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basic resume url vax 23270 Indian Town Road. Courtland, VA 23837-2357. (757) 424-1191, ext.3506 (work) Software development, maintenance and support with a variety of technologies and platforms. Work experience includes: In addition, on my own have used or studied C++, Borland C++Builder, Borland JBuilder, PaintShop Pro, Microsoft Windows 2000, .NET, Web Services, and SOAP. Senior Software Engineer, 2002 to present. Sfsu Writing Ranking! MAP Communications, Chesapeake, Virginia. Designed and developed user interface and J2EE middleware for business plan, an n-tier client/server answering service call center application. Created the user interface with Java and Java Swing, and distributed it with Java Web Start from Apache Tomcat embedded with the JBoss J2EE application server. Used Remote Method Invocation (RMI) to enable the user interface to invoke the methods of sfsu writing ranking middleware Enterprise Java Beans (EJB) running in the JBoss server. Developed some EJBs to communicate using XML with remote applications, and developed others to communicate directly with a PostgreSQL database using Hibernate.
Installed and configured JBoss to run on Solaris 8 and 9 servers. Compiled, built and installed PostgreSQL to run on a Solaris 8 server. Employed Hibernate to specify the PostgreSQL database schema to persist and retrieve Java objects on behalf of the EJB middleware, and to perform runtime persistence and retrieval. For all, wrote detailed instructions in HTML to university of essex, guide other in carrying out these tasks. The application replaced one that employed text-based terminals each with dedicated connections to the back-end server processes. To design the new user interface, used simplified UML use cases to document the operation of the existing user interface and to describe the operation of its replacement. Determined the writing ranking middleware beans required and their public methods from the use cases. Defined and ways, documented the XML transactions for exchanging data between the mfa creative writing middleware and back-end processes. Implemented user interface and middleware security using the Java Authentication and Authorization Service (JAAS).
In the middleware, created custom queues using Java Messaging Service (JMS) and message-driven beans (MDB) to pickup and cheaper, process message objects placed in the queues. Used jdom and dom4j to create and parse XML documents. Created an Apache Ant build.xml file to compile the user interface and middleware Java classes, to assemble these into executable JAR files, and to create Web Archive (WAR) and Enterprise Archive (EAR) files (containing JARs) to ranking, deploy onto JBoss. Identified jCVS as a prospective GUI client to interact with the existing CVS repository, and fans, configured it to serve this role for the project. Early in the life of the project, created a prototype application in mfa creative ranking which a Web page containing a Java applet communicated with a Web Service, which, in turn, communicated with J2EE middleware. CrystalView Technology Corporation, Virginia Beach, Virginia. Toilet Paper Cheaper! Short-term position performing maintenance and mfa creative ranking, troubleshooting of custom inventory management and scanner software written in Visual Basic, C, C++, FoxPro and MCL-Link. Quotes In Research! Also responsible for maintenance and development of sfsu mfa creative writing ranking InstallShield scripts and paper on amazon, projects used to install inventory management and scanner software on individual computer workstations. Software Engineer, 1999 to 2002. MILCOM Systems Corporation, Virginia Beach, Virginia.
The middleware includes servers to produce reports in Adobe Acrobat format; used Data Dynamics ActiveReports to design and mfa creative writing, generate these report servers. Plan Loan! Oracle8i running on a Sun Solaris server is the application’s implementation database. Also created a working Microsoft Access prototype. As architect, used UML event tables and use cases to document the requirements. To design and document the object-oriented middleware classes, employed UML class diagrams. UML sequence diagrams served to document the operation of the user interface and the interactions among the mfa creative writing ranking interface, middleware servers and database. Also, designed the database and established a single error-handling model for use across the entire application, from Web page to database server.
As lead developer, identified the combination of life technologies best suited to satisfy the project’s requirements, and sfsu, then built prototype Web pages, middleware servers and database tables to demonstrate and fortunate life, prove the technologies. Mfa Creative Writing! Developed all middleware servers. Took on all user interface development when the Web page programmer resigned to take a job closer to home following the birth of a child. Consultant, 1998 to 1999. Ajilon Services, Richmond, Virginia. Member of team providing 7-day, 24-hour operational support for Circuit City Stores customer information system. Support included developing C programs with embedded SQL to university, repair database corruption, troubleshooting malfunctioning C and Pascal programs and Unix shell scripts, developing and reviewing program development designs and test plans, and sfsu, documenting system operation and problem-solving procedures. Data resided in multiple HP Allbase relational databases. Applications ran on HP-9000 using HP-UX (Unix) operating system and fortunate life essay, HP-3000 using HP MPE.
Though not team leader, personally spearheaded effort to drive the count of customer information system open problem reports from nearly 1,000 down to zero. Discovered methods for fixing complex database corruption problems (caused by misbehaved update programs) that previously had been categorized as unrepairable, and mfa creative writing, documented these fixes in step-by-step detail for use by others, including, by front-line, non-programmer support staff. Software Engineer, 1994 to 1998. Harris Publishing, Norfolk, Virginia. Architect and technical lead of project to detach the company’s legacy software from an obsolete call center management system and integrate the software with a modern system. The company’s call centers produced 98% of its revenue, so these systems were critical to ways to introduce quotes in research papers, its success. Responsibilities included working with business analyst to collect and organize requirements; determining the changes required to meet the requirements; making development time estimates; designing and documenting new programs and program changes, and guiding other staff in preparing similar documents; writing new application programs, modifying existing programs, and assisting other developers with their new programs and mfa creative ranking, changes; and performing unit and integration testing. Both the legacy software and the obsolete call center management system resided on a VAX OpenVMS platform, and in more than ten years of inadequately-controlled development had become highly entangled. As architect, identified and documented all the interactions and buy real reviews, dependencies between legacy software and obsolete system, and determined changes required to uncouple these and to accommodate new system. Most of the legacy software was written in VAX Basic and VAX DCL (Digital Command Language).
As technical lead, chose C as the mfa creative ranking primary development language in biology order to give new programs a chance of portability. Writing Ranking! To further support this, developed libraries in C to provide reusable functions and to hide details of VAX system and facebook fans, VAX RMS calls from application programs. Also as technical lead, designed and implemented many new data tables. Normalized these in order to facilitate their later use in a database, even though the platform required their implementation as VAX RMS files. Added new tables to writing, support system configuration previously handled by code. For example, adding a call center previously had required a six-week project to insert and test a host of hard-coded references. A new call center table reduced this to a five-minute operation. DAVOX Unison running on a Sun Microsystems Solaris (Sun’s Unix) platform was the new call center management system. Buy Real Facebook Reviews! DAVOX customized the product for Harris.
In particular, it developed scripts to mimic the functionality provided by those in use with the ranking obsolete system. These supplied the screens and fortunate life essay, control logic for sfsu writing ranking, both the inbound and outbound telemarketing applications. DAVOX planned to reverse-engineer the obsolete scripts. Worked closely with DAVOX to help them with this task. Ways Quotes! Knowing the complexity of the old scripts, prepared documents which identified and mfa creative ranking, described all the screens, their sequence, their purposes, the conditions for their display, and many other details. Eventually traveled to DAVOX headquarters near Boston, Massachusetts, to work side-by-side with their programmers in order to complete the development. Prior to buy real, this project, participated as a developer or as a leader in numerous small projects to make improvements to the legacy software. Also provided 7-day, 24-hour support for sfsu ranking, inbound and of essex phd thesis, outbound call centers located in Tennessee, Texas and Virginia. For more than a year, served as the company’s lone support expert for these systems.
Carried a pager continuously in this role. Programmer/Analyst, 1991 to 1994. Metro Information Services, Virginia Beach, Virginia. (since acquired by Keane, Inc., 2001) Designed and developed multi-user FoxPro applications and database tables to manage the company’s billable hours entry, billable hours invoicing, and human resource information. Since the company supplied information technology consulting services, these were core applications for managing its operations. The coding of these applications stretched FoxPro to its limits. Billable hours entry automatically displayed the current projects of the selected staff member in a spreadsheet-like interface that allowed entering all hours by day for each project for an entire week. The interface dynamically showed daily, project and grand totals as the user entered the data. Mfa Creative Ranking! This required hand-coding the logic to generate pages on the fly and handle field-level events before these techniques came into common use.
Introduced structured programming to the company's FoxPro development. A year or so earlier, dBASE and FoxPro finally had implemented the of essex capability to define multiple procedures within program files. Metro continued to use the old dBASE/FoxPro paradigm of creating programs consisting of a single, very large main procedure and no subprocedures. Writing Ranking! In addition, to provide a rich source of reusable code, introduced and built a huge library of common procedures for use with all company FoxPro applications. The applications and database tables resided on a Novell Netware file server. The applications ran on plan loan MS-DOS PCs. The programs used embedded SQL to ranking, query the database. Paper On Amazon! Remote users employed PCAnywhere to access the applications. Systems Analyst, 1989 to 1991. Christian Children's Fund, Richmond, Virginia.
Led an 18-month project to redesign and rewrite the sfsu core application of the organization’s European affiliates in order to migrate it from an obsolete HP minicomputer to an OS/2 LAN Manager platform. The affiliates used the application to manage child sponsorship contributions, their primary activity. It included capabilities to plan, match sponsors with specific children, track the status of monthly contributions, and automatically debit contributions from sponsors’ bank accounts. Nine of the 18 months had elapsed under another leader with no requirements, analysis or design completed, only a trip to Germany to gather documents and see the ranking obsolete system first hand. To determine the functionality required, started by reverse-engineering the existing application from two unorganized file cabinet drawers of screen prints, sample reports, data file layouts and Pascal source code documented in German. Then refined and enhanced the requirements through an exchange of written correspondence by mail with the primary user in Germany.
After completing the requirements, guided the development of a GUI prototype to buy real facebook reviews, demonstrate the new application’s look and narrated a videotaped demonstration of the prototype for review by the German affiliate. Created and mfa creative ranking, documented the design of fortunate all interactive and sfsu mfa creative ranking, batch functions. From the essay biology old application’s collection of writing ranking indexed flat files, designed a relational database for implementation with Sybase SQL Server. Also designed in great detail the business loan program to sfsu ranking, populate the database with the data from the university phd thesis flat files. Supervised the work of the consulting firm developers who programmed the application in C for a Windows 3.0 user interface and who implemented the database. Because of the looming deadline, development started before the requirements were complete. Thus, circumstances forced engaging concurrently in requirements gathering and analysis, program and database design, and supervision of the developers. Prior to mfa creative, this project, developed training materials and course in toilet on amazon WordStar, the organization’s chosen word processing software, and presented the sfsu course to to introduce quotes, dozens of headquarters staff. Programmer/Analyst, 1988 to 1989.
Computer Data Systems, Inc., Petersburg, Virginia. (since acquired by sfsu mfa creative writing, Affiliated Computer Services, Inc., 1997) Completed the development of an on-line, remote-access military logistics library using C development language, Xenix (Intel’s Unix) operating system, vi editor, and Knowledgeware MDBS III hierarchical database. Had no training or experience with any of biology these technologies. Hired on the strength of prior performance with the company. Working alone, finished all the previously scheduled work on time, designed and added many new features and functions, and fixed many errors and performance bottlenecks left by the experienced C programmers who had started the application, all within the project’s original deadline. Programmer/Analyst, 1986 to 1988. Abacus Technical Services, Virginia Beach, Virginia. (since acquired by Randstad North America) Worked as a jack of all trades for this start-up, five-person division of Abacus Services, providing computer hardware and software services to a host of small clients. Installed and configured the hardware and sfsu writing, operating systems for Novell Netware local area networks. Worked as troubleshooter for malfunctioning networks, PCs, printers and software.
Developed project proposals and specifications for new application development. Developed dBASE applications for the City of Norfolk, Yorktown Victory Center, Wareing’s Gym, Virginia Chemicals Corporation, Abacus Services and others. Supervised two programmers in development of dBASE applications. Assigned concurrently to work on-site at Virginia Chemicals Corporation, developing, maintaining and troubleshooting COBOL and Easytrieve programs, and DOS/VSE job control language running on an IBM 4300 mainframe. Computer Data Systems, Inc., Petersburg, Virginia. (since acquired by Affiliated Computer Services, Inc., 1997) Project leader for the development of an on-line Army information application to run on an IBM 4331 mainframe. Had no previous experience with the platform, the DMS/CICS/VS development utility, or the VSAM file system.
Learned these on the job. Revised the existing functional specifications. Fortunate Life Essay! Defined the VSAM data files. Developed the screens and logic for the on-line data maintenance. Supervised one programmer in writing batch report, file backup and file restore programs in sfsu COBOL. Wrote the user/operation manual. With project on schedule and biology, its product working well, was assigned concurrently as leader and developer for a failing companion project.
Completed it and original project on schedule. Programmer/Analyst, 1985 to 1986. Writing Ranking! Computer Data Systems, Inc., Norfolk, Virginia. (since acquired by Affiliated Computer Services, Inc., 1997) As a member of a team of about 25 contract staff, wrote interactive and university of essex, batch COBOL programs for a Navy information application residing on a Honeywell DPS-6 minicomputer. The programs included logic to access, navigate and update a DMS-II network database. In spite of a formal computer education consisting of just two programming courses, after three months earned promotion to leader of sfsu writing ranking a small team and to analyst preparing program specifications for other developers. Offered new assignment when project ended; most staff laid off. In developing this on-line résumé, I had the following goals in mind: Make it dynamic.
Next it calls assignLinkNames(), which associates selected link objects with their ids and names for the benefit of Netscape Navigator 4. Navigator 4 does not recognize these properties when assigned for links (the a tag) in fortunate life HTML. The routine then uses the Browser object's isCompatible property. If the browser in use is not compatible, the load routine invokes the Browser method that displays a warning message. On the other hand, if a compatible browser is in use, the routine calls the Résumé object constructor. Sfsu! It creates the Résumé object and its component objects. Therefore, one statement in the load routine sets up the university of essex objects and methods which make the page dynamic. Once created, the routine invokes the Résumé object's show method.
To save, display context menu and choose Save Link As. or Save Target As. ); save it to ways papers, a file on your system; to view, open saved file in a text editor; for example, Notepad. Sfsu Mfa Creative Writing! Preserve state between visits. If you have set your browser to accept cookies, the two dynamic components on the page save their states and of essex, will restore themselves when you visit again. The résumé saves the last section you select. When you return, it automatically displays that section.
The gallery of comedy photos saves the last photo you select. It also saves the states of the forward/backward browse controls and the lock control. This gallery appears on my home and résumé pages. Because both galleries use the same state values, the sfsu mfa creative photo you choose on plan one page automatically appears when you visit the other. Make it compatible with the major browsers , Netscape Navigator 4, Netscape Navigator 6 and 7, Mozilla, and Microsoft Internet Explorer 4, 5 and 6. Turned out to be the greatest challenge. All use a different DOM (document object model).
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3 The Application Program Interface. This section describes the mfa creative C API for Lua, that is, the paper on amazon set of C functions available to the host program to mfa creative ranking, communicate with Lua. All API functions and related types and constants are declared in the header file lua.h . Even when we use the term function, any facility in the API may be provided as a macro instead. All such macros use each of their arguments exactly once (except for the first argument, which is always a Lua state), and so do not generate any hidden side-effects. As in most C libraries, the Lua API functions do not check their arguments for facebook fans reviews validity or consistency. Sfsu Ranking. However, you can change this behavior by compiling Lua with a proper definition for the macro luai_apicheck , in file luaconf.h . Lua uses a virtual stack to pass values to and from C. Each element in this stack represents a Lua value ( nil , number, string, etc.).
Whenever Lua calls C, the called function gets a new stack, which is independent of previous stacks and of stacks of life, C functions that are still active. This stack initially contains any arguments to the C function and it is where the C function pushes its results to be returned to the caller (see lua_CFunction ). For convenience, most query operations in the API do not follow a strict stack discipline. Instead, they can refer to mfa creative writing, any element in the stack by using an paper, index : A positive index represents an absolute stack position (starting at 1); a negative index represents an offset relative to the top of the stack. More specifically, if the stack has n elements, then index 1 represents the first element (that is, the element that was pushed onto the stack first) and index n represents the last element; index -1 also represents the last element (that is, the element at the top) and index -n represents the first element. We say that an index is valid if it lies between 1 and the stack top (that is, if 1 ≤ abs(index) ≤ top ). When you interact with Lua API, you are responsible for mfa creative writing ensuring consistency. In particular, you are responsible for controlling stack overflow . You can use the university of essex phd thesis function lua_checkstack to grow the stack size. Whenever Lua calls C, it ensures that at least LUA_MINSTACK stack positions are available. Ranking. LUA_MINSTACK is defined as 20, so that usually you do not have to worry about stack space unless your code has loops pushing elements onto the stack. Most query functions accept as indices any value inside the available stack space, that is, indices up to the maximum stack size you have set through lua_checkstack . Such indices are called acceptable indices . Toilet On Amazon. More formally, we define an acceptable index as follows:
Note that 0 is never an acceptable index. Unless otherwise noted, any function that accepts valid indices can also be called with pseudo-indices , which represent some Lua values that are accessible to writing ranking, C code but which are not in the stack. Pseudo-indices are used to access the thread environment, the function environment, the registry, and the upvalues of a C function (see §3.4). The thread environment (where global variables live) is always at pseudo-index LUA_GLOBALSINDEX . The environment of the running C function is always at pseudo-index LUA_ENVIRONINDEX . To access and change the business loan value of global variables, you can use regular table operations over an environment table. For instance, to access the value of a global variable, do. When a C function is created, it is possible to associate some values with it, thus creating a C closure ; these values are called upvalues and are accessible to mfa creative writing ranking, the function whenever it is called (see lua_pushcclosure ). Whenever a C function is called, its upvalues are located at specific pseudo-indices. These pseudo-indices are produced by the macro lua_upvalueindex . The first value associated with a function is at position lua_upvalueindex(1) , and so on.
Any access to lua_upvalueindex( n ) , where n is fortunate life essay, greater than the number of upvalues of the current function (but not greater than 256), produces an acceptable (but invalid) index. Lua provides a registry , a pre-defined table that can be used by any C code to store whatever Lua value it needs to store. This table is writing, always located at loan, pseudo-index LUA_REGISTRYINDEX . Any C library can store data into writing, this table, but it should take care to choose keys different from university phd thesis, those used by other libraries, to ranking, avoid collisions. To Introduce Quotes In Research. Typically, you should use as key a string containing your library name or a light userdata with the address of a C object in your code. The integer keys in the registry are used by the reference mechanism, implemented by mfa creative writing ranking, the auxiliary library, and therefore should not be used for other purposes.
Internally, Lua uses the C longjmp facility to handle errors. Facebook Fans. (You can also choose to use exceptions if you use C++; see file luaconf.h .) When Lua faces any error (such as memory allocation errors, type errors, syntax errors, and runtime errors) it raises an error; that is, it does a long jump. A protected environment uses setjmp to set a recover point; any error jumps to the most recent active recover point. Most functions in the API can throw an error, for instance due to writing, a memory allocation error. The documentation for each function indicates whether it can throw errors. Inside a C function you can throw an error by calling lua_error . Here we list all functions and types from the C API in alphabetical order. Each function has an university phd thesis, indicator like this: [-o, +p, x ] The first field, o , is how many elements the function pops from the stack.
The second field, p , is how many elements the function pushes onto mfa creative the stack. (Any function always pushes its results after popping its arguments.) A field in the form x|y means the function can push (or pop) x or y elements, depending on fortunate, the situation; an interrogation mark ' ? ' means that we cannot know how many elements the function pops/pushes by sfsu writing, looking only at its arguments (e.g., they may depend on what is on the stack). The third field, x , tells whether the function may throw errors: ' - ' means the quotes in research function never throws any error; ' m ' means the function may throw an error only due to mfa creative, not enough memory; ' e ' means the subject function may throw other kinds of errors; ' v ' means the function may throw an error on purpose. The type of the memory-allocation function used by Lua states. The allocator function must provide a functionality similar to realloc , but not exactly the same. Its arguments are ud , an opaque pointer passed to lua_newstate ; ptr , a pointer to the block being allocated/reallocated/freed; osize , the original size of the block; nsize , the new size of the block. ptr is ranking, NULL if and in research only if osize is zero.
When nsize is zero, the allocator must return NULL ; if osize is not zero, it should free the sfsu mfa creative writing ranking block pointed to by ptr . When nsize is not zero, the toilet cheaper on amazon allocator returns NULL if and only if it cannot fill the request. When nsize is not zero and osize is mfa creative ranking, zero, the allocator should behave like malloc . When nsize and osize are not zero, the allocator behaves like realloc . Lua assumes that the buy real fans allocator never fails when osize = nsize . Here is a simple implementation for the allocator function. It is used in mfa creative writing ranking the auxiliary library by luaL_newstate . This code assumes that free(NULL) has no effect and that realloc(NULL, size) is equivalent to malloc(size) . ANSI C ensures both behaviors. Sets a new panic function and returns the old one. If an toilet cheaper on amazon, error happens outside any protected environment, Lua calls a panic function and then calls exit(EXIT_FAILURE) , thus exiting the host application. Your panic function can avoid this exit by never returning (e.g., doing a long jump). The panic function can access the error message at the top of the stack. Calls a function. To call a function you must use the following protocol: first, the function to sfsu mfa creative writing, be called is fortunate, pushed onto the stack; then, the arguments to the function are pushed in direct order; that is, the sfsu mfa creative writing first argument is pushed first. Business Plan. Finally you call lua_call ; nargs is the number of arguments that you pushed onto sfsu the stack. All arguments and the function value are popped from the stack when the function is fortunate life, called.
The function results are pushed onto the stack when the function returns. The number of results is adjusted to nresults , unless nresults is LUA_MULTRET . In this case, all results from the function are pushed. Writing Ranking. Lua takes care that the returned values fit into toilet paper cheaper, the stack space. The function results are pushed onto the stack in direct order (the first result is pushed first), so that after the call the last result is on the top of the stack. Any error inside the called function is propagated upwards (with a longjmp ). The following example shows how the host program can do the equivalent to sfsu, this Lua code: Here it is in facebook C: Note that the code above is balanced: at its end, the stack is back to its original configuration.
This is considered good programming practice. Type for C functions. In order to communicate properly with Lua, a C function must use the following protocol, which defines the way parameters and results are passed: a C function receives its arguments from Lua in its stack in direct order (the first argument is pushed first). So, when the function starts, lua_gettop(L) returns the number of writing ranking, arguments received by of essex phd thesis, the function. The first argument (if any) is at index 1 and its last argument is at index lua_gettop(L) . Sfsu Mfa Creative. To return values to Lua, a C function just pushes them onto essay the stack, in direct order (the first result is ranking, pushed first), and returns the number of results. Essay Biology. Any other value in the stack below the results will be properly discarded by Lua. Like a Lua function, a C function called by Lua can also return many results. As an example, the mfa creative writing ranking following function receives a variable number of numerical arguments and returns their average and sum: Ensures that there are at least extra free stack slots in quotes in research the stack. It returns false if it cannot grow the stack to that size.
This function never shrinks the stack; if the stack is already larger than the new size, it is left unchanged. Destroys all objects in sfsu mfa creative ranking the given Lua state (calling the corresponding garbage-collection metamethods, if any) and university frees all dynamic memory used by this state. On several platforms, you may not need to call this function, because all resources are naturally released when the host program ends. On the other hand, long-running programs, such as a daemon or a web server, might need to release states as soon as they are not needed, to avoid growing too large. Concatenates the sfsu writing n values at the top of the stack, pops them, and leaves the result at the top. If n is 1, the result is the single value on the stack (that is, the function does nothing); if n is 0, the result is the empty string. Buy Real Facebook Fans Reviews. Concatenation is performed following the usual semantics of Lua (see §2.5.4).
Calls the C function func in protected mode. func starts with only one element in its stack, a light userdata containing ud . In case of errors, lua_cpcall returns the same error codes as lua_pcall , plus the error object on the top of the stack; otherwise, it returns zero, and does not change the sfsu mfa creative writing stack. University Of Essex Phd Thesis. All values returned by sfsu mfa creative writing, func are discarded. Creates a new empty table and fortunate life pushes it onto the stack. The new table has space pre-allocated for narr array elements and nrec non-array elements. This pre-allocation is useful when you know exactly how many elements the table will have. Writing. Otherwise you can use the essay biology function lua_newtable . Dumps a function as a binary chunk. Mfa Creative Writing Ranking. Receives a Lua function on the top of the stack and produces a binary chunk that, if loaded again, results in a function equivalent to the one dumped.
As it produces parts of the chunk, lua_dump calls function writer (see lua_Writer ) with the given data to write them. The value returned is the error code returned by the last call to the writer; 0 means no errors. This function does not pop the Lua function from the stack. Returns 1 if the two values in acceptable indices index1 and index2 are equal, following the semantics of the Lua == operator (that is, may call metamethods). Otherwise returns 0. Life Essay. Also returns 0 if any of the indices is non valid. Generates a Lua error. The error message (which can actually be a Lua value of any type) must be on sfsu mfa creative, the stack top. This function does a long jump, and university phd thesis therefore never returns. (see luaL_error ).
Controls the garbage collector. This function performs several tasks, according to the value of the mfa creative writing ranking parameter what : LUA_GCSTOP : stops the to introduce in research garbage collector. LUA_GCRESTART : restarts the mfa creative writing garbage collector. LUA_GCCOLLECT : performs a full garbage-collection cycle. LUA_GCCOUNT : returns the current amount of memory (in Kbytes) in use by Lua. Toilet Paper. LUA_GCCOUNTB : returns the remainder of sfsu mfa creative writing, dividing the current amount of bytes of memory in use by ways to introduce quotes papers, Lua by 1024. LUA_GCSTEP : performs an sfsu, incremental step of garbage collection. Essay. The step size is writing, controlled by data (larger values mean more steps) in university a non-specified way. If you want to control the step size you must experimentally tune the value of writing, data . The function returns 1 if the step finished a garbage-collection cycle. LUA_GCSETPAUSE : sets data as the new value for the pause of the phd thesis collector (see §2.10).
The function returns the previous value of the pause. LUA_GCSETSTEPMUL : sets data as the new value for writing ranking the step multiplier of the collector (see §2.10). The function returns the previous value of the step multiplier. Returns the memory-allocation function of a given state. Essay Biology. If ud is not NULL , Lua stores in *ud the opaque pointer passed to lua_newstate . Pushes onto sfsu the stack the university of essex environment table of the value at the given index.
Pushes onto the stack the value t[k] , where t is the value at the given valid index. As in Lua, this function may trigger a metamethod for the index event (see §2.8). Pushes onto the stack the value of the global name . It is defined as a macro: Pushes onto the stack the metatable of the value at the given acceptable index. If the index is mfa creative ranking, not valid, or if the value does not have a metatable, the function returns 0 and pushes nothing on the stack.
Pushes onto the stack the value t[k] , where t is the value at the given valid index and k is the value at the top of the stack. This function pops the university of essex key from the stack (putting the resulting value in its place). Writing Ranking. As in Lua, this function may trigger a metamethod for the index event (see §2.8). Returns the loan index of the sfsu mfa creative ranking top element in the stack. Because indices start at 1, this result is biology subject, equal to the number of sfsu mfa creative writing ranking, elements in the stack (and so 0 means an empty stack). Moves the top element into the given valid index, shifting up the ways quotes in research papers elements above this index to open space. Sfsu Ranking. Cannot be called with a pseudo-index, because a pseudo-index is not an actual stack position. The type used by the Lua API to represent integral values. By default it is a ptrdiff_t , which is usually the largest signed integral type the machine handles comfortably. Returns 1 if the value at the given acceptable index has type boolean, and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the life essay value at the given acceptable index is a C function, and 0 otherwise.
Returns 1 if the value at the given acceptable index is a function (either C or Lua), and mfa creative writing ranking 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the value at the given acceptable index is biology subject, a light userdata, and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the value at the given acceptable index is nil , and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the given acceptable index is not valid (that is, it refers to an element outside the current stack), and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the given acceptable index is sfsu writing ranking, not valid (that is, it refers to an element outside the current stack) or if the value at this index is ways quotes, nil , and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the value at mfa creative ranking, the given acceptable index is a number or a string convertible to a number, and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the value at the given acceptable index is a string or a number (which is essay subject, always convertible to a string), and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the value at the given acceptable index is a table, and 0 otherwise.
Returns 1 if the value at mfa creative writing, the given acceptable index is a thread, and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the facebook fans reviews value at the given acceptable index is ranking, a userdata (either full or light), and 0 otherwise. Returns 1 if the value at acceptable index index1 is smaller than the value at acceptable index index2 , following the semantics of the plan Lua operator (that is, may call metamethods). Otherwise returns 0. Also returns 0 if any of the indices is non valid. Loads a Lua chunk. Mfa Creative Writing Ranking. If there are no errors, lua_load pushes the compiled chunk as a Lua function on top of the buy real fans reviews stack. Otherwise, it pushes an error message.
The return values of lua_load are: 0: no errors; LUA_ERRSYNTAX : syntax error during pre-compilation; LUA_ERRMEM : memory allocation error. This function only loads a chunk; it does not run it. lua_load automatically detects whether the chunk is writing, text or binary, and loads it accordingly (see program luac ). The lua_load function uses a user-supplied reader function to read the chunk (see lua_Reader ). The data argument is an buy real fans reviews, opaque value passed to the reader function. The chunkname argument gives a name to the chunk, which is used for mfa creative writing ranking error messages and in debug information (see §3.8).
Creates a new, independent state. University Of Essex Phd Thesis. Returns NULL if cannot create the state (due to lack of memory). The argument f is the allocator function; Lua does all memory allocation for this state through this function. The second argument, ud , is an opaque pointer that Lua simply passes to the allocator in every call. Creates a new empty table and pushes it onto mfa creative ranking the stack.
It is equivalent to buy real, lua_createtable(L, 0, 0) . Creates a new thread, pushes it on mfa creative writing ranking, the stack, and returns a pointer to a lua_State that represents this new thread. The new state returned by ways to introduce papers, this function shares with the original state all global objects (such as tables), but has an independent execution stack. There is no explicit function to close or to destroy a thread. Threads are subject to garbage collection, like any Lua object. This function allocates a new block of memory with the given size, pushes onto the stack a new full userdata with the block address, and returns this address. Userdata represent C values in Lua. A full userdata represents a block of memory.
It is an object (like a table): you must create it, it can have its own metatable, and you can detect when it is being collected. A full userdata is only equal to itself (under raw equality). When Lua collects a full userdata with a gc metamethod, Lua calls the metamethod and marks the userdata as finalized. When this userdata is collected again then Lua frees its corresponding memory. Pops a key from the stack, and pushes a key-value pair from the table at the given index (the next pair after the given key). If there are no more elements in the table, then lua_next returns 0 (and pushes nothing). A typical traversal looks like this: While traversing a table, do not call lua_tolstring directly on a key, unless you know that the key is actually a string.
Recall that lua_tolstring changes the value at the given index; this confuses the next call to sfsu mfa creative ranking, lua_next . The type of numbers in Lua. By default, it is buy real fans reviews, double, but that can be changed in mfa creative writing luaconf.h . Through the configuration file you can change Lua to operate with another type for numbers (e.g., float or long). Returns the length of the university phd thesis value at the given acceptable index: for strings, this is the string length; for tables, this is the sfsu mfa creative writing ranking result of the length operator (' # '); for userdata, this is the size of the block of memory allocated for toilet on amazon the userdata; for other values, it is 0. Calls a function in protected mode. Both nargs and nresults have the same meaning as in sfsu mfa creative lua_call . Essay Subject. If there are no errors during the call, lua_pcall behaves exactly like lua_call . However, if there is any error, lua_pcall catches it, pushes a single value on the stack (the error message), and returns an error code. Like lua_call , lua_pcall always removes the function and its arguments from the stack. If errfunc is sfsu mfa creative writing, 0, then the error message returned on the stack is exactly the essay original error message.
Otherwise, errfunc is the sfsu mfa creative ranking stack index of an toilet, error handler function . (In the sfsu writing ranking current implementation, this index cannot be a pseudo-index.) In case of runtime errors, this function will be called with the error message and its return value will be the message returned on the stack by lua_pcall . Typically, the error handler function is used to add more debug information to the error message, such as a stack traceback. Such information cannot be gathered after the business plan loan return of lua_pcall , since by then the sfsu mfa creative writing stack has unwound. The lua_pcall function returns 0 in case of of essex, success or one of the following error codes (defined in lua.h ): LUA_ERRRUN : a runtime error. LUA_ERRMEM : memory allocation error. For such errors, Lua does not call the error handler function. LUA_ERRERR : error while running the error handler function. Pops n elements from the stack. Pushes a boolean value with value b onto the stack.
Pushes a new C closure onto the stack. When a C function is created, it is possible to ranking, associate some values with it, thus creating a C closure (see §3.4); these values are then accessible to the function whenever it is called. To associate values with a C function, first these values should be pushed onto the stack (when there are multiple values, the first value is pushed first). Then lua_pushcclosure is called to create and push the C function onto the stack, with the argument n telling how many values should be associated with the function. lua_pushcclosure also pops these values from the stack. The maximum value for n is essay biology, 255. Pushes a C function onto the stack.
This function receives a pointer to a C function and pushes onto the stack a Lua value of type function that, when called, invokes the corresponding C function. Any function to be registered in Lua must follow the mfa creative ranking correct protocol to receive its parameters and return its results (see lua_CFunction ). lua_pushcfunction is phd thesis, defined as a macro: Pushes onto the stack a formatted string and returns a pointer to this string. It is mfa creative, similar to the C function sprintf , but has some important differences: You do not have to allocate space for the result: the result is a Lua string and Lua takes care of memory allocation (and deallocation, through garbage collection). The conversion specifiers are quite restricted. Fortunate Essay. There are no flags, widths, or precisions.
The conversion specifiers can only be ' %% ' (inserts a ' % ' in the string), ' %s ' (inserts a zero-terminated string, with no size restrictions), ' %f ' (inserts a lua_Number ), ' %p ' (inserts a pointer as a hexadecimal numeral), ' %d ' (inserts an int ), and ' %c ' (inserts an int as a character). Pushes a number with value n onto the stack. Pushes a light userdata onto the stack. Userdata represent C values in Lua. A light userdata represents a pointer. Sfsu. It is business plan loan, a value (like a number): you do not create it, it has no individual metatable, and it is not collected (as it was never created).
A light userdata is equal to mfa creative ranking, any light userdata with the same C address. This macro is equivalent to lua_pushlstring , but can be used only when s is a literal string. In these cases, it automatically provides the string length. Pushes the of essex phd thesis string pointed to by s with size len onto the stack. Lua makes (or reuses) an internal copy of the given string, so the memory at s can be freed or reused immediately after the function returns. The string can contain embedded zeros. Pushes a nil value onto mfa creative the stack. Pushes a number with value n onto the stack. Pushes the zero-terminated string pointed to by s onto the stack.
Lua makes (or reuses) an internal copy of the given string, so the essay biology memory at s can be freed or reused immediately after the function returns. Mfa Creative Writing Ranking. The string cannot contain embedded zeros; it is assumed to end at the first zero. Pushes the thread represented by phd thesis, L onto sfsu mfa creative writing ranking the stack. Returns 1 if this thread is the main thread of its state. Pushes a copy of the plan element at the given valid index onto the stack. Equivalent to writing ranking, lua_pushfstring , except that it receives a va_list instead of a variable number of arguments. Returns 1 if the two values in acceptable indices index1 and plan index2 are primitively equal (that is, without calling metamethods). Otherwise returns 0. Sfsu Mfa Creative Writing Ranking. Also returns 0 if any of the indices are non valid. Similar to lua_gettable , but does a raw access (i.e., without metamethods).
Pushes onto the stack the value t[n] , where t is the value at the given valid index. Toilet Paper Cheaper. The access is raw; that is, it does not invoke metamethods. Similar to lua_settable , but does a raw assignment (i.e., without metamethods). Does the sfsu mfa creative ranking equivalent of t[n] = v , where t is the value at the given valid index and v is the value at the top of the stack. This function pops the ways quotes value from the mfa creative stack. The assignment is raw; that is, it does not invoke metamethods. The reader function used by lua_load . Every time it needs another piece of the chunk, lua_load calls the reader, passing along its data parameter. Ways Quotes In Research. The reader must return a pointer to sfsu mfa creative ranking, a block of memory with a new piece of the chunk and toilet cheaper on amazon set size to the block size. The block must exist until the reader function is called again. To signal the end of the chunk, the mfa creative writing reader must return NULL or set size to zero. The reader function may return pieces of ways to introduce quotes in research papers, any size greater than zero.
Sets the sfsu mfa creative ranking C function f as the new value of global name . Ways To Introduce In Research. It is defined as a macro: Removes the element at sfsu writing, the given valid index, shifting down the elements above this index to fill the gap. Cannot be called with a pseudo-index, because a pseudo-index is ways quotes papers, not an actual stack position. Moves the top element into the given position (and pops it), without shifting any element (therefore replacing the value at the given position). Starts and resumes a coroutine in a given thread.
To start a coroutine, you first create a new thread (see lua_newthread ); then you push onto sfsu mfa creative writing ranking its stack the main function plus any arguments; then you call lua_resume , with narg being the number of of essex, arguments. Mfa Creative Writing Ranking. This call returns when the coroutine suspends or finishes its execution. Fans. When it returns, the stack contains all values passed to lua_yield , or all values returned by the body function. lua_resume returns LUA_YIELD if the coroutine yields, 0 if the mfa creative writing coroutine finishes its execution without errors, or an error code in case of fortunate, errors (see lua_pcall ). Ranking. In case of errors, the stack is not unwound, so you can use the debug API over it. The error message is on the top of the stack. To restart a coroutine, you put on its stack only the values to be passed as results from yield , and paper cheaper then call lua_resume . Changes the allocator function of sfsu, a given state to f with user data ud . Pops a table from the stack and sets it as the new environment for the value at the given index. Paper On Amazon. If the sfsu writing ranking value at the given index is neither a function nor a thread nor a userdata, lua_setfenv returns 0. Facebook Fans. Otherwise it returns 1. Does the equivalent to ranking, t[k] = v , where t is the fortunate essay value at the given valid index and v is the value at the top of the stack. This function pops the sfsu writing value from the stack. Buy Real Fans Reviews. As in Lua, this function may trigger a metamethod for mfa creative ranking the newindex event (see §2.8). Pops a value from the stack and plan loan sets it as the new value of writing, global name . It is defined as a macro:
Pops a table from the stack and sets it as the new metatable for the value at the given acceptable index. Does the equivalent to t[k] = v , where t is the value at the given valid index, v is the value at the top of the stack, and k is the value just below the top. This function pops both the key and the value from the stack. As in Lua, this function may trigger a metamethod for the newindex event (see §2.8). Accepts any acceptable index, or 0, and sets the stack top to this index. If the subject new top is larger than the old one, then the new elements are filled with nil . If index is 0, then all stack elements are removed. Opaque structure that keeps the whole state of a Lua interpreter. The Lua library is fully reentrant: it has no global variables. Mfa Creative Writing. All information about a state is papers, kept in this structure.
A pointer to this state must be passed as the first argument to every function in the library, except to lua_newstate , which creates a Lua state from scratch. Returns the status of the thread L . The status can be 0 for a normal thread, an error code if the mfa creative thread finished its execution with an error, or LUA_YIELD if the paper cheaper thread is mfa creative writing, suspended. Converts the university of essex phd thesis Lua value at the given acceptable index to a C boolean value (0 or 1). Mfa Creative. Like all tests in essay subject Lua, lua_toboolean returns 1 for any Lua value different from false and nil ; otherwise it returns 0. It also returns 0 when called with a non-valid index. (If you want to accept only actual boolean values, use lua_isboolean to sfsu writing ranking, test the value's type.) Converts a value at phd thesis, the given acceptable index to a C function. That value must be a C function; otherwise, returns NULL . Converts the Lua value at mfa creative writing ranking, the given acceptable index to biology subject, the signed integral type lua_Integer . The Lua value must be a number or a string convertible to a number (see §2.2.1); otherwise, lua_tointeger returns 0. If the number is sfsu mfa creative writing, not an integer, it is truncated in some non-specified way. Converts the Lua value at the given acceptable index to a C string. If len is not NULL , it also sets *len with the to introduce quotes string length.
The Lua value must be a string or a number; otherwise, the function returns NULL . If the value is a number, then lua_tolstring also changes the actual value in the stack to a string . (This change confuses lua_next when lua_tolstring is applied to keys during a table traversal.) lua_tolstring returns a fully aligned pointer to a string inside the Lua state. Sfsu Writing Ranking. This string always has a zero (' 0 ') after its last character (as in C), but can contain other zeros in its body. Because Lua has garbage collection, there is no guarantee that the pointer returned by lua_tolstring will be valid after the corresponding value is removed from the plan loan stack. Converts the Lua value at the given acceptable index to the C type lua_Number (see lua_Number ). Sfsu Mfa Creative Writing Ranking. The Lua value must be a number or a string convertible to a number (see §2.2.1); otherwise, lua_tonumber returns 0. Converts the value at biology, the given acceptable index to sfsu writing, a generic C pointer ( void* ). The value can be a userdata, a table, a thread, or a function; otherwise, lua_topointer returns NULL . Different objects will give different pointers. There is business plan loan, no way to convert the pointer back to its original value. Typically this function is used only for debug information.
Equivalent to lua_tolstring with len equal to NULL . Converts the mfa creative writing ranking value at the given acceptable index to a Lua thread (represented as lua_State* ). Fans Reviews. This value must be a thread; otherwise, the function returns NULL . If the value at the given acceptable index is a full userdata, returns its block address. If the value is a light userdata, returns its pointer. Otherwise, returns NULL . Returns the type of the value in the given acceptable index, or LUA_TNONE for a non-valid index (that is, an index to an empty stack position). The types returned by lua_type are coded by the following constants defined in mfa creative ranking lua.h : LUA_TNIL , LUA_TNUMBER , LUA_TBOOLEAN , LUA_TSTRING , LUA_TTABLE , LUA_TFUNCTION , LUA_TUSERDATA , LUA_TTHREAD , and LUA_TLIGHTUSERDATA . Returns the name of the type encoded by the value tp , which must be one the values returned by life essay, lua_type . The type of the writer function used by lua_dump . Every time it produces another piece of chunk, lua_dump calls the writer, passing along the buffer to be written ( p ), its size ( sz ), and the data parameter supplied to lua_dump . The writer returns an error code: 0 means no errors; any other value means an error and stops lua_dump from calling the mfa creative writing writer again. Exchange values between different threads of the same global state. This function pops n values from the stack from , and pushes them onto the stack to . Yields a coroutine. This function should only be called as the return expression of a C function, as follows:
When a C function calls lua_yield in that way, the running coroutine suspends its execution, and the call to lua_resume that started this coroutine returns. The parameter nresults is the facebook fans reviews number of values from the sfsu mfa creative ranking stack that are passed as results to lua_resume . Lua has no built-in debugging facilities. Phd Thesis. Instead, it offers a special interface by means of functions and hooks . This interface allows the sfsu writing ranking construction of different kinds of debuggers, profilers, and other tools that need inside information from the interpreter. A structure used to carry different pieces of university of essex, information about an active function. lua_getstack fills only the private part of this structure, for sfsu writing ranking later use. Life. To fill the other fields of lua_Debug with useful information, call lua_getinfo . The fields of lua_Debug have the following meaning: source : If the function was defined in a string, then source is sfsu writing ranking, that string. If the function was defined in a file, then source starts with a ' @ ' followed by fortunate essay, the file name. Sfsu Ranking. short_src : a printable version of source , to fortunate, be used in error messages. linedefined : the line number where the definition of the function starts. lastlinedefined : the line number where the definition of the function ends. what : the string Lua if the function is a Lua function, C if it is a C function, main if it is the main part of a chunk, and tail if it was a function that did a tail call. In the latter case, Lua has no other information about the mfa creative writing function. currentline : the current line where the given function is executing. When no line information is available, currentline is set to facebook, -1. name : a reasonable name for mfa creative ranking the given function. Because functions in Lua are first-class values, they do not have a fixed name: some functions can be the value of multiple global variables, while others can be stored only in a table field. The lua_getinfo function checks how the function was called to find a suitable name. If it cannot find a name, then name is university phd thesis, set to NULL . namewhat : explains the sfsu mfa creative name field.
The value of namewhat can be global , local , method , field , upvalue , or (the empty string), according to how the function was called. Business Plan. (Lua uses the empty string when no other option seems to writing, apply.) nups : the number of upvalues of the university of essex phd thesis function. Returns the current hook function. Returns the current hook count. Returns the current hook mask. Returns information about sfsu writing a specific function or function invocation. To get information about a function invocation, the to introduce in research parameter ar must be a valid activation record that was filled by a previous call to lua_getstack or given as argument to a hook (see lua_Hook ). To get information about a function you push it onto mfa creative writing ranking the stack and start the buy real facebook fans reviews what string with the character ' '. (In that case, lua_getinfo pops the function in the top of the stack.) For instance, to sfsu mfa creative ranking, know in which line a function f was defined, you can write the following code: Each character in the string what selects some fields of the structure ar to be filled or a value to be pushed on the stack: ' n ': fills in the field name and namewhat ; ' S ': fills in quotes the fields source , short_src , linedefined , lastlinedefined , and what ; ' l ': fills in sfsu mfa creative the field currentline ; ' u ': fills in the field nups ; ' f ': pushes onto the stack the function that is running at essay biology subject, the given level; ' L ': pushes onto the stack a table whose indices are the numbers of the lines that are valid on ranking, the function. (A valid line is a line with some associated code, that is, a line where you can put a break point. Non-valid lines include empty lines and comments.) This function returns 0 on error (for instance, an invalid option in what ).
Gets information about a local variable of a given activation record. The parameter ar must be a valid activation record that was filled by a previous call to ways to introduce papers, lua_getstack or given as argument to a hook (see lua_Hook ). The index n selects which local variable to inspect (1 is the first parameter or active local variable, and so on, until the last active local variable). lua_getlocal pushes the variable's value onto the stack and returns its name. Variable names starting with ' ( ' (open parentheses) represent internal variables (loop control variables, temporaries, and C function locals). Returns NULL (and pushes nothing) when the index is greater than the number of active local variables. Get information about the interpreter runtime stack. This function fills parts of a lua_Debug structure with an identification of the ranking activation record of the function executing at a given level. Buy Real Facebook. Level 0 is the current running function, whereas level n+1 is the function that has called level n . When there are no errors, lua_getstack returns 1; when called with a level greater than the stack depth, it returns 0.
Gets information about a closure's upvalue. (For Lua functions, upvalues are the external local variables that the function uses, and that are consequently included in its closure.) lua_getupvalue gets the index n of an upvalue, pushes the upvalue's value onto the stack, and returns its name. funcindex points to sfsu writing ranking, the closure in the stack. Essay Biology. (Upvalues have no particular order, as they are active through the sfsu mfa creative whole function. Fortunate Life. So, they are numbered in an arbitrary order.) Returns NULL (and pushes nothing) when the index is greater than the writing number of upvalues. Of Essex. For C functions, this function uses the empty string as a name for all upvalues. Type for debugging hook functions. Whenever a hook is called, its ar argument has its field event set to the specific event that triggered the hook. Lua identifies these events with the following constants: LUA_HOOKCALL , LUA_HOOKRET , LUA_HOOKTAILRET , LUA_HOOKLINE , and LUA_HOOKCOUNT . Moreover, for writing ranking line events, the field currentline is also set. To get the value of any other field in ar , the hook must call lua_getinfo . For return events, event can be LUA_HOOKRET , the normal value, or LUA_HOOKTAILRET . In the subject latter case, Lua is simulating a return from a function that did a tail call; in this case, it is useless to mfa creative writing, call lua_getinfo . While Lua is running a hook, it disables other calls to hooks. Therefore, if a hook calls back Lua to execute a function or a chunk, this execution occurs without any calls to hooks. Sets the debugging hook function.
Argument f is the hook function. mask specifies on which events the hook will be called: it is formed by a bitwise or of the phd thesis constants LUA_MASKCALL , LUA_MASKRET , LUA_MASKLINE , and LUA_MASKCOUNT . The count argument is only meaningful when the mask includes LUA_MASKCOUNT . For each event, the hook is called as explained below: The call hook: is called when the interpreter calls a function. The hook is called just after Lua enters the sfsu mfa creative ranking new function, before the function gets its arguments. Toilet Paper. The return hook: is called when the interpreter returns from a function. The hook is called just before Lua leaves the function. You have no access to the values to be returned by the function.
The line hook: is called when the interpreter is about to start the execution of writing, a new line of code, or when it jumps back in the code (even to the same line). (This event only happens while Lua is executing a Lua function.) The count hook: is called after the interpreter executes every count instructions. (This event only happens while Lua is executing a Lua function.) A hook is disabled by setting mask to zero. Sets the value of a local variable of a given activation record. Parameters ar and n are as in lua_getlocal (see lua_getlocal ). lua_setlocal assigns the value at the top of the facebook fans reviews stack to the variable and sfsu mfa creative writing ranking returns its name. It also pops the value from the stack. Returns NULL (and pops nothing) when the index is greater than the number of active local variables. Sets the value of a closure's upvalue. It assigns the business value at the top of the stack to the upvalue and sfsu mfa creative writing returns its name. It also pops the value from the stack.
Parameters funcindex and n are as in the lua_getupvalue (see lua_getupvalue ). Returns NULL (and pops nothing) when the index is greater than the toilet paper cheaper number of upvalues. The auxiliary library provides several convenient functions to interface C with Lua. While the basic API provides the primitive functions for all interactions between C and Lua, the sfsu auxiliary library provides higher-level functions for some common tasks. All functions from the auxiliary library are defined in life header file lauxlib.h and have a prefix luaL_ . All functions in the auxiliary library are built on top of the basic API, and so they provide nothing that cannot be done with this API. Several functions in the auxiliary library are used to check C function arguments. Their names are always luaL_check* or luaL_opt* . All of these functions throw an error if the check is not satisfied. Writing Ranking. Because the error message is essay, formatted for writing arguments (e.g., bad argument #1 ), you should not use these functions for other stack values. Here we list all functions and types from the auxiliary library in alphabetical order. Adds the character c to ways to introduce in research, the buffer B (see luaL_Buffer ).
Adds the sfsu writing ranking string pointed to by s with length l to the buffer B (see luaL_Buffer ). The string may contain embedded zeros. Adds to the buffer B (see luaL_Buffer ) a string of length n previously copied to the buffer area (see luaL_prepbuffer ). Adds the zero-terminated string pointed to essay biology subject, by s to the buffer B (see luaL_Buffer ). The string may not contain embedded zeros. Adds the value at the top of the stack to the buffer B (see luaL_Buffer ). Sfsu Writing. Pops the value. This is the only function on string buffers that can (and must) be called with an life essay, extra element on the stack, which is the sfsu mfa creative writing value to ways in research papers, be added to the buffer. Checks whether cond is true. If not, raises an error with the following message, where func is retrieved from the call stack: Raises an error with the following message, where func is retrieved from the call stack:
This function never returns, but it is an idiom to sfsu writing ranking, use it in C functions as return luaL_argerror( args ) . Type for a string buffer . A string buffer allows C code to plan, build Lua strings piecemeal. Its pattern of use is as follows: First you declare a variable b of type luaL_Buffer . Sfsu. Then you initialize it with a call luaL_buffinit(L, b) . Then you add string pieces to the buffer calling any of the luaL_add* functions. You finish by calling luaL_pushresult(b) . This call leaves the final string on essay, the top of the stack. During its normal operation, a string buffer uses a variable number of stack slots. So, while using a buffer, you cannot assume that you know where the top of the stack is. You can use the stack between successive calls to buffer operations as long as that use is balanced; that is, when you call a buffer operation, the stack is at the same level it was immediately after the previous buffer operation. (The only exception to sfsu mfa creative, this rule is fortunate, luaL_addvalue .) After calling luaL_pushresult the stack is back to mfa creative writing, its level when the buffer was initialized, plus the final string on its top. Initializes a buffer B . This function does not allocate any space; the buffer must be declared as a variable (see luaL_Buffer ). Calls a metamethod. If the ways to introduce quotes object at index obj has a metatable and this metatable has a field e , this function calls this field and passes the object as its only sfsu mfa creative writing ranking argument. In this case this function returns 1 and pushes onto ways to introduce in research the stack the value returned by the call.
If there is no metatable or no metamethod, this function returns 0 (without pushing any value on the stack). Checks whether the function has an argument of any type (including nil ) at position narg . Checks whether the sfsu function argument narg is a number and returns this number cast to an int . Checks whether the function argument narg is a number and returns this number cast to a lua_Integer . Checks whether the function argument narg is university, a number and returns this number cast to sfsu writing ranking, a long . Checks whether the function argument narg is a string and returns this string; if l is not NULL fills *l with the on amazon string's length. This function uses lua_tolstring to get its result, so all conversions and caveats of that function apply here. Checks whether the mfa creative writing function argument narg is a number and returns this number. Checks whether the function argument narg is a string and searches for this string in toilet paper cheaper on amazon the array lst (which must be NULL-terminated). Mfa Creative Ranking. Returns the index in the array where the string was found. Raises an error if the argument is not a string or if the string cannot be found. If def is not NULL , the buy real facebook fans reviews function uses def as a default value when there is no argument narg or if this argument is nil . This is mfa creative writing ranking, a useful function for mapping strings to C enums. (The usual convention in essay biology subject Lua libraries is to use strings instead of mfa creative, numbers to select options.) Grows the essay stack size to top + sz elements, raising an sfsu mfa creative ranking, error if the stack cannot grow to life, that size. Sfsu Mfa Creative Writing Ranking. msg is an additional text to go into the error message. Checks whether the function argument narg is a string and returns this string.
This function uses lua_tolstring to get its result, so all conversions and caveats of that function apply here. Checks whether the function argument narg has type t . Life. See lua_type for the encoding of types for t . Checks whether the writing function argument narg is fortunate, a userdata of the ranking type tname (see luaL_newmetatable ). Loads and quotes in research papers runs the given file. It is writing ranking, defined as the on amazon following macro: It returns 0 if there are no errors or 1 in case of errors. Loads and runs the given string. It is sfsu, defined as the following macro: It returns 0 if there are no errors or 1 in case of errors. Raises an error. The error message format is given by fmt plus any extra arguments, following the same rules of lua_pushfstring . Buy Real Facebook Fans. It also adds at the beginning of the message the file name and the line number where the error occurred, if this information is available.
This function never returns, but it is an idiom to use it in C functions as return luaL_error( args ) . Pushes onto the stack the field e from the metatable of the sfsu mfa creative object at index obj . If the facebook fans reviews object does not have a metatable, or if the metatable does not have this field, returns 0 and pushes nothing. Pushes onto the stack the metatable associated with name tname in the registry (see luaL_newmetatable ). Creates a copy of string s by writing ranking, replacing any occurrence of the string p with the string r . Pushes the resulting string on the stack and quotes papers returns it. Loads a buffer as a Lua chunk. This function uses lua_load to load the chunk in the buffer pointed to by buff with size sz . This function returns the writing ranking same results as lua_load . name is the chunk name, used for debug information and toilet paper on amazon error messages. Loads a file as a Lua chunk. This function uses lua_load to load the sfsu ranking chunk in reviews the file named filename . If filename is NULL , then it loads from the standard input.
The first line in sfsu the file is ignored if it starts with a # . This function returns the same results as lua_load , but it has an extra error code LUA_ERRFILE if it cannot open/read the file. As lua_load , this function only loads the chunk; it does not run it. Loads a string as a Lua chunk. This function uses lua_load to load the chunk in the zero-terminated string s . This function returns the same results as lua_load . Also as lua_load , this function only loads the chunk; it does not run it. If the registry already has the key tname , returns 0. Otherwise, creates a new table to be used as a metatable for ways quotes papers userdata, adds it to the registry with key tname , and returns 1. In both cases pushes onto mfa creative writing ranking the stack the final value associated with tname in the registry. Creates a new Lua state. It calls lua_newstate with an allocator based on plan loan, the standard C realloc function and then sets a panic function (see lua_atpanic ) that prints an error message to the standard error output in case of sfsu writing, fatal errors. Returns the buy real reviews new state, or NULL if there is sfsu, a memory allocation error.
Opens all standard Lua libraries into the given state. If the function argument narg is a number, returns this number cast to an int . Paper On Amazon. If this argument is absent or is nil , returns d . Sfsu Mfa Creative Writing. Otherwise, raises an error. If the function argument narg is a number, returns this number cast to a lua_Integer . If this argument is absent or is nil , returns d . Otherwise, raises an error. If the function argument narg is a number, returns this number cast to a long . If this argument is fortunate, absent or is nil , returns d . Otherwise, raises an mfa creative writing, error. If the function argument narg is a string, returns this string. If this argument is absent or is nil , returns d . University Of Essex Phd Thesis. Otherwise, raises an sfsu mfa creative ranking, error. If l is fortunate life essay, not NULL , fills the position *l with the results's length. If the function argument narg is sfsu, a number, returns this number. If this argument is absent or is nil , returns d . Otherwise, raises an error. If the function argument narg is a string, returns this string.
If this argument is phd thesis, absent or is nil , returns d . Otherwise, raises an error. Returns an address to a space of size LUAL_BUFFERSIZE where you can copy a string to writing, be added to plan loan, buffer B (see luaL_Buffer ). After copying the string into this space you must call luaL_addsize with the mfa creative size of the string to actually add it to the buffer. Finishes the use of buffer B leaving the final string on the top of the stack. Creates and returns a reference , in university phd thesis the table at index t , for the object at the top of the stack (and pops the sfsu object). A reference is a unique integer key. Ways To Introduce In Research. As long as you do not manually add integer keys into table t , luaL_ref ensures the uniqueness of the sfsu writing ranking key it returns. You can retrieve an object referred by reference r by calling lua_rawgeti(L, t, r) . Function luaL_unref frees a reference and its associated object. If the object at the top of the stack is fortunate life essay, nil , luaL_ref returns the constant LUA_REFNIL . The constant LUA_NOREF is guaranteed to mfa creative writing, be different from essay subject, any reference returned by luaL_ref . Type for arrays of functions to be registered by luaL_register . name is the function name and func is a pointer to the function.
Any array of luaL_Reg must end with an sentinel entry in which both name and writing ranking func are NULL . Opens a library. When called with libname equal to NULL , it simply registers all functions in the list l (see luaL_Reg ) into the table on the top of the stack. When called with a non-null libname , luaL_register creates a new table t , sets it as the value of the global variable libname , sets it as the value of package.loaded[libname] , and registers on it all functions in the list l . If there is a table in package.loaded[libname] or in variable libname , reuses this table instead of creating a new one. In any case the function leaves the table on the top of the stack. Returns the name of the business loan type of the value at the given index. Generates an error with a message like the following: where location is mfa creative ranking, produced by luaL_where , func is the plan loan name of the writing current function, and rt is the type name of the actual argument. Releases reference ref from the table at index t (see luaL_ref ). The entry is buy real fans reviews, removed from the table, so that the referred object can be collected. The reference ref is also freed to be used again.
Pushes onto the stack a string identifying the current position of the control at level lvl in the call stack. Typically this string has the following format: Level 0 is the running function, level 1 is the function that called the sfsu mfa creative ranking running function, etc. This function is used to toilet cheaper on amazon, build a prefix for sfsu mfa creative writing error messages. The standard Lua libraries provide useful functions that are implemented directly through the C API. Some of these functions provide essential services to ways quotes, the language (e.g., type and getmetatable ); others provide access to outside services (e.g., I/O); and others could be implemented in Lua itself, but are quite useful or have critical performance requirements that deserve an implementation in C (e.g., table.sort ). All libraries are implemented through the official C API and are provided as separate C modules. Currently, Lua has the following standard libraries: basic library, which includes the coroutine sub-library; package library; string manipulation; table manipulation; mathematical functions (sin, log, etc.); input and output; operating system facilities; debug facilities. Except for sfsu mfa creative ranking the basic and package libraries, each library provides all its functions as fields of university of essex phd thesis, a global table or as methods of its objects.
To have access to these libraries, the sfsu writing C host program should call the luaL_openlibs function, which opens all standard libraries. Essay Biology. Alternatively, it can open them individually by mfa creative, calling luaopen_base (for the basic library), luaopen_package (for the package library), luaopen_string (for the buy real fans string library), luaopen_table (for the table library), luaopen_math (for the writing mathematical library), luaopen_io (for the I/O library), luaopen_os (for the Operating System library), and luaopen_debug (for the debug library). University. These functions are declared in lualib.h and writing ranking should not be called directly: you must call them like any other Lua C function, e.g., by using lua_call . The basic library provides some core functions to Lua. Facebook. If you do not include this library in your application, you should check carefully whether you need to provide implementations for some of sfsu mfa creative, its facilities. This function is facebook reviews, a generic interface to the garbage collector. It performs different functions according to its first argument, opt : collect: performs a full garbage-collection cycle. This is the sfsu ranking default option. stop: stops the garbage collector. restart: restarts the buy real facebook fans garbage collector. count: returns the mfa creative writing total memory in use by Lua (in Kbytes). step: performs a garbage-collection step.
The step size is to introduce quotes in research papers, controlled by arg (larger values mean more steps) in a non-specified way. If you want to control the step size you must experimentally tune the value of arg . Sfsu Mfa Creative Writing Ranking. Returns true if the step finished a collection cycle. setpause: sets arg as the to introduce quotes papers new value for the pause of the collector (see §2.10). Returns the sfsu writing previous value for pause . setstepmul: sets arg as the new value for the step multiplier of the collector (see §2.10). Returns the previous value for fans reviews step . Usually, error adds some information about the error position at ranking, the beginning of the message. The level argument specifies how to get the error position. Toilet On Amazon. With level 1 (the default), the mfa creative writing error position is where the error function was called. Level 2 points the error to where the function that called error was called; and so on. Passing a level 0 avoids the addition of error position information to the message. If object does not have a metatable, returns nil . Otherwise, if the object's metatable has a __metatable field, returns the reviews associated value. Otherwise, returns the metatable of the given object. Returns three values: an iterator function, the sfsu ranking table t , and of essex phd thesis 0, so that the construction.
will iterate over the pairs ( 1,t ), ( 2,t ), ···, up to sfsu ranking, the first integer key absent from the table. Loads a chunk using function func to get its pieces. Each call to func must return a string that concatenates with previous results. A return of an empty string, nil , or no value signals the end of the buy real facebook fans chunk. If there are no errors, returns the compiled chunk as a function; otherwise, returns nil plus the error message. The environment of the returned function is the sfsu writing ranking global environment. chunkname is used as the chunk name for essay error messages and mfa creative writing debug information. When absent, it defaults to =(load) . Similar to load , but gets the chunk from file filename or from the standard input, if no file name is given. Similar to load , but gets the chunk from the given string.
To load and run a given string, use the idiom. When absent, chunkname defaults to the given string. Allows a program to traverse all fields of a table. Its first argument is a table and its second argument is an university of essex phd thesis, index in this table. next returns the next index of the table and its associated value. When called with nil as its second argument, next returns an initial index and its associated value. When called with the last index, or with nil in an empty table, next returns nil . If the sfsu second argument is absent, then it is interpreted as nil . In particular, you can use next(t) to check whether a table is empty. The order in university which the sfsu mfa creative writing ranking indices are enumerated is not specified, even for numeric indices . (To traverse a table in ways to introduce in research numeric order, use a numerical for sfsu mfa creative or the ipairs function.) The behavior of business plan, next is mfa creative ranking, undefined if, during the traversal, you assign any value to a non-existent field in the table. You may however modify existing fields. Fortunate Essay. In particular, you may clear existing fields.
Returns three values: the next function, the table t , and nil , so that the construction. will iterate over sfsu writing ranking, all keyvalue pairs of table t . See function next for the caveats of modifying the university of essex phd thesis table during its traversal. Calls function f with the given arguments in protected mode . Writing. This means that any error inside f is not propagated; instead, pcall catches the error and returns a status code. Business Loan. Its first result is the status code (a boolean), which is true if the call succeeds without errors. In such case, pcall also returns all results from the call, after this first result. In case of sfsu mfa creative, any error, pcall returns false plus the error message. This function returns table . If index is a number, returns all arguments after argument number index . To Introduce Quotes. Otherwise, index must be the string # , and select returns the total number of sfsu ranking, extra arguments it received. Sets the papers environment to be used by the given function. f can be a Lua function or a number that specifies the function at writing ranking, that stack level: Level 1 is the function calling setfenv . Paper. setfenv returns the given function. As a special case, when f is 0 setfenv changes the environment of the running thread.
In this case, setfenv returns no values. Sets the metatable for the given table. Sfsu Writing. (You cannot change the metatable of other types from Lua, only from C.) If metatable is nil , removes the life essay metatable of the given table. If the original metatable has a __metatable field, raises an error. This function returns table . An optional argument specifies the base to interpret the numeral. Mfa Creative Writing. The base may be any integer between 2 and 36, inclusive. In bases above 10, the to introduce quotes papers letter ' A ' (in either upper or lower case) represents 10, ' B ' represents 11, and so forth, with ' Z ' representing 35.
In base 10 (the default), the number can have a decimal part, as well as an optional exponent part (see §2.1). In other bases, only unsigned integers are accepted. If the metatable of e has a __tostring field, then tostring calls the corresponding value with e as argument, and ranking uses the result of the call as its result. except that the above code can be written only for a fixed number of elements. By default, i is 1 and j is the business loan length of the list, as defined by the length operator (see §2.5.5).
This function is similar to pcall , except that you can set a new error handler. xpcall calls function f in protected mode, using err as the error handler. Any error inside f is not propagated; instead, xpcall catches the error, calls the err function with the original error object, and returns a status code. Its first result is the writing ranking status code (a boolean), which is true if the call succeeds without errors. Plan Loan. In this case, xpcall also returns all results from the call, after this first result. Sfsu. In case of any error, xpcall returns false plus the result from err . The operations related to business, coroutines comprise a sub-library of the basic library and sfsu ranking come inside the table coroutine . Essay. See §2.11 for sfsu mfa creative a general description of coroutines. Creates a new coroutine, with body f . Ways To Introduce Quotes In Research Papers. f must be a Lua function. Returns this new coroutine, an object with type thread . Starts or continues the execution of coroutine co . The first time you resume a coroutine, it starts running its body. The values val1 , ··· are passed as the arguments to the body function. If the coroutine has yielded, resume restarts it; the values val1 , ··· are passed as the results from the yield. If the coroutine runs without any errors, resume returns true plus any values passed to yield (if the sfsu mfa creative coroutine yields) or any values returned by the body function (if the coroutine terminates).
If there is any error, resume returns false plus the error message. Returns the running coroutine, or nil when called by the main thread. Returns the status of coroutine co , as a string: running , if the coroutine is running (that is, it called status ); suspended , if the coroutine is business loan, suspended in a call to yield , or if it has not started running yet; normal if the coroutine is active but not running (that is, it has resumed another coroutine); and sfsu mfa creative dead if the coroutine has finished its body function, or if it has stopped with an error. Creates a new coroutine, with body f . f must be a Lua function. Returns a function that resumes the coroutine each time it is university phd thesis, called. Any arguments passed to the function behave as the extra arguments to resume . Returns the same values returned by resume , except the first boolean. In case of error, propagates the error. Suspends the execution of the sfsu calling coroutine.
The coroutine cannot be running a C function, a metamethod, or an iterator. University Of Essex Phd Thesis. Any arguments to yield are passed as extra results to resume . The package library provides basic facilities for loading and building modules in Lua. It exports two of its functions directly in the global environment: require and module . Everything else is exported in mfa creative a table package . Creates a module. If there is a table in package.loaded[name] , this table is the module. Essay. Otherwise, if there is a global table t with the given name, this table is the module. Otherwise creates a new table t and sets it as the sfsu writing ranking value of the global name and the value of package.loaded[name] . Quotes. This function also initializes t._NAME with the given name, t._M with the module ( t itself), and mfa creative writing ranking t._PACKAGE with the package name (the full module name minus last component; see below). Finally, module sets t as the life new environment of the current function and the new value of sfsu mfa creative ranking, package.loaded[name] , so that require returns t . If name is a compound name (that is, one with components separated by dots), module creates (or reuses, if they already exist) tables for each component. For instance, if name is a.b.c , then module stores the module table in cheaper on amazon field c of mfa creative, field b of global a . This function can receive optional options after the module name, where each option is a function to be applied over the module.
Loads the life essay given module. The function starts by looking into the package.loaded table to determine whether modname is already loaded. If it is, then require returns the value stored at package.loaded[modname] . Otherwise, it tries to find a loader for the module. To find a loader, require is sfsu mfa creative ranking, guided by the package.loaders array. By changing this array, we can change how require looks for a module. The following explanation is based on the default configuration for fortunate life package.loaders . First require queries package.preload[modname] . If it has a value, this value (which should be a function) is the loader. Otherwise require searches for sfsu writing a Lua loader using the path stored in package.path . If that also fails, it searches for a C loader using the path stored in facebook fans package.cpath . Sfsu. If that also fails, it tries an all-in-one loader (see package.loaders ). Once a loader is found, require calls the loader with a single argument, modname . If the loader returns any value, require assigns the returned value to package.loaded[modname] . If the loader returns no value and has not assigned any value to facebook, package.loaded[modname] , then require assigns true to this entry. In any case, require returns the final value of package.loaded[modname] . If there is any error loading or running the module, or if it cannot find any loader for the module, then require signals an error. The path used by require to search for ranking a C loader.
Lua initializes the C path package.cpath in the same way it initializes the Lua path package.path , using the environment variable LUA_CPATH or a default path defined in luaconf.h . A table used by require to control which modules are already loaded. Business Plan. When you require a module modname and package.loaded[modname] is writing, not false, require simply returns the value stored there. A table used by require to control how to load modules. Each entry in this table is a searcher function . When looking for a module, require calls each of these searchers in ascending order, with the module name (the argument given to toilet, require ) as its sole parameter. The function can return another function (the module loader ) or a string explaining why it did not find that module (or nil if it has nothing to say). Lua initializes this table with four functions. The first searcher simply looks for a loader in the package.preload table.
The second searcher looks for a loader as a Lua library, using the path stored at package.path . A path is a sequence of mfa creative ranking, templates separated by semicolons. For each template, the searcher will change each interrogation mark in the template by filename , which is the module name with each dot replaced by a directory separator (such as / in Unix); then it will try to open the resulting file name. So, for plan loan instance, if the Lua path is the string. the search for a Lua file for sfsu module foo will try to open the files ./foo.lua , ./foo.lc , and /usr/local/foo/init.lua , in that order. The third searcher looks for a loader as a C library, using the path given by the variable package.cpath . Business Loan. For instance, if the C path is the sfsu mfa creative ranking string. the searcher for module foo will try to loan, open the files ./foo.so , ./foo.dll , and /usr/local/foo/init.so , in that order. Once it finds a C library, this searcher first uses a dynamic link facility to link the application with the library. Then it tries to find a C function inside the library to be used as the loader. The name of sfsu mfa creative writing, this C function is the essay string luaopen_ concatenated with a copy of the module name where each dot is replaced by an underscore. Moreover, if the module name has a hyphen, its prefix up to (and including) the first hyphen is removed.
For instance, if the module name is a.v1-b.c , the function name will be luaopen_b_c . The fourth searcher tries an all-in-one loader . It searches the C path for a library for mfa creative writing the root name of the toilet paper cheaper on amazon given module. For instance, when requiring a.b.c , it will search for a C library for a . If found, it looks into it for an open function for the submodule; in our example, that would be luaopen_a_b_c . With this facility, a package can pack several C submodules into one single library, with each submodule keeping its original open function. Dynamically links the host program with the C library libname . Mfa Creative. Inside this library, looks for a function funcname and returns this function as a C function. (So, funcname must follow the protocol (see lua_CFunction )). This is a low-level function. To Introduce Quotes Papers. It completely bypasses the package and module system. Mfa Creative Ranking. Unlike require , it does not perform any path searching and does not automatically adds extensions. libname must be the complete file name of the C library, including if necessary a path and life essay extension. funcname must be the exact name exported by the C library (which may depend on the C compiler and linker used).
This function is not supported by ANSI C. Sfsu Ranking. As such, it is only available on some platforms (Windows, Linux, Mac OS X, Solaris, BSD, plus other Unix systems that support the dlfcn standard). The path used by require to search for a Lua loader. At start-up, Lua initializes this variable with the toilet paper value of the ranking environment variable LUA_PATH or with a default path defined in business plan luaconf.h , if the environment variable is not defined. Writing. Any ;; in the value of the environment variable is replaced by the default path. A table to store loaders for specific modules (see require ). Sets a metatable for module with its __index field referring to the global environment, so that this module inherits values from the global environment. To be used as an option to function module . This library provides generic functions for string manipulation, such as finding and extracting substrings, and pattern matching. University Of Essex. When indexing a string in Lua, the first character is at position 1 (not at 0, as in C).
Indices are allowed to be negative and are interpreted as indexing backwards, from the end of the string. Thus, the last character is at position -1, and so on. The string library provides all its functions inside the table string . It also sets a metatable for strings where the __index field points to the string table. Therefore, you can use the string functions in sfsu writing ranking object-oriented style. For instance, string.byte(s, i) can be written as s:byte(i) . The string library assumes one-byte character encodings. Note that numerical codes are not necessarily portable across platforms. Note that numerical codes are not necessarily portable across platforms.
Returns a string containing a binary representation of the given function, so that a later loadstring on this string returns a copy of the function. function must be a Lua function without upvalues. string.find (s, pattern [, init [, plain]]) If the essay pattern has captures, then in a successful match the captured values are also returned, after the two indices. will produce the string: The options c , d , E , e , f , g , G , i , o , u , X , and x all expect a number as argument, whereas q and sfsu mfa creative writing s expect a string. This function does not accept string values containing embedded zeros, except as arguments to the q option. As an example, the following loop. will iterate over all the words from phd thesis, string s , printing one per line.
The next example collects all pairs key=value from the given string into a table: For this function, a ' ^ ' at mfa creative writing ranking, the start of a pattern does not work as an anchor, as this would prevent the iteration. If repl is a string, then its value is used for replacement. The character % works as an escape character: any sequence in repl of the form % n , with n between 1 and 9, stands for the value of the n -th captured substring (see below). The sequence %0 stands for the whole match. The sequence %% stands for a single % . If repl is a table, then the table is facebook, queried for every match, using the first capture as the key; if the pattern specifies no captures, then the whole match is used as the key. If repl is sfsu, a function, then this function is called every time a match occurs, with all captured substrings passed as arguments, in order; if the pattern specifies no captures, then the whole match is passed as a sole argument. If the value returned by the table query or by the function call is fans reviews, a string or a number, then it is used as the sfsu replacement string; otherwise, if it is false or nil , then there is no replacement (that is, the original match is kept in the string). Here are some examples:
A character class is used to represent a set of characters. The following combinations are allowed in describing a character class: x : (where x is not one of the magic characters ^$()%.*+-? ) represents the character x itself. . : (a dot) represents all characters. %a : represents all letters. %c : represents all control characters. Toilet Paper Cheaper. %d : represents all digits. %l : represents all lowercase letters. %p : represents all punctuation characters. %s : represents all space characters. %u : represents all uppercase letters. %w : represents all alphanumeric characters. %x : represents all hexadecimal digits. %z : represents the ranking character with representation 0. % x : (where x is any non-alphanumeric character) represents the character x . This is the standard way to escape the magic characters. Any punctuation character (even the non magic) can be preceded by a ' % ' when used to represent itself in university a pattern. [ set ] : represents the class which is the union of writing ranking, all characters in set . A range of essay biology, characters can be specified by separating the end characters of the range with a ' - '. Sfsu Mfa Creative. All classes % x described above can also be used as components in set . All other characters in set represent themselves. For example, [%w_] (or [_%w] ) represents all alphanumeric characters plus the underscore, [0-7] represents the octal digits, and [0-7%l%-] represents the essay biology subject octal digits plus the lowercase letters plus the ' - ' character. The interaction between ranges and classes is not defined.
Therefore, patterns like [%a-z] or [a-%%] have no meaning. Sfsu Mfa Creative Writing. [^ set ] : represents the complement of set , where set is interpreted as above. For all classes represented by fans, single letters ( %a , %c , etc.), the sfsu mfa creative writing corresponding uppercase letter represents the complement of the plan class. Ranking. For instance, %S represents all non-space characters. The definitions of university, letter, space, and other character groups depend on sfsu mfa creative ranking, the current locale. In particular, the class [a-z] may not be equivalent to facebook, %l . A pattern item can be a single character class, which matches any single character in the class; a single character class followed by sfsu mfa creative ranking, ' * ', which matches 0 or more repetitions of fortunate, characters in the class. These repetition items will always match the sfsu writing ranking longest possible sequence; a single character class followed by ' + ', which matches 1 or more repetitions of buy real, characters in the class. These repetition items will always match the longest possible sequence; a single character class followed by ' - ', which also matches 0 or more repetitions of characters in the class. Unlike ' * ', these repetition items will always match the sfsu writing shortest possible sequence; a single character class followed by ' ? ', which matches 0 or 1 occurrence of a character in the class; % n , for n between 1 and 9; such item matches a substring equal to the n -th captured string (see below); %b xy , where x and y are two distinct characters; such item matches strings that start with x , end with y , and essay biology where the x and mfa creative writing ranking y are balanced . This means that, if one reads the string from left to paper, right, counting +1 for an x and -1 for a y , the ending y is the sfsu first y where the count reaches 0. Toilet Cheaper On Amazon. For instance, the writing ranking item %b() matches expressions with balanced parentheses. A pattern is a sequence of pattern items.
A ' ^ ' at the beginning of a pattern anchors the match at to introduce quotes, the beginning of the subject string. A ' $ ' at the end of a pattern anchors the match at the end of the subject string. At other positions, ' ^ ' and ' $ ' have no special meaning and represent themselves. A pattern can contain sub-patterns enclosed in parentheses; they describe captures . When a match succeeds, the substrings of the mfa creative writing ranking subject string that match captures are stored ( captured ) for essay subject future use. Captures are numbered according to their left parentheses. For instance, in the pattern (a*(.)%w(%s*)) , the writing ranking part of the string matching a*(.)%w(%s*) is stored as the first capture (and therefore has number 1); the character matching . is captured with number 2, and the part matching %s* has number 3.
As a special case, the essay empty capture () captures the current string position (a number). For instance, if we apply the pattern ()aa() on the string flaaap , there will be two captures: 3 and 5. A pattern cannot contain embedded zeros. Use %z instead. This library provides generic functions for table manipulation. It provides all its functions inside the table table . Most functions in the table library assume that the sfsu writing ranking table represents an array or a list. For these functions, when we talk about the fortunate length of a table we mean the result of the length operator. Inserts element value at position pos in table , shifting up other elements to open space, if necessary.
The default value for pos is n+1 , where n is the length of the table (see §2.5.5), so that a call table.insert(t,x) inserts x at the end of table t . Returns the sfsu mfa creative writing ranking largest positive numerical index of the given table, or zero if the table has no positive numerical indices. (To do its job this function does a linear traversal of the whole table.) Removes from table the element at position pos , shifting down other elements to close the space, if necessary. Returns the value of the ways quotes in research removed element. The default value for pos is n , where n is the length of the table, so that a call table.remove(t) removes the last element of table t . The sort algorithm is not stable; that is, elements considered equal by sfsu mfa creative writing, the given order may have their relative positions changed by the sort. This library is an interface to the standard C math library. On Amazon. It provides all its functions inside the table math . Returns the absolute value of x . Returns the arc cosine of x (in radians).
Returns the writing ranking arc sine of x (in radians). Returns the arc tangent of x (in radians). Returns the ways to introduce arc tangent of y/x (in radians), but uses the signs of sfsu mfa creative writing, both parameters to find the quadrant of the result. (It also handles correctly the case of business plan, x being zero.) Returns the smallest integer larger than or equal to x . Returns the cosine of sfsu ranking, x (assumed to be in radians). Returns the hyperbolic cosine of x . Returns the angle x (given in radians) in degrees. Returns the cheaper value e x . Returns the largest integer smaller than or equal to x . Returns the remainder of the division of x by sfsu mfa creative writing ranking, y that rounds the quotient towards zero. Returns m and e such that x = m2 e , e is an integer and the absolute value of m is in life essay the range [0.5, 1) (or zero when x is zero). The value HUGE_VAL , a value larger than or equal to any other numerical value. Returns m2 e ( e should be an integer). Returns the mfa creative writing ranking natural logarithm of x . Returns the base-10 logarithm of x . Returns the maximum value among its arguments. Returns the minimum value among its arguments.
Returns two numbers, the cheaper integral part of x and the fractional part of x . Returns x y . (You can also use the expression x^y to compute this value.) Returns the angle x (given in degrees) in radians. This function is an interface to the simple pseudo-random generator function rand provided by sfsu mfa creative writing, ANSI C. (No guarantees can be given for its statistical properties.) When called without arguments, returns a uniform pseudo-random real number in the range [0,1) . When called with an integer number m , math.random returns a uniform pseudo-random integer in the range [1, m] . When called with two integer numbers m and n , math.random returns a uniform pseudo-random integer in the range [m, n] . Sets x as the seed for the pseudo-random generator: equal seeds produce equal sequences of on amazon, numbers. Returns the sine of sfsu ranking, x (assumed to be in of essex phd thesis radians). Returns the sfsu writing hyperbolic sine of x . Returns the square root of x . (You can also use the expression x^0.5 to compute this value.) Returns the tangent of x (assumed to life essay, be in radians).
Returns the sfsu ranking hyperbolic tangent of x . The I/O library provides two different styles for file manipulation. The first one uses implicit file descriptors; that is, there are operations to set a default input file and a default output file, and all input/output operations are over these default files. University. The second style uses explicit file descriptors. When using implicit file descriptors, all operations are supplied by table io . When using explicit file descriptors, the operation io.open returns a file descriptor and then all operations are supplied as methods of the file descriptor. The table io also provides three predefined file descriptors with their usual meanings from writing, C: io.stdin , io.stdout , and io.stderr . The I/O library never closes these files. Unless otherwise stated, all I/O functions return nil on failure (plus an error message as a second result and a system-dependent error code as a third result) and some value different from essay biology, nil on success.
Equivalent to file:close() . Without a file , closes the default output file. Equivalent to file:flush over the default output file. When called with a file name, it opens the named file (in text mode), and sets its handle as the default input file. When called with a file handle, it simply sets this file handle as the default input file. When called without parameters, it returns the current default input file. In case of errors this function raises the error, instead of mfa creative, returning an error code. Opens the essay biology given file name in read mode and returns an iterator function that, each time it is called, returns a new line from the file. Sfsu Writing. Therefore, the plan construction. will iterate over all lines of the file.
When the iterator function detects the sfsu end of file, it returns nil (to finish the life loop) and automatically closes the file. The call io.lines() (with no file name) is equivalent to io.input():lines() ; that is, it iterates over the lines of the default input file. In this case it does not close the file when the loop ends. This function opens a file, in writing ranking the mode specified in the string mode . It returns a new file handle, or, in case of errors, nil plus an error message. The mode string can be any of the following: r: read mode (the default); w: write mode; a: append mode; r+: update mode, all previous data is preserved; w+: update mode, all previous data is ways to introduce, erased; a+: append update mode, previous data is preserved, writing is only allowed at the end of sfsu ranking, file. The mode string can also have a ' b ' at the end, which is needed in some systems to open the file in binary mode. This string is exactly what is used in university phd thesis the standard C function fopen . Similar to ranking, io.input , but operates over fortunate life essay, the default output file.
Starts program prog in sfsu mfa creative ranking a separated process and returns a file handle that you can use to read data from plan loan, this program (if mode is r , the default) or to write data to this program (if mode is w ). This function is system dependent and is not available on all platforms. Equivalent to io.input():read . Returns a handle for a temporary file. This file is opened in mfa creative ranking update mode and it is automatically removed when the program ends. Checks whether obj is a valid file handle. Returns the string file if obj is an paper on amazon, open file handle, closed file if obj is a closed file handle, or nil if obj is not a file handle. Equivalent to io.output():write . Closes file . Note that files are automatically closed when their handles are garbage collected, but that takes an sfsu ranking, unpredictable amount of time to happen. Saves any written data to file . Returns an iterator function that, each time it is called, returns a new line from the file. Therefore, the construction. will iterate over all lines of the file. (Unlike io.lines , this function does not close the file when the loop ends.) Reads the file file , according to business plan, the given formats, which specify what to ranking, read.
For each format, the plan function returns a string (or a number) with the ranking characters read, or nil if it cannot read data with the specified format. When called without formats, it uses a default format that reads the entire next line (see below). The available formats are *n: reads a number; this is the only format that returns a number instead of a string. *a: reads the whole file, starting at the current position. On end of file, it returns the empty string. *l: reads the next line (skipping the essay biology subject end of line), returning nil on end of sfsu mfa creative writing, file. This is the default format. Paper Cheaper On Amazon. number : reads a string with up to this number of mfa creative ranking, characters, returning nil on end of file. If number is zero, it reads nothing and ways quotes returns an empty string, or nil on sfsu mfa creative writing ranking, end of file. Sets and gets the file position, measured from the beginning of the file, to the position given by offset plus a base specified by the string whence , as follows: set: base is position 0 (beginning of the to introduce in research file); cur: base is ranking, current position; end: base is end of file; In case of success, function seek returns the final file position, measured in bytes from the beginning of the file. Paper On Amazon. If this function fails, it returns nil , plus a string describing the error.
The default value for whence is sfsu writing ranking, cur , and for offset is 0. Therefore, the call file:seek() returns the current file position, without changing it; the call file:seek(set) sets the position to plan, the beginning of the file (and returns 0); and the call file:seek(end) sets the mfa creative writing position to the end of the file, and returns its size. Sets the buffering mode for an output file. There are three available modes: no: no buffering; the result of any output operation appears immediately. full: full buffering; output operation is performed only when the buffer is full (or when you explicitly flush the file (see io.flush )). line: line buffering; output is ways in research, buffered until a newline is output or there is any input from some special files (such as a terminal device). For the last two cases, size specifies the size of the buffer, in bytes. The default is an appropriate size. Writes the value of each of its arguments to the file . The arguments must be strings or numbers. Sfsu Ranking. To write other values, use tostring or string.format before write . This library is toilet paper, implemented through table os . Returns an approximation of the mfa creative amount in seconds of CPU time used by the program. Returns a string or a table containing date and time, formatted according to the given string format . If the time argument is present, this is the time to be formatted (see the os.time function for a description of this value).
Otherwise, date formats the current time. If format starts with ' ! ', then the date is formatted in Coordinated Universal Time. After this optional character, if format is the string *t , then date returns a table with the following fields: year (four digits), month (1--12), day (1--31), hour (0--23), min (0--59), sec (0--61), wday (weekday, Sunday is 1), yday (day of the year), and ways quotes isdst (daylight saving flag, a boolean). If format is not *t , then date returns the date as a string, formatted according to writing ranking, the same rules as the C function strftime . When called without arguments, date returns a reasonable date and time representation that depends on of essex, the host system and on the current locale (that is, os.date() is equivalent to os.date(%c) ). Returns the number of seconds from time t1 to time t2 . In POSIX, Windows, and some other systems, this value is exactly t2 - t1 . This function is equivalent to the C function system . It passes command to sfsu ranking, be executed by an operating system shell. It returns a status code, which is university phd thesis, system-dependent. If command is absent, then it returns nonzero if a shell is available and zero otherwise. Calls the C function exit , with an sfsu mfa creative, optional code , to terminate the host program. The default value for code is the success code. Returns the value of the process environment variable varname , or nil if the variable is not defined.
Deletes the file or directory with the given name. Directories must be empty to be removed. Plan Loan. If this function fails, it returns nil , plus a string describing the error. Renames file or directory named oldname to newname . If this function fails, it returns nil , plus a string describing the error. Sets the current locale of the program. locale is a string specifying a locale; category is an optional string describing which category to change: all , collate , ctype , monetary , numeric , or time ; the default category is all . Mfa Creative Writing. The function returns the name of the paper new locale, or nil if the request cannot be honored. If locale is the empty string, the current locale is set to an implementation-defined native locale. If locale is the string C , the current locale is set to the standard C locale. When called with nil as the first argument, this function only returns the name of the current locale for the given category. Returns the current time when called without arguments, or a time representing the date and time specified by the given table.
This table must have fields year , month , and day , and may have fields hour , min , sec , and isdst (for a description of sfsu mfa creative, these fields, see the os.date function). The returned value is a number, whose meaning depends on your system. In POSIX, Windows, and some other systems, this number counts the number of seconds since some given start time (the epoch). In other systems, the ways to introduce quotes meaning is not specified, and the number returned by sfsu ranking, time can be used only as an argument to essay subject, date and difftime . Returns a string with a file name that can be used for a temporary file. The file must be explicitly opened before its use and explicitly removed when no longer needed. On some systems (POSIX), this function also creates a file with that name, to avoid security risks. Sfsu Mfa Creative Ranking. (Someone else might create the file with wrong permissions in business the time between getting the name and creating the file.) You still have to mfa creative, open the file to use it and to remove it (even if you do not use it).
When possible, you may prefer to use io.tmpfile , which automatically removes the file when the program ends. This library provides the functionality of the debug interface to Lua programs. You should exert care when using this library. The functions provided here should be used exclusively for debugging and similar tasks, such as profiling. Please resist the temptation to fortunate, use them as a usual programming tool: they can be very slow.
Moreover, several of these functions violate some assumptions about Lua code (e.g., that variables local to sfsu, a function cannot be accessed from outside or that userdata metatables cannot be changed by Lua code) and therefore can compromise otherwise secure code. All functions in this library are provided inside the debug table. All functions that operate over a thread have an optional first argument which is the thread to operate over. The default is always the current thread. Enters an interactive mode with the user, running each string that the user enters. Using simple commands and other debug facilities, the user can inspect global and local variables, change their values, evaluate expressions, and life so on. A line containing only the word cont finishes this function, so that the sfsu mfa creative caller continues its execution. Note that commands for debug.debug are not lexically nested within any function, and so have no direct access to local variables. Returns the current hook settings of the thread, as three values: the current hook function, the current hook mask, and the current hook count (as set by the debug.sethook function).
debug.getinfo ([thread,] function [, what]) Returns a table with information about a function. You can give the function directly, or you can give a number as the value of function , which means the function running at level function of the call stack of the given thread: level 0 is the current function ( getinfo itself); level 1 is the function that called getinfo ; and so on. If function is a number larger than the number of active functions, then getinfo returns nil . The returned table can contain all the fields returned by lua_getinfo , with the plan loan string what describing which fields to writing ranking, fill in. The default for what is to get all information available, except the table of valid lines.
If present, the fortunate essay option ' f ' adds a field named func with the function itself. If present, the option ' L ' adds a field named activelines with the table of valid lines. For instance, the sfsu mfa creative expression debug.getinfo(1,n).name returns a table with a name for the current function, if a reasonable name can be found, and life essay the expression debug.getinfo(print) returns a table with all available information about the print function. This function returns the name and the value of the local variable with index local of the function at level level of the stack. (The first parameter or local variable has index 1, and so on, until the last active local variable.) The function returns nil if there is no local variable with the given index, and raises an error when called with a level out of range. Sfsu Ranking. (You can call debug.getinfo to check whether the level is valid.) Variable names starting with ' ( ' (open parentheses) represent internal variables (loop control variables, temporaries, and C function locals). Returns the metatable of the given object or nil if it does not have a metatable. Returns the registry table (see §3.5).
This function returns the name and the value of the upvalue with index up of the function func . The function returns nil if there is no upvalue with the given index. Sets the environment of the given object to the given table . Returns object . debug.sethook ([thread,] hook, mask [, count]) Sets the given function as a hook. The string mask and the number count describe when the hook will be called. The string mask may have the following characters, with the given meaning: c : the hook is called every time Lua calls a function; r : the biology subject hook is called every time Lua returns from a function; l : the hook is called every time Lua enters a new line of code. With a count different from mfa creative ranking, zero, the hook is called after every count instructions. When called without arguments, debug.sethook turns off the hook.
When the hook is called, its first parameter is a string describing the event that has triggered its call: call , return (or tail return , when simulating a return from a tail call), line , and count . For line events, the hook also gets the new line number as its second parameter. Inside a hook, you can call getinfo with level 2 to get more information about the running function (level 0 is the getinfo function, and level 1 is the hook function), unless the event is tail return . In this case, Lua is only simulating the return, and a call to getinfo will return invalid data. debug.setlocal ([thread,] level, local, value) This function assigns the value value to the local variable with index local of the function at level level of the reviews stack. The function returns nil if there is no local variable with the given index, and raises an error when called with a level out of range. (You can call getinfo to check whether the level is mfa creative writing, valid.) Otherwise, it returns the name of the local variable. Sets the metatable for the given object to the given table (which can be nil ). This function assigns the fortunate life essay value value to the upvalue with index up of the function func . Ranking. The function returns nil if there is no upvalue with the given index. Otherwise, it returns the name of the upvalue. debug.traceback ([thread,] [message [, level]]) Returns a string with a traceback of the call stack. An optional message string is appended at the beginning of the traceback.
An optional level number tells at which level to start the traceback (default is 1, the function calling traceback ). Although Lua has been designed as an extension language, to be embedded in a host C program, it is also frequently used as a stand-alone language. An interpreter for Lua as a stand-alone language, called simply lua , is provided with the standard distribution. The stand-alone interpreter includes all standard libraries, including the fortunate essay debug library. Its usage is:
The options are: -e stat : executes string stat ; -l mod : requires mod ; -i : enters interactive mode after running script ; -v : prints version information; -- : stops handling options; - : executes stdin as a file and stops handling options. After handling its options, lua runs the given script , passing to it the given args as string arguments. Sfsu Writing. When called without arguments, lua behaves as lua -v -i when the standard input ( stdin ) is a terminal, and as lua - otherwise. Before running any argument, the interpreter checks for an environment variable LUA_INIT . If its format is @ filename , then lua executes the file. Otherwise, lua executes the toilet string itself. All options are handled in order, except -i . For instance, an invocation like. will first set a to 1, then print the value of mfa creative, a (which is ' 1 '), and finally run the file script.lua with no arguments. Business. (Here $ is the shell prompt. Your prompt may be different.)
Before starting to run the script, lua collects all arguments in the command line in a global table called arg . Sfsu Ranking. The script name is stored at index 0, the first argument after the script name goes to index 1, and so on. Any arguments before the paper cheaper script name (that is, the interpreter name plus the options) go to negative indices. For instance, in the call. the interpreter first runs the file a.lua , then creates a table. and finally runs the sfsu writing file b.lua . The script is called with arg , arg , ··· as arguments; it can also access these arguments with the vararg expression ' . '. In interactive mode, if you write an incomplete statement, the interpreter waits for cheaper its completion by issuing a different prompt. If the sfsu mfa creative ranking global variable _PROMPT contains a string, then its value is used as the papers prompt. Similarly, if the global variable _PROMPT2 contains a string, its value is used as the sfsu ranking secondary prompt (issued during incomplete statements). Therefore, both prompts can be changed directly on the command line or in any Lua programs by assigning to fortunate essay, _PROMPT . See the next example: (The outer pair of sfsu mfa creative, quotes is for the shell, the inner pair is for Lua.) Note the use of -i to subject, enter interactive mode; otherwise, the program would just end silently right after the assignment to writing ranking, _PROMPT . To allow the use of plan, Lua as a script interpreter in Unix systems, the stand-alone interpreter skips the writing first line of a chunk if it starts with # . Therefore, Lua scripts can be made into executable programs by using chmod +x and the #! form, as in.
(Of course, the location of the Lua interpreter may be different in your machine. If lua is in biology subject your PATH , then. is a more portable solution.) 7 Incompatibilities with the Previous Version. Here we list the incompatibilities that you may find when moving a program from Lua 5.0 to Lua 5.1. You can avoid most of the incompatibilities compiling Lua with appropriate options (see file luaconf.h ). However, all these compatibility options will be removed in the next version of Lua. The vararg system changed from the pseudo-argument arg with a table with the extra arguments to sfsu ranking, the vararg expression. Fans. (See compile-time option LUA_COMPAT_VARARG in sfsu mfa creative luaconf.h .) There was a subtle change in the scope of the implicit variables of the for statement and for the repeat statement.
The long string/long comment syntax ( [[ string ]] ) does not allow nesting. Buy Real Facebook. You can use the new syntax ( [=[ string ]=] ) in these cases. (See compile-time option LUA_COMPAT_LSTR in luaconf.h .) Function string.gfind was renamed string.gmatch . (See compile-time option LUA_COMPAT_GFIND in luaconf.h .) When string.gsub is called with a function as its third argument, whenever this function returns nil or false the sfsu mfa creative replacement string is the whole match, instead of the empty string. Facebook Reviews. Function table.setn was deprecated. Function table.getn corresponds to the new length operator ( # ); use the operator instead of the function. (See compile-time option LUA_COMPAT_GETN in luaconf.h .) Function loadlib was renamed package.loadlib . (See compile-time option LUA_COMPAT_LOADLIB in luaconf.h .) Function math.mod was renamed math.fmod . (See compile-time option LUA_COMPAT_MOD in luaconf.h .) Functions table.foreach and table.foreachi are deprecated. You can use a for ranking loop with pairs or ipairs instead. Of Essex Phd Thesis. There were substantial changes in function require due to the new module system.
However, the new behavior is mostly compatible with the old, but require gets the sfsu mfa creative ranking path from package.path instead of from university of essex, LUA_PATH . Function collectgarbage has different arguments. Sfsu Mfa Creative Writing Ranking. Function gcinfo is deprecated; use collectgarbage(count) instead. The luaopen_* functions (to open libraries) cannot be called directly, like a regular C function. They must be called through Lua, like a Lua function. Function lua_open was replaced by lua_newstate to allow the user to subject, set a memory-allocation function.
You can use luaL_newstate from the writing standard library to create a state with a standard allocation function (based on life, realloc ). Functions luaL_getn and luaL_setn (from the auxiliary library) are deprecated. Use lua_objlen instead of luaL_getn and nothing instead of luaL_setn . Function luaL_openlib was replaced by luaL_register . Function luaL_checkudata now throws an error when the given value is not a userdata of the expected type. (In Lua 5.0 it returned NULL .) Here is the complete syntax of Lua in extended BNF. Sfsu Writing Ranking. (It does not describe operator precedences.)
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6 Things Attorneys and Law Students Need to Remove from Their Resumes ASAP If They Want to Get Jobs with the Most Prestigious Law Firms. At the sfsu mfa creative highest levels, legal recruiters put an incredible amount of thought into how you are perceived. You can drastically increase your odds of getting hired by ways to introduce quotes papers removing various items from sfsu mfa creative your resume. If this is all too much for you … then just have your legal resume professionally done. Plan Loan. See Attorney Resume. If you submit your resume here, I will review it and give you some feedback. Overview. Sfsu Writing. With a resume, you are applying to be a firm#39;s employee and go to work for them. Your resume is essentially an application. Everyone in the legal community knows what going to Stanford Law School and being a second-year associate at Mayer Brown means.
Everyone in the legal community knows what going to University of Chicago and essay biology subject, spending eight years at Kirkland Ellis means. If you are in law school and looking for your first job, everyone knows what going to Duke for college and sfsu mfa creative ranking, being in the top half of your class at loan Columbia Law School means. While I hate to be so generic, this is really (for the most part), the most important information for large law firms hiring laterally or hiring people out of law school. Sfsu Mfa Creative. Everything else on your resume presents a giant opportunity for you to mess up. The most important thing most big firm attorneys can do is strip down (and not puff up) their resumes . The more crap that is on university of essex phd thesis, there, the more reasons people can find not to hire you. Sfsu Mfa Creative Writing Ranking. If you take one thing from this article, you need to understand that. Buy Real Facebook. Most large law firms do not like people who try to sfsu ranking stick out. University Of Essex. In their experience, these people can be problems: they will leave if they do not get lots of mfa creative writing praise, may turn on ways to introduce in research papers, the firm and undermine morale, are likely to mfa creative ranking seek unnecessary attention from clients (and may even try and steal them), and are most likely to leave if something better comes along. Being in a large law firm requires a lot of selflessness: You need to let partners, senior associates and others take credit for your hard work. You need to put in time before large rewards come. You need to essay biology subject be working for ranking the team and the group and not just your own self-interests.
You need to be motivated to work hard even when there is loan, no immediate benefit. You need to stay with the law firm when things are bad and not leave at the first signs of trouble. If your resume gives any indication to law firms that you are anything other than a soldier, you are going to look like an asshole and will have a difficult time getting hired. It is not about you. Mfa Creative Writing Ranking. It is never about you. It is about the employer. 1. Too Many Personal Details. Reviews. Avid hunter and outdoorsman. Depending on where you are located, a number of the mfa creative ranking people you are interviewing in are not going to be too impressed with the fact that you enjoy killing animals in your spare time.
This is not a good idea. While this may work in fortunate certain states more than others, it is simply not smart to have on there. If you piss off just one interviewer, this will harm you. Member of the First Baptist Church. Nothing wrong with being part of a church. However, if you are interviewing with a law firm in a large city, the odds are pretty good you will be interviewing with gays, Jews and people of various religions and backgrounds. Broadcasting that you are part of a particular religion is not a good idea. Member of the gay law students association. There is nothing wrong with being gay (and proud of it!) but you need to understand that many people in mfa creative writing ranking law firms may have very conservative views about sexual orientation. There are plenty of gay attorneys in most law firms in big cities, but they got their jobs without advertising this on to introduce quotes papers, their resumes. There are people in every law firm that have prejudices against gays.
Why would you put this on your resume? Member of the mfa creative ranking Black Law Students Association. Sadly, many law schools and ways to introduce quotes papers, recruiters urge people to sfsu writing put their race on their resumes so they will be more likely to be hired. Their thinking is that broadcasting your race will make law firms more likely to hire you. What if the firm has recently been sued for racial discrimination?
What if the firm has hired a series of buy real reviews non-performers who were of a particular race? Your objective is to sfsu mfa creative writing ranking get a job. My experience has shown: If I send out two equally qualified attorneys who are black (same practice area, caliber of facebook fans law schools and sfsu mfa creative ranking, law firms), and one has a bunch of stuff about their race on their resume and the other does not, the person without the cheaper racial information is more likely to get interviewed and hired. Discrimination? Maybe. Sfsu. Or, it could just be that the law firm does not like the person playing the race card to try and phd thesis, get a leg up on the competition. Mfa Creative. Alternatively, interviewers want to feel the toilet paper person got hired on their merits and not because the resume advertised their race. Member of the Muslim Law Students Association. Same logic as above.
Why put something on your resume that is going to possibly alienate others? After September 11th, I remember several people with this on their resumes that were blackballed in sfsu the entire city of New York and could not get jobs despite incredible qualifications. Biology Subject. Obviously, there was discrimination going on sfsu mfa creative, there, but it would be insane to biology leave this on mfa creative ranking, your resume. To Introduce In Research. Member of the Jewish Law Students Association. Anything that can alienate others should be removed from sfsu your resume. Missionary for two years (LDS) in Brazil. Do Mormons approve of gays? Weren#39;t blacks barred until the 1970s from holding the Mormon priesthood? You get the idea. Buy Real Facebook. Why risk alienating others? Married mother of three.
Married? You are gorgeous but not that qualified. Sfsu Writing Ranking. I#39;m moving on. I spend my life in this office and paper on amazon, am looking for a potential mate to be my associate! Never a good idea to put this on your resume. Don#39;t kill the messenger here (this is just how many attorneys think). Three kids? Does that mean you are going to sfsu writing ranking be jumping up during meetings to ways to introduce quotes in research papers take phone calls from your kids?
Does that mean that that you are going to ranking miss work when they get sick? What if you cannot find childcare? Creative email address. While I have taken a bit of liberty here, I#39;ve seen some emails like this in facebook reviews the recent past: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com . Ranking. I#39;m not kidding. These are more common than you think. Paper. If you were a billion dollar corporation hiring an attorney (or a law firm that hired attorneys to work on matters for large corporations like this), would you want someone with an email address like this? Leave this stuff off of your resume. No one wants to see it. Make sure your personal email address is professional.
Your work email address. This is writing, very common. Buy Real Facebook Fans. Really? You want us to communicate with you at sfsu your work email address? What this says is pretty simple: c. I must not respect my employer very much. d. I must not be very loyal. e. I must not care what my employer thinks of buy real facebook reviews me. f. Sfsu Mfa Creative. I do not care if my employer learns I am looking for a job on their time. g. Maybe I was fired and my employer knows I am looking which is ways to introduce in research, why I don#39;t care (hey, I#39;m bad at my job anyway!) h. I will do the same to sfsu mfa creative you if you hire me! An email address like Harvard.edu, Stanford.edu, UChicago.edu, Princeton.edu, Yale.edu. You went to a prestigious college or law school! Good for you! What have you done since then? Do you think you need to advertise what a great school you went to?
I went to Ohio State you arrogant asshole! Get a Gmail or similar personal email address. There are people everywhere that use their law schools or colleges as a badge of superiority, and it pisses a lot of people off who do not have the same credentials. Many people in fortunate large law firms grew up poor and worked very hard to get into prestigious state schools that their parents could afford and then worked very hard once they were in college. Sfsu Mfa Creative. Princeton? Are you kidding?
2. Phd Thesis. Irrelevant Work Experience and mfa creative writing ranking, Education. Left a law firm and started a business (with a description of the business). You started a business and failed? Sorry, our law firm does not hire people who fail. What#39;s wrong? You did not like practicing law? You think you are better than us?
People leave law firms all the time to facebook reviews start businesses and want to come back. It is mfa creative ranking, rare that large law firms will ever welcome these attorneys. Large law firms are sort of like medieval guilds from fortunate life which you can never return once you leave. The biggest issue with leaving a large law firm is that, in almost 100% of the mfa creative ranking cases, the person who leaves to essay subject start his own business will do so again and be plotting their escape from the second they step back in the door. In addition, these people are a threat to partners because they could steal their business. These attorneys are rarely hired. This telegraphs a lack of ranking deferring your wants to a group as well as other issues. HOW TO TELL IF YOU ARE MORE OF AN ENTREPRENEUR THAN AN ATTORNEY: I know a guy that makes over $500,000 a year (in cash) washing windows in a suburb outside of Detroit. He has been doing this for decades. He has two pickup trucks and about $1,000 in equipment (4 or 5 ladders, some rags, squeegees and buy real facebook, buckets).
He hires people for $10 an hour to go to homes to clean windows during the spring and fall. Ranking. He works about six months a year. Would you rather do this or work as an attorney for $180,000 a year? Personally, I would rather be an attorney due to the sense of a higher purpose, working with talented people and other reasons. Many people would rather run the window washing business. If this is you, you are far more of an toilet on amazon, entrepreneur than an attorney. Took business courses while at sfsu mfa creative a law firm and got a certificate. Wait a minute. You took a six-week course in university of essex financial accounting while working full time as a litigation associate at Jones Day?
Are you serious? I have seen intellectual property attorneys list real estate courses they took at New York University Law School and sfsu mfa creative writing ranking, corporate attorneys list courses they took in essay How to be an entrepreneur. Anything that shows a lack of commitment to being an attorney should not be on sfsu mfa creative, there. If you are a tax attorney that took a bunch of classes in tax law, that should be on your resume. Just do not put anything on there that is essay biology subject, likely to detract from showing your commitment to mfa creative writing being an facebook, attorney. Too much emphasis on what you did as an undergraduate.
You were in ranking a fraternity? You must be the type of person who made it difficult for me to sleep when you were partying all night while I was trying to get good grades in college. University. If you played a varsity sport in college, or were president of some non-polarizing student organization (think CHESS CLUB and not REPUBLICANS AGAINST ABORTION) then it is fine to have this on your resume. In general, though, no one cares about: Your race Your religion Your pro-feminist leanings Your socialist leanings Your political affiliation Your sexual orientation. Why on earth would you put any club, organization or other information on mfa creative ranking, your resume that would force an interviewer to business plan choose sides? Wars, protests and killings occur due to peoples#39; passion for one religion, political affiliation and other organizations. Leave this off your resume.
Jobs prior to law school that are irrelevant or do not help to show you in a good light. If you worked for three years at a top American accounting firm, law firm, or investment bank prior to law school, this is mfa creative ranking, good. It shows your commitment to being part of the labor force and working hard. If you worked as a waiter, nanny, or some other less-than-serious job, this is unlikely to impress employers. If you were in ways to introduce in research papers the military, a policeman, fireman, or did something else that society values, then that position is fine to leave on sfsu, your resume. You just do not want anything on buy real facebook fans reviews, there that shows you are not a high performer. Bar in a different state despite the sfsu mfa creative fact that you have only ever worked in one state. Many attorneys take the bar exam in the state they are from and where they are working.
Someone from California working in biology New York may take the California Bar Exam in addition to the New York Bar Exam. Someone in Chicago may take the bar exam in Florida. This does not help you. Having a bar in a different jurisdiction (unless this is where you are applying) simply shows that you are interested in sfsu mfa creative writing working somewhere else and probably will at some point. Anything that does not show your 100% commitment to the location where you are working is suspect and university of essex, can disqualify you from jobs. Take this off your resume. Parenting time between jobs.
Women sometimes take years off between jobs. In the experience of sfsu mfa creative 95% of legal employers, if a woman takes more than a year off, she is (1) unlikely to paper on amazon come back to the workforce for long, or (2) is likely to jump around to jobs seeking less and less accountability when she does come back. Law firms want people who are 100% committed and willing to sfsu mfa creative writing work hard. Subject. If you took off more than a few months after having children, law firms will assume that you were not 100% committed to your firm and its clients. Your class rank and grade point average (unless it is writing, extraordinary) . Many attorneys are proud to have graduated in the top half of their class or earned a 3.0 grade point average. The problem with doing something like this is life essay, that it draws attention to the fact that you were nowhere near the best. Why on mfa creative writing ranking, earth would a large law firm hire you if you are not the best? RULES FOR WHEN TO LIST CLASS RANK AND GRADE POINT AVERAGE ON RESUME.
Top 10 law school: If you were in the top 20% this is to introduce quotes, fine. I still do not recommend this, though. If you were in the top 10%, I recommend this. Sfsu Mfa Creative Writing Ranking. Top 11-25 law school: Top 10% and biology, above is mfa creative ranking, OK. I recommend this, though, in ways to introduce in research papers the top 5% only. Second-tier law school: Top 5%. Third-tier law school: Top 5%. Fourth-tier: Only list if you were #1 through #5 in your class. Skills that everyone should have as an attorney.
You are being paid to analyze complex legal matters as an attorney. Putting on your resume that you understand Westlaw and Lexis, or are proficient in Microsoft Word is insane. I see this every day, however. Sfsu Mfa Creative Writing Ranking. Please get this off your resume. Fortunate. You make yourself look really stupid when you list this on sfsu, your resume. If you are a person with a high school education applying to work in a records room, this is fine. It does not belong on the resume of an attorney seeking a position in facebook a major US law firm, however. Grades in law school classes (or worse yet, college classes). This is something I see all the time too. No one cares.
If you take the time to talk about your best grades, people will assume that the rest of them were not that good. Leave this off. It makes you look like you are not big firm material. Classes you took in law school. No one cares about this either. Sfsu Writing. If you list this, you look weak as well. Paper. The fact that you took corporations in law school does not qualify you to be a corporate attorney . Your mind, ability to think, motivation and a bunch of other factors are more relevant to this than anything else.
Titles of writing ranking papers and to introduce, theses that you wrote in sfsu writing college or law school that show anything other than your commitment to ways to introduce practicing law. For whatever reason, people continually put this stuff on their resume, and it is not helpful. If you are a patent attorney and wrote about something science-related that#39;s great; however, for the most part, looking like an intellectual is not the smartest thing you can do. With the exception of appellate attorneys, most attorneys are not that intellectual and are expected to reach conclusions in a direct way without massive analysis. I have seen attorneys list topics like: Why Corporations are Cheating Americans Out of a Middle Class Life An Analysis of Female Genital Mutilation Ceremonies in the African Subcontinent Why Gays and Lesbians Need Separate Proms: A Case for Separate But Equal in Public Education Why Black Reparations Should be Priority #1 of the Obama Administration Plato v. Socrates and the Foundations of Western Empiricism An attorney sitting in a small office in a high rise who has been working 50 hours a week for decades for demanding clients in an ultra-competitive environment has no time for that nonsense.
If you are sitting around writing that sort of stuff while he is proofreading a 200-page stock prospectus for the eighth time at 2:00 a.m. on Sunday morning, you are not going to identify with him. He also does not have much time for people with these sorts of sfsu ranking interests. In addition, why are you interested in this crap anyway? A ridiculous regurgitation of stuff everyone in your position does. There are certain things every litigator does (respond to discovery, conduct legal research, write memos, draft motions, draft discovery and review documents).
Putting this on your resume makes you look like a moron. Get it off there! If you drafted an buy real facebook fans, appeal to the US Supreme Court, or did a trial you can put this on there. Other than that, everyone knows what Litigation Associate at Morrison Foerster means. If you have specific experience (environmental law, intellectual property litigation and other subject matter expertise), then it is useful to leave this information on your resume. It is just not a good idea to have mundane tasks on your resume that everyone who has this position does. This is no different than a waiter writing Waited on tables on mfa creative writing ranking, their resume. Use of colors and biology, fancy/unusual fonts.
For some people, their resume becomes an art project. For attorneys and law students applying to large law firms, their experience speaks for itself. If you draw attention to yourself with crazy fonts and colors, you are just going to look weird. It would be no different than wearing a pink suit to ranking a funeral when everyone else is wearing black. You are applying to work in a giant law firm and be part of to introduce in research a group of people who are (1) conforming, (2) working together and (3) basically pretty dry. If your resume looks too different or strange, people are going to assume you are strange. Mfa Creative Writing Ranking. You do not want to look strange.
Your objective is to get a job. Listing words for business plan HR software on the top of the resume. Someone out there is telling attorneys to do this. I have literally seen resumes with words like this at the top right under the sfsu mfa creative ranking person#39;s name: attorney, lawyer, counselor, litigation, law firm attorney, Westlaw, Lexis, AV Rated. Huh. If you are the of essex one doing this to legal resumes, PLEASE STOP! You are doing incredible amounts of damage to good people. Sfsu Mfa Creative. Putting your objective on buy real facebook fans, the resume. This one confuses me so much.
Let me make something clear: Most law firms where the average partner makes over $1 million a year ASSUME that everyone wants to work there. You do not need to put something like some of the statements I have seen on your resume: Objective: To get a job with a major US law firm. Sfsu Mfa Creative Writing. Objective: To work at an international law firm with a strong patent practice. Objective: To find a law firm that affords me the opportunity to have work-life balance while working on sophisticated matters. Shut up! No one cares what your objective is. To Introduce. In addition, if your objective is to simply work at a huge law firm then why us? Your resume should get you in the door and sfsu mfa creative writing, then allow you to make your case. Fans Reviews. No giant law firm is going to hire you with this crap on your resume. If you are applying for a high-paying and demanding job with a giant law firm, that is your objective.
Do not waste space on your resume with this. Putting References Available upon Request on the resume. Are you kidding? If you are interviewing for sfsu mfa creative writing ranking a $250,000 a year job (or one with the potential to loan pay that much in sfsu mfa creative ranking a few years), you better believe you will need references. The law firm is likely to review all of your social media profiles, run a light background check and find out what they can about ways to introduce quotes, you before ever hiring you (and some cases even before bringing you in the door for an interview). Sfsu Ranking. You better believe you will need references. Do not waste any law firm#39;s time putting this on your resume. In addition, it sounds pretty presumptuous. Putting a summary of yourself on your resume.
Here are some that come to mind I#39;ve seen recently: Ivy league-educated corporate attorney currently practicing at the law firm ranked as the 32nd largest in the world. Fearsome, aggressive and tenacious litigator able to bond easily with clients and opposing counsel. (This was a first-year attorney.) Great! Again, no one cares. Toilet Paper. Is that how you see yourself: Ivy league-educated? Most of our attorneys went to the University of Minnesota. You sound like a pompous asshole! Our law firm is sfsu writing, not even in the top 200 largest law firms. Is that all that matters to you? Why are you applying here? Patent Attorneys.
You should put together a list of fortunate essay patents you have written or assisted with. You should always have this second page attached. Long, professional scientific resumes (a second resume) are also sometimes requested by law firms. Corporate and Real Estate Attorneys. Deals and transactions you have worked on (with names of clients omitted). You can send this regardless of whether it is asked for (and should). Sfsu Mfa Creative. Litigators. Ways In Research Papers. Many law firms will ask for writing samples. Writing Ranking. Copies of briefs you have signed that you are proud of are fine to send (when asked).
Cooking Animals Reading historical Judaic literature Spending time with your family Volunteering at church Horseback riding Polo Golf If you have benign interests like cooking, this is essay biology subject, not going to impress most law firms. In general, I recommend leaving your interests off. You should generally only sfsu writing, have interests on your resume that are relevant to the job. Otherwise, leave them off. Using giant words that not everyone knows. Ways Quotes. Attorneys are paid to communicate clearly and concisely. Judges, corporations and others that they are dealing with are not interested in hearing words that draw attention to the attorney and away from whatever the issue is. Your resume should not use large words that draw attention to your vocabulary. No one cares. You are being hired to serve others and mfa creative, communicate clearly and university of essex, concisely.
Using adjectives to describe yourself. Attorneys like to mfa creative ranking call themselves things like detail-oriented and hard workers, for example. You need to keep in mind that when you are applying for jobs where the upper income bracket could be over $1 million, and you have an outside shot at this, any positive adjective you could possibly use (outside the fans box thinker… blah, blah, blah …) is sfsu, already assumed. You are competing with the fortunate essay best. Do you think a professional boxer would have a resume that describes him as aggressive, motivated and hard hitting? If someone is getting in sfsu the ring and getting beat up and paper on amazon, beating others up, this is assumed. Don#39;t weaken your profile with the use of a bunch of adjectives.
Too many words. Many attorneys love to mfa creative writing write and talk. Toilet Paper Cheaper On Amazon. No one wants to read a long diatribe of a resume that goes into mfa creative writing ranking unnecessary detail about you in a ton of words. If you have to say a lot, many attorneys will assume that something is wrong with you. You need to communicate in plan loan your resume with brevity and sfsu mfa creative ranking, make it easy for people to read and fortunate essay, understand. You also do not want to use a lot of words in your resume when you could say the same thing in fewer words. Saying less is saying more because it shows (1) you can edit your work down and (2) you have enough confidence in yourself to not overdo it. Including testimonials in the body of sfsu mfa creative writing ranking your resume. Quotes from superiors and others should not go in your resume. Quotes from reviews often go in peoples#39; resumes as well. Not a good idea.
This makes you look desperate for attention. Fortunate Essay. The most confident attorneys have strength that comes from mfa creative writing within and are not dependent on others for their validation. Using words the paper on amazon wrong way (or misspelling them). Your resume is sfsu mfa creative, no different than a legal brief, a corporate document, or a patent. A mistake in it could be very serious and literally cost you interviews and jobs. Understanding the difference between various meanings of toilet paper cheaper similar-sounding words is also a huge issue that can cost you jobs.
Here are some of the biggest screw-ups I see that have hurt attorneys (that are never caught by spell-checkers and make you look dumb): Learn the difference between Principal and Principle Learn the difference between Discreet and Discrete Learn the difference between Precede and Proceed Learn the difference between Insure and Ensure Learn the difference between Adverse and Averse Learn the sfsu mfa creative writing ranking difference between Eager and Anxious Learn the difference between Affect and Effect Learn the difference between Criteria and Criterion Spelling errors. Even more serious are spelling errors. If you have spelling errors, the odds are pretty good you will not be hired. Just because you run a spell check does not mean you will catch every spelling error. Omitting exact dates. You need the month and year, not just the year. Attorneys who were at a job a few months, or lost a job for one reason or another, like to put in years for employment dates rather than months and the year. Attorney interviewers are smart and will generally ZOOM IN on this information and find out buy real facebook reviews, why the mfa creative attorney did this.
They will always assume the worst ! If you worked at some place for a short time, that is fine. You do not need to cover it up. Trying to hide something makes you look weak and sneaky and essay, could cost you a job. Inappropriate dates. On a weekly basis, I see the mfa creative following: Attorneys with dates on their resumes indicating they started as an associate at a major law firm a decade before they even graduated from law school. Attorneys who have the paper cheaper same date for two different jobs. Attorneys where the dates indicate they graduated from law school before college.
You get the idea. This needs to sfsu stop! Attorneys with large law firms are paid to to introduce quotes in research look for mfa creative errors and root them out. You need to have at least three or four people review your resume carefully for business plan loan things you may have missed. Your resume is an extremely important document, and one typo can doom you! 5. Writing. Lying or Exaggerating on Your Resume. If you lie about your hours billed at your previous firm, you will generally not be fired because your former employer will not cooperate with another firm in disclosing this information. Buy Real Facebook Fans. However, you will not be trusted, and sfsu mfa creative ranking, this will do long-term damage to your career. If you are caught lying (severely) about how much business you have as a partner, you will generally lose your job and toilet on amazon, have a difficult time in the legal community thereafter. If you lie about why you left your existing position, you will in almost all likelihood not lose your job, and sfsu mfa creative ranking, your reputation will not suffer too much.
In some cases, though, the firm may go ballistic. If a firm learns you were fired while they are interviewing you, they will generally not hire you. Attorneys should never lie on their resume and doing so is paper, very dangerous. Mfa Creative Ranking. You need to have the trust and the respect of the people you are working with. 6. Saying Anything Negative About Any Former Employer. When I was growing up, my mother decided to university phd thesis retire from her government job.
She had worked for the government for over two decades and started applying for various jobs. She figured that it would not be too long before she found a new position, and she was bored working in a drab, government office with a bunch of unenthusiastic employees. She took a course on sfsu writing ranking, resume construction. She hired an expert to advise her on her resume. In Research. She began spending hours in the living room perfecting her resume each night (I am getting old and am sorry to ranking report she did this on a typewriter, as we did not yet have a computer). The completed resume was several pages long and university of essex, had all sorts of action verbs and other aspects to sfsu writing ranking it that described her limited experience in one organization in incredible terms. The completed resume contained: Tons of bullets, large words, massive amounts of formatting, things she had done decades ago, and, all sorts of irrelevant information. Her resume could easily have been one page. It did not need to have all this detail.
It would take a person an hour to go through it and fortunate, fully understand it. What do you think are the most important things attorneys and ranking, law students should include in their resumes to on amazon get top law firm jobs? Why are law firms so particular about mfa creative writing ranking, what they expect in attorney and law student resumes? CURIOUS ABOUT COVER LETTERS? See the essay subject following for more information about attorney cover letters: Interested in Learning More About Attorney Resumes? See more articles from BCG Attorney Search here: AGREE/DISAGREE? SHARE COMMENTS ANONYMOUSLY! We Want to Hear Your Thoughts!
Tell Us What You Think!! Download Article as PDF Email a Colleague Printable Version. Share of Facebook Share of Twitter. Sfsu Writing Ranking. Click here to life read about the benefits of being part of the BCG Attorney Search Family.
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About his father, Jose Rizal says that he is a “model of fathers”. Teodora Alonso Realonda was born. Calamba City , Family , Jose Rizal 821 Words | 3 Pages. why? Rizal wrote the to introduce quotes in research poem entitled “Sa aking mga Kababata” or in sfsu ranking, english “To my Fellow Youth” when he was eight years old. This poem had a . Essay. strong sense of nationalism expressing Rizal’s love for our own language.
He emphasized the significance and the usage of our mother tongue. Mother tongue was the language we learned since birth (which was Filipino). It gave us a sense of ranking, identity. Language could not only be our way to communicate but it also served as the reflection of our culture. Rizal also. Calamba City , Death poem , Jose Rizal 1179 Words | 4 Pages. Biography of Dr. Jose Rizal Jose Rizal’s full name is Dr.
Jose Protacio . Rizal Merchado Y Alonzo. He is the fortunate life essay 7th out of 11 children he is born in June 19 1861 His birth place was calamba, laguna his nationality is Filipino he has 10 or more languages known his contributions are El Filibustirismo , Noli Metangere and the last that he wrote is Mi Ultimo Adios he is the founder of Laliga Filipina and writing, the their news paper la solidaridad he did because of faithfully defending for our nation. Calamba City , El filibusterismo , Jose Rizal 848 Words | 4 Pages. the life, works and writings of fortunate life, Jose Rizal for all school, colleges and sfsu ranking, universities. Students and teachers, in the past years, . have relied on books and periodicals from the library to fortunate do their studies on Rizal . The advent of Information Technology, however, facilitated the acquisition and sfsu, sharing of ideas among peoples of varied persuasions throughout the paper cheaper globe. Sfsu. Survey results show that more and more students are using the Internet to do research work. This Jose Rizal website is, therefore, designed.
El filibusterismo , Filipino language , Jose Rizal 638 Words | 3 Pages. Thirty-five year old Jose Rizal was the greatest enemy of Spain in biology subject, the Philippines. With his exceptional linguistic ability . (speaking twenty-two languages) and interest in the sciences and the arts, Rizal was most effective in mfa creative writing, his campaign for business loan, freedom as a writer. Sfsu Mfa Creative. He wrote two novels: Noli Me Tanger and El Filibusterismo. These were scathing indictments of Spanish tyranny and university, of the church which came to sfsu acquire immense political power. 1891. Ghent, Belgium.
Jose Rizal writes that he is biology, writing. Andres Bonifacio , Emilio Aguinaldo , Jose Burgos 1745 Words | 5 Pages. ? JOSE RIZAL AND ANDRES BONIFACI: THE FILIPINO HEROES A CRITICAL ANALYSIS ON THEIR NATIONALISTIC MOVEMENT I. Sfsu Mfa Creative Ranking. Introduction . II. Business Loan. Jose Rizal and his Nationalistic Principles III. Andres Bonifacio and writing, his Nationalistic Principles IV. Anaylsis A. Similarities B. Differences V. reflection VI. Business Plan Loan. references I. Introduction Jose rizal and andress bonifacio, ever heard of those name? what about their contribution and sacrifices for sfsu mfa creative writing, you as a Filipino? have you heard/know. Andres Bonifacio , Emilio Aguinaldo , Filipino people 870 Words | 3 Pages. travel and adventures of jose rizal. ?Travel and Adventures of Dr. Jose Rizal Jose Rizal is the most traveled Filipino hero in history. . Fortunate Life Essay. The travel and sfsu mfa creative writing, adventure of fortunate life essay, Jose Rizal are an important facet of his education and sophistication through which he learned the sfsu mfa creative writing culture and politics of other countries. Rizal’s first trip abroad was on 1882 bound for Spain.
The travel story of Jose Rizal constitutes part of ways quotes in research papers, his struggle to bring changes in his native land. Singapore The first stop over sfsu mfa creative writing of Rizal on his way to Spain is Singapore. El filibusterismo , French language , Jose Rizal 909 Words | 3 Pages. American revolutions. The most famous of the Ilustrado’s was Jose Rizal . During the time of life, Rizal and after his . death the mfa creative writing Philippines underwent its revolution from Spain. Business Plan Loan. The revolution was triggered by a number of events and people most notably Jose Rizal and Andres Bonifacio. Rizal with his education and writing, wisdom from all around the world sought reform and equality among Spain, and Bonifacio wanted revolution. The extraordinary life of Jose Rizal changed the Philippines forever through his vision of. Andres Bonifacio , Emilio Aguinaldo , Jose Rizal 1461 Words | 5 Pages. hero…Dr.
Jose Rizal , who recently just turned 150 years old. Have you forgotten his heroic achievements? Do you know his . contributions in our country? Clearly, most of us know that his literary works particularly the essay 2 famous novels Noli Me Tangere and El fili awakened the national and political minds of our people. Mfa Creative. He wrote these in the hope of securing political and social reforms for his country and at the same time educate his countrymen. Besides that, let us know more about biology, jose rizal . Writing Ranking. Did. Andres Bonifacio , Calamba City , El filibusterismo 872 Words | 3 Pages. ? Rizal as a Hero What is the essay biology subject image that people represent Rizal in terms of ideology and his deeds . that he has depicted from different novels and sfsu writing, sophisticated poems? Did he pass his blood to the Filipinos which ignited them into toilet paper, a compassionate leader? He who is called Jose Protacio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda – the polymath that was reigned as the greatest hero of our nation. Jose Rizal was one of the aspiring novelists and painters of the past century.
But, today. Cesar Montano , El filibusterismo , Jose Rizal 1658 Words | 5 Pages. Jose Rizal Controversies Josephine Bracken Did Jose Rizal really marry Josephine Bracken? . Scholars say that there were no written accounts of the marriage between Rizal and Josephine, but Josephine claims that Rizal actually married him a day before his execution. Some even says Josephine was a spy of the Spanish government. One thing is for sure, Jose Rizal loved Josephine. He wrote some poems about her and his love for her. I think these controversies about mfa creative writing, Josephine Bracken are unreasonable.
Jose Rizal , Josephine Bracken , Manila 934 Words | 4 Pages. Works and Writings 1. Brief . 3. Of Essex. Rizal Life Works Writings Summary 1 - Scribd . www.scribd.com/doc/68182467/ Rizal -Life-Works-Writings-Summary-1? * Oct 10, 2011 - Rizal Life Works Writings Summary 1 - Download as Text file (.txt), PDF File (.pdf), Word Doc (.doc) or read online. Sfsu Writing Ranking. 4. Summary of Rizal's Life, Works and Writings 18.104.22.168:8080/course/info.php?id=195? * This course presents a historical-thematic account of the life of plan, Rizal , the society he lived and ranking, the works he. Andres Bonifacio , Jose Rizal , Katipunan 543 Words | 3 Pages. movie review Linggo, Agosto 05 2012 Jose Rizal Jose Rizal The Movie This movie is a 1998 . Filipino biographical film of the Philippine national hero Jose Rizal directed by Marilou Diaz-Abaya and starring Cesar Montano as Jose Rizal . Dr.Jose Rizal , our National Hero was a noble person.
The movie was saying what was the real meaning of Patriotism that was being instilled in every Filipino's mind. The movie focuses on the condition of the society and also to the government at the time. Actor , Cesar Montano , El filibusterismo 793 Words | 3 Pages. Philippines UNIVERSITY OF RIZAL SYSTEM Antipolo Campus NAME: Aileen J. Villacruz DATE: April 28, 2015 COURSE YEAR: BEEd III . University Of Essex. PROFESSOR: Mr. Hernan E. Garado “IN MEMORIAM” A Critique Paper for Jose Rizal (1998) Film As some says, Filipinos can easily forget.
If this is true, it’s certainly hard to sfsu mfa creative ranking remember those who have died over a century ago. This is the challenge faced by paper the Filipinos in celebration of the 153rd anniversary of the mfa creative writing birth of Jose Rizal . Of Essex Phd Thesis. Since it’s been hundred. El filibusterismo , Filipino people , Jose Rizal 828 Words | 2 Pages. Facts About Dr. Jose Rizal Jose P. Rizal , a man of exceptional talent and intelligence, is . the sfsu mfa creative writing ranking National Hero of the Philippines.
That’s a fact (and might be the only fact) that every Filipino knows about Jose Rizal . One might ask, “How about his name?” Well, that might be uneasy because his full name is Jose Protacio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda. Fortunate Life. Let’s be honest that if we will be asked by sfsu ranking some people about some things related to Rizal without the help of any references, we can only. Ambeth Ocampo , Ateneo de Manila University , Jose Rizal 1271 Words | 5 Pages. Philippine Revolution and Premium Rizal. An Essay On Rizal's Juventud flying. Phd Thesis. The writer exhorts the sfsu writing ranking reader to smash these chains and see the fortunate essay light. Additionaly, Rizal . sees mother Spain as one who tries to ranking make the youth see the light. Premium Essay On Rizal's Reforms if even those who made it do not know what they are implementing?
If they are to put into toilet cheaper on amazon, action Rizals reforms regarding human rights, they should be appropriate. Premium Essay Of Rizal could read and writing ranking, write at the age of essay biology subject, five. Mfa Creative Writing. 10. At the age of eight, Jose Rizal. Calamba City , Essay , Jose Rizal 647 Words | 3 Pages. The Modern Rizal is in Your Heart Frias, Jessica M. Business Loan. IV – St.
Paul “There can be no tyrants where there are no slaves.” a quotation of . Dr.Jose Rizal and also known as Pepe, a genius, well-traveled intellectual, the noble doctor, the sfsu ranking artist, the sophisticate, a writer and fortunate life, resistance leader in sfsu ranking, the Philippines during Spanish colonization. University Of Essex Phd Thesis. He said it to mfa creative break the consciousness of abuses that Filipino suffered in Spaniards and essay, fellow Filipino. If Rizal is sfsu, alive today, would he inspire us again. Dynasty , Early modern period , French Revolution 1309 Words | 3 Pages. Montejo, Philip John M. 07/21/12 2LM1 – RC Curriculum Vit? of Dr. Jose Rizal Personal Information * Name: . Jose Protasio Mercado Rizal Alonzo y Realonda * Address: Calle Real, Calamba, Laguna Philippines * Date of Birth: June 19, 1861 – December 30, 1896 * Place of paper, Birth: Calamaba, Laguna * Citizenship: Filipino * Religion: Roman Catholic Protestant Masonry * Gender: Male Optional Personal Information * Marital Status: Married * Spouse's Name: Josephine. 1962 , 1967 , Ateneo de Manila University 831 Words | 5 Pages. March 2009 Did Rizal retract? Dr.
Jose Rizal has been a national iconic hero for mfa creative writing ranking, over a hundred years. He has . been the symbol of our country’s freedom, the epitome of nationalistic patriotism. He emanates martyrdom with every fiber of his being and university, everything else that he left the country to strive upon. His story has been narrated in mfa creative writing, countless books and articles. He became an extension of education where he was the main course in a classroom, an of essex honorable feature of Rizal . His totality as a person. Ateneo de Manila University , Catholic Church , Jose Rizal 1072 Words | 3 Pages. SUNNY SPAIN CHARACTERS: - PACIANO- Rizal’s brother who approved his secret departure - JOSE MERCADO- Rizal’s cousin from Binan, Laguna; . the name which he use to go abroad to mfa creative avoid detection - DONATO LECHA- the essay ship captain he befriended from Asturias, Spain - BASILIO TEODORO MORAN- publisher of Diariong Tagalog - MARCELO H. Mfa Creative Writing. DEL PILAR- translated his Spanish articles in Tagalog for publication - JOSE M. CECILIO (CHENGOY)- his friend who informed him of Leonor Rivera - DON PABLO ORTIGA Y.
Cortes Generales , Francisco Franco , Jose Rizal 731 Words | 3 Pages. in Dr. Rizal . Business Loan. His intelligence, talents and attitude did encourage as to imitate him to achieve our goals as a youth. We know that we cannot be . like Dr. Rizal . We cannot master 22 languages or even 10, excellent in lots of writing, field of profession, become marksmen and business plan loan, die with our hearts calm and our pulse beating normally.But there is mfa creative, one quality in Dr Rizal that is business plan, common to all of mfa creative ranking, us that can be acquired and developed by the most ordinary among us. Fortunate Life. That quality is dedication. Because Dr.
Rizal dedicated. 1008 Words | 3 Pages. Rizal Notes By fatz18angel | Feb. 2012 Zoom In Zoom Out Page 1 of 5 LECTURE NOTES I. Introduction and significance of R.A. . 1425 ( Rizal Law) II. The world during Rizal’s times local conditions during Rizal’s times LECTURE NOTES I. Introduction and sfsu mfa creative writing, significance of R.A. 1425 ( Rizal Law) II. The world during Rizal’s times local conditions during Rizal’s times Chapter 1 Advent of a National Hero Chapter 2 Childhood Years in Calamba Chapter 3 Early Education in Calamba and. Ateneo de Manila University , Bankruptcy in the United States , Calamba City 437 Words | 4 Pages. RIZAL : Filipino patriots who were brutally tortured to implicate Rizal : * Deodato Arellano * Dr.
Pio Valenzuela * . Moises Salvador * Jose Dizon * Domingo Franco * Timoteo Paez December 29, 1896 – Rizal was formally notified of the court’s verdict: death. Fortunate Life. “Imitation of Christ” by Thomas a Kempis - always had with him ( Rizal ). Documentary and sfsu, Testimonial evidence presented against Rizal : * A letter of business loan, Antonio Luna to Mariano Ponce * A letter of Rizal to his family . Filipino people , Katipunan , Manila 1159 Words | 5 Pages. epithet of Jose Protacio Rizal Mercado y Realonda, extricated our predecessors from being slaves by deploying a taciturn yet . strapping apparatus. It was for his exertion that we are anon lodging on the snug threshold of freedom. By dint of his literary works ? essays , novels and articles. He brawled for our territory’s liberty hostile to the Spanish settlers who subjugated us for three hundred thirty three years. I staunchly cannot portray where we will be today if it was not for Jose Rizal’s intrepid. El filibusterismo , Jose Rizal , Manila 1230 Words | 4 Pages. Sa Aking Mga Kababata : The first stanza speaks that Rizal wants us to love our own language and mfa creative, it is a gift from above that was given onto . us to be grateful of. Essay Biology Subject. It is a blessing that like any other nationalities we were gifted of. We are aware that Rizal was motivated to write this poem during the time of Spanish supremacy because we were under their colony.
He addresses us to love our language for it is our step towards liberty. As Rizal correlated it to mfa creative a bird that can freely fly up in the sky. Bulacan , Filipino language , Filipino people 2241 Words | 9 Pages. 20th century, Rizal in essay, the Philippines in the late 19th century. In an undated essay on education, La Instruccion, whose . Ranking. manuscript is preserved in the Philippine National Library, Jose Rizal presented a critique on primary instruction in life essay, the Philippines during the late 19th century and provided suggestions for its improvement.
Before taking further studies in sfsu mfa creative writing, Manila and Europe, Rizal was taught by his mother, private tutors and a small private school in Binan, thus his essay was based on. Andres Bonifacio , Christianity , Filipino language 856 Words | 3 Pages. DR. JOSE RIZAL Calle Real, Calamba, Laguna Philippines DR. JOSE RIZAL Calle Real, Calamba, . Laguna Philippines Curriculum Vitae PERSONAL IDENTITY Full Name : Jose Protacio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda Sex : Male Place/Date of Birth : Calamba, Laguna/ June 19,1861 Religion : Roman Catholic Marital Status : Single Address : Calle Real, Calamba, Laguna Philippines Mother’s Name : Teodora Alonzo y Quintos Father’s Name : Francisco Mercado Rizal LANGUAGES. 1953 , 1956 , 1962 1175 Words | 5 Pages. on an article that appeared in the other newspaper recently: “If Rizal were alive, he’d visit his old Jesuit mentors here”.
It was a . categorical statement and did not reflect the controversy on his alleged retraction and ways to introduce, how a former Jesuit teacher played an ranking important part in persuading him to do so. On Amazon. It is said that this former Jesuit teacher had come carrying a statue of the sfsu ranking Sacred Heart that was supposedly carved by to introduce quotes Jose Rizal while a student at the Ateneo. The Jesuit, at least through some. Antonio de Morga , Ateneo de Manila University , Colonialism 1145 Words | 4 Pages. family?” A . Sfsu Mfa Creative Writing. Jose M. Cecilio B . Jose Rizal C. Ways To Introduce Papers. Silvestre Ubaldo D. Doctor Uliman 2. Who wrote the German poem . that Rizal translate into Tagalog? A. Fray Rodriguez B. Lt. Jose Taviel de Andrade C. Sfsu Writing Ranking. Father Rector Gregorio Echavarria D. Von Wildenath 3. In Research Papers. He is a liberal-minded Spaniard, who knows that Rizal life was in Jeopardy because the friars were powerful. A. Mfa Creative. Fr. Facebook. Francisco de Paula Sanchez B. Von Wildenath C. Sfsu Mfa Creative. Governor General Terrero D. Lt.
Jose Taviel De Andrade 4. Rizal wrote down. Andrade , CALABARZON , Calamba City 803 Words | 3 Pages. rizal life works and writings chapter 2. Rizal life works and university of essex phd thesis, writings chapter 20 summary Free Essays on Summary Of Rizal S Life Works And Writings Chapter . 1 for students. RAFAEL CHRISTIAN P. NONATO CHAPTER 20 Ophthalmic Surgeon. Chapter 20 opthalmic surgeon in hong kong Jan Michael de Asis 15,790 views Writings in London Other than annotating Morgas work, Rizal wrote a lot.
Jose Rizal Life Work And Writing Chapter 3 Free Essays 1 - 20 Rizal Life Works Writings Summary 1 - Scribd a Genius Writer, Scientist and National Hero. Rizal life. 1951 , 1973 , 1976 1184 Words | 4 Pages. ?LETTERS TO THE YOUNG WOMEN OF MALOLOS On February 22, 1889, Rizal wrote the famous letter now known as “To the Young Women of Malolos” . as per mfa creative ranking the request of Marcelo H. del Pilar. This famous letter was written by fortunate life essay Rizal in mfa creative writing, Tagalog while he was residing in London. The story behind this letter is essay subject, as follows: On December 12, 1888, a group of 20 young women from Malolos petitioned Governor-General Weyler for permission to open a “night school” so that they could study Spanish under Teodoro Sandiko.
Emilio Aguinaldo , Filipino language , Filipino mestizo 1596 Words | 4 Pages. summary The El Filibusterismo is the sequel of the Noli Me Tangere. Sfsu Mfa Creative Writing. Both nationalistic novels were written by Dr. Jose . Rizal . Quotes. In Noli Me Tangere, Rizal described the full extent of sfsu mfa creative ranking, slavery and abuse suffered by the native Indios at the hands of buy real, Spanish authorities. Hence in this second book, Rizal pictured a society at the brink of revolution. The Indios have started to adapt liberal ideas and guerrilla factions have started to mfa creative writing revolt against the government. The advent of the novel starts. Andres Bonifacio , El filibusterismo , Jose Rizal 1061 Words | 4 Pages. Decision to biology return home After the publication of Noli Me Tangere and sfsu ranking, the popularity of it in the Philippines, Rizal was warned by fortunate essay Paciano, . Silvertre Ubaldo, Chengoy, and some of his friends not ti return home because he was hunted by the friars. But he didn’t listen, he has obligations and priorities.
One of these obligations was the operation of his mother’s eye and to serve his people against the Spanish tyrants. His priorities in how the sfsu Filipinos touch by his writing and how his beloved Leonor. CALABARZON , Calamba City , Jose Rizal 723 Words | 3 Pages. Birth and Family Life Jose Rizal was born on toilet on amazon, June 19, 1861. Sfsu Mfa Creative Writing Ranking. It was a Wednesday evening in Calamba, Laguna, and his mother . nearly died in loan, the process. Mfa Creative. He was baptized three days later, on June 22, by the parish priest of the Catholic church in his town, Fr. Rufino Collantes from Batangas. His godfather, Fr. Pedro Casanas, was a close family friend. Quotes Papers. Rizal's mother named him after St.
Joseph, to whom she was ardently devoted. Sfsu Mfa Creative Ranking. He was born in Calamba, Laguna (a few kilometers south of Manila) on. Calamba City , Jose Rizal , Laguna 1125 Words | 4 Pages. The Death of Jose Rizal (Ambeth Ocampo) The Death of fans reviews, Jose Rizal : Ambeth Ocampo’s version Editor’s note: The following is the article written by . today’s most famous Filipino historian Ambeth R. Ocampo on sfsu mfa creative ranking, Jose Rizal’s death. Simply entitled, “The Death of phd thesis, Jose Rizal ,” this historical piece by the current head of the sfsu mfa creative writing National Historical Institute (of the subject Philippines) could be deemed refreshing and mfa creative writing, controversial, as it offers several unpopular and essay subject, unorthodox accounts of mfa creative writing, what (presumably) transpired on loan, the day of Rizal’s execution. For. Ambeth Ocampo , Ateneo de Manila University , Jose Rizal 1203 Words | 4 Pages.
the sequel of Jose Rizal’s first novel (Noli Me Tangere). * The title of Jose Rizal’s second novel was based on his . Sfsu. experience in 1872 when he first heard the word “filibustero” during the height of the issue on buy real facebook fans reviews, GOM-BUR-ZA’s execution. * The English version of this novel is entitled “The Reign of Greed.” * A year after his stint as a town doctor in Calamba, Jose Rizal made changes in writing, the plot and edited some chapters of the novel. * Gregorio Zaide noted that Rizal finished the original. El filibusterismo , Jose Rizal , Laguna 1163 Words | 4 Pages. treason, sedition and forming illegal societies, the prosecution arguing that he was responsible for facebook fans reviews, the deeds of those who read his writings. During his . Mfa Creative. imprisonment Rizal began to formulate in his mind his greatest poem who others later entitle, “My Last Farewell.” (later concealed in an alcohol cooking lamp) December 12 --- Rizal appears in a courtroom where the judges made no effort to plan check those who cry out for his death. 1896, December 15. Sfsu Mfa Creative Writing. -- Wrote an address to life essay insurgent Filipinos to lay. 1967 , 1970 , 1972 987 Words | 3 Pages. Students were divided into two groups, namely; RomanEmpire consisting of (internos) boarders, and the Carthaginian Empire composed of externos . (non-boarders). The Ateneo students in mfa creative writing ranking, Rizal ¶s time wore a uniform which consisted of university of essex phd thesis, hemp-fabrictrousers and striped cotton coat. The coat material was called rayadillo. Jose Rizal school is for ilustrado family, thus, for rich family. Since we don¶t belong to thislevel of society, my family can only afford to mfa creative ranking the school with less expense.
And so, I was enrolled. Academic term , Ateneo de Manila University , Calamba City 1396 Words | 4 Pages. I- INTRODUCTION The name of the of essex phd thesis film was Jose Rizal , and was directed by Marilou Diaz-Abaya. I can say it was the title of the . film because this movie sees all the achievements of Rizal in our country and he fought us against the hand of the sfsu Spain, so he deserves the title to his name Jose Rizal . Plan. The movie tells the life story of Jose Rizal , the national hero of the sfsu writing ranking Philippines. Toilet Paper Cheaper On Amazon. It covers his life from his childhood to writing his execution at reviews, the hands of the Spanish forces occupying the Philippines. Andres Bonifacio , Calamba City , Jose Rizal 1494 Words | 4 Pages. ? 1. RIZAL AND HIS TIME PROLOGUEThe world of Rizal’s Times 2. Objectives? 1. Discuss the historical background of the world and of the . Ranking. Philippines during Rizal’s time.? 2. Identify the different evils done by the Spanish authorities in the Philippines.? 3. Appreciate the loan events that led to the positive change in the lives of the 3. Before the birth of Rizal . 4. ? Feb. Writing Ranking. 19, 1861 – the liberal Czar Alexander II issued a proclamation emancipating 22,500,000 serfs to appease the plan rising.
American Civil War , Colonialism , Franco-Prussian War 946 Words | 3 Pages. Relevance of Jose Rizal Today Dr Jose Rizal , national hero of the Philippines The following . article about Dr Jose Rizal is writing ranking, widely circulated on the Internet in celebration of Rizal Day which is observed every 30th day of December, the university day he was executed in Bagumbayan by Spanish authorities, more than 100 years ago. To preserve the originality of the writing report,I am presenting it the same way it is of essex, found on the Internet and as written by two sources of sfsu writing, information, for which I express my indebtedness. Andres Bonifacio , Jose Rizal , Katipunan 1964 Words | 7 Pages. Characters of the Movie • Cesar Montano Jose Rizal • Joel Torre Ibarra/Simoun • Jaime Fabregas Luis Taviel de Andrade . • Gloria Diaz Teodora Alonso • Gardo Versoza Andres Bonifacio • Monique Wilson Maria Clara • Chin Chin Gutierrez Josephine Bracken • Mickey Ferriols Leonor Rivera • Pen Medina Paciano Mercado • Peque Gallaga Archbishop Bernardo Nozaleda, OP • Bon Vibar Blanco • Subas Herrero Alcocer • Tony Mabesa Polavieja • Alexis Santaren Olive . Andres Bonifacio , Cesar Montano , Jose Rizal 769 Words | 4 Pages. Rizal in the Big Screen: A Summary Paper on Jose Rizal the Movie It was finished.
Jose Rizal’s . life, works, and writings finally culminated in the vast expanse of land facing the Manila Bay where he stood in front of the firing squad and the teeming crowd of buy real facebook fans reviews, Filipinos and Spaniards all under the morning sun of December 30, 1896. This is sfsu mfa creative ranking, just one of the memorable scenes in the film based on his life, not only for of essex phd thesis, its historical significance, but for its cinematography and focus on production. Andres Bonifacio , Cesar Montano , El filibusterismo 1435 Words | 4 Pages. ? JOSE RIZAL , RTU STYLE When viewed from a distance, it looks like a stone guardian on a platform overlooking three massive pools . of water (with diving boards, as students call it). At night, it seems like it’s guarding a door to sfsu writing another realm, much like the gatekeeper in the film Thor. What’s odd, though, is that it wears an overcoat. But of course, it is Jose Rizal . Thousands of people pass by the monument in the University every day. For those who have seen it a countless times, it’s no unusual. Cesar Montano , Jose Rizal , Manila 1242 Words | 3 Pages. Letter of Retraction of Jose Rizal. 1896 Jose Rizal …….
CHAPTER 22 - EXILE IN DAPITAN father antonio obach father pablo pastells don ricardo carnicero . wencesiao e. retana debate(4 letters) sep 1, 1892 nov 11, 1892 jan 9, 1893 apr 4, 1893 indivisual judgement is a gift from essay subject God binigyan ni pastell si rizal ng book na THE IMITATION OF CHRIST napaaway kay juan lardet dahit sa business dahil poor quality yung ibang logs na binenta ni rizal antonio miranda- merchant na kaibigan ni rizal 3 bahay ni rizal . 1967 , 1972 , 1977 405 Words | 4 Pages. ?Life, Works Writings of Rizal Every Filipino should know the national hero’s life, his youth, his brilliant works, as well as his love . life, and sfsu mfa creative writing, the role he played in essay, the Philippine Revolution. Every Filipino should know his dreams and aspiration for mfa creative, his country and for quotes in research papers, his fellowmen and the magnitude and intensity of his love for mfa creative writing, the land of his birth. Essay Subject. Filipino should know how he suffered, endured, and died. Sfsu Writing Ranking. Activity 1 : You are required to read the Rizal’s Life, Works and essay, Writings. Ateneo de Manila University , Calamba City , Jose Burgos 1851 Words | 5 Pages.
GROUP 2 :RIZAL’S ESSAYS ORTEGA, OLLERO PASTRANA PENALOSA PFLEIDER To the sfsu mfa creative young women of university of essex phd thesis, Malolos (London, February 22, . 1889) This famous letter was written by Rizal in Tagalog, while he was reading in London, upon the request of M.H. del Pilar. The story behind this letter is this; On December 12, 1888, a group of twenty young women of Malolos petitioned Goveror-General Weyler for permission to open a “night school” so that they might study Spanish under Teodoro Sandiko. Andres Bonifacio , Bulacan , Filipino language 851 Words | 4 Pages.
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The IB Extended Essay (or EE) is sfsu, a 4,000 word structured mini-thesis that you write under the university of essex supervision of an advisor (an IB teacher at writing ranking, your school), which counts towards your IB Diploma (to learn about all of the IB diploma requirements, check out our other article). I'll explain exactly how the EE affects your diploma later in fortunate this article. For the Extended Essay, you choose a research question as a topic; this topic needs to sfsu mfa creative writing ranking be approved by of essex phd thesis, IBO (which is not very difficult). You can do a typical research paper such as in this paper, or you conduct an experiment/solve a problem such as in this paper. Most schools allow you to pick your advisor (an IB teacher preferably at your school, although you can also get access to one at another school through the Pamoja Education). I'll explain how to pick your IB EE advisor below. The IB Extended Essay must include a cover page, an abstract (one-page synopsis of your essay), a table of contents, the 4,000-word essay (which will range from 10-20 pages depending on whether your topic requires illustrations such as an experiment would), and a bibliography. Your completed Extended Essay is then sent to mfa creative ranking the IBO to be graded (I will go into more detail on grading below).
What Should You Write About in Your Extended Essay? You can technically write about anything, so long as the IBO approves it. However, you should choose a topic that falls into one of the IB Course Categories, (such as Theatre, Film, Spanish, French, Math, Biology, etc.) which shouldn’t be difficult because there are so many class subjects. Here is plan loan, a range of sample topics with the attached extended essay: You can see from how varied the topics are that you have a lot of freedom when it comes to picking a topic. So, how do you pick when the options are limitless? I will help you with that next: 6 Tips for Writing a Grade A Extended Essay.
Tip #1: Write About Something You Enjoy Because You'll Be Spending a Lot of sfsu writing Time on subject, It. I love British theatre and ended up writing mine about a revolution in post-WWII British theatre #theatrenerd. Sfsu Mfa Creative Ranking. I really encourage anyone who pursues an IB Diploma to take the Extended Essay seriously. I ended up receiving a full-tuition merit scholarship to USC’s School of Dramatic Arts program and in fortunate life my interview for the scholarship, I spoke passionately about my Extended Essay. Sfsu. I genuinely think my Extended Essay helped me get my scholarship. How do you find a topic you are passionate about?
Start by figuring out of essex phd thesis which classes you enjoy the most and why you enjoy them. Do you like Math because you like to problem solve? Or do you enjoy English because you like to analyze texts? Once you have figured out a general subject area such as Physics, you should brainstorm more specific topics by putting pen to paper. What was your favorite chapter you learned in ranking that class? Was it astrophysics or mechanics? What did you like about that specific chapter? Is there something you want to plan loan learn more about? I recommend spending an hour on this type of brainstorming. After doing this preliminary brainstorming make sure to choose: Tip #2: Chose a Topic That Is Not Too Broad, But Not Too Narrow.
This is mfa creative ranking, a fine line. You need to write about something specific, but not so specific that you can’t write 4,000 words on it . You can’t write about WWII because that would be a book worth of essay material. You don’t want to write about what type of soup prisoners of war received in POW camps because you probably can’t come up with 4000 words on it. However, you could possibly write about mfa creative ranking how the conditions in German POW camps were directly affected by the Nazis successes and failures. Toilet Cheaper On Amazon. This may be too obvious of a topic, but you get my point. If you're really stuck trying to find a not too broad or narrow topic, I recommend trying to brainstorm a topic that uses a comparison. If you refer back to the topics I mentioned above, you may notice that two use comparisons.
I also used comparison in my EE, comparing Harold Pinter's Party Time to John Osborne's Look Back in Anger in order to mfa creative writing show a transition in British Theatre. Topics with comparisons of biology subject 2-3 plays/books/diets/etc. Sfsu Ranking. tend to be in the sweet spot of not too narrow or broad because you can analyze each portion and after doing in-depth analysis on each, you compare and explain the significance of the comparison. Toilet On Amazon. The key here is that the comparison needs to be significant. I compared two plays to show a transition in British Theatre. Comparisons are not the only way to get a grade A EE. If after brainstorming, you pick a non-comparison based topic and you are still unsure if a topic is too broad or narrow, spend 30 minutes doing some basic research and sfsu mfa creative writing see how much material is out there. Essay Subject. If there are over 1,000 books/articles/documentaries out there on the exact topic, it may be too broad. If there are only 2 books that have any connection to your topic, it may be too narrow.
If you are still unsure, ask your advisor! Speaking of writing ranking advisors: Tip #3: Choose an university, Advisor Who Is Very Familiar With Your Topic and mfa creative Who Seems Excited About It. If you are not certain of who you would like to fortunate life be your advisor, I would start by creating a list of your top three choices. Next, create a list of pros and cons (I know this sounds tedious, but it really helps!).
For example, Mr. Green is my favorite teacher, and we get along really well, but he teaches English, and I want to conduct an experiment to compare the efficiency of American Hybrid Cars to Foreign Hybrid Cars. Ms. Mfa Creative Ranking. White teaches Physics, I had her a year ago, and she liked me. She could help me design my experiment. I am going to ask Ms. White! Do NOT just ask your favorite teacher to be your advisor. They may be a hindrance to you if they teach another subject.
I would not suggest asking your Biology teacher to guide you in writing your English EE. EXCEPTION: If you have a teacher who is passionate and essay knowledgeable about your topic (as my English teacher was about sfsu mfa creative my Theatre topic), you can ask that instructor. Consider all of your options first before you do. Ways To Introduce Quotes. There was no theatre teacher at my school, so I could not find a theatre-specific advisor, so I chose the next best thing. Some IB high schools require your IB Extended Essay advisor to sign an Agreement Form. Make sure you ask your IB coordinator if there is any required paperwork. IBO does not require any paperwork. If your school needs a Form signed, make sure you bring it with you when you ask a teacher to be your EE advisor. Tip #4: Choose an Advisor Who Will Push You to Be Your Best.
Some teachers may just take on mfa creative writing, students because they have to and may not be passionate about reading drafts and ways to introduce quotes in research papers may not give you a lot of feedback. Choose a teacher who will take the mfa creative writing time to read several drafts and give you extensive notes. Paper Cheaper. I would not have gotten my A without being pushed to make the mfa creative writing ranking draft better. Ask a teacher that you have experience with either through class directly or through an extracurricular activity. Do not ask a teacher that you have no connection to; a teacher, who does not know you, is unlikely to push you.
Note: The IBO only allows advisors to to introduce in research papers suggest improvements to the EE, but they may not be engaged in writing the EE. The IBO recommends that the supervisor spends approximately two to three hours in total with the candidate discussing the writing ranking EE. Tip #5: Make Sure Your Essay Has a Clear Structure and Flow. IB likes structure. Your EE needs a clear introduction (which should be 1-2 pages double-spaced), research question/focus (i.e. what you will be investigating), body, and in research papers conclusion (about 1 page double-spaced). An essay that has unclear or poor organization will be graded poorly. Also, make sure your 300-word abstract is clear and briefly summarizes your whole argument.
An ambiguous abstract will make it more challenging for ranking the reader to follow your essay’s argument and will also hurt the business plan grading of your EE. The body of your EE should make up the bulk of the essay. It should be about 8-18 pages double-spaced (again just depending on whether or not you include diagrams). Mfa Creative. Your body can be split into multiple parts. For example, if you are doing a comparison, you might have 1/3 of your body as Novel A Analysis, 1/3 as Novel B Analysis, and the last 1/3 as Comparison of Novel A and ways to introduce B Analysis. If you are conducting an experiment or analyzing data such as in sfsu this EE , your EE body will have a clear and obvious parts following the scientific method: stating the subject research question, discussing your method, showing the data, analyzing the data, discussing uncertainties, and drawing a conclusion/evaluating the experiment.
Tip #6: Start Writing Sooner Rather Than Later! You will not be able to crank out a 4,000-word essay in a week and get an A. Mfa Creative. You will be reading many, many articles (and, depending on your topic, possibly books, plays, and watching movies). In Research. Start the research possible as soon as possible. Each school has a slightly different deadline for the Extended Essay. Some schools want them as soon as November of your Senior Year; others will take them as later as February of Senior Year.
Your school will give you your deadline; if they haven't mentioned it by February of Junior year, ask your IB coordinator. Some schools will give you a timeline of when you need to come up with a topic, when you need to meet with your advisor and when certain drafts are due. Not all schools do. Sfsu Mfa Creative. Ask your IB coordinator if you are unsure if you are on a specific timeline. Here is my recommended timeline, it is reviews, earlier than most schools, but it will save you so much heartache (trust me, I remember): January/February of sfsu mfa creative Junior Year: Come up with your final research topic (or at ways in research, least top 3). February of Junior Year: Approach a teacher about being your EE advisor (if he or she says no, keep asking others until you find one - see my notes above on how to pick an EE advisor). Mfa Creative Writing. April/May of Junior Year: Submit an outline of your EE and a bibliography of potential research sources (I recommend at biology subject, least 7-10) to your EE advisor.
Meet with your EE advisor to discuss your outline. Summer between Junior and Senior Year: Complete your first full draft over the summer between Junior and Senior Year! I know, I know no one wants to work during the summer, but trust me this will save you so much stress come the fall when you are busy with college applications and other IB internal assessments for your IB classes. You will want to have this first full draft done because you will want to complete a couple of mfa creative draft cycles as you likely won’t be able to loan get everything you want to say into 4000 articulate words the first time. Try to get this first draft into the best possible shape you can, so that you do not have to work on too many revisions during the school year on mfa creative writing, top of your homework/college applications/work/extracurriculars/etc. Toilet Paper On Amazon. August/September of Senior Year: Turn in mfa creative ranking your first draft of your EE to your advisor and receive feedback. Work on paper on amazon, incorporating their feedback into your essay. Sfsu Mfa Creative Writing. If they have a lot of facebook fans suggestions for ranking improvement, ask if they will read one more draft before the final draft. September/October of Senior Year: Submit second draft of EE to your advisor (if necessary) and receive their feedback. Work on creating the best possible final draft.
November-February of Senior Year: Submit two copies of loan your final draft to your school to writing be sent off to IBO. You likely will not get your grade until after you graduate. The early bird DOES get the worm! Extended essays are marked by external assessors (examiners appointed by the IB) on facebook reviews, a scale of 0 to 36. Sfsu Mfa Creative Ranking. There are general and university subject-specific criteria, at sfsu mfa creative writing, a ratio of 2:1 (24 possible marks for the general criteria and 12 marks for the subject-specific one). University Phd Thesis. The total mark is converted into sfsu mfa creative writing ranking a grade from A to E, using the below parameters: Here is the typical breakdown of scores (from 2008): How Does the essay biology Extended Essay Grade Affect Your IB Diploma?
The Extended Essay grade is combined with your TOK (Theory of Knowledge) grade to ranking determine how many points you get towards your IB Diploma. To learn about ways to introduce quotes Theory of Knowledge or how many points you need to receive your IB Diploma, read our other articles on What is the International Baccalaureate (IB) Program? or IB Diploma Requirements. This diagram shows how the sfsu mfa creative two scores are combined to essay determine how many points you receive for writing ranking your IB diploma (3 being the most, 0 being the least). So, let’s say you get an business plan loan, A on your EE and a B on TOK, you will get 3 points towards your diploma. Note: this chart is slightly outdated. Prior to the class of 2010, a diploma candidate could receive a failing grade in writing ranking either the fortunate extended essay or theory of sfsu ranking knowledge and still be awarded a diploma. However, as of 2014 (for the first examination in May 2015), a student who scores an quotes, E on either the extended essay or TOK essay will not be eligible to receive an mfa creative writing, IB diploma. In case you want a little more guidance on how to fortunate essay get an A EE. Here are 50 Excellent (grade A) sample extended essays for your reading pleasure: Want to mfa creative writing ranking improve your SAT score by 160 points or your ACT score by fans reviews, 4 points?
We've written a guide for each test about the sfsu mfa creative ranking top 5 strategies you must be using to have a shot at improving your score. Download it for university phd thesis free now: Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! As an SAT/ACT tutor, Dora has guided many students to test prep success. She loves watching students succeed and ranking is committed to fortunate helping you get there. Dora received a full-tuition merit based scholarship to University of Southern California. Mfa Creative Writing. She graduated magna cum laude and scored in the 99th percentile on the ACT.
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