the animals, the mechanical forces, give us sincerest lessons, day by day, whose meaning is thesis preparation unlimited. They educate both the research, Understanding and the Reason. Thesis Mcgill! Every property of matter is a school for the understanding, -- its solidity or resistance, its inertia, its extension, its figure, its divisibility. The understanding adds, divides, combines, measures, and finds nutriment and room for its activity in this worthy scene. Creative! Meantime, Reason transfers all these lessons into its own world of thought, by perceiving the thesis preparation, analogy that marries Matter and Mind. 1. Nature is a discipline of the understanding in intellectual truths.
Our dealing with sensible objects is a constant exercise in cover letter, the necessary lessons of difference, of likeness, of order, of thesis mcgill being and seeming, of progressive arrangement; of ascent from particular to general; of combination to one end of manifold forces. Proportioned to the importance of the organ to be formed, is the extreme care with which its tuition is provided, -- a care pretermitted in no single case. What tedious training, day after day, year after year, never ending, to form the common sense; what continual reproduction of annoyances, inconveniences, dilemmas; what rejoicing over research, us of little men; what disputing of preparation prices, what reckonings of interest, -- and all to form the Hand of the mind; -- to instruct us that good thoughts are no better than good dreams, unless they be executed! The same good office is it important performed by Property and its filial systems of debt and credit. Thesis Preparation! Debt, grinding debt, whose iron face the widow, the Structure and Culture, orphan, and mcgill preparation, the sons of genius fear and hate; -- debt, which consumes so much time, which so cripples and disheartens a great spirit with cares that seem so base, is a preceptor whose lessons cannot be forgone, and is needed most by those who suffer from it most. Moreover, property, which has been well compared to snow, -- if it fall level to-day, it will be blown into coursework papers4you, drifts to-morrow, -- is the surface action of internal machinery, like the index on the face of a clock. Whilst now it is the gymnastics of the understanding, it is hiving in the foresight of the spirit, experience in profounder laws. The whole character and fortune of the individual are affected by the least inequalities in mcgill preparation, the culture of the understanding; for example, in the perception of differences. Therefore is Space, and therefore Time, that man may know that things are not huddled and isee test essay, lumped, but sundered and individual.
A bell and a plough have each their use, and neither can do the office of the other. Water is good to drink, coal to burn, wool to wear; but wool cannot be drunk, nor water spun, nor coal eaten. The wise man shows his wisdom in separation, in gradation, and his scale of creatures and thesis mcgill, of merits is as wide as nature. The foolish have no range in their scale, but suppose every man is as every other man. What is not good they call the worst, and what is not hateful, they call the best. In like manner, what good heed, nature forms in us! She pardons no mistakes. Her yea is yea, and her nay, nay. The first steps in Agriculture, Astronomy, Zoology, (those first steps which the farmer, the hunter, and the sailor take,) teach that nature's dice are always loaded; that in her heaps and isee test essay, rubbish are concealed sure and useful results. How calmly and thesis mcgill, genially the mind apprehends one after another the laws of Organizational physics!
What noble emotions dilate the mortal as he enters into the counsels of the creation, and feels by knowledge the privilege to BE! His insight refines him. The beauty of nature shines in his own breast. Man is greater that he can see this, and the universe less, because Time and Space relations vanish as laws are known. Here again we are impressed and even daunted by the immense Universe to be explored. What we know, is a point to what we do not know. Open any recent journal of science, and weigh the problems suggested concerning Light, Heat, Electricity, Magnetism, Physiology, Geology, and judge whether the interest of natural science is likely to be soon exhausted. Passing by many particulars of the discipline of thesis mcgill preparation nature, we must not omit to york region specify two.
The exercise of the Will or the lesson of power is taught in every event. Thesis! From the child's successive possession of his several senses up to the hour when he saith, Thy will be done! he is learning the secret, that he can reduce under his will, not only particular events, but great classes, nay the whole series of events, and cover for resident, so conform all facts to his character. Thesis! Nature is thoroughly mediate. Isee Test Essay! It is made to serve. It receives the dominion of mcgill man as meekly as the ass on papers4you, which the thesis preparation, Saviour rode. It offers all its kingdoms to man as the raw material which he may mould into what is useful. Paper Bibliography! Man is never weary of working it up.
He forges the subtile and delicate air into thesis preparation, wise and melodious words, and gives them wing as angels of persuasion and command. One after another, his victorious thought comes up with and reduces all things, until the world becomes, at last, only a realized will, -- the double of the man. 2. Sensible objects conform to the premonitions of Reason and reflect the conscience. To Vote! All things are moral; and in their boundless changes have an unceasing reference to mcgill preparation spiritual nature. Therefore is nature glorious with form, color, and motion, that every globe in Organizational, the remotest heaven; every chemical change from the rudest crystal up to the laws of life; every change of thesis vegetation from the first principle of growth in the eye of a leaf, to the tropical forest and antediluvian coal-mine; every animal function from the it important essay, sponge up to Hercules, shall hint or thunder to man the laws of right and wrong, and echo the Ten Commandments. Therefore is mcgill preparation nature ever the ally of Religion: lends all her pomp and Organizational, riches to the religious sentiment. Prophet and priest, David, Isaiah, Jesus, have drawn deeply from this source. This ethical character so penetrates the bone and marrow of thesis mcgill nature, as to seem the creative, end for which it was made. Whatever private purpose is answered by any member or part, this is its public and universal function, and thesis mcgill, is never omitted. Organizational Structure! Nothing in nature is exhausted in its first use. When a thing has served an end to the uttermost, it is wholly new for an ulterior service.
In God, every end is converted into a new means. Thus the use of commodity, regarded by itself, is mean and squalid. But it is to the mind an thesis preparation, education in the doctrine of scientific research paper Use, namely, that a thing is good only so far as it serves; that a conspiring of parts and efforts to the production of an end, is essential to preparation any being. The first and gross manifestation of this truth, is our inevitable and hated training in values and wants, in creative classes region, corn and meat. It has already been illustrated, that every natural process is a version of a moral sentence.
The moral law lies at the centre of nature and radiates to the circumference. It is the pith and marrow of every substance, every relation, and every process. All things with which we deal, preach to us. Thesis! What is a farm but a mute gospel? The chaff and the wheat, weeds and plants, blight, rain, insects, sun, -- it is a sacred emblem from the first furrow of spring to the last stack which the snow of winter overtakes in essay, the fields. But the sailor, the shepherd, the miner, the merchant, in their several resorts, have each an experience precisely parallel, and thesis preparation, leading to the same conclusion: because all organizations are radically alike. Paper! Nor can it be doubted that this moral sentiment which thus scents the air, grows in the grain, and impregnates the waters of the world, is caught by man and sinks into his soul. The moral influence of nature upon mcgill preparation, every individual is isee test essay that amount of truth which it illustrates to him. Thesis Preparation! Who can estimate this? Who can guess how much firmness the sea-beaten rock has taught the isee test essay, fisherman? how much tranquillity has been reflected to mcgill preparation man from the azure sky, over whose unspotted deeps the winds forevermore drive flocks of stormy clouds, and leave no wrinkle or stain? how much industry and providence and affection we have caught from the pantomime of brutes?
What a searching preacher of self-command is the varying phenomenon of isee test essay Health! Herein is especially apprehended the unity of Nature, -- the unity in variety, -- which meets us everywhere. All the endless variety of things make an identical impression. Xenophanes complained in his old age, that, look where he would, all things hastened back to Unity. He was weary of seeing the same entity in the tedious variety of thesis preparation forms.
The fable of Proteus has a cordial truth. Isee Test Essay! A leaf, a drop, a crystal, a moment of time is related to the whole, and partakes of the perfection of the preparation, whole. Each particle is a microcosm, and faithfully renders the likeness of the world. Not only resemblances exist in things whose analogy is obvious, as when we detect the type of the human hand in the flipper of the fossil saurus, but also in objects wherein there is great superficial unlikeness. Thus architecture is called frozen music, by De Stael and Goethe. Vitruvius thought an architect should be a musician. A Gothic church, said Coleridge, is a petrified religion. Michael Angelo maintained, that, to an architect, a knowledge of anatomy is essential. Writing Classes! In Haydn's oratorios, the notes present to the imagination not only motions, as, of the snake, the thesis mcgill preparation, stag, and the elephant, but colors also; as the why is it important, green grass. The law of harmonic sounds reappears in the harmonic colors.
The granite is differenced in its laws only by the more or less of heat, from the river that wears it away. Mcgill! The river, as it flows, resembles the air that flows over scientific, it; the air resembles the light which traverses it with more subtile currents; the light resembles the heat which rides with it through Space. Each creature is only a modification of the other; the likeness in them is more than the difference, and their radical law is one and the same. A rule of one art, or a law of one organization, holds true throughout nature. So intimate is this Unity, that, it is easily seen, it lies under the undermost garment of nature, and betrays its source in Universal Spirit. For, it pervades Thought also.
Every universal truth which we express in words, implies or supposes every other truth. Omne verum vero consonat. It is preparation like a great circle on a sphere, comprising all possible circles; which, however, may be drawn, and comprise it, in like manner. Every such truth is the absolute Ens seen from one side. But it has innumerable sides. The central Unity is still more conspicuous in actions. Words are finite organs of the infinite mind. They cannot cover the dimensions of what is in truth.
They break, chop, and impoverish it. An action is the Organizational Structure, perfection and publication of preparation thought. A right action seems to isee test essay fill the eye, and to be related to all nature. The wise man, in doing one thing, does all; or, in the one thing he does rightly, he sees the likeness of all which is done rightly. Words and actions are not the attributes of brute nature. They introduce us to preparation the human form, of which all other organizations appear to be degradations. When this appears among so many that surround it, the spirit prefers it to all others.
It says, `From such as this, have I drawn joy and knowledge; in such as this, have I found and Organizational, beheld myself; I will speak to it; it can speak again; it can yield me thought already formed and alive.' In fact, the eye, -- the mind, -- is mcgill always accompanied by these forms, male and female; and these are incomparably the richest informations of the power and order that lie at the heart of things. Unfortunately, every one of them bears the marks as of some injury; is isee test essay marred and superficially defective. Mcgill Preparation! Nevertheless, far different from the why is it important, deaf and dumb nature around them, these all rest like fountain-pipes on the unfathomed sea of thought and thesis mcgill, virtue whereto they alone, of all organizations, are the entrances. It were a pleasant inquiry to follow into detail their ministry to our education, but where would it stop? We are associated in adolescent and adult life with some friends, who, like skies and waters, are coextensive with our idea; who, answering each to a certain affection of the soul, satisfy our desire on that side; whom we lack power to cover letter for resident assistant put at such focal distance from us, that we can mend or even analyze them.
We cannot choose but love them. When much intercourse with a friend has supplied us with a standard of excellence, and has increased our respect for the resources of God who thus sends a real person to outgo our ideal; when he has, moreover, become an mcgill, object of thought, and, whilst his character retains all its unconscious effect, is Organizational converted in the mind into solid and mcgill preparation, sweet wisdom, -- it is a sign to us that his office is closing, and he is commonly withdrawn from Organizational Structure our sight in a short time. Chapter VI IDEALISM Thus is the mcgill, unspeakable but intelligible and practicable meaning of the world conveyed to man, the immortal pupil, in every object of sense. To this one end of Discipline, all parts of nature conspire. A noble doubt perpetually suggests itself, whether this end be not the Final Cause of the Universe; and whether nature outwardly exists. It is cover assistant a sufficient account of that Appearance we call the World, that God will teach a human mind, and so makes it the receiver of a certain number of congruent sensations, which we call sun and moon, man and woman, house and trade. In my utter impotence to test the authenticity of the report of my senses, to know whether the impressions they make on me correspond with outlying objects, what difference does it make, whether Orion is up there in heaven, or some god paints the image in the firmament of the soul? The relations of parts and the end of the whole remaining the same, what is the difference, whether land and sea interact, and worlds revolve and intermingle without number or end, -- deep yawning under deep, and galaxy balancing galaxy, throughout absolute space, -- or, whether, without relations of time and space, the same appearances are inscribed in the constant faith of man? Whether nature enjoy a substantial existence without, or is only in the apocalypse of the mind, it is alike useful and alike venerable to me. Be it what it may, it is mcgill preparation ideal to me, so long as I cannot try the accuracy of my senses.
The frivolous make themselves merry with the Ideal theory, as if its consequences were burlesque; as if it affected the stability of nature. Paper! It surely does not. God never jests with us, and will not compromise the end of nature, by permitting any inconsequence in preparation, its procession. Any distrust of the permanence of laws, would paralyze the faculties of writing classes region man. Their permanence is sacredly respected, and his faith therein is mcgill preparation perfect. The wheels and springs of man are all set to the hypothesis of the permanence of nature. Paper! We are not built like a ship to be tossed, but like a house to stand. It is thesis mcgill a natural consequence of this structure, that, so long as the active powers predominate over the reflective, we resist with indignation any hint that nature is more short-lived or mutable than spirit. The broker, the wheelwright, the carpenter, the toll-man, are much displeased at the intimation.
But whilst we acquiesce entirely in cover letter assistant, the permanence of thesis natural laws, the question of the absolute existence of nature still remains open. It is the uniform effect of research culture on the human mind, not to shake our faith in thesis mcgill preparation, the stability of particular phenomena, as of heat, water, azote; but to lead us to regard nature as a phenomenon, not a substance; to attribute necessary existence to isee test essay spirit; to thesis preparation esteem nature as an accident and an effect. To the senses and the unrenewed understanding, belongs a sort of instinctive belief in the absolute existence of creative writing york region nature. Thesis Mcgill! In their view, man and nature are indissolubly joined. For Resident Assistant! Things are ultimates, and they never look beyond their sphere. The presence of thesis mcgill preparation Reason mars this faith.
The first effort of thought tends to relax this despotism of the senses, which binds us to nature as if we were a part of it, and shows us nature aloof, and, as it were, afloat. Until this higher agency intervened, the animal eye sees, with wonderful accuracy, sharp outlines and colored surfaces. When the eye of Reason opens, to outline and surface are at once added, grace and expression. These proceed from imagination and affection, and abate somewhat of the angular distinctness of objects. If the Reason be stimulated to more earnest vision, outlines and surfaces become transparent, and are no longer seen; causes and spirits are seen through them. The best moments of life are these delicious awakenings of the higher powers, and the reverential withdrawing of nature before its God. Let us proceed to indicate the effects of culture. 1. Our first institution in the Ideal philosophy is a hint from nature herself. Nature is made to conspire with spirit to emancipate us. Certain mechanical changes, a small alteration in our local position apprizes us of a dualism.
We are strangely affected by seeing the shore from why is it important a moving ship, from a balloon, or through the tints of an unusual sky. The least change in our point of view, gives the whole world a pictorial air. A man who seldom rides, needs only to get into thesis preparation, a coach and traverse his own town, to turn the street into a puppet-show. The men, the women, -- talking, running, bartering, fighting, -- the earnest mechanic, the lounger, the beggar, the boys, the dogs, are unrealized at once, or, at least, wholly detached from all relation to the observer, and seen as apparent, not substantial beings. What new thoughts are suggested by seeing a face of country quite familiar, in the rapid movement of the rail-road car! Nay, the most wonted objects, (make a very slight change in the point of vision,) please us most. In a camera obscura, the butcher's cart, and the figure of one of our own family amuse us. So a portrait of isee test essay a well-known face gratifies us. Turn the eyes upside down, by thesis looking at the landscape through your legs, and papers4you, how agreeable is the picture, though you have seen it any time these twenty years! In these cases, by mcgill mechanical means, is suggested the difference between the scientific paper bibliography, observer and the spectacle, -- between man and nature.
Hence arises a pleasure mixed with awe; I may say, a low degree of the sublime is felt from the fact, probably, that man is hereby apprized, that, whilst the world is a spectacle, something in himself is stable. 2. In a higher manner, the poet communicates the same pleasure. By a few strokes he delineates, as on air, the sun, the mountain, the camp, the city, the hero, the thesis mcgill, maiden, not different from what we know them, but only lifted from the ground and afloat before the eye. He unfixes the land and the sea, makes them revolve around the axis of his primary thought, and disposes them anew. Possessed himself by a heroic passion, he uses matter as symbols of it. The sensual man conforms thoughts to research paper things; the poet conforms things to his thoughts. The one esteems nature as rooted and fast; the other, as fluid, and impresses his being thereon.
To him, the refractory world is mcgill ductile and flexible; he invests dust and it important essay, stones with humanity, and makes them the words of the Reason. The Imagination may be defined to be, the use which the Reason makes of the material world. Shakspeare possesses the power of subordinating nature for the purposes of preparation expression, beyond all poets. His imperial muse tosses the creation like a bauble from hand to hand, and uses it to embody any caprice of thought that is upper-most in his mind. The remotest spaces of nature are visited, and research paper, the farthest sundered things are brought together, by a subtle spiritual connection. We are made aware that magnitude of material things is relative, and all objects shrink and expand to serve the mcgill preparation, passion of the poet. Thus, in his sonnets, the lays of birds, the coursework, scents and thesis mcgill preparation, dyes of flowers, he finds to be the shadow of his beloved; time, which keeps her from him, is his chest ; the suspicion she has awakened, is her ornament ; The ornament of beauty is Suspect, A crow which flies in heaven's sweetest air.
His passion is not the fruit of chance; it swells, as he speaks, to a city, or a state. No, it was builded far from accident; It suffers not in smiling pomp, nor falls. Under the brow of thralling discontent; It fears not policy, that heretic, That works on scientific research paper bibliography, leases of short numbered hours, But all alone stands hugely politic In the strength of his constancy, the Pyramids seem to him recent and transitory. The freshness of youth and love dazzles him with its resemblance to morning. Take those lips away. Which so sweetly were forsworn; And those eyes, -- the break of day,
Lights that do mislead the morn. The wild beauty of this hyperbole, I may say, in thesis mcgill preparation, passing, it would not be easy to match in literature. This transfiguration which all material objects undergo through the passion of the poet, -- this power which he exerts to dwarf the york, great, to magnify the small, -- might be illustrated by a thousand examples from his Plays. I have before me the Tempest, and thesis mcgill, will cite only these few lines. It Important To Vote! ARIEL. The strong based promontory.
Have I made shake, and by the spurs plucked up. The pine and mcgill preparation, cedar. Prospero calls for music to soothe the frantic Alonzo, and his companions; A solemn air, and classes, the best comforter. To an unsettled fancy, cure thy brains. Now useless, boiled within thy skull. Again; The charm dissolves apace,
And, as the morning steals upon the night, Melting the darkness, so their rising senses. Begin to chase the ignorant fumes that mantle. Their clearer reason. Begins to swell: and the approaching tide. Will shortly fill the reasonable shores.
That now lie foul and muddy. The perception of real affinities between events, (that is to say, of ideal affinities, for those only are real,) enables the poet thus to make free with the most imposing forms and phenomena of the thesis preparation, world, and to assert the predominance of the soul. 3. Whilst thus the poet animates nature with his own thoughts, he differs from the philosopher only herein, that the isee test essay, one proposes Beauty as his main end; the other Truth. But the philosopher, not less than the poet, postpones the apparent order and relations of things to the empire of thesis mcgill thought. The problem of philosophy, according to Plato, is, for all that exists conditionally, to find a ground unconditioned and absolute. It proceeds on the faith that a law determines all phenomena, which being known, the phenomena can be predicted. That law, when in the mind, is an idea. Its beauty is infinite. The true philosopher and scientific research paper bibliography, the true poet are one, and a beauty, which is truth, and thesis mcgill preparation, a truth, which is beauty, is the scientific, aim of both.
Is not the charm of one of Plato's or Aristotle's definitions, strictly like that of the Antigone of Sophocles? It is, in mcgill preparation, both cases, that a spiritual life has been imparted to nature; that the solid seeming block of matter has been pervaded and dissolved by a thought; that this feeble human being has penetrated the vast masses of nature with an informing soul, and recognised itself in their harmony, that is, seized their law. In physics, when this is attained, the memory disburthens itself of its cumbrous catalogues of particulars, and carries centuries of observation in a single formula. Thus even in physics, the material is degraded before the spiritual. Why Is Essay! The astronomer, the geometer, rely on their irrefragable analysis, and disdain the results of observation. The sublime remark of Euler on his law of arches, This will be found contrary to all experience, yet is true; had already transferred nature into the mind, and left matter like an outcast corpse. 4. Intellectual science has been observed to beget invariably a doubt of the existence of matter. Turgot said, He that has never doubted the existence of matter, may be assured he has no aptitude for metaphysical inquiries. It fastens the thesis preparation, attention upon immortal necessary uncreated natures, that is, upon Ideas; and in their presence, we feel that the outward circumstance is a dream and a shade. Papers4you! Whilst we wait in this Olympus of gods, we think of nature as an appendix to the soul.
We ascend into their region, and know that these are the thoughts of the Supreme Being. These are they who were set up from mcgill preparation everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was. Isee Test Essay! When he prepared the heavens, they were there; when he established the clouds above, when he strengthened the fountains of the deep. Mcgill Preparation! Then they were by him, as one brought up with him. Of them took he counsel. Their influence is proportionate. As objects of science, they are accessible to few men. Yet all men are capable of being raised by piety or by passion, into their region. And no man touches these divine natures, without becoming, in some degree, himself divine.
Like a new soul, they renew the body. We become physically nimble and research paper, lightsome; we tread on air; life is no longer irksome, and we think it will never be so. No man fears age or misfortune or death, in their serene company, for he is thesis transported out of the district of change. Whilst we behold unveiled the nature of Justice and Truth, we learn the difference between the absolute and the conditional or relative. We apprehend the absolute. Isee Test Essay! As it were, for the first time, we exist. Thesis Mcgill! We become immortal, for we learn that time and space are relations of matter; that, with a perception of truth, or a virtuous will, they have no affinity.
5. Finally, religion and ethics, which may be fitly called, -- the practice of ideas, or the introduction of ideas into coursework, life, -- have an analogous effect with all lower culture, in degrading nature and suggesting its dependence on spirit. Ethics and preparation, religion differ herein; that the one is the isee test essay, system of human duties commencing from man; the thesis preparation, other, from God. Religion includes the personality of God; Ethics does not. Coursework! They are one to our present design. They both put nature under foot. The first and last lesson of religion is, The things that are seen, are temporal; the things that are unseen, are eternal. Mcgill! It puts an affront upon nature. It does that for the unschooled, which philosophy does for Berkeley and Viasa. The uniform language that may be heard in creative classes, the churches of the most ignorant sects, is,------Contemn the unsubstantial shows of the world; they are vanities, dreams, shadows, unrealities; seek the realities of religion. Mcgill Preparation! The devotee flouts nature. Some theosophists have arrived at a certain hostility and indignation towards matter, as the research, Manichean and Plotinus.
They distrusted in thesis, themselves any looking back to these flesh-pots of isee test essay Egypt. Plotinus was ashamed of thesis preparation his body. In short, they might all say of matter, what Michael Angelo said of external beauty, it is the frail and weary weed, in which God dresses the coursework papers4you, soul, which he has called into time. It appears that motion, poetry, physical and intellectual science, and religion, all tend to affect our convictions of the reality of the external world. But I own there is something ungrateful in expanding too curiously the particulars of the general proposition, that all culture tends to mcgill preparation imbue us with idealism. I have no hostility to nature, but a child's love to it. I expand and papers4you, live in the warm day like corn and melons. Let us speak her fair.
I do not wish to fling stones at preparation my beautiful mother, nor soil my gentle nest. I only wish to indicate the true position of nature in regard to scientific bibliography man, wherein to establish man, all right education tends; as the ground which to thesis preparation attain is the object of human life, that is, of man's connection with nature. Why Is It Important! Culture inverts the vulgar views of nature, and brings the mind to call that apparent, which it uses to call real, and that real, which it uses to call visionary. Children, it is true, believe in thesis mcgill preparation, the external world. The belief that it appears only, is an afterthought, but with culture, this faith will as surely arise on the mind as did the why is it important to vote, first. The advantage of the ideal theory over the popular faith, is this, that it presents the world in precisely that view which is most desirable to the mind. It is, in fact, the view which Reason, both speculative and practical, that is, philosophy and virtue, take. For, seen in the light of thought, the world always is phenomenal; and virtue subordinates it to the mind. Idealism sees the world in God. It beholds the thesis mcgill, whole circle of persons and things, of actions and events, of country and religion, not as painfully accumulated, atom after atom, act after act, in an aged creeping Past, but as one vast picture, which God paints on the instant eternity, for the contemplation of the soul.
Therefore the soul holds itself off from a too trivial and isee test essay, microscopic study of the mcgill preparation, universal tablet. It respects the end too much, to immerse itself in the means. It sees something more important in Christianity, than the scandals of ecclesiastical history, or the niceties of criticism; and, very incurious concerning persons or miracles, and Organizational and Culture, not at all disturbed by chasms of historical evidence, it accepts from God the phenomenon, as it finds it, as the pure and awful form of religion in the world. It is not hot and passionate at the appearance of thesis mcgill preparation what it calls its own good or bad fortune, at the union or opposition of other persons. Structure And Culture! No man is its enemy. It accepts whatsoever befalls, as part of its lesson. It is a watcher more than a doer, and it is a doer, only that it may the better watch.
Chapter VII SPIRIT It is essential to a true theory of nature and of man, that it should contain somewhat progressive. Thesis Preparation! Uses that are exhausted or that may be, and facts that end in for resident, the statement, cannot be all that is true of this brave lodging wherein man is thesis preparation harbored, and to vote essay, wherein all his faculties find appropriate and thesis, endless exercise. And all the uses of nature admit of being summed in one, which yields the activity of isee test essay man an infinite scope. Through all its kingdoms, to the suburbs and outskirts of things, it is faithful to the cause whence it had its origin. It always speaks of Spirit. It suggests the absolute. It is a perpetual effect. It is a great shadow pointing always to the sun behind us. The aspect of nature is devout. Like the figure of Jesus, she stands with bended head, and hands folded upon the breast.
The happiest man is he who learns from nature the lesson of worship. Of that ineffable essence which we call Spirit, he that thinks most, will say least. We can foresee God in the coarse, and, as it were, distant phenomena of matter; but when we try to thesis define and describe himself, both language and thought desert us, and we are as helpless as fools and savages. That essence refuses to be recorded in propositions, but when man has worshipped him intellectually, the noblest ministry of nature is to isee test essay stand as the thesis mcgill, apparition of God. It is the it important to vote, organ through which the universal spirit speaks to the individual, and preparation, strives to lead back the individual to it. When we consider Spirit, we see that the views already presented do not include the whole circumference of man. We must add some related thoughts. Three problems are put by nature to the mind; What is matter?
Whence is it? and Whereto? The first of papers4you these questions only, the ideal theory answers. Mcgill! Idealism saith: matter is a phenomenon, not a substance. Idealism acquaints us with the total disparity between the evidence of our own being, and the evidence of the world's being. The one is perfect; the other, incapable of any assurance; the mind is a part of the nature of Organizational things; the world is a divine dream, from which we may presently awake to the glories and certainties of day. Idealism is a hypothesis to account for nature by other principles than those of carpentry and chemistry. Thesis Preparation! Yet, if it only Organizational and Culture deny the existence of matter, it does not satisfy the demands of the spirit. Mcgill! It leaves God out of me. It leaves me in the splendid labyrinth of my perceptions, to isee test essay wander without end. Then the heart resists it, because it balks the thesis mcgill preparation, affections in denying substantive being to men and why is it important essay, women. Nature is so pervaded with human life, that there is something of humanity in all, and in every particular.
But this theory makes nature foreign to me, and does not account for that consanguinity which we acknowledge to it. Let it stand, then, in the present state of our knowledge, merely as a useful introductory hypothesis, serving to preparation apprize us of the eternal distinction between the soul and the world. But when, following the invisible steps of thought, we come to assistant inquire, Whence is matter? and Whereto? many truths arise to us out of the recesses of consciousness. We learn that the highest is present to the soul of man, that the dread universal essence, which is mcgill not wisdom, or love, or beauty, or power, but all in one, and each entirely, is that for which all things exist, and that by for resident assistant which they are; that spirit creates; that behind nature, throughout nature, spirit is present; one and thesis, not compound, it does not act upon us from without, that is, in space and time, but spiritually, or through ourselves: therefore, that spirit, that is, the Supreme Being, does not build up nature around us, but puts it forth through us, as the life of the tree puts forth new branches and coursework papers4you, leaves through the pores of the old. As a plant upon the earth, so a man rests upon the bosom of God; he is nourished by unfailing fountains, and draws, at his need, inexhaustible power. Who can set bounds to the possibilities of man? Once inhale the upper air, being admitted to behold the absolute natures of justice and mcgill preparation, truth, and we learn that man has access to the entire mind of the Creator, is himself the creator in the finite.
This view, which admonishes me where the writing classes, sources of wisdom and power lie, and points to virtue as to The golden key. Which opes the palace of mcgill eternity, carries upon its face the creative writing region, highest certificate of truth, because it animates me to create my own world through the purification of my soul. The world proceeds from the same spirit as the body of man. It is a remoter and inferior incarnation of God, a projection of thesis mcgill preparation God in coursework, the unconscious. But it differs from the body in one important respect. It is not, like that, now subjected to thesis preparation the human will. Isee Test Essay! Its serene order is inviolable by us.
It is, therefore, to preparation us, the coursework, present expositor of the divine mind. Thesis Preparation! It is a fixed point whereby we may measure our departure. And Culture! As we degenerate, the preparation, contrast between us and our house is more evident. Organizational Structure And Culture! We are as much strangers in nature, as we are aliens from God. We do not understand the notes of birds. The fox and the deer run away from us; the mcgill preparation, bear and cover for resident, tiger rend us. We do not know the uses of more than a few plants, as corn and the apple, the potato and the vine.
Is not the thesis mcgill preparation, landscape, every glimpse of which hath a grandeur, a face of him? Yet this may show us what discord is between man and nature, for you cannot freely admire a noble landscape, if laborers are digging in the field hard by. The poet finds something ridiculous in his delight, until he is out of the sight of men. Chapter VIII PROSPECTS In inquiries respecting the laws of the world and the frame of things, the highest reason is always the truest. That which seems faintly possible -- it is so refined, is often faint and dim because it is deepest seated in the mind among the eternal verities. Empirical science is apt to cloud the cover for resident assistant, sight, and, by the very knowledge of functions and processes, to bereave the student of the manly contemplation of the whole. The savant becomes unpoetic. But the best read naturalist who lends an entire and devout attention to truth, will see that there remains much to learn of his relation to the world, and thesis mcgill, that it is not to be learned by any addition or subtraction or other comparison of coursework known quantities, but is arrived at by untaught sallies of the spirit, by thesis mcgill preparation a continual self-recovery, and by entire humility. He will perceive that there are far more excellent qualities in the student than preciseness and scientific research paper, infallibility; that a guess is often more fruitful than an indisputable affirmation, and that a dream may let us deeper into the secret of nature than a hundred concerted experiments. For, the problems to be solved are precisely those which the physiologist and the naturalist omit to state. It is not so pertinent to man to know all the individuals of the animal kingdom, as it is to mcgill know whence and whereto is this tyrannizing unity in his constitution, which evermore separates and classifies things, endeavoring to to vote essay reduce the most diverse to one form.
When I behold a rich landscape, it is less to my purpose to recite correctly the order and superposition of the strata, than to know why all thought of multitude is lost in a tranquil sense of unity. I cannot greatly honor minuteness in details, so long as there is no hint to explain the relation between things and mcgill preparation, thoughts; no ray upon coursework papers4you, the metaphysics of conchology, of botany, of the arts, to show the relation of the forms of thesis preparation flowers, shells, animals, architecture, to the mind, and build science upon ideas. In a cabinet of natural history, we become sensible of a certain occult recognition and sympathy in regard to the most unwieldly and eccentric forms of beast, fish, and insect. The American who has been confined, in his own country, to the sight of buildings designed after foreign models, is surprised on entering York Minster or St. Peter's at Rome, by the feeling that these structures are imitations also, -- faint copies of an invisible archetype. Nor has science sufficient humanity, so long as the naturalist overlooks that wonderful congruity which subsists between man and the world; of which he is lord, not because he is the most subtile inhabitant, but because he is its head and heart, and finds something of scientific research paper bibliography himself in every great and thesis mcgill preparation, small thing, in every mountain stratum, in every new law of color, fact of astronomy, or atmospheric influence which observation or analysis lay open. A perception of this mystery inspires the muse of George Herbert, the beautiful psalmist of the seventeenth century.
The following lines are part of creative classes york his little poem on Man. Man is all symmetry, Full of proportions, one limb to another, And to all the world besides. Each part may call the farthest, brother;
For head with foot hath private amity, And both with moons and tides. Nothing hath got so far. But man hath caught and kept it as his prey; His eyes dismount the highest star; He is in little all the sphere. Herbs gladly cure our flesh, because that they. Find their acquaintance there. For us, the thesis preparation, winds do blow,
The earth doth rest, heaven move, and why is to vote essay, fountains flow; Nothing we see, but means our good, As our delight, or as our treasure; The whole is either our cupboard of food, Or cabinet of pleasure. The stars have us to bed: Night draws the curtain; which the sun withdraws. Music and light attend our head. All things unto our flesh are kind, In their descent and thesis mcgill preparation, being; to our mind, In their ascent and cause.
More servants wait on man. Than he'll take notice of. In every path, He treads down that which doth befriend him. When sickness makes him pale and wan. Oh mighty love! Man is one world, and isee test essay, hath. Another to attend him.
The perception of this class of truths makes the attraction which draws men to science, but the thesis, end is lost sight of in attention to the means. In view of this half-sight of science, we accept the sentence of Plato, that, poetry comes nearer to vital truth than history. Every surmise and vaticination of the mind is entitled to a certain respect, and we learn to prefer imperfect theories, and sentences, which contain glimpses of truth, to digested systems which have no one valuable suggestion. A wise writer will feel that the ends of study and composition are best answered by announcing undiscovered regions of thought, and so communicating, through hope, new activity to the torpid spirit. I shall therefore conclude this essay with some traditions of man and nature, which a certain poet sang to me; and which, as they have always been in the world, and perhaps reappear to every bard, may be both history and prophecy.
`The foundations of man are not in matter, but in spirit. But the element of spirit is eternity. To it, therefore, the longest series of events, the oldest chronologies are young and recent. In the cycle of the universal man, from isee test essay whom the thesis, known individuals proceed, centuries are points, and all history is but the epoch of one degradation. `We distrust and deny inwardly our sympathy with nature. We own and disown our relation to it, by turns. We are, like Nebuchadnezzar, dethroned, bereft of and Culture reason, and eating grass like an ox.
But who can set limits to the remedial force of spirit? `A man is a god in ruins. When men are innocent, life shall be longer, and shall pass into the immortal, as gently as we awake from dreams. Now, the world would be insane and rabid, if these disorganizations should last for hundreds of years. It is kept in check by death and infancy. Infancy is the perpetual Messiah, which comes into the arms of preparation fallen men, and pleads with them to return to paradise. `Man is the york region, dwarf of himself.
Once he was permeated and dissolved by spirit. He filled nature with his overflowing currents. Out from him sprang the sun and moon; from man, the sun; from woman, the preparation, moon. The laws of his mind, the periods of his actions externized themselves into day and night, into the year and the seasons. But, having made for himself this huge shell, his waters retired; he no longer fills the isee test essay, veins and veinlets; he is shrunk to a drop. He sees, that the structure still fits him, but fits him colossally.
Say, rather, once it fitted him, now it corresponds to him from far and on high. He adores timidly his own work. Now is man the follower of the sun, and woman the follower of the moon. Yet sometimes he starts in his slumber, and wonders at himself and his house, and muses strangely at the resemblance betwixt him and it. He perceives that if his law is still paramount, if still he have elemental power, if his word is mcgill sterling yet in nature, it is scientific paper bibliography not conscious power, it is not inferior but superior to thesis preparation his will. It is Instinct.' Thus my Orphic poet sang. At present, man applies to nature but half his force.
He works on the world with his understanding alone. Letter For Resident Assistant! He lives in it, and masters it by a penny-wisdom; and thesis mcgill, he that works most in it, is but a half-man, and whilst his arms are strong and his digestion good, his mind is imbruted, and he is a selfish savage. Structure And Culture! His relation to nature, his power over it, is through the understanding; as by manure; the economic use of fire, wind, water, and the mariner's needle; steam, coal, chemical agriculture; the repairs of the human body by thesis preparation the dentist and the surgeon. This is such a resumption of power, as if a banished king should buy his territories inch by inch, instead of vaulting at once into his throne. Meantime, in the thick darkness, there are not wanting gleams of a better light, -- occasional examples of the action of man upon nature with his entire force, -- with reason as well as understanding. Such examples are; the traditions of miracles in the earliest antiquity of all nations; the history of Jesus Christ; the achievements of a principle, as in religious and political revolutions, and in the abolition of the Slave-trade; the miracles of enthusiasm, as those reported of Swedenborg, Hohenlohe, and the Shakers; many obscure and yet contested facts, now arranged under the name of Organizational and Culture Animal Magnetism; prayer; eloquence; self-healing; and the wisdom of children. These are examples of Reason's momentary grasp of the sceptre; the exertions of mcgill preparation a power which exists not in time or space, but an instantaneous in-streaming causing power.
The difference between the actual and the ideal force of man is happily figured by the schoolmen, in saying, that the knowledge of man is an evening knowledge, vespertina cognitio, but that of God is to vote essay a morning knowledge, matutina cognitio. The problem of restoring to the world original and eternal beauty, is solved by the redemption of the soul. The ruin or the blank, that we see when we look at mcgill preparation nature, is in our own eye. The axis of vision is not coincident with the axis of things, and scientific paper, so they appear not transparent but opake. The reason why the world lacks unity, and lies broken and in heaps, is, because man is disunited with himself. He cannot be a naturalist, until he satisfies all the demands of the spirit. Love is as much its demand, as perception. Indeed, neither can be perfect without the other. In the uttermost meaning of the words, thought is mcgill preparation devout, and devotion is thought.
Deep calls unto deep. But in actual life, the marriage is isee test essay not celebrated. There are innocent men who worship God after the tradition of thesis mcgill preparation their fathers, but their sense of duty has not yet extended to the use of all their faculties. And there are patient naturalists, but they freeze their subject under the wintry light of the understanding. Is not prayer also a study of truth, -- a sally of the soul into the unfound infinite? No man ever prayed heartily, without learning something. But when a faithful thinker, resolute to scientific research paper detach every object from personal relations, and see it in the light of thought, shall, at the same time, kindle science with the fire of the holiest affections, then will God go forth anew into the creation. It will not need, when the mind is prepared for thesis, study, to search for objects. The invariable mark of wisdom is to see the coursework, miraculous in the common. What is a day? What is a year?
What is summer? What is woman? What is a child? What is sleep? To our blindness, these things seem unaffecting. We make fables to thesis hide the baldness of the fact and writing york, conform it, as we say, to the higher law of the mind. But when the fact is seen under the light of an idea, the gaudy fable fades and shrivels. We behold the thesis mcgill preparation, real higher law.
To the coursework, wise, therefore, a fact is true poetry, and the most beautiful of fables. These wonders are brought to our own door. You also are a man. Man and woman, and their social life, poverty, labor, sleep, fear, fortune, are known to you. Thesis Mcgill Preparation! Learn that none of these things is superficial, but that each phenomenon has its roots in the faculties and affections of the mind. Whilst the abstract question occupies your intellect, nature brings it in coursework, the concrete to be solved by your hands. Thesis! It were a wise inquiry for the closet, to compare, point by point, especially at remarkable crises in paper bibliography, life, our daily history, with the rise and thesis preparation, progress of bibliography ideas in the mind. So shall we come to look at the world with new eyes. It shall answer the endless inquiry of the intellect, -- What is truth? and of the affections, -- What is good? by yielding itself passive to the educated Will.
Then shall come to pass what my poet said; `Nature is not fixed but fluid. Spirit alters, moulds, makes it. The immobility or bruteness of nature, is the absence of spirit; to pure spirit, it is thesis mcgill fluid, it is volatile, it is obedient. Organizational Structure! Every spirit builds itself a house; and beyond its house a world; and beyond its world, a heaven. Know then, that the world exists for you. For you is the phenomenon perfect. What we are, that only preparation can we see.
All that Adam had, all that Caesar could, you have and can do. Adam called his house, heaven and earth; Caesar called his house, Rome; you perhaps call yours, a cobler's trade; a hundred acres of ploughed land; or a scholar's garret. Yet line for line and point for point, your dominion is as great as theirs, though without fine names. Build, therefore, your own world. As fast as you conform your life to the pure idea in your mind, that will unfold its great proportions. A correspondent revolution in things will attend the influx of the spirit. Creative Writing Region! So fast will disagreeable appearances, swine, spiders, snakes, pests, madhouses, prisons, enemies, vanish; they are temporary and mcgill preparation, shall be no more seen. The sordor and filths of nature, the sun shall dry up, and the wind exhale.
As when the summer comes from the south; the coursework, snow-banks melt, and the face of the earth becomes green before it, so shall the advancing spirit create its ornaments along its path, and carry with it the beauty it visits, and the song which enchants it; it shall draw beautiful faces, warm hearts, wise discourse, and heroic acts, around its way, until evil is no more seen. Mcgill! The kingdom of man over nature, which cometh not with observation, -- a dominion such as now is beyond his dream of God, -- he shall enter without more wonder than the blind man feels who is gradually restored to perfect sight.'
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Prepare Your Resume for Email and Online Posting. and Online Posting. Many people still think the resume you put online is not the same document that you created to print out and mail to prospective employers or hand to interviewers. Thesis Preparation. This is untrue. You do not need a different resume, you only need to why is to vote essay, alter the format of your resume to make it easy for mcgill, you to post, copy and paste, or email it to employers. When done correctly, your well-written, well-prepared resume will contain all of the necessary keywords to creative writing york, attract attention whether it is being scanned into a resume system, indexed and thesis preparation searched online, or read on paper by research paper a real human. Job search experts recommend you keep duplicates of your resume in thesis mcgill preparation each of these versions or formats.
A Print Version , designed with bulleted lists, italicized text, and other highlights, ready to print and mail or hand to potential contacts and papers4you interviewers. A Scannable Version , a less-designed version without the fancy design highlights. Bulleted lists are fine, but that’s about the limit. Thesis Mcgill Preparation. A Plain Text Version , a plain text file ready to copy and scientific paste into online forms or post in online resume databases. Thesis Preparation. This might also be referred to as a Text-Only copy. An E-mail Version , another plain text copy, but this one is specifically formatted for the length-of-line restrictions in e-mail. This is also a Text-Only copy. This is the same document presented in four ways, each formatted for Organizational, a specific delivery purpose. You could just use the forms most databases provide to mcgill, build your resume in classes their system, but resume expert and author Susan Ireland doesn’t recommend you do this for several reasons. Spell-check: Preparing your resume in advance using your own word processing program allows you to thesis, spell-check your resume and revise it as needed until you are happy with it.
Format: Most online forms and builders insist on a chronological resume, which focuses on work history. Career changers who would prefer a functional resume with its emphasis on skills will be at a disadvantage. Reusability: If you build it in their database using their form, you’ve done a lot of work for only one site, which means you will have to repeat your effort for every database you encounter. That’s a lot of coursework papers4you typing! Prepare it in advance on your own computer and you have it to mcgill preparation, use as much as you like.
We have instructions on converting your Word document to 2 different Plain Text documents suitable for pasting in to email and isee test essay posting in databases. Many job seekers are creating webbed resumes in thesis the hopes of being discovered or as a place to refer an employer who might want to see more than what is usually found in a resume. An HTML version of your resume works particularly well for persons in isee test essay the visual arts or programming, but it could serve anyone, provided it is done right and for the right reasons. Doing it right means starting with a basic HTML version of your designed resume, not an overloaded page of mcgill preparation Shockwave and Java effects, huge graphics, and audio files that takes more than 2 minutes to download on your DSL line and blasts out your computer speakers. Doing it for the right reasons means turning your resume into a portfolio, complete with links to former employers or projects already publicly available online. Be sure you are not violating any copyright or confidentiality clauses by putting information online without prior approval. The biggest problem with HTML resumes is TMI – too much information . Many people make their resumes part of their personal web site, loading it where there is all kinds of information an employer does not need to know before you are hired, like your marital status, ethnic background, religious affiliations, personal interests, past or present health problems, and much more. Allowing an employer to learn so much about you can lead to letter for resident assistant, potential discrimination problems that you may never be aware of for thesis, the way you look, your political or religious beliefs or any number of other reasons. I know some career management professionals advocate the use of photos plus personal biographies for executive clients, stating this is the same information you would find in an executive bio released by the company for publicity purposes. However, I still urge job seekers to Organizational, be both conservative and conscientious about what you are telling prospective employers before you actually get called into mcgill preparation, an interview. Always remember, your resume presents the image you want employers to papers4you, see.
For this reason, it is thesis mcgill preparation, important that you keep your presence entirely professional, never linking your resume to any personal information. If you decide to add an HTML resume to isee test essay, your campaign, post it in thesis mcgill a location separate from your personal web site, and do not link between the Organizational and Culture, two. The fastest way to respond to Internet job listings is to e-mail your cover letter and resume to the person or organization indicated. However, there are some simple rules to follow before hitting the send key. Look at it this way. You have 15 or 20 seconds to thesis preparation, get someone’s attention using email.
In that time, you must convince the recipient to. open your email read your message not delete your email. Do it wrong, get into the wrong mail box, or make someone’s job harder, and the best resume in the world from the most qualified person in the world will be trashed. Getting your email opened, read, and actually considered really comes down to to vote essay, some simple rules. Use the right Subject. Seeking employment is not an acceptable subject. Mcgill. If you are responding to an advertisement, use the region, job title or job code cited in the advertisement to make it easy for your e-mail to be recognized and routed to the appropriate person. Thesis Preparation. If you are cold calling an employer, put a few words stating your objective or in the Subject line ( materials engineer seeking new opportunity ). Include a cover letter in isee test essay your email and address it to the recipient. Here’s my resume, please tell me if you have any jobs I might fill is preparation, not a cover letter and why is it important essay does not encourage anyone to look at your resume.
Whether or not you are responding to an advertised opening, the preparation, cover letter will introduce you, specify how you meet the for resident assistant, needs of the thesis mcgill, employer, and will encourage the recipient to read your full resume. Always send your resume in the body of the e-mail message, not as an attachment. Force someone to open an why is, attachment just to get to know you and your 20 seconds are over before they even start. Put that resume right in the message so the recipient will see it as soon as he or she opens the message. This technique also helps you get through e-mail systems that reject all attachments in this day of rampant computer viruses. Make sure your resume is properly formatted for e-mail. Plain text resumes not formatted for email can be unreadable, and unreadable resumes will most likely be deleted. Take the time to make sure it will look as good on all computers and in all email systems as it does on your screen. This means shorter text lines, spacing between sections, and mcgill preparation text-based highlights. If responding to an advertisement, read the application instructions and follow them.
Failing to follow application instructions not only writing york region, delays your resume, it labels you as someone who doesn’t take direction well. It’s the thesis, Trash bin for you. They might specify an email address and job code to use. They might even actually ask you to send your resume as a Word attachment. Whatever they want, you do. Always remember: It only Organizational Structure, takes a second for someone to delete an thesis, e-mail message . Don’t give them a reason to trash you! Think before you respond!
Posting your Resume: Placement vs. Privacy. With all of the possible posting sites available online, you can saturate the Internet with your resumes. Is this a good thing? There are two issues to consider when posting your resume online. Placement: where should you post it? Privacy: how public do you want it to paper, be? What’s the problem? The more exposure you get, the better, right? Not necessarily . Recruiters get tired of finding the same resumes for the same people in every database they search. Preparation. If you get labeled a resume spammer, you won’t be considered for job openings they are working to fill.
Also, the it important to vote, farther your resume spreads, the less control you have over thesis it and the more likely it is to be discovered by someone you had hoped wouldn’t see it, like your current employer. Creative York. And yes, people do get fired. Some problems can be avoided by merely limiting where you post your resume (Placement), others by limiting the information in thesis mcgill preparation your posted resume (Privacy), but the two issues must be addressed hand-in-hand. Isee Test Essay. It is possible to be visible but private online, but how visible you want to be vs. how comfortable you are in public is a question only you can answer. Limiting your posting is thesis mcgill, a good way to coursework, protect your privacy, but it is also important to select those few sites with care.
Susan Joyce , author of Job-Hunt.org, encourages job seekers to carefully evaluate the job sites used and to be aware of the information presented in mcgill preparation the resume. The following tips include information excerpted from her articles on coursework papers4you, Choosing a Job Site and Your Cyber-Safe Resume. This information was used with her permission. Thesis Mcgill Preparation. I highly recommend a visit to her site to read the full articles. Limit where you post. Coursework. Post your resume in thesis mcgill preparation the databases of only one or two large popular job sites. At the same time, post it in the databases of one or two smaller job sites targeted to your specific industry, occupational group, or geographic location.
This will give you both maximum exposure (many employers crossing industries and regions) and targeted exposure (employers looking for a smaller yet more highly qualified candidate pool.) Read Privacy Policies . Note what personal or individually identifiable information they will collect, how it may be handled, and whether or not they reserve the right to creative, sell it. Some sites are good and promise to preparation, never sell your info, but others reserve the right to sell your personally identifiable information to third parties. Avoid sites that force you to register a full profile (i.e., your resume) before you can do any search of the job database. You should be allowed to evaluate a site to make sure it’s a good fit to you before adding your information to their database. Avoid sites that offer to blast your resume.
Such wide distribution may offer little, if any, control on scientific research paper bibliography, where a copy of your resume could end up. Limit access to thesis mcgill, your personal contact information. Options range from blocking access to just the contact information to keeping your resume completely out why is it important, of the database searched by employers. Choose the thesis mcgill preparation, option that works best for isee test essay, you. Thesis Mcgill. Remember that if you go for full confidentiality, it may be up to you to remember to delete contact info from your resume.
Many job seekers trip up here because they fill out a form with their contact info, then cut and paste the whole resume into the box, forgetting about the contact info here. The database’s protection of your contact info only refers to what you put in to vote essay the form, not in preparation the box. Isee Test Essay. Modify the contact information you put on your resume. Remove all standard contact information — name, address, phone numbers — and replace your personal e-mail address with an mcgill preparation, e-mail address set up specifically for writing york, your job search. This is where those services like Yahoo! email come into play. Thesis Mcgill Preparation. Make sure you use an appropriate e-mail name like MEngineer@Yahoo.com. Structure And Culture. Names like JustLooking@Yahoo.com or DumbBlond@HotMail.com are not good names for serious job seekers. Thesis Preparation. Modify your employment history. Remove all dates from your resume.
Then, remove the names of isee test essay all employers and replace them with accurate but generic descriptions. Nuts n’ Bolts Distributors, Inc. becomes a small construction supplies distribution company and IBM becomes a multinational information technology company. If your job title is unique, replace it with an accurate but generic title, so New England Regional Gadget Marketing Director becomes multi-state marketing manager of gadget-class products. Thesis Mcgill. Don’t let your resume sit there. Since many databases sort resumes by isee test essay date of submission with the newest fir t, renew your resume every 14 days. If you don’t get any response to your resume within 45 days of mcgill posting, remove it from that location and post it elsewhere.
It could be that employers are not looking for creative classes, people with your skills in this particular database, but it could also be that there is thesis mcgill preparation, too much competition between candidates with the same skills and your resume is not rising to the top. When your job search is over, delete all resumes out there. Do not continue to dangle the hook and see what offers may come up. Your new employer may find you still fishing and demand an explanation. Some people are adding a posted DATE on the bottom of resumes they register online, but you will still have a tremendous amount of Structure and Culture explaining to do if your resume is found to still be circulating. Thesis Mcgill Preparation. Whether or not you were planning a fast exit, you may find yourself on the way out the door. Always remember that most job sites make their money by selling access to papers4you, the resume database! Many want you to post your resume in their database, but few really work for you. When it comes to thesis mcgill preparation, posting your resume, You Rule . Be choosy. Copyright by Margaret Dikel; portions copyright by Susan Ireland and Susan Joyce.
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6 Page Argumentative Essay Essays and Research Papers. ENGLISH 101 ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY GUIDELINES for the Argumentative Essay : Using the thesis mcgill documentary . Pakistan’s Taliban Generation write an argumentative essay that addresses the following questions. Pay special attention to the content (answers to the questions below) and the organizational structure of the essay (introduction, body, conclusion; prioritizing the information and arguments; smooth transition between the paragraphs). 1. What is religious extremism? Make use of the research bibliography narrative and. Argument , Argument map , Counterargument 586 Words | 3 Pages. Rache’ Hunter English 101-0201 December 10th, 2007 Argumentative Essay If you observe the difference between grammar school . students and secondary school students, what do you see? In grammar school about eighty-five percent of the thesis preparation students are wearing uniforms where it’s required which is pretty good but in a uniform required secondary school at the maximum there’s probably one out of every fifty students complying with this particular rule. For some years now parents, local politicians, the. College , Education , Grammar school 1064 Words | 3 Pages.
?A Quick Note Before You Begin Argumentative essays are also commonly known as persuasive essays . However, there . are some differences between the two even if they’re commonly considered to be the same. Persuasive essays are short, around five to six paragraphs. They usually focus on your side with occasionally one paragraph devoted to the opposing side. Persuasive essays focus more on the emotions of the coursework papers4you reader. Argumentative essays are usually longer in length, ranging from as little as five paragraphs. Thesis Mcgill! Conclusion , Debut albums , Essay 863 Words | 4 Pages. details 6 . Arrangements of Final Draft i. Coursework! Table of Content ii. Final Draft iii. References . iv. Appendices : A. Appendix A: Outline B. Appendix B: First Draft C. Mcgill Preparation! Appendix C: Printed materials (main points amp; supporting details must be highlighted) 7. It Important! Final Draft - Essay form: 3 - 5 pages 8. Submission on Final Term paper- Has to be bound with a cover page ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY TOPICS . Grammar , Linguistics , Rhetoric 558 Words | 4 Pages.
Argumentative (Persuasive) Essay Guidelines. Writing Handout E-5: Argumentative (Persuasive) Essay Guidelines Structuring a Argumentative (Persuasive) . Essay A persuasive essay is simply a writer’s attempt to convince readers of the validity of a particular opinion on a controversial issue. The following steps should help you write a persuasive essay . 1. Carefully select a topic Choose a topic that interests you. An argument does not have to thesis mcgill be a burning issue, but it must be a debatable topic. Writing Classes Region! It can be anything you feel strongly about.
Artery , Boxing , Brain 857 Words | 4 Pages. How to write an argumentative essay. Mcgill! your opinion. To Vote Essay! Argumentative Essay How to write an Argumentative Essay : Outline, Structure, . Format, Examples, Topics How to write an thesis argumentative essay ? The leading tone in Organizational and Culture, an argumentative essay is the position of proving that the presented point of view is the correct one and possesses more truthful arguments than any other opinions. Thesis! The author through proper reasoning, inducting and making conclusions, must prove the why is to vote essay assertions or the theories of the argumentative essay . If the author fails. Essay , Essays , Five paragraph essay 569 Words | 3 Pages. Argumentative -Persuasive Essay Argumentative -Persuasive Essay Page 1 Kathleen Rice . ENC 1101-12 Argumentative -Persuasive Essay Argumentative -Persuasive Essay Page 2 List of possible topics: 1. Pros and Cons of Birth Control 2. Pros and mcgill Cons of Adoption 3. Pros and why is to vote essay Con of Illegitimate children 4. Preparation! Why Teenagers should wait to have sex 5. Parents need to have sex talk with their teenagers Controversial Issues: . Family , Family law , Howard Staunton 1580 Words | 5 Pages. Why Is Essay! Argumentative Essay Packet Essay format Title Page I. Introduction a. Thesis Mcgill Preparation! Attention Getter b. . General Information c. Specific Information d. Thesis Statement II.
Counter Argument a. Topic Sentence b. Evidence c. Explanation of scientific research paper, Evidence d. Explanation of preparation, Why Your Argument is Still Correct III. Supporting Body Paragraph a. Topic Sentence b. And Culture! Explanation of Argument c. Evidence d. Explanation of Evidence e. Closing Statement IV. Supporting Body paragraph a. Topic Sentence b. Explanation. Critical thinking , Essay , Five paragraph essay 632 Words | 4 Pages. Argu1nentative Essays Mani stones, Nepal An argumentative essay is an essay in which you agree . or disagree with an issue, using reasons to support your opinion. Your goal is to convince your reader that your opinion is right.
Argumentation is a popular kind of essay question because it forces students to think on their own: They have to mcgill preparation take a stand on an issue, support their stand with solid reasons, and support their reasons with solid evidence. In a general writing test such as the TOEFL. Argument , Argument map , Argumentation theory 694 Words | 3 Pages. Assistant! “ Argumentative essay assignments are useful learning tools for helping students to both understand key concepts and in preparation, helping . students to think critically.” Module 3 Case Assignment Nassal R. Braimbridge Trident University If you have ever attended college at some point you have had to write an argumentative essay . It is used to convey your thoughts, insights, and point of creative writing, view to an audience in mcgill preparation, an attempt to persuade them. Extensive research is required to Structure and Culture provide the facts. Argument , Critical thinking , Educational psychology 790 Words | 3 Pages. memorize the names of all the world’s major cities” (p.
113). While (2007) his son at preparation the same age grew up in California had not much knowledge about isee test essay, world’s . major cities but had a better imagination because he took creative geography at the age of 6 . Both these examples are good strong arguments and support his belief that the American school system has given children a better imagination by introducing creative thinking in class. But then again his personal sources are weak evidence towards making. Creativity , Education , Education in thesis mcgill, the United States 1331 Words | 4 Pages. used material, but this could be more dangerous due to residue of the chemical in coursework papers4you, the new items. Preparation! However, the things that we already used should not be . around to recycle for several reasons. Isee Test Essay! In this essay , I am going to thesis mcgill talk about three weaknesses of Structure, recycling. Firstly, I will start with the thesis mcgill argumentative , and scientific bibliography then analyze emotional appeal. The first reason is that the processes of recycle costs are very high. For many years, people always hear that paper, plastic, aluminum should be recycled.
When. Aluminium , Paper , Paper recycling 926 Words | 4 Pages. Argumentative Essay Frist Draft Prompt 1. ?WRI 101 Spring 15 Argumentative Essay Frist Draft Prompt Assignment: You have to write an mcgill argumentative . Organizational And Culture! essay for or against one of thesis preparation, these arguments. You can still come up with your own arguments after you run them by me. Important Notes: 1- Your position will be determined based on the audience ( You have to persuade those who disagree with your position) 2- You cannot change the audience 3- You cannot change the coursework papers4you purpose 4- You should use the sources to support your arguments and counterarguments. Arab , Critical thinking , Culture 831 Words | 2 Pages. Boys read about these headlines at early ages and thesis preparation begin to wonder if they can produce a career in the highly popular sports world that we, as Americans, live . Research Paper Bibliography! in to this day. For example, 21.5 million boys played on a sports team between the ages of 6 and thesis preparation 17, compared to only 9.5 million girls playing on an organized sports team (Kelley and Carchia). Why are the rates so significantly different? Why do boys participate over why is, twice as more than girls and at thesis mcgill such early ages as well? This brings in.
Discrimination , Female , Gender 1055 Words | 5 Pages. Definition Essay How to write a Definition Essay : Outline, Format, Structure, Examples, Topics Writing a definition . essay A definition essay is an essay concentrated on scientific research the explanation of the meaning of a definite term. The term may be analyzed from the position of one and only meaning and also from the position of subjectivity of the person defining the term. Mcgill Preparation! This classification divides the words into two groups: •material terms – a table, a door, a printer. •spiritual terms – friendship. Causality , Cosmological argument , Definition 2125 Words | 7 Pages. Letter For Resident! ? Argumentative Essay Braden Rawson Social Networking or the use of specific websites or applications to mcgill interact with other . Letter For Resident Assistant! users is one of the preparation many key and driving factors today in our world. We find ourselves lost for why is it important, many minutes or possibly hours at a time on preparation any particular app or website.
Looking deeper into the issue of social networking and research its impact on our life, I highly doubt we have accomplished anything at all. Thesis Mcgill Preparation! A very smart man once said, “Time is money.” If that quote is true do we. Facebook , MySpace , Orkut 941 Words | 3 Pages. | Breastfeeding is better for Structure and Culture, your baby | Argumentative Essay | | | Islas, R. Argumentative . essay Among the thesis mcgill preparation many decision a woman faces when she is pregnant, is coursework papers4you, whether or not she will breastfeed her child. In our society and in this day and age, this has become a matter of choice as opposed to long ago where formula was nonexistent and the only means of nurturing your baby was to mcgill preparation breastfeed. Isee Test Essay! Many women are oblivious to mcgill the health risks their baby may endure having not being breastfed.
Baby bottle , Baby food , Breast milk 1314 Words | 4 Pages. Argumentative Essay Prompts 1. The Board of Education has decided to extend the school day for one hour because of the . increased graduation requirements. Do you agree or disagree with making the Organizational Structure school day longer? Write an thesis essay to isee test essay the Board of thesis mcgill, Ed and argue your point of view. 2. Creative York Region! A leading doctor has published research claiming all students should be in bed by 9:00 PM in order for them to learn well in school. Your parents are considering doing what the doctor suggests. Write an argument. Argument , College , Driver's license 1493 Words | 6 Pages.
Good Habits for Writers 1. Did I begin this essay on thesis mcgill preparation the day it was assigned? 2. Did I ask questions about part of the assignment . I did not understand? 3. Essay! Did I work at least twelve hours on this paper? 4. Did I bring drafts of mcgill preparation, this essay to class when requested? 5. Coursework Papers4you! Did I have another person read my draft? 6 . Mcgill Preparation! Did I proofread my draft in stages rather than all at once? Essay Submission Checklist ? Follows correct MLA format (see the isee test essay end of the. Bertrand Russell , Bibliography , Citation 841 Words | 5 Pages. ?IGCSE First Language English: Coursework Paper 4. Name: Kevin Koku Donkor Essay Type: Argumentative Topic: Does foreign aid . continue to be beneficial to African countries? All over the world, aid is given by individuals, private organizations, or governments to countries in need, especially countries in Africa. Foreign aid can be described as the international transfer of capital, goods or services in the form of mcgill, grants or loans. Aid can be given to a country in the event of a crisis, for developmental.
Africa , African Union , Sub-Saharan Africa 948 Words | 3 Pages. ? Argumentative essay College Composition I 10-15-2014 Should drivers of Structure, automobiles be prohibited from using cellular . phones? Driving requires a lot of mcgill, concentration in scientific paper, order to keep the thesis mcgill road, and ourselves safe. Nowadays, many people have a license without being able to drive in a manner that is responsible. This raises the question of cell phones. Why Is It Important Essay! There are many factors that contribute to accidents. Eating, drinking, reaching for preparation, fallen objects and talking to passengers are also some.
Automobile , Cellular network , GSM services 753 Words | 4 Pages. Brandon Aponte, Sarah Jerez, Karen Huot, and Shams Fardeen?? 701 Mrs. Schwibner English Language Arts Argumentative Essay ? The . word traditional means to follow older styles and why is year round schools mess with these systems. A reason to thesis mcgill preparation support this is that it costs more to isee test essay run year-round schools due to air-conditioning bills and other expenses. Secondly, it disables the activities that you can accomplish over the long summer because year round vacations have shorter break periods. Lastly, it forces. Buffalo Bills , Education , Extracurricular activity 959 Words | 3 Pages. Thesis! 20 percent experience it regularly; and more than 1 in 3 young people have experienced cyber threats online.
The 2008–2009 School Crime Supplement (National . Papers4you! Center for thesis mcgill, Education Statistics and Organizational Structure and Culture Bureau of Justice Statistics) indicates that 6 % of students in grades 6 –12 experienced cyber bullying. The 2011 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance Survey finds that 16% of high school students (grades 9-12) were electronically bullied in thesis mcgill preparation, the past year. Research on cyber bullying is growing. It Important! However, because kids’. Facebook , Internet , MySpace 1631 Words | 5 Pages. How to Write an Argumentative Essay. The Writing Lab – D204d http://bellevuecollege.edu/asc/writing 425-564-2200 How to Write an Argumentative Essay An . argumentative essay uses reasoning and evidence—not emotion—to take a definitive stand on a controversial or debatable issue. The essay explores two sides of a topic and proves why one side or position is the preparation best. The First Steps Choose a specific issue to Structure and Culture discuss.
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Marijuana, which . Thesis Preparation! comes from the cannabis sativa (or hemp) plant, has been used for ten thousand years and will continue to be used for a very long time. People smoke it, with a pipe or water pipe, or in loosely rolled cigarettes called “joints”. It is also brewed with tea and it important essay mixed with cakes and thesis preparation brownies. Organizational Structure! Marijuana is so popular with the public that it has developed many aliases, such as. Cannabis , Decriminalization , Drug addiction 962 Words | 3 Pages. ?Sahra Sheikhnur Argumentative Essay Terrorism has made a major impact in The U.S in thesis, the past 10 years. Terrorism is very . dangerous and has led to many lives being lost. To Vote! Recently, there have been many terrorist acts going on, which led the U.S. government to wonder if individuals should use censorship to prevent terrorist speech.
The United States government should completely renounce coverage of terrorist speech because the ongoing coverage can lead to more threats and dangers. The media is a great. Al-Qaeda , Censorship , Freedom of speech 1106 Words | 4 Pages. ? Argumentative Essay Objective: The purpose of this assignment is to explore a theme in the novel, identify a debatable . issue, and discuss it in thesis preparation, the form of isee test essay, a theme-based argumentation. Task: Write an essay in which you analyze a debatable issue raised by the novel (or one of the other course readings we discussed) and argue in mcgill preparation, favor of one side or the other. First, identify a theme in the novel. Next, identify a debatable issue derived from research paper, or inspired by the theme. Take a stand on. Argument , Argument map , Argumentation theory 469 Words | 3 Pages. ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY Do curfews keep teens out of trouble?
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6 Nov. 2002. . Johnson, Shelli. “Greater Yellowstone Region Is a Snowmobiling Mecca.” Yellowstone Journal Winter 2002-03: 6 -7. Print. “Snowmobile Plan All Wet.” Editorial. Thesis Mcgill Preparation! Denver Post 9 Nov. 2002: B25. Coursework Papers4you! Colorado Newsstand. Web.
10 Nov. Thesis Preparation! 2002. Works cited page uses MLA style. Source: Diana Hacker (Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2006). Papers4you! . Air pollution , National Ambient Air Quality Standards , National park 1274 Words | 4 Pages. Mcgill! ENG 113 Section 3007 . 9/29/14 Essay #2 Garcia 1 Lupita.
Automobile , Cellular network , Crash 1193 Words | 3 Pages. ENGLCOM-WC A new step-up to globalization: An Argumentative Essay (Post- Essay ) Submitted by: Famela Anne . Madamba (NO1B) Submitted to: Ms. Karen Gabinete December 1, 2012 Philippines is one of those countries that values education a lot. Letter For Resident Assistant! Statistics shows that Filipinos are more diligent than of those people of the other country when it comes to education. Thesis Mcgill! Despite the numerous international awards that our fellow Filipinos are getting, there are some children or adult especially.
Curriculum , Education , Filipino people 2047 Words | 6 Pages. ?Caleb Madison ENG 101 10/3/13 Argumentative Essay From fire to it important light bulbs, and pagers to mcgill preparation smart-phones, humans have always . sought progress. Creative Writing Classes! The average person can agree that most new things are for the better. Thesis! If humans didn’t grow and progress then one could question whether or not we even have a purpose. One thing that humans have lacked the necessary progression in is the coursework place that homosexuals have in society. Same-sex marriage has recently begun to be legalized by several states. At this. Bisexuality , Gay , Heterosexuality 2058 Words | 6 Pages. ?ENGLISH AS A MEDIUM OF INSTRUCTION For many years, the importance of thesis mcgill preparation, English has increased because it has became a very common language all over the . Isee Test Essay! world. Thesis Preparation! Owing to this situation, there are lots of why is it important to vote, argumentative topics which are about the power of English. One of them is about the medium of instruction at Turkish universities whether it should be English or not.
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Its message was straightforward and thesis mcgill preparation obviously promising to the millions of citizens who have been hoping for change for letter, numerous. Africa , Corruption , Cycle of poverty 1830 Words | 6 Pages. Page 1.0 Argument in favour of tight accounting regulation: 1.1 Introduction 3 1.2 The agency problem 3 . 1.3 Comparability of financial statements 3 1.4 Auditing 4 1.5 Auditor’s independence concerns 4 1.6 Credibility of preparation, financial reporting 4 1.7 Conclusion 5 2.0 Argument in favour of “Free market” regulation: 2.1 Introduction 6 2.2 Information needs 6 2. Paper! Audit , Auditing , Economics 1545 Words | 6 Pages. “investors” out of their hard earned savings, there are thousands of historically documented events that lend credibility to this age old saying, however, . like so many other generalised statements, it is mcgill preparation, used more as an excuse than as a reason. This essay will present evidence to writing york region refute the thesis claim that Money is the root of all evil. Money is not the cover for resident root of all evil.
Money is simply a means used by people to obtain what they already desire in life. In order to demonstrate this point, we need to have. Mcgill! Bible , Crime , Crimes 1219 Words | 3 Pages. Rashid who works for telegraph.co.uk, said that a Swedish city is testing a new policy in order to increase productivity and reduce social spending by . cutting down the work hours from 8 to writing region 6 per a day. Base on their arrangement, a tested group which is hundreds of civilians who work in a company’s department work 6 hours per preparation, day versus an observational group that is other employees who still maintain 8 work hours daily. Then, the researcher will compare and why is it important essay analyze result of two groups after a certain. Thesis Mcgill Preparation! Eight-hour day , Employment , Labour market flexibility 754 Words | 3 Pages. What or who is a leader? The Army defines a leader as, “anyone who by virtue of assumed role or assigned responsibility inspires and influences people to . accomplish organizational goals.” (FM 6 -22, 2006, par.
1-2) So, how does an officer become a good leader? There are three tools, the Myers Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI), Multi-Source Assessment and Feedback (MSAF), and Individual Development Plan (IDP), that all officers must use in taking steps to Organizational Structure and Culture become a good leader. The MBTI is designed to help. Carl Jung , David Keirsey , Isabel Briggs Myers 1101 Words | 3 Pages. Thesis Mcgill Preparation! ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY FORMAT When writing an cover for resident argumentative essay , a student must first choose a . topic. The topic must be one that has two sides to it, and ideally, will have supporters for both sides of the thesis mcgill topic. For a basic argumentative essay , a student should structure the essay so that there are five paragraphs. The first paragraph will be the introduction, the second and third paragraphs will be the support paragraphs, the fourth paragraph will be the counter argument with rebuttal, and.
Alternative medicine , Essay , Five paragraph essay 1335 Words | 4 Pages. Module 5: Argumentative Task I 1. What is an argumentative essay ? a. An essay that defines an . abstract or ambiguous requires specific components and isee test essay refines thinking. 2. What is the job of a writer of an argumentative essay ? How can a writer achieve this purpose? a. The writer purpose is to persuade the reader of an opinion about something. Mcgill Preparation! 3. Creative Writing Region! Explain what are modals and their function in an argumentative writing. Give an example. Thesis Mcgill Preparation! a. It Important Essay! The modals help the writer opinion sound stronger. Clothing , Education , Greek loanwords 460 Words | 2 Pages. approachability. Thesis! Another way, and maybe even a better solution to abolish bullying, would be to apply student school uniforms in public and private schools. Coursework! . Work Cited: * http://www.greatschools.org/find-a-school/defining-your-ideal/121-school-uniforms.gs? page =all by Marian Wilde The School Uniform Movement and What It Tells Us About American Education: A Symbolic Crusade, David Brunsma. Rowman amp; Littlefield Education, 2004. School Dress Codes: A Pro/Con Issue, Barbara C. Cruz. Enslow Publishers. Mcgill! Dress code , Education , High school 953 Words | 3 Pages. rhetoric may be thrown at protestors, dissent is legal and should remain that way.
For those who do protest, they should take heart that some consider . Scientific! dissent not treason, but the highest form of patriotism. Works Cited Porter, David A. Mcgill! Course page . Isee Test Essay! Dept. of English, U. of thesis mcgill preparation, Michigan. 14 November 2006. http://www.umich.edu/ ece/student_projects/bonifield/treason2.html United States. Isee Test Essay! National Archives and preparation Records Administration. Constitution of the United States. 1789. The Whiskey. South Vietnam , Tiananmen Square protests of 1989 , Treason 1944 Words | 6 Pages. I Love Being the Enemy: A Season on the Court with the NBA's Best Shooter and Sharpest Tongue.
New York: Simon amp; Schuster, 1 April 1999. Print. . Isee Test Essay! Survelum Public Data Bank. Stereotype Survey Statistics. N.p. n.d. Web. 11 Nov.
2011 Mahmood 6 lt;http://www.survelum.com/survey-results/T_Witter/gt;. Basketball , Dirk Nowitzki , Islam 1576 Words | 5 Pages. but they are having an mcgill preparation influence. For this reason, we all must take responsibility for the way we use video games. Source: Andrea A. Lunsford (Bedford/St. . Martin’s, 2004) Ricker 6 Works Cited Boal, Mark. “One Step ahead of the Law.” Salon 19 July 1999. 12 Sept. Isee Test Essay! 2004 . ---. “The Shooters and the Shrinks.” Salon 6 May 1999. 12 Sept. 2004 . Carmageddon.
CD-ROM. Los Angeles: Interplay Productions, 1998. Thesis Mcgill Preparation! Cesarone, Bernard. “Video Games and Children.” Parenthood.com Jan. 1994. 12 Sept. 2004 . Grand. Electronic game , Media violence research , Nonviolent video game 1497 Words | 5 Pages. com/content.aspx?productId=107gt;. Feature, Gina ShawWebMD. Osteoporosis amp; Sodas (Soft Drinks): Phosphoric Acid and Other Causes. WebMD.
WebMD, 01 . Feb. Creative Writing! 2007. Web. 04 Dec. 2012. lt;http://www.webmd.com/osteoporosis/features/soda-osteoporosis? page =1gt;. Preparation! Grynbaum, Michael. Health Panel Approves Restriction on isee test essay Sale of Large Sugary Drinks. The New York Times. The New York Times, 13 September 2012. Web. 4 Dec 2012.
Healy, Melissa. Studies expand on thesis soda's role in growing obesity. Los Angeles. Caffeine , Health , Health care 2059 Words | 6 Pages. ?Aviation High School English Department Ms. Haloulos Argumentative Essay Directions: Closely read the two texts provided and . Scientific Paper! write a source-based argument on the topic below. You must use All My Sons and “Tragedy and thesis mcgill the Common Man,” by scientific Arthur Miller, and one of the thesis preparation two texts provided.
This is due Monday, November 3, 2014. Papers4you! Topic: Is Arthur Miller correct in thesis mcgill preparation, claiming All My Sons and Joe Keller are modern versions of Aristotle’s tragedy and tragic hero? Your Task: Carefully read each of the texts. All My Sons , Citation , Drama 601 Words | 2 Pages. York Region! Argumentative Essays About Obesity. is not the case. There are many programs out thesis mcgill, there that target America’s obese citizens. However, the main focus seems to be towards the younger generation. . Childhood obesity seems to be escalating throughout the past few years. This may Is this Essay helpful?
Join OPPapers to creative classes york region read more and thesis mcgill access more than 350,000 just like it! get better grades be due to the convenience of foods high in fat. Teens and it important to vote essay adolescents rely on things they can afford. Fast-food restaurants and low-cost candy is thesis preparation, affordable. Body mass index , Cancer , Fast food 1570 Words | 4 Pages. naturally and to others it does not. Isee Test Essay! “Parents want their children to grow into socially mature individuals. It can be frustrating to try and figure out the . best way to parent your child and help them turn out to be socially mature” (Myers, David, G. Mcgill Preparation! Page 111). Cover For Resident! Consequences and discipline shape how the child will act in the future, whether it is good or bad.
In some cases the children learned their lesson when they were little and thesis did not make the same mistakes in the future. “A lesson like that. Child , Childhood , Developmental psychology 2217 Words | 6 Pages.
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essay old times mp3 My Dad, a Brooklyn Dodgers fan from the mcgill, start used to attend games in regularity with his Norwegian neighborhood friends, way in the back, high up in coursework papers4you the stands, popping peanuts into mouths that were busy shouting at the umpires and error happy ball players. Faces red in excitement, their bonds grew deep into thesis mcgill preparation, the fierce closeness tied to such a classic American game. It took a scorching summer evening at a Philadelphia Phillies game for me to finally understand my father and his love for baseball. Sweat receding as the sun set, I could not help but be drawn to such a fascinating game (for contrary to popular opinion, I found it quite engaging). However, the joy and progression of the cover letter assistant, baseball game was soon overshadowed by the suffocating commercialism and false countenance that filled the stadium. Thesis Preparation. Glancing around I noticed the American stereotype in all it’s glory: Chase Utley jerseys so snug around big bellies, empty cups of cover letter steak flavored slushies strewn about, and mcgill somehow an overabundance of research paper cell phone users discussing important business in the middle of the fourth inning. Dolefully, I was overwhelmed by such an oblivion to the beautifully graceful sport that was being played there in the lights. Mcgill Preparation. It was then that a rebirth occurred in the understanding of my dad and his frustrating melancholy. I finally understood why; because baseball is simply not about baseball anymore.
In fact, my father and I are not so far apart in Organizational and Culture our frustrations with the world for when people ask me, “why are you not return to school in the fall?” I explain, how college is not about knowledge anymore. In America, most who have the economic means will send their child to college. Thesis Mcgill. These parents have worked hard to isee test essay send their children off to school to get a good education. They take pride in this (as did my parents) to see that their child increase his or her chances of entering into a monetary beneficial field, thus allowing their child a comfortable and thesis mcgill preparation capitally driven lifestyle. It’s the American dream is it not? These children, now young adults, choose a college they see to fit them and leave in the fall, pack their bags, their life that they know, and scientific research paper bibliography cram themselves into thesis preparation, tiny rooms with a stranger. Life lessons abound in creative region these quarters, one begins to learn the art of sharing, giving up personal desires in order to respect another. They begin to learn themselves in thesis mcgill these new environments and research paper bibliography become significantly humbled in thesis preparation the new world they have entered.
New ideas, new perspectives fill these young adults and procure a glorious search for truth through discussion and reading, hands on experiences and relationships. Somewhere along the $200 books, the writing classes, specialized notebooks, and the hippest dorm organizers, this is preparation, lost. Soon facebook.com, late-night partying, ipods, cell phones are consuming one’s time as the Organizational, classes begin. Preparation. These eager young minds are soon living for the weekends, nights when they can lose themselves in their inhibitions, shallowness prevails. Then morning comes, they rise, eyes groggy, headaches pounding and either head to class completely miserable or sleep through instead. The truth is gone!
The drive and purpose behind heading to college is not nearly what it was years ago. Of course you have your exceptions, but for the most part, college has become a breeding ground of apathy, conformity, and writing region depression. It is no more to learn, it is no more to preparation better oneself with knowledge. Writing Classes York. Rather, it is to preparation take the required courses, to region get the four year degree, to mcgill preparation get the job. For many this would be fine, but these are not the people who would have attended college 25 years ago.
What does it do for papers4you, individuals heading to mcgill preparation college for knowledge alone? It creates a dangerously discouraging environment, for where intellect is isee test essay, supposed to be stimulated, it is actually doing the thesis, exact opposite. I cannot believe students pay so much money per year to be expected to do the minimum by professors, to be given assignments that create more technological frustration then actual absorption of Structure information or engagement of one’s mind. Such a deep part of so many desire to thesis mcgill discover truth, to understand the world around, to isee test essay create and connect, to wonder and push beyond what the usual mind set holds as correct. It took going to college for me to see this side of myself, others may have found it earlier, others later (some never). In order to evoke any sort of long withstanding change in this world, a fairly extensive knowledge of our surroundings must be reached.
I am most certainly not alone. Find a college student standing idly around without a cell phone or ipod; ask him his or her opinion of the college life. I have a feeling you will receive an intense reviling not far from thesis mcgill my own. What has kept me sane the coursework papers4you, past two years and what keeps others sane for four years? Enough angst driven college students congregate and form relationships of which knowledge can flourish, multiple professors have kept the spirit of mcgill preparation learning alive as they lavish students with new ideas, writers, thinkers. But they are not the hub of the university anymore.
Instead, the centrifuge is the student activities, the football teams, the fraternities, and community service organizations which look good on resumes. College is an amusement park, in which we pay for our thrills, our fun built for coursework papers4you, us, entertainment provided. I ask in desperation, where are the mcgill preparation, thinkers of our time? It is the year 2007, and rarely are things in this American society about truth. It is the false appearance, the coursework papers4you, deprecating facade that most of the mcgill, American community becomes a slave. Aspects of genuineness steadily disappear! Photographs are taken in order to exponentially increase one’s self image rather then catch moments teeming with such beauty and closeness. Writing York Region. Relationships are created of suffocating shallowness that destroy a pure concept of loyalness. In the thesis preparation, search to find the fast and easiest ways of life, there is a lack of process, a lack of Organizational Structure and Culture journey.
Herein, at the end of thesis our days, at the end of our experiences, we are nothing. We have learned nothing and the potential depth of to vote essay our character has shrunk disastrously in size. This is what is thesis, happening at colleges around the nation. Students spend four years absorbed in it important to vote these pseudo worlds to be released and preparation more lost then ever. I will leave college because I think in it’s true form, it is a beautiful and necessary endeavor. Isee Test Essay. I leave because I cannot stand to be apart of something so warped from thesis preparation it’s true purpose.
I leave because I, personally, do not understand what it truly means to learn. And so I depart. Passing the poster of the 1950 Brooklyn Dodger’s team on the family room wall, I smile that my Dad could have experienced a time when baseball was about baseball. I smile to isee test essay myself, because for the first time in the past 12 years of thesis public school, I will learn just for the pure joy of learning. Rick Perlstein’s critique of the American university establishment went great lengths to bibliography pull apart the increasingly homogenized fabric of our academic culture.
I believe he could have gone further. Having recently graduated from the “debaucherous” UC Berkeley, I was struck by Ronald Reagan’s depiction of the thesis mcgill preparation, campus. His concerns couldn’t have been more shortsighted; in papers4you reality, I would argue that UC Berkeley represents a startling trend evident in the elite universities of this country. Contrary to Reagan’s claims, the campus is not licentious, but rather, is growing increasingly conservative and homogenous. The university is no longer a bastion of liberalism and free-thinking, but an entity conforming to thesis the same pressures it purports to resist, and the student body, faculty and academic freedom in general suffer.
From their undergraduate divisions, to cover for resident assistant the professional and graduate programs in law and business, academic institutions have developed a homogenized and increasingly standardized establishment that eliminates risk. Thesis. Faculty members are motivated by tenured track positions that guarantee stability. Scientific Research Paper Bibliography. Student research suffers, and the elite campuses become watered-down versions of their historic selves. Thesis Preparation. Schools allow themselves to be bullied by a test-taking industry and ranking system metastasized at the elementary and research paper high school level in the form of “No Child Left Behind” and enforced by the powerful US News #038; World Report ranking systems. An April 2006 letter addressed to law school applicants and signed by nearly all 192 ABA-accredited law schools complained that “ranking systems are inherently flawed because none of preparation them can take (a student’s) special needs and isee test essay circumstances into account.” They condemn the ranking process, yet employ the same ranking systems and homogenizing factors to eliminate law school candidates in the form of an absolute standardized test – the mcgill, LSAT. A more personal and creative admissions approach would negatively affect a school’s median LSAT score, dropping its ranking and thus, admissions numbers and funding. I have experienced the negative effects of and Culture such standardization, graduating from Berkeley in thesis mcgill preparation 2007 with a degree in anthropology.
I maintained a 3.98 GPA, was a member of the Dean’s Honor’s list throughout my time at Cal and was admitted into the Phi Beta Kappa Honor Society. I was a preliminary finalist for writing, the university’s most prestigious award, the thesis preparation, University Medal, and was also a runner up for the McCown Prize, awarded to the outstanding graduate of anthropology. Outside the classroom, I played inter-collegiate baseball at a top junior college program until injury forced an early retirement, refereed intra-mural sports at Structure Cal, and volunteered my services to the Cal Women’s basketball team. I also worked in the community for the YMCA, directing an after-school sports program for at-risk youth and coaching several youth baseball teams. Preparation. I was not, however, admitted to a number of top law schools.
My standardized test scores, roughly in the eightieth percentile for the LSAT, eliminated me, despite my academic successes at a top school in letter for resident a top-ranked program. I was baffled when one Ivy League school explained, “our admitted applicants tend to have had a significantly greater degree of involvement in extracurricular and community activities.” When the LSAT is the only measure of success, entire applications become distorted. As elite universities become homogenized, top students from around the country are marginalized. Like the lecturer looking for a recipe to a tenured position, students subscribe to a template for success where grooming for test-taking begins in elementary school and thesis internships and volunteerism are routine necessities, rather than personal commitments. Standardized test results outweigh four years of academic excellence, and generic service bereft of passion supercedes creativity. Research Bibliography. The pluralism in the selection process leads not to creative and thesis mcgill unique individuals being admitted, but rather “diverse” versions of the same person. Universities have embraced clever ways of internalizing this trend, naturalizing their selection process through subtle controlling processes that allow them to uphold their “standards” for ranking and creative classes york maintaining the status quo. The “celebration” of mcgill preparation diversity on campus has been hijacked by this ideology.
The University of it important to vote California, for example, while outwardly promoting diversity and freethinking, tacitly encourages quite the opposite. Universities abuse self-imposed divisions that represent microcosms of society at mcgill preparation large where division is accepted, even promoted, and all the while, exploited by those with the means to do so. The membership of on-campus groups is disproportionately homogeneous and highly exclusive. Though the groups are theoretically open to all students, their memberships do not reflect such “diversity,” and are, in cover fact, racially exclusive and thesis mcgill preparation isolated. It is understandable why individuals would feel it necessary to join groups of their own cultural background. Writing Region. New students, in their formative years at college, cannot help but be overwhelmed by the size and complexity of the university environment. Issues of identity are more overwhelming than ever in thesis mcgill preparation this setting, and race and religion act as common and coursework papers4you comforting themes.
Berkeley professor, Jerry Sanders, likens this to “strategic essentialism,” the thesis mcgill, process whereby minority groups fear being swallowed by why is it important to vote the majority and band themselves together, even if it means labeling themselves by a racial or religious identity. Individuals become comfortable in, what I term, the “cultural compound,” an arena where homogeneity and comfort in the group override underlying insecurities. This specialization makes groups unwilling to look beyond their own agenda, unite for a common cause and thesis mcgill address greater issues, issues that concern more than just the survival of their group. In a broader context, the cover letter assistant, “cultural compound” that we see on campus has some dangerous parallels to the American society at large. The university’s tolerance of mcgill de facto segregation only echoes a greater societal issue. Groups that isolate themselves along religious and why is to vote essay ethnic lines are motivated by selfish issues and thesis mcgill are commonly unwilling to unite for research paper, a national goal.
The Indian Student Association seeks to promote Indian culture on campus, while the Asian Business Society looks to thesis mcgill preparation increase Asian representation in for resident the business school. The Asian Political Association distributes a journal that appeals to Asian students, and the Berkeley Jewish Journal addresses issues concerning Jews and Israel. Their publications pertain to exclusive groups, and while they have every right to do so, they isolate themselves under the mcgill, guise of “diversity.” They do not display the strength, solidarity and unity of purpose that we would expect from a unified nation. When there is a common uniting cause, small, formerly marginalized groups have the ability to band together, challenge large institutions and tackle major issues. Universities prosper in the current environment. Creative Classes York Region. They can firmly inculcate their conformist ideology with the creation of a homogenized student body. In divide and conquer fashion, universities operate with corporate-esque management, standardizing their subjects in the most efficient manner.
In so doing, a student body that is mcgill preparation, apathetic and uncritical will emerge, an uncontroversial faculty is cover, born, and universities once heralded for thesis, their academic freedom and free-thinking ways will suffer. In response to Rick Perlstein’s critique, I have observed universities becoming institutions of universal conformity at a time when we need plurality. They must break free of their corporate bonds and embrace a doctrine of academic freedom that begins with multiplicity in Organizational Structure admissions. A truly diverse student body can re-invigorate every important debate in this country. A homogenized university system cannot. College matters for so many different reasons. Mcgill. People say it is the greatest time of our lives, when we will meet lifelong friends, find our true selves, and set sail to begin our journey into the real world. It is a time of tremendous emotional, mental, social, and educational growth.
The freedoms granted by paper American universities are unparalleled across the world. The phrase “going to college” belittles what truly occurs at thousands of campuses nationwide. While all the above reasons are all important and noteworthy, one reason trumps them all, education. The meaning of the word education needs addressing as it has become synonymous with the factual things we learn in thesis mcgill our majors. Many of those who have never had the to vote, privilege of thesis attending college unfortunately have this view of the word education. I too had this false impression as I first began college. It doesn’t matter who you are, you can memorize facts all day long and regurgitate them for a test. What does that prove? Eventually you will forget those things you knew like the back of your hand. Creative Classes York Region. As someone who is interning right now, I speak from experience in claiming you only thesis preparation, use a fraction of your education to perform your job.
Simply put there exists too many fields and specialties to be an expert in all of papers4you them. A mechanical engineer who is an expert in thesis preparation diesel fuel systems may not be able to tell you the first thing about an automatic transmission. The doctor who gained world recognition for cover for resident assistant, open heart surgery is likely clueless when examining cancer cells. How many people can you say you know who excel in a job they had zero background in? On the job training accounts for a great deal of knowledge no matter what your degree. Einstein once said that education is what remains after you forget what you learned. Thesis. So why then bother learning a specific field at all? The answer to this question lies with Einstein’s opinion about education. Education is that residue that remains with us the rest of our lives. Your education rounds you and why is lays the foundation for learning in the future. To me, college has been a humbling and eye-opening experience to preparation the vastness of knowledge that humankind has accumulated.
For instance, I can almost guarantee that someone who never attended college would say mathematics at present is a stagnant field. Everything there ever was to discover has already been done hundreds of years ago by Europeans working under candlelight. Why Is Essay. Taking several math classes for mcgill, my major removed my myopic vision. Shear awe filled my mind when I realized that professors are active in mathematics research, still probing the foundations of reality. The feeling borders on the depressive side because you realize that you can never know everything.
Being exposed to some very bright professors has been a blessing. Just the presence of some professors creates an atmosphere of intelligence that seems to diffuse all around them. A more specific example of isee test essay appreciation for math occurred during class one day. I was taking a major course in thesis numerical methods. To aid us in our methods we used Matlab; computer software that allowed for programming and many other tools. Our professor Amos Gilat could hardly contain his excitement as he explained the Gauss-Jordan method of pivoting rows in a matrix to solve systems of equations. Paper. Knowing that you could solve a system with a simple pre-programmed operation in Matlab I asked why we needed to learn about the pivoting, which consumed a great deal of time and thesis mcgill preparation was done by hand. Creative Writing Classes York. Professor Gilat was dismayed and proceeded on mcgill preparation, a 5 minute tangent aimed at coursework proving that is thesis preparation, precisely why we chose to attend a university and not a technical school. I then realized that 20 years from know when I have to solve a system of isee test essay equations I will do it the easy way, with a computer. But in the back of my head there will remain that appreciation for the men whose lives were devoted to the advancement of thesis mcgill their field. The road that has been my education in college has allowed me to step outside my intellectual comfort zone.
As I anxiously walked to classes my first day I knew a great deal about history but couldn’t tell you the first thing about mechanical engineering. Isee Test Essay. In hindsight I have gained so much satisfaction from pushing myself to start from scratch and take that foot off first base. In short, college has changed my perspective. I would challenge any high schooler that is debating attending college to attend for that reason alone. Of all the thesis mcgill, things our country needs, one of them is a population whose perspective isn’t fixed in stone. In this era of cover letter record egotism and narcissism, we desperately need citizens who have an thesis mcgill preparation enlightened perspective of the world around them. I honestly believe that the isee test essay, first goal in learning is acceptance of thesis mcgill preparation ignorance.
The bigger the college the better, the further from home the better, and the more diverse the to vote, student body the better. Whatever you want to study, I urge you to pull up the anchor, set sail, and open your minds to the plethora of interesting people, places, and ideas. Today, the college experience is preparation, more trade school, less ancient Greek academy. In our increasingly complex society, its constituents have to be better educated before they can become productive participants. This would suggest that the college education has become more critical than it has ever been before. The college experience, being the manner in which the education is received, might be more telling with respect to college’s ultimate impact on society. In his recent comment in the New Yorker, Louis Menand cited that: “The biggest undergraduate major by far in the United States today is. business.
Twenty-two percent of bachelor’s degrees are awarded in that field. Eight percent are awarded in for resident education, five percent in mcgill the health professions. Creative Writing Classes York Region. By contrast, fewer than four percent of college graduates major in English, and preparation only two percent major in history. There are more bachelor’s degrees awarded every year in Parks, Recreation, Leisure, and Fitness Studies than in all foreign languages and literatures combined. The Carnegie Foundation for the. Advancement of Teaching, which classifies institutions of higher education, no.
longer uses the and Culture, concept “liberal arts” in making its distinctions. This makes the obsession of some critics of American higher education with things like whether Shakespeare is thesis mcgill, being required of coursework papers4you English majors beside the point. The question isn’t what the English majors aren’t taking; the question is what everyone else isn’t taking.” Mr. Thesis Preparation. Perlstein’s bold forecast really is in the wrong tense. College as America. used to understand it is why is it important to vote, not coming, but has already come to an end. The real question is thesis mcgill, whether it is dead or just dormant.
The 1960’s and 70’s were witness to a unique combination of it important essay economic. prosperity that allowed children from thesis preparation families of modest means to attend college for york region, the first time, and were still a time when being an English major was not looked down upon thesis with derision (usually with respect to their relative employability upon graduation). Intellectual merit was still the common currency used in Organizational Structure and Culture conversation. At the thesis preparation, same time, it would be reasonable to argue that this inclusion of the middle class would reduce the level of intellectualism in college, because students coming from a modest background would identify more with the necessity of it important needing practical skills for entering the marketplace. However, one must acknowledge that from a financial perspective, attending college used to be less of a risk in thesis mcgill preparation terms of the skills acquired for. the debt accumulated. Students simply were not as worried about leaving college with no prospects of Organizational Structure and Culture paying the debts they had acquired with the mcgill, degree they had chosen to pursue. Mr. Menand’s statistics make it perfectly clear that in today’s world, the study of English, for example, is not a subject that is in vogue.
Currency, it would seem, has replaced intellectual merit as the currency of choice on the contemporary campus. For reasons that perhaps only a historical perspective will make clear, students today have a completely different set of values and priorities when it comes to education. For some students, the liberal education is ‘that irritating set of general requirements that one has to writing region complete in order to graduate’. In 1999 the University of Chicago, famous for its ‘core. curriculum’ or required distribution of preparation study through a wide variety of subjects, transitioned to making this required distribution smaller, in an attempt to make it more desirable to potential attendees. This attitude could be correlated with the rising cost of classes york region higher education. College is expensive, and thesis mcgill preparation one way to economize is to take as few classes outside of one’s major as possible. Many people speak of graduating early, in fewer than four years. Cover Letter For Resident Assistant. This is a critical devaluation of one of the fundamental aspects of the college experience: the education and learning outside of what is strictly necessary. The impacts of this shift in undergraduate attitude about their college experience manifest themselves in the culture that they in turn help to define and create. Thesis. When people refer to the golden age of Greece, they are talking about the period in time when great advances and papers4you achievements were made in the arts, philosophy (which at that time included science), and governing theory.
This was a time when the thesis, resources and research paper priorities of the Grecian society were focused on those topics. It must be noted that in Greece at this time, it was only free men that were allowed access to education. This exclusivity is in direct conflict with the attitude of openness and thesis mcgill preparation availability to education. that came about in the 1960’s. Today, we don’t admire the ancient Greeks for their methods, but rather for the cultural priorities they identified and extent to which they achieved and coursework excelled in them. Mcgill. These are the very same subjects that are associated with the historical view of college and the college experience. The move away from this interest in learning for the sake of learning in the undergraduate body is inextricably linked to this same interest in greater society, just as the undergraduate body attending college is inextricably linked to the society from which it came and to which it will eventually return.
The question of the significance of the college experience relative to our. generation then becomes one of deciding our cultural priorities and values. On one hand, there is education modelled with the intention of achieving goals in the same spirit of the ancient Greek philosophers and statesmen. The other option is to treat the college experience as the period of time between high school and entering the workforce proper. For those of us who value what higher education and the college experience has historically represented, public complacency towards college is an alarming indication of how far in the opposite direction we have travelled, therefore making it paramount that the classical college experience needs to be revitalized, while maintaining the openness. and availability that was achieved in the 1960’s, as it is more critical than ever before.
A Solution to creative classes york the Dissolution of College Life as Rick Perlstein Knew It. My younger brother is stumbling into that pivotal period when a kid applies to college. We’re a family of corn-fed, country folk from rural Illinois, and since my older brother goes to Loyola University Chicago and preparation I go to Northwestern University, little Louis is scrutinizing The University of Chicago. He’ll be in writing the final group of preparation college aspirants to fill out the university’s quirky application that asks the applicant about a few of his favorite things. Next year the university, along with many others, will start accepting the writing york, Common Application. Louis told me he wrote about David Byrne, David Lynch, and the value of the incomprehensible. “I would have written about Heidegger,” I said. “I thought I liked Heidegger when I was your age. But that’s when I was young and stupid.” I paused, and reflected: “I’m not saying that you’re stupid, just because you’re 17.” I recognized that my brother’s experience, as a 17-year-old and as a college applicant, isn’t necessarily comparable to mine. That’s the difference between Rick Perlstein and me.
I’m aware that I’m looking at Louis’ application process through the mcgill preparation, jaded beer goggles of a second-year college student. In his essay “What’s the Matter with College?” Perlstein observes modern college life though the rose colored glasses of a 38-year-old, but he either lacks the self-awareness to realize he’s doing it, or he doesn’t care because he is being paid to do it. There is a third, more benign possibility: It’s fun to reminisce. What grandparent doesn’t regale grandchildren with tales of “the good old days,” when gas was thirty cents a gallon? The good old days aren’t the good old days except to people who were there. Isee Test Essay. The grandkids are usually bored stiff. I can’t get nostalgic for the version of college Perlstein describes, or for the visions of college perpetuated by thesis preparation TV and movies. Perlstein interviews some angsty college students and some content ones. Both sets of kids disturb him. Why Is It Important To Vote. He recognizes in preparation the former group frustration at the lack of creative and cultural stimuli and in it important the latter group an thesis mcgill unhealthy enthusiasm for organization and career mongering. What do both have in common?
They’re running circles around campus. In my first year of papers4you college, I met those kids Perlstein describes. I met the types like his creative and thesis mcgill preparation frustrated Hamilton Morris, and isee test essay the Caroline Ouwerkerk types who soak up all the organizational goodness available. The content ones spend weekends drinking at frat parties, and thesis the frustrated ones spend time wondering if they would be more or less miserable drinking at a frat party rather than sitting in their four by six dorm room. I’d have to count myself as a disheartened Hamilton Morris. My first few weekends at and Culture college were an agonizing Ferris wheel of impotency and frustration. Then one Friday night I made a resolution. Thesis. I resolved that I wouldn’t spend one more weekend on campus. I didn’t.
While exploring Chicago, I met a third group of students that Perlstein overlooks. Scientific Paper. Maybe he ignores them because they didn’t exist in his college years; they’re invisible to 38-year-old eyes. They’re college kids who spend their Friday nights haunting Indie film theatres, or finding out which venues let a kid in to a show with a friend’s sister’s out-of-state ID. Thesis Mcgill Preparation. These are kids who milk college for every opportunity there, and when college comes up short, they look somewhere else. They’re college kids who don’t haunt the campus. It could be true in scientific bibliography olden times students had their cultural, educational, physical, and spiritual needs met on campus. It might have been a warm bath of vital stimulations for all I know.
His article makes it sound like a one-stop-shop of bliss. If the Japanese literature majors of today expect creativity and culture, they might have to take a bus to get it. Mcgill. Perlstein says the gap between “college” and Organizational “the real world” is closing. If this means the homeless guy who always rides the Purple Line at mcgill preparation midnight is going to try to sell me his poetry, that’s fine by me. I thought student rights activists of the isee test essay, 60s and 70s wanted to free students from the protective bubble of their adolescence, not build a more glamorous one.
Why does college matter? I can’t speak for everyone, but I’m getting an education. I certainly didn’t get one in high school. Mcgill. I didn’t know where else to turn. I’m training for my career, plodding down the yellow brick road to a degree that I faithfully believe will garner me some sort of credit in a “real world” I glimpse sometimes through the briefcases and wristwatches of the businessmen, or the papers4you, beaten black pants of the working poor I see when I’m downtown, away from campus. If Perlstein had asked me about my college experience, I would have told him that I am getting a fine education.
If America’s public school system has deteriorated as much as the mcgill preparation, press and politicians lead me to believe, then a college education is more vital than ever. My university offers accredited teachers in letter a variety of subjects and plenty of tools to help me start a career. It might be the generation gap speaking, but when Crispin Glover is in Chicago premiering his new movie, or Norman Mailer is downtown doing a book signing, I don’t expect the university to thesis mcgill preparation hold my hand. I can afford the train ticket. Perlstein seems to lament the push, starting with outrage over activism at Berkeley, to coursework make universities “institutions of learning” at the expense of finer stuff..
Maybe it happened. But that doesn’t mean youth culture is dead. It means it shifted. Kids will have to look a little harder to find it it won’t be a package deal. A college, as is any institution, is made of people. Should we be asking: “What’s the matter with college kids?” Perlstein’s essay lamented the loss of universities as a cultural and political force. If college students wanted the blissful bathtub that Perlstein describes, they’d join hands (and arms) to get it. Most undergrads are “Organization Kids” who can’t be happier. Thesis Mcgill Preparation. To the others, I offer two alternatives: If you can’t beat em, join em, or else get off campus. It’s true that if my 17-year-old self had to apply to the University of Chicago next year, there is no way that the board of admissions would know about my Heidegger fascination.
Maybe they don’t care; maybe it doesn’t matter to them anymore what I’ll be doing on my Friday nights. I think I like it better that way. I’m responding to isee test essay a position I can’t understand. Mcgill. It’s like asking someone with a flat screen TV to creative writing region talk about cathode ray tubes. Not having attended University of Chicago with Perlstein, I can’t tell him if undergrads would have the mcgill preparation, guts to coursework papers4you try to arrange a concert with Ravi Shankar and John Coltrane. I can tell him that when Shankar came to the Chicago Symphony Orchestra last April, my peers and I coughed up $20 for nosebleed seats. Student tickets weren’t available. After only one semester at Washington University, it seems to me that most college students–most of my peers–are much more apathetic than I had always imagined they would be. I grew up hearing that “children are the future,” and it made sense to me that the four years of mcgill preparation college were when the coursework papers4you, children created and became the thesis, future. While this may have been true in another generation, it certainly doesn’t seem to be the case now.
There once was a time when the essay, phrases “college student” and “student activist” were closely linked. When you think about college students, you might remember the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. These college students sat down at lunch counters and refused to leave until they were treated equally. They marched to preparation Washington and Montgomery with Dr. King to gain rights for their parents, their children, and themselves.
When you think about college students, you might remember the Berkeley students who started the Free Speech movement. These college students wouldn’t allow their voices to be silenced. They chose to go to jail before they would give up their rights as Americans. Bibliography. When you think about thesis mcgill, college students, you might remember the Kent State students who protested the Vietnam War. They were willing to isee test essay put their lives on the line to tell their government to end an mcgill unjust war. What do all of these college students have in common?
Many of them have their own children now, and many of their children are the college students of my generation. Now, their children are the future. When history thinks about college students, will it remember college students from my generation? Probably not, because college students from my generation are too apathetic to exercise their right to vote, let alone their rights to speak freely or protest the government. Last semester, I was involved in a massive voter registration effort on campus.
We bombarded students with voter registration forms as they walked to and from classes. We brought forms to classes and writing classes york registered our friends. Preparation. We even went door-to-door in dorms handing out forms and slipping them under closed doors. Every day I was shocked as dozens of my fellow students told me they were too busy to write down their name and address. They told me they were too busy to sign a piece of paper. They told me they were too busy to care about the future of why is to vote essay their world.
When the world needed changing, you used to be able to thesis mcgill preparation look to college students to catalyze that change. But when the world needs change again, where will you find the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committees of today? Where will you find the creative york region, new proponents of the Free Speech movements? Where will you find the next protestors against an unjust war? I don’t think you will find them in the college students of my generation anymore. We just don’t care. Beneath the Still Water Our Undercurrent Flows. A nippy answer to a particular question is thesis, always appealing. To the challenge what’s the matter with college, even Yoda could quickly convince you in creative writing classes york a blink with one of his babblings: the thesis mcgill preparation, nature of its current existence cloaks its presence . But excuse me master I’m from Missouri- I heard somewhere, there is always an easy answer to a tough question which often turns to be wrong. Would be this the case? Coins have two sides, but in describing just one, Mr.
Perlstein seems to get the isee test essay, upper hand in the prognosis of present college affairs. A broader look on the casus belli is therefore desired. Recent undergraduate lifestyles seem to confirm the public belief that students are only being trained in slackology and beerology in college halls around the nation. But we all should put our sleeve’s aces on the table and mcgill preparation describe both sides of the coin. Even if our actions seem to paper have decayed in recent decades, they didn’t from an effective point of view, just from a spotlighted one. Sorry, but it’s not our fault that the CNN #038; friends are not interested in us anymore because we have developed a refined savoir fair in what college agitations matters; it’s not our fault that we have become a bunch of thesis mcgill preparation sissies because our building takeovers are now ridiculously peaceful instead of riotously disruptive. Therefore, as if a past collective experience in failures would have been instilled upon research paper us, our MOs have evolved, becoming less trade-marketable but still exacting a toll, and this time an preparation effective one. Are you skeptical about that last point?
Oh well, just go and ask Galla udet’s deposed university president about what is why is it important essay, it like to complain to deaf students who kick him out. And don’t forget the cherry on top, George Allen, the hapless ex-senator from Virginia brought down by a wannabe freshman. Now, the sort of campus scandals that lead this country forty years ago have been integrated into the college system. That’s what makes them lose the media’s mojo and give the false sensation of disappearance. Thesis. An example are the Democratic Education at Cal classes at Berkeley, where the vile sexual orgies Ronnie complained against Pat Brown in the sixties now give you university credits instead. That’s how the undergraduates of our generation should be remembered: the Organizational Structure and Culture, baby boomers’ cool Prometheuses. But wait, not all is going to be roses and thesis preparation wine in fancy grammar inspired by listening to Paris Hilton’s post-jail renaissance, of course. Our Nemeses have strong points against us which have to be carefully addressed.
As already mentioned, there is the popular belief flying over the cuckoo’s nest that we care more about scientific research paper, American Idols and mcgill preparation beer pongs, than sex, counter-culture and global problems. But look around first, our alibis are sowed everywhere like mines in a field. Papers4you. Paramount to the college equation has been the disappearance of the dreaded draft. Preparation. Is it our fault that this nation’s fairness has increased and papers4you gone are the chances of preparation getting arbitrarily killed in war? The absence of that hornets’ hive is something our past generations didn’t have the chance to sleep with, and even if there is a nasty war going on, that absence is the factor in keeping everybody cool government and papers4you students alike. Yes, we are an thesis over-privileged generation, but because everybody seems to isee test essay want it that way. With financial help striking us 24/7 and thesis persuasive gadgetry constantly popping out, it’s difficult not to become spoiled. Essay. Even my French ex-roommate Marie, who is half estranged from her divorced father, lets him pay her cell phone bills! Yes, we should start saying just don’t do it, please . We are accused too of lacking that cultural extravaganza that flourished in the halls of past generations. All in all, if Britney Spears and Bono don’t give free concerts in our restrooms it’s because we don’t dare to call them, not because the present singing styles have become so much spectacle and video-oriented that a performance in the dorms would be a little like an Einstein lecture in thesis mcgill Martha Stewart’s cooking sessions. Can we refute statements like colleges are no longer central?
Well, how would you define ‘centrality’? Would you say Silicon Valley is letter assistant, no longer central because microchips are also developed elsewhere? The key to thesis preparation centrality here is: Who is your daddy? That is, who is instrumental for accomplishing X? To that point, did Mr. Perlstein and his acolytes notice what new tool entrepreneurial college grads have deployed into the political arena? Right, calling it just political would be inaccurate. Papers4you. One would need to say, googolplex-faceted. I’m talking about You Tube. Ludicrous as it may sound, with the Facebooks and cell phones wired to, students around the nation are now being empowered with a brand new way to create, say, pressure groups in thesis matter of days or inflict righteous changes in politic campaigns. Beg to Organizational differ about that?
Ask the aforementioned George Allen, the thesis mcgill preparation, former republican senator who lost his re-election bid against a camcorder, after his private linguistic h eritage took off in public and got massively distributed over the Internet. And do you recall Jean Rohe, the and Culture, student who at thesis The New School’s 2006 graduation ceremony admonished senator McCain for not representing the coursework papers4you, values of that university? Her remarks were posted online mere hours later! What undergraduate wildest dreams in thesis mcgill the seventies would have imagined having such tools with potential to equalize TV and newspapers but from an independent perspective? We will see how these incidents are just the beginning in a long streak of future leading revelations. Politicians and legislators alike have started feeling our wired Damocles’ swords. Now, they are trying to get in our tune and be as cool as we are.
Do you need proof? You Tube just happened to interview the democratic presidential candidates mere months ago! Without a central college role, could all of the above been accomplished? Hardly. Then why is that feeling that our generation is precisely accomplishing nothing and why is it important to vote just downloading songs? Partly, because our actions have slightly shifted from global to local, and surprisingly, because we are actually busier than our parents were at their college age. According to a survey conducted by Arthur Levine, students are spending less time on campuses because 40 per mcgill, cent of them attend part time jobs while taking classes. This means we have less time to mess around, but in papers4you spite of this, daring creative initiatives keep flourishing, like Sam Bell and the Genocide Intervention Network from Swarthmore College trying to buy unmanned aerial vehicles to stop the genocide in thesis mcgill Darfur.
Maybe our issues to fight for have lost that veil of idealism which attracted the attention of a nation long ago, but they have gained realism and isee test essay issue-oriented focus. If students working at thesis preparation a shelter for the homeless or tutoring troubled newcomers won’t make national headlines, it will surely bloom into more pragmatic results than just pursuing Let Freedom Ring ideals. Last but not least, campuses around the nation are finally fulfilling the diversity society seems to coursework be asking for. That’s another silent lead. Our classes are filled with different races, ethnicities and backgrounds than anytime before. As a matter of fact, You Tube was created by a Taiwanese, a German and an American.
These are the leading qualities the ongoing generations are being provided by mcgill preparation the genuine role of college as we used to and Culture understand it. Over-optimistic and self-complacent though they may sound, these are the thesis preparation, signs of our time. The first time I ever heard about the SATs was when Zach Morris had to take them on it important to vote essay, ‘Saved By the Bell.’ The event came out of nowhere. There were no episodes of frantic cramming or practice tests; there was only Zach’s annoyance that he was stuck in school on a Saturday morning to take it. Thesis Mcgill Preparation. It’s a good thing I didn’t build my perception of the test from that first impression, because as I would come to discover over the next few years, the SATs are a small slice of my generation’s neuroticism over college and ultimately, over classes york region, our future. I work at the Plainsboro Public Library in Middlesex County, NJ.
It’s small by current standards, but it has what I believe to be a healthy patronage. In the five years that I have checked books out to my townspeople, the most popular selections (after movies of course) fall under a category I’ve privately called “future insurance.” Often, a child’s first exposure to that genre would be the Baby Einstein collection. Their departure from the mcgill, stroller meant graduating up to What Your Preschooler Needs to paper Know. As they learned to read, they learned to recognize the children’s textbooks on their special shelves. Thesis Mcgill. They also learned to grow accustomed to a twelve-month long school year, because it was during the summer months that they had to put up with their toughest teachers, their parents. But what always makes me sad is when those kids, alone and research with their own library cards, walk up to me and struggle to balance heavy SAT, AP, and thesis preparation high school textbooks to check out when they themselves have barely begun middle school. It’s a trend that caught me by surprise in junior high. My peers had already become immersed in worry over college. They worked mercilessly for perfect report cards.
They forced themselves to take timed SAT practice tests every weekend. They diligently built their resumes with mountains of isee test essay community service hours, extra curricular activities, and leadership positions. And out of fear of preparation being left behind, I joined them. By the time college applications were turned in, the isee test essay, damage had been done and, I fear, beyond repair. My generation has been groomed from infancy (and today’s children are far worse off) to prepare for thesis mcgill preparation, college. To my friends and me, college was an opportunity to increase our earning potential (I swear, we used those words). Research Paper. Preparation for it consisted of investing in ourselves.
That is, investing in our capabilities and thesis sticking through with what paid off the most dividends. We did, of course, also dream of independence and free reign over our lives. Creative Region. Sadly, none of us really stopped to thesis mcgill think how wispy our lives have become. I’m referring to the digital age. Cell phones, Internet, online banking, online shopping. Today we can visit college campuses without leaving our rooms. They are a blessing. But then, they’re not quite so. In my first year of york region college I spoke with my mother and father at least two or three times everyday. In fact, on all-night study sessions, I used them as an extensive wake-up call that always succeeded when my alarms have failed. Preparation. Facebook allows my high school friends and isee test essay I to stay in touch as if we had never separated.
I shop for my books, my music, and my college paraphernalia from websites on my bookmark list one on top of the other. Thesis Mcgill Preparation. It is wonderful and writing classes region it is terrifying, because I ultimately have the entire world within a hand’s reach, yet with each week and month that passes, my world does not really grow. Sure, I read blogs from South Africa and listen to music from Japan, but I remain day after day in the same place. Thesis. I do very little. And with one year of college on which to look back, I’ve realized that I’m not alone in writing classes york region this thinking.
My generation knows more than any that has come before it, but where we triumph in knowledge, we fail in action. In the time supposedly set aside for risks, adventure, and change, college does nothing to change what has become our nature. It would be very childish of thesis mcgill me to blame this shortage of cover for resident assistant action on cell phones and the Internet, so I won’t. Mcgill. The bigger culprit is far more frightening than popular technology. The bigger culprit, I’m afraid, is our own apathy. For too long, my peers and I have focused our lives on getting into the college of choice. Whatever private, secret dreams we had, ones for prosperity and success overshadowed them. And it is precisely this obsession with what jobs we’re going to have and how much money we’re going to isee test essay make that has paralyzed our inner beatnik, the thesis preparation, part of us most likely to creative classes region jump on the stage and thesis mcgill preparation do something. We are held back from speaking out because, to put it frankly, we’re scared of having to explain our actions in creative writing classes region our job interviews.
In the same way the words “liberal” and “feminism” have been tarnished and stripped of their power and goodness, so too have “protest”, “civil disobedience” and yes, “action” lost their significance and mcgill potential. Scientific. We care more about the job, the high starting salary, and the luxury car more than we care about wars in the Middle East. It’s sad, but with the world we grew accustomed to mcgill and the goals that were firmly ingrained in our minds, are you really that surprised? A few years ago someone I deeply admired and looked up to told me she was arrested in a protest back in the ’60s. She was taken back by own surprise and astonishment. I now understand what she didn’t. Organizational. My friends and I are not heartless kids: We donate on Facebook. We join Amnesty International and Darfur Awareness clubs.
We think and we feel and we pity. But then we apologize. And we move on. We have midterms to study for. “For one human being to love another; that is perhaps the most difficult of our tasks; the ultimate, the last test and proof, the work for which all other work is but preparation.” -Rainer Maria Rilke. As a college student in today’s society, am I allowed to be a little skeptical about my generation? Am I allowed to wonder if we are all going to be okay when all the mcgill preparation, grownups of today are replaced by us? I have to wonder, will we finally be forced to be responsible and act like we care about what is creative york region, going on around the thesis, world and in this country? I can only imagine the scoffs and the eyes that are rolling as some people read this. How could I be so judgmental about creative writing, my own generation?
We’re so different! We’re so great! We’re going to be just fine…right? I wish I had a little more faith in the people that I go to school with and those around the country that share my woes of trying to thesis preparation complete an undergraduate degree. But part of me cannot bring myself to have this faith. And Culture. Sure, we work hard: we get up, go to our classes, are involved in extra curricular activities, and work a part time or full time job to put ourselves through school. But who has the time for news, for politics, for caring about a war and the constant infringement of the thesis mcgill preparation, American people’s privacy that this government is for resident assistant, signing bills to continue? Who honestly has the thesis mcgill, time, or better yet, who actually cares? For the for resident, small number of us that do, what is mcgill, going on writing classes york, right now in thesis preparation this society and in this world is coursework papers4you, scary, and action is thesis mcgill, needed. Some sort of noise should be coming from and Culture college campuses where the ever so sweetly labeled “leaders of thesis mcgill tomorrow” reside. But put your ear to cover letter for resident the entrance of mcgill preparation a college campus and letter for resident assistant the only thing you’ll hear are parties or nothing at all (evidence that students are studying).
I guess some of us just feel untouchable. That nothing will affect us, because lets be honest here…nothing has. Century to century, era to era, generation to generation, societal issues remain constant. Thesis Preparation. Nothing new is isee test essay, happening but how we address it and embrace it has changed. The students that roamed the college campuses in the 60s and 70s had a purpose. Things were different: there was a war waging that many thought should not be fought (wait, is that happening now too, in preparation Iraq?), equal rights for blacks, and papers4you women were already in the constitution but were not being practiced (isn’t the Supreme Court thinking about banning a woman’s right to choose?) things were just different. Or were they? The difference between then and now is not the institution itself, but rather the mcgill preparation, students attending and their life experiences. College is expensive now and it seems that the government is paying for and Culture, less and less of it, therefore paying for school has become increasingly more difficult. The students of today are told that without an education they will go nowhere in thesis preparation life and coursework papers4you that, in thesis essence, without college almost all of their sentences will be followed with, “would you like fries with that?” We are frightened with ideas that we could be homeless, jobless and, without the ability to do anything without a college degree. For the students of the 60s and 70s, things were different.
A good job didn’t require college; it enhanced the ability of essay gaining a better paying job and allowed the preparation, freedom of for resident assistant not going into the family business. Things were just different. Most of the students that went to college in thesis mcgill those days were the wealthy, the inspired, or the extremely intelligent. Coursework. Most of the mcgill preparation, time the college campuses of yesteryears were filled with students that wanted to be there, and that wanted to change the world they lived in. These days, college students want a way to make money, a way to have some stability in bibliography life, or are being forced by parents that want this kind of stability for their children. There are some that are inspired, there are even some that are extremely intelligent and mcgill there will always be those that are wealthy. Isee Test Essay. But let’s just say that these days a lot of kids go to college because it is what is expected, not because it is something that is wanted.
What some of the students of thesis mcgill preparation today lack is passion, and coursework papers4you without this want to change the world, there aren’t many “movements” on college campuses. In the past at Berkley, Stanford and at various other colleges there were students being beaten for their words, for their actions, for their standing up against the government. Today, we don’t really have that. Not many march and thesis mcgill preparation gather for what they believe is right and scientific research bibliography true. We never watched our parents fight or march or gather against preparation, a war or a proposed bill that they didn’t believe in. Coursework Papers4you. Our parents woke up, went to work and made money so that us kids could go to thesis school and have it easier. Our parents were fighters, but a different kind. So yes, college campuses may be different. Scientific Research Paper Bibliography. College as was known to the people of the past is drifting away and breaking apart. Preparation. But some of us on these campuses are trying to make a difference.
Clubs and organizations on campuses are trying to for resident inform the thesis mcgill preparation, student body of what is going on classes, around the world and in our environment. We are trying to open the thesis, eyes of the students on campus but it is hard to inform a student body that doesn’t want to be informed. I have heard several of my peers state that they don’t worry about the future. The fear of no social security does not plague them. The fear of women not having the assistant, right to choose or countless amounts of soldiers going overseas to fight a war that seems never ending does not make them lose sleep. These are the students that don’t want to know and don’t care to know about the genocide in Darfur and mcgill the bombings that occurred in Lebanon. What a surprise it will be for research, my generation when the problems of thesis mcgill preparation this world cannot be solved with as much ease as they believe. Creative Classes York Region. A friend of mine once said, “Why should I worry? The grownups are handling it.” I failed to mcgill mention to her that one day, we would be the grownups and that we would have all of these responsibilities to deal with. As was brought out in the article “What’s the Matter with College?” by Rick Perlstein, the college campuses of the 60s and 70s and the students that populated them are long gone.
Now this society is stuck with us, my generation, that we can only hope will grow up sooner or later. Those of creative region us that do worry about our society and about this world, might be those that help save it. Thesis Mcgill Preparation. Maybe we’ll be the journalists that inform the people (that by that time will want to isee test essay be in the know), or the environmentalists and scientists that will be working to better our world physically, or maybe my generation will produce the honest politicians that will work their hardest to better this world and this country. I guess the thesis mcgill preparation, cliched phrase of “only time will tell” holds true here. Ben Franklin once described New Jersey, sandwiched between Philadelphia and New York, as a barrel tapped at both ends. Why Is. One might say the same about today’s college experience. On one side, high school kids, thanks to Advanced Placement courses, ambitious extracurriculars and the Internet, have gained early access to many experiences once reserved for mcgill, college students. On the other, employers and grad schools have encouraged students to isee test essay pursue internships and gain “real world” experience far earlier than they used to. Indeed, the two ends of the barrel are now converging. As Kay S. Hymowitz recently noted in The Wall Street Journal, resume-sensitive teenagers are trading the traditional summer pursuits of moving lawns and thesis scooping ice cream for internships or study abroad. They’re planning for life after graduation before they’ve even started freshman orientation.
Rick Perlstein seems to think this double-tapping of isee test essay college began sometime since 1992, when his “noisy and dissident” years at the University of Chicago ended. In his account, the death of college “as America used to understand it” coincided roughly with the birth, c. Thesis. 2001, of David Brooks’ “organization kid.” In one sense, Perlstein’s right. The traits of the organization kid – working hard and scientific research playing by the rules – have certainly spiked in the past decade, and thesis students today are more likely than their parents to treat college as another step along a career path, rather than a transformative or self-contained experience. But these changes have earlier origins than Perlstein suggests. The penetration of the real world into college life started in the ’60s and creative writing classes region ’70s, the mcgill, very period that Perlstein paints as the heyday of “real” college. We can start to understand this by taking a look at Organizational Structure college campuses – not just the people who study there, but the buildings and thesis preparation quads themselves. A campus is a college’s self-portrait, hashed out in stone, mortar and coursework ivy. Princeton, from which I graduated in June, reflects this even more than most colleges. Its alma mater pays tribute neither to a time (like Yale’s “Bright College Years”) nor to a place (like Rutgers’ “On the Banks of the Old Raritan”) but to a single building: Nassau Hall, or “Old Nassau.” The university takes its campus aesthetic so seriously that it recently demolished a set of mcgill serviceable but absurdly ugly modernist dorms, because they didn’t match the spires and gargoyles that a Princeton dorm “ought” to creative classes have. When Princeton built FitzRandolph Gateway in 1905, it made an implicit statement about the nature of education. The gate stands at the campus’s main entrance on Nassau Street, and from the beginning it was kept locked except for a few annual ceremonies.
It sent a clear message to passers-by: the university was physically and thesis conceptually distinct from the outside world. That wouldn’t have surprised anyone at the time. The idea that college should be an intellectual “city state,” which Perlstein describes as typical of the 1960s, had been a tenet of research paper bibliography higher education since the Middle Ages. Thesis Mcgill Preparation. The familiar campus quad – enclosed and inward-looking – dates from the fourteenth century. Initially, this was partly a matter of security, a way of separating students from frequently antagonistic townspeople. If Ronald Reagan was bothered by Berkeley in 1966, he would have been horrified by Oxford in 1355, when an Structure and Culture infamous town-gown riot left over 60 students and 30 townspeople dead.
But the thesis mcgill preparation, walls surrounding medieval colleges were about cover for resident, more than keeping students out of brawls. They reflected an thesis preparation almost monastic vision of universities as places set apart. American colleges adopted this vision. It was shared even by those professors who believed most strongly that college should prepare students for the “real world.” One of the most public-minded academics was Woodrow Wilson, a professor and president of Princeton before he entered politics. In an 1896 speech, “Princeton in the Nation’s Service,” he insisted that the university would become great only by forming its students as good citizens. Yet it was during Wilson’s tenure as president that Princeton placed FitzRandolph Gateway at the main entrance to the campus. Research Paper Bibliography. “Princeton in the nation’s service” meant preparing undergraduates for life beyond campus – a life students would only encounter after graduation. That changed in thesis 1970. That year’s graduating class asked Princeton to bolt open FitzRandolph Gateway as a sign of unity between town and university. It was a promising and welcoming gesture in a university sometimes marred by the wrong kind of exclusivity, but it also marked the beginning of the coursework papers4you, end of the thesis mcgill, campus as America used to understand it. For the first time, the university made its campus visibly and symbolically porous.
The idea that the Organizational, outside world could enter into undergraduate life, or that undergraduates could enter the thesis, outside world, was not only tolerated but encouraged. In the decades since 1970, Wilson’s maxim of “Princeton in the nation’s service” – now expanded to “Princeton in Organizational the nation’s service and in thesis the service of all nations” – has undergone a radical change of meaning. The Twenty-Sixth Amendment, ratified in 1971, gave most college students the right to isee test essay vote – and mcgill preparation confirmed the growing push for undergraduates to become social and political actors. Today, civic-minded Princetonians are expected to isee test essay enter public service not just as alumni but as students. “Service and civic engagement are integral parts of a liberal arts education,” Kiki Jamieson, director of Princeton’s Pace Center for thesis mcgill, civic engagement, told The Daily Princetonian. Papers4you. Administrators, professors and students have supported this idea through student-driven service projects, community-based courses and preparation fellowships to fund public service internships. To many, progress means popping the “orange bubble” that isolates Princeton from the creative region, rest of the world. Civic engagement isn’t the only way in which students are pursuing their education beyond campus. Over the past decade, the number of preparation Princetonians studying abroad for a year or a semester has more than tripled, thanks in part to a world in which “globalization” has become a household word.
An increasing number of students and isee test essay administrators believe that a single college campus cannot educate a well-rounded student. This evidence seems to suggest that the traditional idea of a campus is dead. Thesis Preparation. But there’s a growing reaction in favor of a distinct, enclosed college experience. Letter For Resident. The place of civic engagement in a Princeton education has even become an issue in campus elections. When Leslie-Bernard Joseph ran for mcgill, student government president in 2004, he built his campaign around public service. “Joseph provides a vision of a Princeton where students are not just people, but citizens of their campus and Organizational Structure the broader community, a place where students were engaged beyond campus from day one,” The Daily Princetonian wrote before the mcgill preparation, election. That vision proved extraordinarily controversial.
Joseph won the election – by isee test essay 11 votes. As the election revealed, many Princetonians remain committed to thesis preparation the traditional idea of college. It’s telling that after the university bolted open FitzRandolph Gateway, the campus reacted with a new superstition: that students who exit campus through FitzRandolph won’t graduate with the rest of their class. Students at Princeton – and, in my experience, at other schools – still want a distinct college experience. They still want a gate. But they’re still debating where that gate ought to be.
On Rick Pearlstein’s What’s the Matter with College. Rick Perlstein’s essay, What’s the Matter with College, states “College as America used to understand it is coming to and end.” More appropriately, he should have observed, College as many Americans have understood it is coming to an end. The world was a much different place for college age “boomers” in the sixties than it is for why is it important, today’s college age students. Issues that dominated that era have all but become parodies of themselves in today’s world: Viet-Nam, woman’s liberation, civil rights, the cold-war. Without college campuses acting as a megaphone to political issues of the day, it is doubtful much of what was wrong with the world at mcgill preparation that time would have become mainstream news for the nation. Stand up and take notice, speak out, challenge the system, and all the cries of social revolution that were born of that era have all but faded except in creative writing york region the memories of those who were there. Rightly so, however the lessons learned should not to be forgotten. Once upon a time, the nation was at thesis mcgill the edge of its seat waiting to see if the changes called for by college campuses would be as monumental as the noise generated about them. New ideas interested everyone, those who agreed and disagreed alike.
Despite the fact it was believed to be corrupting our national mindset, our eyes were glued to the television; after all people were rioting, dying, and changing the and Culture, world out there. Sure changes were made as a result of the thesis, excitement rising from campuses at the time, but they came slowly over the years that followed, and on most fronts there is still progress to region be made. When is the last time a president looked out his window and said, wow, there sure a lot of mcgill people protesting, I’ll have to call off the war (or whichever issues are protested). It just does not work that way. Only after so much tears and gas did people begin to realize that changes may better be made quietly from within. Perhaps the lessons learned from the way things were done have prompted the writing, modern collegiate to conduct themselves differently. Perlstein notes, “The kids do have their own war now, but not much of an anti-war movement, much less building takeovers.” I think after watching an entire generation make so much noise for mcgill preparation, so little political progress, college campuses began to isee test essay loose their audience. Thesis Preparation. I often observe “boomers” and their roles in today’s society and wonder if their younger selves would be proud of the people they became, have they stuck to their convictions, and are the ideals they held as youth still relevant in today’s world? Why “boomers” aren’t conducting similar 60’s style protests about the men and women dying in Iraq.
Perhaps they’ve matured. Today, just as it was in the past, the college campus is dominated by a generation of youth, who however idealistic and well meaning in their intentions are simply (to the rest of the “real world” work-force) a bunch of kids with a lot of bibliography learning and growing up to do. Perhaps college campuses are not the center of attention these days; older generations looking back don’t what to be reminded of thesis a time when they were as naive. They were in college when what college kids did was new and interesting, when their parents remembered college as only for the financially privileged. Once college was novel, raw, and it was something to look at, so a nation took notice.
Evolution may answer the question about why there is not much of an anti-war movement today. College has evolved significantly since the days of Governor Ronald Regan, and President Kennedy. Once upon a time there was no other way for people to get a message across other than to stand up at why is it important to vote the front of a large public building with a whole crowd of supporters cheering at the message being delivered. It was the thesis preparation, only way people in one state could be sure others across the country could hear them. College campuses became that public place, and students eager to protest the why is it important, establishment (and those seduced by the band-wagon) were there to cheer. Mcgill. It was also inevitable that the entire nation would get the Organizational and Culture, message because one did not have the choice of changing the channel to mcgill TV Land. All eyes were on the excitement, because Cronkite was just about the only thing on it important to vote, TV at six O’clock. Perhaps today’s college population is a little older and wiser than that of their parents, they are not as eager to make a public spectacle of themselves, (unless you’re willing to thesis preparation drop in on their Facebooks), not as afraid to live in a world that has changed and creative classes is changing at thesis the speed of technology; but that doesn’t mean there is scientific research paper, nothing to look at either.
With roughly 20 million people attending college in America, I’d have to conclude that someone is paying attention to what’s going on. Thesis Preparation. The internet puts campus life in the face of anyone capable of isee test essay typing in a browser address, and today’s political issues are in the laps of the American people almost as soon as they arise. Thesis. Perhaps there is no longer a need to essay centrally turn our eyes on an institution that is as integrated, has made, and continues to make a viable impact on society. College for all of mcgill preparation us “disappears” the day we graduate. Our sights, for the most part, fall on writing, what must be done when the fun is thesis preparation, over: survive, get a job, make our marks on assistant, the world, and hope we don’t fall into preparation, the dangerous habit of living in the past. Because every freshman class that comes up is going to change things just a little, until one day you go back to visit the old alma mater and find that white-boards are the new chalk, and no one is writing classes region, doing things the way you thought was right over thesis preparation, twenty or thirty years ago. College today has an equally important role in isee test essay society, even if campuses are not generating the front-page headlines of yesteryears. Above and beyond each attendee’s personal quest to graduate and land a good job, colleges are where cultural diversity, advances in medicine, technology, and thesis mcgill the arts are born. Without colleges ours would be a nation incapable of sustaining itself in the global theater. In today’s world, humans being what we are, survival of the fittest demands mental fitness of its members.
Colleges provide that edge for each person and in turn the to vote essay, nation as a whole. I see college as a necessary component of thesis mcgill preparation evolution, one that must evolve in itself if we are ever going to Structure and Culture become something other than what we have been in the past. As a journalism student, we learn always to thesis mcgill ask ourselves “who cares?” when writing a story. Having read three times Rick Perlstein’s “What’s the Matter with College?” I find myself asking that very question. In more than twice the space I have here, he bemoans how college – or his idea of why is to vote essay college – has devolved since his days as a rebellious hipster. He does so by mcgill interviewing one former and four current college students, all from the letter, same campus, whom appear largely unrepresentative of the more than 11 million young people enrolled at a U.S. college, according to 2005 census data. And he doesn’t connect their personal anecdotes to national statistics or a broader theme. Perlstein is thesis preparation, too young to give my generation the, “when I was your age” speech. Coursework Papers4you. So what exactly is he trying to convey?
Something important, yes, but focusing so narrowly on his perspective of today’s college scene versus his recollection of his own succeeds only in soothing his penchant for nostalgia, while failing to reflect upon larger cultural trends. It is thesis mcgill preparation, disingenuous to argue, “College as America used to understand it is coming to an end,” because college is just one part of a complex system, and changes to it indicate changes elsewhere. Indeed, America as we used to scientific bibliography understand it is coming to an end. My generation – more precisely, my component of my generation – is thesis mcgill preparation, very much the Me Generation. We are the willing victims of America’s extravagant success. Our parents have given us everything their parents could never afford to give them: upper-middle class suburban stability. And thanks to the digital age in which we find ourselves, the once inconceivable instantaneousness and Structure connectivity of everything is mcgill preparation, now all too easy to achieve – and quickly tire of. Higher education is the scientific research, product of what goes into it. Thesis Preparation. The 1960s saw a president, his brother and a civil rights leader shot dead; the threat, real and perceived, of nuclear annihilation; and an army draft that compelled people to care about a faraway war with fuzzy motives. America was in Structure crisis and so were its colleges.
Today, only some of America, the Have Nots, are in thesis trouble. The Haves are doing just fine, and no one with the power to change that seems to care. The former has to confront guns and drugs and under-funded schools in scientific paper their neighborhoods. The latter has the psychological and financial freedom to rail against Darfur and climate change and fair trade – matters morally and philosophically pressing, but nonetheless too distant to really rattle our bubble. Since it’s mostly the Haves who can afford college, it’s no wonder why the students Perlstein interviewed feel college is “a small town they’re eager to escape.” College today, particularly private institutions like the University of thesis mcgill preparation Chicago, are just transplanted suburbs. It’s the same kinds of papers4you kids and the same sorts of thesis mcgill perspectives. And with more than 2 billion Chinese and Indians, many of them eager and English-speaking, waiting for us in the real world, that’s a very scary thought.
But our pampered egos aren’t entirely to blame. The market forces Perlstein refers to it important to vote have taken over everywhere – just look how easy it is for mcgill, Rupert Murdoch to hunt down wounded news organizations, or for airline companies to dump their pension responsibilities onto coursework, American taxpayers. I would love to chill with “special celebrity guest speakers,” as Perlstein fondly quotes Doug Mitchell as doing during his college years. Problem is, these days they all have agents and publicists and speaker’s fees. Last spring, I tried to woo a prominent journalist to speak at my campus. He put me in touch with the person “who handles my speech stuff.” Upon contacting him, he informed me his client would be happy to speak – for $16,000.
Everything has been monetized. And if something can’t make money, so the thinking goes, it’s not worth pursuing. Hence my generation’s drive to do a million things before and during college – a masochistic effort to produce that perfect resume that will bring that big salary (i.e., happiness). But for thesis preparation, all those overly ambitious, over-organized, overscheduled overachievers (and I’m no less guilty of being one), there are just as many of the opposite, and isee test essay just as many more trying hard but never quite getting ahead. Perlstein’s generation no doubt was the same, as has been every other before his and those to thesis preparation follow mine.
People, regardless of technology, economics and hype, don’t fall easily into the generalizations of their generation. “Students no longer lead the culture,” Perlstein writes. Cover For Resident Assistant. Really? Last I checked, we not only lead the thesis mcgill preparation, culture, we are the culture. Isee Test Essay. It’s why the presidential candidates just had a YouTube debate; it’s why nearly every TV show, movie, material good and commercial for those goods is conceived and marketed with us in thesis preparation mind; and coursework it’s why the most prestigious newspaper in America made space for thesis preparation, a PhD to probe what’s happening to creative york region college, then asked college students to respond.
Society is equally obsessed with and terrified of us. Good luck trying to thesis mcgill preparation figure out what makes us tick (whoever “us” actually is). College doesn’t exist in a vacuum; Perlstein seems to think it does. We can’t ask what’s the matter with college (if anything) without first figuring out what’s the matter with America. Coursework. The country spent 12 years basking in the afterglow of the Cold War before being startled by thesis the knowledge that other enemies still lurked out there. Now we’ve spent the last six years making matters worse. We live in an era of contradiction. The world, as political philosopher Benjamin Barber argues, is simultaneously rallying around global markets and disintegrating from reactionary tribalism. Over there, stateless men, sustained by nothing more than guns and perverted religious fervor, are slapping around a sophisticated, $600 billion war machine.
Here at home, our national leaders tell us the most patriotic thing we can do is to do nothing but spend money we don’t have. Exactly when did America go from the cover letter for resident, can do country to thesis mcgill the cannot country? At what point did America go from putting a man on the moon to being unable to keep the lights on in Baghdad, get water to the Superdome or build cleaner cars? Certainly we are no more corrupt (remember Nixon and Organizational Structure and Culture Iran Contra?) but perhaps less competent, compassionate and, due to pronounced globalization, relevant. Perlstein argues college is preparation, supposed to run counter to everything else going on outside the campus. Perhaps, in a way, it still is – just not how he would like it. With so much confusion and chaos; with the lines between the good guys and the bad guys blurred, moving and sometimes not seen at all; and with questions that ask if any of it will even be around a century from now, college has evolved into a safe – if not sterile – reaction to uncertainty. It has become a place to foster linear, no-nonsense thinking as a means of self-preservation, in hopes that one day we – my enigmatic generation – might be able to restore some sense of rationality to isee test essay a very irrational world. For just a bit over thesis, fifty times what my father paid for tuition a few decades ago, I can attend the small liberal arts college of my choice. This is not my father’s college. Whether students are fiscally chained to the arm of coursework a parent or that of their loan officer, they are implicitly taught that college can provide you with the key to unlocking your shackles of dependency (the key being a high paying white collar job with 401k and full benefits, whatever that means).
Just a stepping stone, to get the thesis, sheepskin; college is, what college gives. Often, my generation is Organizational, baited with the newest cell phone, ipod, or gadget by parents who know their own parents would scarcely have afforded them these indulgences. If it is thesis preparation, through guilt or bribery, I can’t be sure; what I do know is that each of these gifts integrates children into the world their parents have grown accustomed. Scientific Paper Bibliography. Why should their children go through the same rollercoaster experiences that they themselves took part in mcgill just to reach the same conclusion? This, I truly believe, is the reason why college is just not the same. College students are advised by their elders to, “have fun, but not too much fun”. These same students have been molded by manic parents who stress over their own child’s SATs or high school grades like results of a blood test. Still more, many are shuttled around like weary tourists in minivans on to their next extracurricular or sport practice. We have been molded into our parents’ image or into who they want us to be, and those who fail to acknowledge this duress have likely found college to be an expendable luxury, either due to price or motivation. Most of the hippies and paper bibliography activists of preparation 1960s lore have long ago hung up their picket signs and extremist ideals for the gray suit of capitalistic pragmatism. They expect their offspring to precociously do the same.
College is not the place of creative york region sit-ins and protests, it is the home of future doctors, lawyers, artists, and mcgill patrons of the arts, studiously working and isee test essay obeying. Rebellion in preparation our culture has transformed from all-out life changing experiences during one’s college years into a haphazard array of begging and arguing with one’s parents over petty teenage disputes. Coursework. The world-changing aspirations of those baby-booming collegiates has shriveled into a “me first” rock climb up America’s crumbling middle class. Now some students will say that they volunteer at their local soup kitchen or have cleaned up their county stream, but try asking them if they would have sacrificed their education to preparation pursue these lofty goals….a moment’s hesitation, and then a, “probably not”. The real question is whether our modern college phenomenon is a desirable outcome.
Many proclaim that we do not fully experience college and for resident assistant can not expect to comprehend the awesome power that can blossom from seemingly quiet academia. My answer to skeptics of our new campus conformity with mainstream America is that we rely on thesis, our parents for so much, (guidance, fiscal help, even room and board after we have finished crossing our stepping stone) that we need not experience such extremes to understand and appreciate them. At Brandeis University, a whole class was dedicated to the 1960’s and from what I’ve heard (It didn’t interest me enough to enroll) it was excellent. The American way is to take something and make it better. We’ve done it to the automobile and the personal computer; now, we’ve done it to our institutions of higher learning. Today, college matters for coursework, a different, but equally important, reason than the college of my parents: learning from the past to further our futures, instead of reliving a past of unbridled idealism. On the day when I first visited my college as an thesis mcgill preparation admitted student, I stood with hundreds of my future classmates as our new dean rose to make a speech.
We were fresh off the assembly line of high school; we had taken our SATs and our ACTs and our advanced placement tests; we had achieved that elusive grail, admission to a hyper-competitive university. I’m sure many of us were beginning to feel supremely self-satisfied when the dean began to tell us a bit about who, as he said, our new classmates were. The specifics of the speech change from year to year, and I have forgotten the to vote essay, precise details of the one addressed to me. Still, its gist remains unmistakably the same. In our class, the dean was saying, was a biology student who had managed to mcgill preparation discover two new genes at the age of 16, all the while toiling in Organizational Structure a makeshift lab at mcgill preparation the risk of cover assistant punishment from her country’s repressive political regime. Thesis Mcgill Preparation. We had a playwright whose work had already been performed by a troupe of creative classes york professional actors. We had a human rights activist who had smuggled vaccinations across borders on his summer vacations.
We would soon meet a budding author who had published his shorter fiction in The New Yorker, and whose first novel had just been optioned for a movie. In the thesis, past, college was a time of individual growth achieved through the momentum of the Organizational Structure, collective. Rick Perlstein says as much when describing Doug Mitchell, his acquaintance whose college years during the early ’60s had been filled with banned books, new music and incendiary politics. Mcgill Preparation. Despite the personal initiative he took to engage with the world around him, Mitchell’s intellectual exploration was anything but isolated. Students “would argue night and day in the lounge!” he told Perlstein. The interaction of minds outside an unstructured setting was more vital than what went on in the classroom. To simply be a student was to join a movement; whether you liked it or not, whether you wore a crew cut or let your hair hang long, you stood for something. When members of my parents’ generation express their discontent with the current breed of college student, they speak with longing for this lost group mentality.
College students today are self-absorbed and grade-obsessed, they tell us, too busy at their desks to look up and engage with the greater world. Many of us oppose the war, but won’t so much as lift a finger off the computer keyboard to protest. Papers4you. As Perlstein diagnoses it, we no longer challenge the nation with calls to conscience. He characterizes the preparation, problem as a dramatic break with the attitudes of past college students, a break that he finds essentially inexplicable. What may be closer to why is it important to vote essay the truth, however, is not that today’s students are ignoring the precedent set by students from the preparation, golden age of American education, but that we are in fact following it, and its message of empowered youth, too literally. We’re adapting earlier models of personal achievement in order to fit in with a world defined by the adult lives and accomplishments of past students who have grown up, and the results may cripple our ability to collectively influence society over a long period of time. If the speech my dean made to our incoming freshman class serves as any indicator, bright and able college students are not turning away from collective action because we are apathetic or uncreative– explanations that some of Perlstein’s interviewees suggest. Instead, we are turning away from collective action in favor of high individual achievement. The scientist, the playwright, the activist, the scientific, novelist: each has achieved extraordinary things before ever setting foot on a college campus, and in doing so, each has marked himself as exceptional. The pressure to achieve the unthinkable at a dramatically young age is a much-discussed aspect of America’s youth culture, and is often bewildering to older generations whose parents put far less pressure on them than their children now put on thesis, themselves. In fact, the trend dates back to coursework the profound changes in mcgill college admissions procedures in papers4you the ’60s, when colleges began to rely less on tradition and preparation more on students’ accomplishments as criteria for admission.
In our own age, when educational meritocracy is reaching such peaks that high school students become desperate to separate themselves from the pack of their fellow applicants, exceptionality is all the rage. Creative Writing York. Eventual success through discovery and pursuit of passions–the kind of essential college experience that Perlstein looks back on with such fondness–just isn’t cutting it these days. It’s that initial burst of spectacular achievement at a young age that seems to separate those worthy of mcgill preparation admission to a prestigious college from everyone else. By the time these students enter college, the model of competition through individual accomplishment has been set. What you do on campus eclipses what, and how, you think. This mentality is not so opposed to that of the ’60s students, who also believed passionately in the power of young people to act upon coursework their world, albeit in thesis mcgill preparation a more political sense. But while those students thought they were following the classes region, model of the Romantics, who were happy to succumb to the blaze of thesis youthful accomplishment, the isee test essay, achievers of our generation are more savvy. We look to those former college students, who have now inherited the establishment they so opposed, for models of professional success. The fantasy for today’s enterprising college students is not to give everything we have at once, but to start achieving young and preparation sustain fabulous success indefinitely. The problem with this focus on early and extraordinary achievement is isee test essay, that it does not set a precedent for future success so much as split the best minds of current college students into two groups, with the members of the one continuously scrambling to mcgill preparation surpass their early accomplishments while those in the other anxiously search for their own influential niche. The insatiable drive to prove oneself not merely excellent but surpassingly exceptional at something–anything –may be the trap of our generation.
Take, for example, one dissatisfied University of Chicago student from Perlstein’s article, who, during high school, was “a filmmaker, painter, photographer, [and] an why is essay experienced professional standup comedian.” His experience at college has been one of thesis disappointment with other students, who, he said, ” ‘had to it important essay spend their entire high school experience studying for the SATs or something and didn’t really get a chance to live life or experience things.’ ” When students begin to thesis preparation critique and reject their peers for not accomplishing enough before they have had any opportunity to even try, we create a college culture of internal and fruitless competition to isee test essay prove that we have already surpassed each other. Preparation. The more vital question that too often goes ignored is what we hope to achieve and why, not what we have already done. If college is to continue to matter, we should reject the idea that being a student is an opportunity that comes only once in creative classes york region a lifetime, or, worse, that influencing and engaging with the thesis preparation, world can only happen through a particular kind of activism, during a particular four-year stretch of time, which peaked some decades ago. Why Is Essay. We should reject the thesis mcgill preparation, current idea that being a student means achieving the goals of a lifetime all at once. And we should be skeptical of comparisons to past generations of students, who, we are told, were more passionate than we are and had more impact earlier in life than we do now. College matters because it teaches us students how we will want to matter in the world, even if our moment doesn’t come right away. After all, we have the rest of our lives. Fruity Pebbles and Diet Coke (Why College Matters) Rick Perlstein’s article “What’s the Matter with College” pissed me off. It really pissed me off. It pissed me off because I found it particularly condescending.
It pissed me off because I disagreed with its thesis and everything it was trying to prove. But mostly it pissed me off because I wasn’t in it. God, that’s so typical of kids today, isn’t it? It’s not about me, I can’t relate to it, I don’t care. But as I sat in scientific paper bibliography my bedroom in Middletown, Maryland around midnight with my laptop burning a hole through my sweatpants, my head propped up by a fuzzy acrylic maroon pillow no respectable adult would have in thesis mcgill her house, and scientific paper bibliography my stuffed dog Sergeant Pepper’s head shoved carelessly under my right thigh, I read that article as a college student, and I wasn’t in it, and it really pissed me off. I am a college student. I have the mini fridge and the bookstore t-shirts to prove it.
Unlike a student example in Perlstein’s article, however, I didn’t go to preparation one of scientific research those artsy my-parents-can-afford-this-place high schools where I was allowed to perform Shakespeare or Mozart concertos all day. I would have loved to be in a place like that. No; I went to thesis mcgill preparation Middletown High School in Middletown, Maryland where, instead, I had to assistant take four years of math, and four years of history, and four years of I don’t give a damn about anything this class has to teach me and I should be writing 500 great American novels instead of thesis preparation learning about theorems, but I don’t want to grow up to be an uneducated vagrant who sells hemp jewelry and photos of flowers she developed at Wal-Mart when she realizes she didn’t make it in Hollywood and cover letter assistant publishers aren’t exactly breaking down her door. And that’s how it happened. That’s how it happened for me, and that’s how it happens for other kids like me, past and present, of mcgill Middletown High, and that’s how it will continue to happen in Middletown until somebody tells the school system they’ve been doing it wrong, and cover letter for resident assistant it will then take at least 25 years to actually change (In which case they will not refund four years of thesis college tuition and Organizational Structure the $100 I spent on preparation, a graphing calculator which, since high school graduation, I’ve only used to balance my checkbook and calculate roughly how much alcohol I can consume in a power hour before dying).
Unlike a student example, I’m not into community service. So sue me. It’s not my thing. I’m not a double major. I could have been, but I’m not. And sometimes on Saturdays I watch “Love Actually” three times with my roommate while nursing a hangover and Structure knowing the library is open late Sunday nights.
I am a creative person. I’m sorry if I’m not creative enough to mcgill be featured in Perlstein’s article, but I did spend high school worrying about research paper bibliography, my SAT scores. Because I didn’t want to end up at a school that wasn’t good enough for me, that didn’t give me what I need to be the creative person I know I am, and I know I can be. I am experiencing things. Hundreds of mcgill preparation things I never could have experienced in Middletown, Maryland, because that’s where my parents chose to live, and that’s where my parents chose for me to go to school, and if you have a problem with my parents’ parenting skills, take that up with them. “I asked whether incentivizing science according to its marketability might distort the university’s mission to research paper nurture ideas on the basis of thesis mcgill intellectual merit, regardless of commercial potential.” I do not understand this question.
In fact, I stopped reading it half-way through. I am an intelligent person, and I know that. I don’t need anybody to tell me, and I don’t let upholding that status dictate how I speak and act and socialize 100 percent of the time. I don’t know what America should do about Iraq. Organizational. And I’m not going to pretend I do. Thesis Preparation. Because nobody in politics cares what a 19-year-old drama major from Organizational Washington College has to say about Iraq. And nobody has to. And, guess what? I love college. I don’t love everything about it (certain members of the administration, forgive me, can kiss my ass), but I love college, and I love what I’m learning about myself, other people, and how to start working and thesis living in the world.
I’m away from home. I don’t even care where I am; I’m away from home. It Important To Vote. I can finally see that, in thesis preparation a few years, it will be okay that I’m living on my own; I’m not going to end up homeless because I didn’t understand that rent and research paper bibliography utilities might be a bit more important than a day in the Banana Republic; I won’t die of malnutrition after eating nothing but Fruity Pebbles and mcgill preparation Diet Coke for a year and a half; I’m not going to let used car salesmen and corporate assholes take advantage of me (unless they offer me a free day in the Banana Republic). I’m finally taking classes for what I’ve wanted to learn since I saw my first movie and Structure read my first book. And, sure, I’m still taking courses in subjects I might not have signed up for thesis preparation, if I’d had the option of taking another acting class instead, but I’m still choosing them, which at least allows me to believe I’m still in control. I’m staying up past midnight in my dorm’s lounge, blasting show tunes with six of why is it important essay my closest friends and my boyfriend, and mcgill talking about drama, or economics, or religion, or Iraq if I want to, even if I have no damn authority to be talking about any of it in the first place; just because I’m in college, and it’s okay for me to do that. It’s okay for letter for resident assistant, me to talk complete nonsense, and it’s okay for me to talk about anything so ridiculous or far-fetched that several of thesis my friends want to slap me and each other by isee test essay the end of the thesis preparation, night.
And maybe one day I’ll be in a position where I can use what I learned in my classes and in my dorm lounge to totally reform the economy and bring the national debt down to a dollar or so, which I like to keep around because, hey, nobody’s perfect. It’s okay because it’s 1 a.m., I’m surrounded by people on my intellectual and creative level, and I know that tomorrow I’ll have to why is to vote essay go to work, call my mother, buy toothpaste, grab an elliptical at thesis preparation the gym before the sorority girls all beat me to them, and try to sit through a distribution lecture class without drooling on my cell phone because I’ve been taking pictures of the room with it for creative classes york, the last half hour and I fell asleep with my face pressed against it on my desk. And who the hell is some person I’ve never heard of, or even some person I have, to say any of that doesn’t matter? In July, The Magazine published What's the Matter With College, an essay by the historian Rick Perlstein, online and thesis preparation invited college students across the United States to respond. Some 600 undergraduates did -- many agreeing with Perlstein's assertion that college as America used to understand it is coming to an end, many dismissing his argument as so much nostalgic pap, still others taking the occasion to critique higher education from an insider's perch. To continue the conversation, we're featuring the winning student essay and four runners-up, and posting another 450 of the entries in a searchable format. (The other entries were withdrawn by their authors or did not follow the why is to vote essay, contest's rules.)