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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. Just as there are noteworthy examples of paper templet, excellent college essays that admissions offices like to publish, so are there cringe-worthy examples of terrible college essays that end up being described by anonymous admissions officers on Reddit discussion boards. While I won’t guarantee that your essay will end up in the first category, I will say that you follow my advice in this article, your essay most assuredly won’t end up in the second. How do you avoid writing a bad admissions essay? Read on to find out what makes an to an university essay bad and to learn which college essay topics to avoid. Paper Templet. I'll also explain how to recognize bad college essays – and what to gossip contest do to if you end up creating one by accident. What Makes Bad College Essays Bad. What exactly happens to turn a college essay terrible? Just as great personal statements combine an unexpected topic with superb execution, flawed personal statements compound problematic subject matter with poor execution. The primary way to screw up a college essay is to flub what the mla research paper, essay is about or how you’ve decided to discuss a particular experience. Badly chosen essay content can easily create an essay that is questions for extended off-putting in one of a number of ways I’ll discuss in the next section.
The essay is the place to let the admissions office of your target college get to know your personality, character, and the talents and skills that aren’t on your transcript. Mla Research Paper Templet. So if you start with a terrible topic, not only gossip girl blair will you end up with a bad essay, but you risk ruining the paper templet, good impression that the an introduction to an essay university, rest of mla research, your application makes. Some bad topics show admissions officers that you don’t have a good sense of judgment or maturity , which is a problem since they are building a class of college students who have to be able to for extended essays handle independent life on campus. Other bad topics suggest that you are a boring person , or someone who doesn’t process your experience in a colorful or lively way, which is a problem since colleges want to create a dynamic and mla research paper engaged cohort of not using you in, students. Still other bad topics indicate that you're unaware of or disconnected from the mla research paper templet, outside world and focused only on yourself , which is blair contest a problem since part of the point of college is to engage with new people and templet new ideas, and on nelson family life admissions officers are looking for people who can do that. Sometimes, even if the experiences you discuss could be the foundation of a great personal statement, the paper templet, way you’ve structured and put together your essay sends up warning flags. Essay Phones. This is because the admissions essay is also a place to show the admissions team the maturity and clarity of your writing style. One way to get this part wrong is to exhibit very faulty writing mechanics , like unclear syntax or incorrectly used punctuation. This is templet a problem since college-ready writing is one of the things that’s expected from a high school graduate.
Another way to mess this up is to ignore prompt instructions either for essays on nelson mandela's family life creative or careless reasons. Mla Research Templet. This can show admissions officers that you're either someone who simply blows off directions and instructions or someone who can't understand how to follow them . Neither is a good thing, since they are looking for people who are open to receiving new information from professors and not just deciding they know everything already. Ignoring directions to this degree is essays mandela's family life not creative, just annoying. Want to know why you're often advised to write about paper templet something mundane and mandela's everyday for your college essay? That's because the more out-there your topic, the more likely it is to templet stumble into one of these trouble categories. The problem with the overly personal essay topic is that revealing something very private can show that you don’t really understand boundaries . Gossip Girl Blair Contest. And knowing where appropriate boundaries are will be key for living on paper templet your own with a bunch of writing an introduction to an essay, people not related to you. Unfortunately, stumbling into the TMI zone of essay topics is more common than you think. One quick test for checking your privacy-breaking level: if it’s not something you’d tell a friendly stranger sitting next to you on the plane, maybe don’t tell it to the admissions office. Describing losing your virginity, or anything about your sex life really. This doesn’t mean you can’t write about your sexual orientation – just leave out the actual physical act. Mla Research Paper. Writing in too much detail about your illness, disability, any other bodily functions.
Detailed meaningful discussion of what this physical condition has meant to you and your life is a great thing to write about. But stay away from body horror and graphic descriptions that are simply there for gratuitous shock value. Waxing poetic about your love for your significant other. Your relationship is adorable to long 3500 the people currently involved in it, but those who don't know you aren't invested in this aspect of mla research, your life. Confessing to odd and unusual desires of the sexual or illegal variety. Your obsession with cultivating cacti is wonderful topic, while your obsession with researching explosives is a terrible one. Some secrets are better behind lock and key.
Or behind industrial strength rack and pinion matching machined gears and pressure bolt. Generally speaking, leave past illegal or immoral actions out of your essay . It's simply a bad idea to give admissions officers ammunition to dislike you. Some exceptions might be if you did something in a very, very different mindset from the one you’re in now (in the essays mandela's family, midst of escaping from danger, under severe coercion, or when you were very young, for paper example). Or if your essay is about explaining how you've turned over a new leaf and not using you in you have the transcript to back you up. Writing about paper templet committing crime as something fun or exciting. Unless it's on your permanent record, and you'd like a chance to explain how you've learned your lesson and changed, don't put this in your essay. Describing drug use or the experience of being drunk or high. Even if you're in a state where some recreational drugs are legal, you're a high school student. Your only exposure to mind-altering substances should be caffeine. Making up fictional stories about yourself as though they are true. You're unlikely to be a good enough fantasist to pull this off, and gossip girl there's no reason to paper roll the dice on being discovered to be a liar.
Detailing your personality flaws. Unless you have a great story of coping with one of should introduction 3500 essay, these, leave deal-breakers like pathological narcissism out of your personal statement. You' re better off not airing your dirty laundry out in public. Seriously, no one wants to smell those socks. While it's great to have faith in your abilities, no one likes a relentless show-off. No matter how magnificent your accomplishments, if you decide to focus your essay on them, it's better to paper describe a setback or a moment of doubt rather that simply praising yourself to the skies.
Bragging and making yourself the flawless hero of your essay. This goes double if you're writing about not particularly exciting achievements like scoring the winning goal or getting the lead in the play. Having no awareness of the actual scope of your accomplishments. It's lovely that you take time to help others, but volunteer-tutoring a couple of hours a week doesn’t make you a saintly figure. Cheering on essay a team? Awesome. Cheering on yourself? A little obnoxious.
Remember your reader. Paper Templet. In this case, you're trying to make yourself memorable to an admissions officer who has been reading thousands of other essays . If your essay makes the not using you in essays, mistake of being boring or trite, it just won’t register in that person’s mind as anything worth paying attention to. Transcribing your resume into sentence form or writing about the main activity on your transcript. The application already includes your resume, or a detailed list of your various activities. Unless the prompt specifically asks you to write about your main activity, the essay needs to be about a facet of your interests and personality that doesn't come through the other parts of the application. Writing about sports. Every athlete tries to write this essay. Unless you have a completely off-the-wall story or unusual achievement, leave this overdone topic be. Being moved by your community service trip to mla research paper templet a third-world country. Should 3500. Were you were impressed at how happy the people seemed despite being poor?
Did you learn a valuable lesson about how privileged you are? Unfortunately, so has every other teenager who traveled on one of paper templet, these trips. Writing about this tends to simultaneously make you sound unempathetic, clueless about the mandela's family, world, way over-privileged, and condescending. Unless you have a highly specific, totally unusual story to tell, don’t do it. Reacting with sadness to a sad, but very common experience. Unfortunately, many of the hard, formative events in your life are fairly universal. So, if you’re going to paper write about should word essay death or divorce, make sure to focus on how you dealt with this event, so the essay is something only you could possibly have written.
Only detailed, idiosyncratic description can save this topic. Mla Research Templet. Going meta. Don’t write about the fact that you’re writing the essay as we speak, and essay of mobile phones now the mla research, reader is reading it, and look, the essay is right here in the reader's hand. It's a technique that seems clever, but has already been done many times in many different ways. Offering your ideas on how to fix the long should 3500, world. This is especially true if your solution is an easy fix, if only everyone would just listen to you. Mla Research. Trust me, there's just no way you are being realistically appreciative of the level of complexity inherent in the problem you're describing. Starting with a famous quotation. On Nelson Mandela's. There usually is no need to shore up your own words by bringing in someone else's. Of course, if you are writing about a particular phrase that you've adopted as a life motto, feel free to include it.
B ut even then, having it be the first line in your essay feels like you're handing the keys over to that author and asking them to drive. Mla Research Paper Templet. Using an an introduction essay everyday object as a metaphor for mla research your life/personality. You In Essays. “Shoes. Mla Research Paper Templet. They are like this, and like that, and people love them for all of these reasons. And guess what? They are just like me.” Shoes are from several centuries ago and tend to not using be used as flower vases. And that's true for me too! Unlike the essays you’ve been writing in school where the idea is to analyze something outside of yourself, the paper, main subject of your college essay should be you, your background, your makeup, and your future . Research Questions Essays. Writing about someone or something else might well make a great essay, but not for this context. Paying tribute to mla research someone very important to you in you. Everyone would love to meet your grandma, but this isn’t the time to focus on her amazing coming of age story. Mla Research Templet. If you do want to talk about an introduction to an essay a person who is important to your life, dwell on the ways you've been impacted by them, and how you will incorporate this impact into your future.
Documenting how well other people do things, say things, are active, while you remain passive and mla research inactive in to an essay, the essay. Being in the orbit of someone else's important lab work, or complex stage production, or meaningful political activism is a fantastic learning moment. But if you decide to write about, your essay should be about your learning and how you've been influenced, not about the other person's achievements. Concentrating on a work of paper templet, art that deeply moved you. Watch out for girl contest the pitfall of writing an analytical essay about mla research templet that work, and not at all about essays family your reaction to it or how you’ve been affected since. Check out our explanation of paper templet, how to answer Topic D of the writing an introduction to an essay, ApplyTexas application to get some advice on writing about someone else's work while making sure your essay still points back at you. With this potential mistake, you run the mla research templet, risk of showing a lack of self-awareness or the not using you in essays, ability to mla research paper be open to new ideas . Remember, no reader wants to be lectured at. If that’s what your essay does, you are demonstrating an inability to communicate successfully with others. Also, remember that no college is you in eager to admit someone who is too close-minded to benefit from being taught by others.
A long, one-sided essay about a hot-button issue will suggest that you are exactly that. Ranting at length about political, religious, or other contentious topics. You simply don't know where the admissions officer who reads your essay stands on any of these issues. It's better to avoid upsetting or angering that person. Paper Templet. Writing a one-sided diatribe about guns, abortion, the death penalty, immigration, or anything else in the news. Not Using Essays. Even if you can marshal facts in your argument, this essay is simply the wrong place to take a narrow, unempathetic side in an ongoing debate. Mentioning anything negative about the paper, school you’re applying to.
Again, your reader is someone who works there and presumably is girl essay contest proud of the place. Mla Research Templet. This is not the time to question the admissions officer's opinions or life choices. Don't make your reader feel like they've suddenly gotten in the ring with you. College Essay Execution Problems To Avoid. Bad college essays aren't only on nelson family caused by bad topics. Sometimes, even if you’re writing about an interesting, relevant topic, you can still seem immature or unready for college life because of the way you present that topic – the way you actually write your personal statement. Check to paper templet make sure you haven't made any of the common mistakes on this list. Admissions officers are looking for you in resourcefulness, the ability to paper templet be resilient, and an active and optimistic approach to life – these are all qualities that create a thriving college student.
Essays that don't show these qualities are usually suffering from girl essay, tone-deafness. Being whiny or complaining about problems in your life. Is the essay about everyone doing things to/against you? About things happening to you, rather than you doing anything about them? That perspective is a definite turn-off. Trying and failing to use humor. You may be very funny in real life, but it's hard to be successfully funny in this context, especially when writing for a reader who doesn’t know you.
If you do want to use humor, I'd recommend the simplest and most straightforward version: being self-deprecating and low-key. Templet. Talking down to the reader, or alternately being self-aggrandizing. No one enjoys being condescended to. In this case, much of the function of your essay is to charm and make yourself likable, which is unlikely to happen if you adopt this tone. Being pessimistic, cynical, and generally depressive. You are applying to college because you are looking forward to a future of learning, achievement, and on nelson mandela's family life self-actualization. This is not the paper, time to bust out your existential ennui and your jaded, been-there-done-that attitude toward life. One good question to ask yourself is: could anyone else have written this essay ? If the phones, answer is yes, then you aren’t doing a good job of representing your unique perspective on templet the world.
It’s very important to demonstrate your ability to be a detailed observer of the world, since that will be one of your main jobs as a college student. Avoiding any emotions, and effects of mobile phones appearing robot-like and cold in the essay. Unlike essays that you've been writing for class, this essay is paper templet meant to be a showcase of your authorial voice and personality. It may seem strange to shift gears after learning how to take yourself out of your writing, but this is the you in, place where you have to put as much as yourself in as possible. Skipping over paper, description and specific details in favor of writing only in vague generalities.
Does your narrative feel like a newspaper horoscope, which could apply to every other person who was there that day? Then you’re doing it wrong and need to essays on nelson family life refocus on your reaction, feelings, understanding, and transformation. Your college essay isn't the place to mla research templet be indistinguishable. There’s some room for creativity here, yes, but a college essay isn’t a free-for-all postmodern art class . True, there are prompts that specifically call for your most out-of-left-field submission, or allow you to you in essays submit a portfolio or some other work sample instead of a traditional essay. But on a standard application, it's better to stick to traditional prose, split into paragraphs, further split into sentences.
Submitting anything other than just the materials asked for on your application. Don't send food to the admissions office, don't write your essay on clothing or shoes, don't create a YouTube channel about your undying commitment to the school. I know there are a lot of urban legends about that one time this crazy thing worked, but they are either not true or about something that will not work a second time. Writing your essay in verse, in the form of a play, in bullet points, as an acrostic, or any other non-prose form. Paper. Unless you really have a way with poetry or playwriting, and you are very confident that you can meet the demands of the questions, prompt and explain yourself well in paper templet, this form, don't discard prose simply for the sake of essays on nelson family, being different. Using as many “fancy” words as possible and getting very far away from sounding like yourself. Admissions officers are unanimous in mla research paper templet, wanting to hear your not fully formed teenage voice in your essay. This means that you should write at the top of your vocabulary range and on harmful phones syntax complexity, but don't trade every word up for a thesaurus synonym. Your essay will suffer for it.
If you dress like this every day, you can use all the fancy words you like. Most people have a hard time checking over their own work. This is why you have to make sure that someone else proofreads your writing . Mla Research. This is the one place where you can, should – and really must – get someone who knows all about grammar, punctuation and has a good eye for detail to take a red pencil to not using essays your final draft. Otherwise, you look like you either don’t know the paper, basic rules or writing (in which case, are you really ready for college work?) or don’t care enough to present yourself well (in which case, why would the admissions people care about admitting you?). Typos, grammatical mistakes, punctuation flubs, weird font/paragraph spacing issues.
It's true that these are often unintentional mistakes. But caring about getting it right is a way to demonstrate your work ethic and dedication to the task at hand. Writing An Introduction To An University. Going over the word limit. Part of mla research templet, showing your brilliance is being able to work within arbitrary rules and limitations. Going over not using you in, the word count points to a lack of self-control, which is not a very attractive feature in a college applicant.
Repeating the same word(s) or sentence structure over and over again. This makes your prose monotonous and templet hard to read. Repetition: excellent for mastering the long jump, terrible for keeping a reader's interest. Bad College Essay Examples – And How to Fix Them. The beauty of of mobile, writing is that you get to rewrite. So if you think of mla research, your essay as a draft waiting to not using you in essays be revised into a better version rather than as a precious jewel that can’t bear being touched, you’ll be in paper templet, far better shape to correct the you in essays, issues that always crop up! Now let’s take a look at some actual college essay drafts to see where the writer is going wrong and how the issue could be fixed. Essay #1: The “I Am Writing This Essay as We Speak” Meta-Narrative. Was your childhood home destroyed by mla research a landspout tornado? Yeah, neither was mine.
I know that intro might have given the impression that this college essay will be about withstanding disasters, but the truth is that it isn't about that at all. In my junior year, I always had in essay phones, mind an image of myself finishing the college essay months before the deadline. But as the weeks dragged on and the deadline drew near, it soon became clear that at the rate things are going I would probably have to make new plans for my October, November and mla research paper December. Falling into my personal wormhole, I sat down with my mom to talk about research questions for extended colleges. “Maybe you should write about templet Star Trek ,” she suggested, “you know how you’ve always been obsessed with Captain Picard, calling him your dream mentor. Unique hobbies make good topics, right? You'll sound creative!” I played with the effects of mobile phones, thought in my mind, tapping my imaginary communicator pin and templet whispering Computer. Writing An Introduction To An Essay University. Tea. Earl Grey.
Hot. And then an Essay. Paper. Nothing happened. Essay On Harmful Effects Of Mobile Phones. Instead, I sat quietly in paper, my room wrote the old-fashioned way. Days later I emerged from my room disheveled, but to my dismay, this college essay made me sound like just a guy who can't get over the fact that he'll never take the Starfleet Academy entrance exam. Essays On Nelson Mandela's Family Life. So, I tossed my essay away without even getting to disintegrate it with a phaser set on stun. I fell into a state of panic. Mla Research Templet. My college essay. My image of myself in senior year.
Almost out of nowhere, Robert Jameson Smith offered his words of an introduction to an essay, advice. Mla Research Paper. Perfect! He suggested students begin their college essay by listing their achievements and letting their essay materialize from there. My heart lifted, I took his advice and listed three of my greatest achievements - mastering my backgammon strategy, being a part of TREE in my sophomore year, and essays performing I Am the Very Model of mla research paper templet, a Modern Major-General from The Pirates of on harmful of mobile phones, Penzance in public. And sure enough, I felt inspiration hit me and templet began to type away furiously into the keyboard about my experience in TREE, or Trees Require Engaged Environmentalists. I reflected on the current state of deforestation, and described the dichotomy of it being both understandable why farmers cut down forests for farmland, and essay how dangerous this is to our planet. Finally, I added my personal epiphany to the end of my college essay as the paper, cherry on the vanilla sundae, as the overused saying goes. After 3 weeks of figuring myself out, I have converted myself into a piece of should introduction 3500 word, writing. As far as achievements go, this was definitely an amazing one. The ability to transform a human being into 603 words surely deserves a gold medal.
Yet in this essay, I was still being nagged by a voice that couldn't be ignored. Eventually, I submitted to that yelling inner voice and decided that this was not the paper, right essay either. In the middle of a hike through Philadelphia's Fairmount Park, I realized that the college essay was nothing more than an embodiment of my character. The two essays I have written were not right because they have failed to become more than just words on recycled paper. You In Essays. The subject failed to come alive.
Certainly my keen interest in Star Trek and my enthusiasm for TREE are a great part of who I am, but there were other qualities essential in my character that did not come across in the essays. With this realization, I turned around as quickly as I could without crashing into a tree. Here are all things that are working on all cylinders for this personal statement as is. Was your childhood home destroyed by a landspout tornado? Yeah, neither was mine. Funny, striking, memorable – this sentence has it all: A strange fact. There are different kinds of mla research paper, tornadoes? What is a landspout tornado anyway? A late-night-deep-thoughts hypothetical.
What would it be like to be a kid whose house was destroyed in this unusual way? Direct engagement with the reader. Instead of asking “what would it be like to have a tornado destroy a house” it asks “was your house ever destroyed. Speaking of essays family, tornadoes, how awesome was the Wizard of mla research paper, Oz? Gentle, Self-Deprecating Humor That Lands Well. I played with the thought in my mind, tapping my imaginary communicator pin and whispering Computer.
Days later I emerged from mla research, my room disheveled, but to my dismay, this college essay made me sound like just a guy who can't get over the fact that he'll never take the Starfleet Academy entrance exam. So, I tossed my essay away without even getting to disintegrate it with a phaser set on essays mandela's family life stun. The author has his cake and eats it too here: both making fun of mla research templet, himself for being super into the Star Trek mythos, but also showing himself being committed enough to try whispering a command to the Enterprise computer alone in his room. You know, just in case. A Solid Point That Is Made Paragraph by Paragraph.
The meat of the essay is that the two versions of himself that the author thought about long should introduction 3500 word portraying each fails in some way to mla research describe the real him. Neither an essay focusing on essay effects of mobile his off-beat interests, nor an essay devoted to his serious activism could capture everything about a well-rounded person in 600 words. With this realization, I turned around as quickly as I could without crashing into templet a tree. The essay illustrates its own stopping by having the narrator literally stop in the middle of a hike and narrowly avoid a collision. That’s funny and clever without being too gimmicky. Rewriting these flawed parts will make the essay shine. Spending Way Too Long on the Metanarrative. I know that intro might have given the impression that this college essay will be about withstanding disasters, but the truth is that it isn't about long should 3500 word essay that at all. In my junior year, I always had in mind an image of myself finishing the college essay months before the mla research templet, deadline. Not Using. But as the weeks dragged on and the deadline drew near, it soon became clear that at the rate things are going I would probably have to make new plans for my October, November and December.
After 3 weeks of figuring myself out, I have converted myself into a piece of writing. Mla Research. As far as achievements go, this was definitely an amazing one. The ability to transform a human being into research for extended essays 603 words surely deserves a gold medal. Look at how long and draggy these paragraphs are, especially after that zippy opening. Is it at all interesting to paper templet read about research how someone else found the mla research, process of essays on nelson, writing hard? Not really, because this is a very common experience. In the rewrite, I’d advise condensing all of mla research, this to maybe a sentence to get to the meat of the of mobile, actual essay . Letting Other People Do All the Doing. I sat down with my mom to talk about colleges. “Maybe you should write about Star Trek ,” she suggested, “you know how you’ve always been obsessed with Captain Picard, calling him your dream mentor. Unique hobbies make good topics, right?
You'll sound creative!” Almost out of mla research paper, nowhere, Robert Jameson Smith offered his words of advice. Long Introduction 3500 Word Essay. Perfect! He suggested students begin their college essay by listing their achievements and letting their essay materialize from there. Twice in the essay, the author lets someone else tell him what to do. Templet. Not only that, but it sounds like both of the “incomplete” essays were dictated by the thoughts of other people and had little to do with his own ideas, experiences, or initiative. In the rewrite, it would be better to recast both the Stark Trek and the TREE versions of the essay as the author’s own thoughts rather than someone else’s suggestions . This way, the point of the essay – taking apart the idea that a college essay could summarize life experience – is on harmful effects of mobile earned by mla research templet the author’s two failed attempts to write that other kind of essay. Don't be a passive panda. Be an active antelope. Leaving the Insight and Meaning Out of His Experiences. Both the Star Trek fandom and not using you in essays the TREE activism were obviously important life experiences for this author – important enough to be potential college essay topic candidates.
But there is no description of what the author did with either one, nor any explanation of why these were so meaningful to his life. It’s fine to say that none of your achievements individually define you, but in mla research templet, order for should introduction 3500 essay that to work, you have to really sell the achievements themselves. In the rewrite, it would be good to explore what he learned about himself and mla research templet the world by research questions for extended essays pursuing these interests . How did they change him or seen him into paper the person he is today? Not Adding New Shades and of mobile Facets of Himself Into the paper templet, Mix. So, I tossed my essay away without even getting to disintegrate it with a phaser set on stun.
Yet in this essay, I was still being nagged by a voice that couldn't be ignored. Eventually, I submitted to research questions essays that yelling inner voice and decided that this was not the right essay either. In both of these passages, there is the perfect opportunity to point out what exactly these failed versions of the mla research paper, essay didn't capture about the essays on nelson life, author . Paper Templet. In the next essay draft, I would suggest subtly making a point about his other qualities. For example, after the Star Trek paragraph, he could talk about other culture he likes to consume, especially if he can discuss art forms he is essay effects phones interested in mla research paper, that would not be expected from someone who loves Star Trek . Or, after the TREE paragraph, the author could explain why this second essay was no better at capturing him than the first. What was missing? Why is the self in the essay shouting – is it because this version paints him as an blair overly aggressive activist? Star Trek fans are a dime a dozen.
But a Trekkie who is also a graffiti aficionado? Now that's a novel intersection of mla research paper, cultural tastes. Essay #2: The “I Once Saw Poor People” Service Trip Essay. Unlike other teenagers, I’m not concerned about essay money, or partying, or what others think of me. Unlike other eighteen year-olds, I think about my future, and haven't become totally materialistic and acquisitive. My whole outlook on life changed after I realized that my life was just being handed to paper templet me on a silver spoon, and yet there were those in long should introduction 3500 word, the world who didn’t have enough food to eat or place to live. Templet. I realized that the one thing that this world needed more than anything was compassion; compassion for those less fortunate than us. During the summer of you in essays, 2006, I went on mla research paper a community service trip to writing an introduction essay rural Peru to help build an templet elementary school for blair contest kids there. Paper. I expected harsh conditions, but what I encountered was far worse. It was one thing to watch commercials asking for donations to help the unfortunate people in less developed countries, yet it was a whole different story to actually live it. Even after all this time, I can still hear babies crying from hunger; I can still see the filthy rags that they wore; I can still smell the essays, stench of misery and hopelessness.
But my most vivid memory was the paper templet, moment I first got to the farming town. The conditions of you in, it hit me by surprise; it looked much worse in real life than compared to the what our group leader had told us. Poverty to paper templet me and everyone else I knew was a foreign concept that people hear about on the news or see in documentaries. 3500 Essay. But this abject poverty was their life, their reality. And for the brief ten days I was there, it would be mine too. As all of this realization came at once, I felt overwhelmed by the weight of what was to come. Would I be able to mla research live in the same conditions as these people? Would I catch a disease that no longer existed in the first world, or maybe die from drinking contaminated water? As these questions rolled around my already dazed mind, I heard a soft voice asking me in Spanish, “Are you okay?
Is there anything I can do to long introduction word essay make you feel better?” I looked down to see a small boy, around nine years of templet, age, who looked starved, and cold, wearing tattered clothing, comforting me. These people who have so little were able to forget their own needs, and put those much more fortunate ahead of themselves. It was at essays that moment that I saw how selfish I had been. How many people suffered like this in mla research, the world, while I went about life concerned about nothing at all? Thinking back on the trip, maybe I made a difference, maybe not. But I gained something much more important. I gained the introduction 3500 word essay, desire to mla research templet make the world a better place for others. It was in essay, a small, poverty-stricken village in Peru that I finally realized that there was more to life than just being alive.
Let's first point out what this draft has going for it. This is an essay that tries to mla research paper explain a shift in family, perspective. Paper. There are different ways to structure this overarching idea, but a chronological approach that starts with an earlier opinion, describes a mind changing event, and ends with the transformed point of not using, view is an easy and clear way to mla research paper lay this potentially complex subject out. Arranging your narrative in order of what happened when is a simple and surefire strategy. Now let's see what needs to be changed in order for this essay to pass muster. Unlike other teenagers, I’m not concerned about essay money, or partying, or what others think of me. Mla Research Paper Templet. Unlike other eighteen year - olds, I think about my future, and haven't become totally materialistic and acquisitive. This is you in essays a very broad generalization, which doesn’t tend to be the best way to formulate an argument – or to start an essay. It just makes this author sound dismissive of a huge swath of the mla research paper templet, population. In the rewrite, this author would be way better off just concentrate on girl essay what she want to say about herself, not pass judgment on “other teenagers,” most of whom she doesn’t know and will never meet. I realized that the one thing that this world needed more than anything was compassion; compassion for those less fortunate than us.
Coming from someone who hasn’t earned her place in the world through anything but the luck of being born, the word “compassion” sounds really condescending. Calling others less fortunate when you're a senior in high school has a dehumanizing quality to it. These people who have so little were able to forget their own needs, and put those much more fortunate in front of themselves. Again, this comes across as very patronizing. Not only that, but to this little boy the author was clearly not looking all that “fortunate” – instead, she looked pathetic enough to need comforting.
In the next draft, a better hook could be making the essay about the many different kinds of shifting perspectives the author encountered on mla research that trip . A more meaningful essay would compare and contrast the points of view of the writing an introduction essay university, TV commercials, to what the mla research paper, group leader said, to the author's own expectations, and finally to this child’s point of view. It may help to an introduction to an essay imagine you have the paper, compound eyes of an you in insect. How many different perspectives can you see and describe? During the mla research paper templet, summer of 2006, I went on a community service trip to rural Peru to help build an elementary school for kids there. I expected harsh conditions, but what I encountered was far worse. It was one thing to watch commercials asking for donations to help the not using essays, unfortunate people in less developed countries, yet it was a whole different story to actually live it. Even after all this time, I can still hear babies crying from hunger; I can still see the mla research templet, filthy rags that they wore; I can still smell the stench of misery and hopelessness. Phrases like “cries of the questions, small children from not having enough to mla research paper templet eat” and “dirt stained rags” seem like descriptions, but they're really closer to incurious and completely hackneyed generalizations.
Why were the kids were crying? How many kids? All the kids? One specific really loud kid? The same goes for “filthy rags,” which is both an on harmful of mobile phones incredibly insensitive way to talk about the clothing of these villagers, and again shows a total lack of interest in mla research paper, their life. Why were their clothes dirty? Were they workers or farmers so their clothes showing marks of labor?
Did they have Sunday clothes? Traditional clothes they would put on for special occasions? Did they make their own clothes? That would be a good reason to not using keep wearing clothing even if it had “stains” on it. The rewrite should either make this section more specific and less reliant on cliches, or should discard it altogether . The conditions of it hit me by surprise; it looked much worse in real life than compared to the what our group leader had told us. Poverty to me and everyone else I knew was a foreign concept that people hear about on the news or see in documentaries. But this abject poverty was their life, their reality. If this is the “most vivid memory,” then I would expect to read all the details that have been seared into the author's brain. What did their leader tell them? What was different in real life?
What was the light like? What did the houses/roads/grass/fields/trees/animals/cars look like? What time of templet, day was it? Did they get there by bus, train, or plane? Was there an questions essays airport/train station/bus terminal?
A city center? Shops? A marketplace? There are any number of details to include here when doing another drafting pass. Reading vague generalizations is like trying to make sense of this blurry picture. Is it flowers?
Holiday lights? Confetti? Who knows. Mla Research Paper Templet. And after a while, who cares? But this abject poverty was their life, their reality. And for the brief ten days I was there, it would be mine too. As all of this realization came at once, I felt overwhelmed by the weight of not using you in, what was to paper templet come. Would I be able to gossip girl essay contest live in the same conditions as these people? Would I catch a disease that no longer existed in the first world, or maybe die from drinking contaminated water?
Without a framing device explaining that this initial panic was an overreaction, this section just makes the author sound whiny, entitled, melodramatic, and immature . After all, this isn’t a a solo wilderness trek – the author is mla research paper there with a paid guided program. Just how much mortality is typically associated with these very standard college-application-boosting service trips? In a rewrite, I would suggest including more perspective on the author's outsized and gossip girl contest overprivileged response here. This would fit well with a new focus on templet the different points of should word essay, view on this village the author encountered. But I gained something much more important.
I gained the templet, desire to make the world a better place for others. It was in university, a small, poverty-stricken village in Peru that I finally realized that there was more to life than just being alive. Is it really believable that this is what the author learned? There is maybe some evidence to suggest that the author was shaken somewhat out of a comfortable, materialistic existence. But what does “there is more to life than just being alive” even really mean? This conclusion is rather vague, and seems mostly a non sequitur. In a rewrite, the essay should be completely reoriented to discuss how differently others see us than we see ourselves, pivoting on mla research templet the experience of being pitied by someone who you thought was pitiable.
Then, the new version can end by on a note of being better able to understand different points of essays on nelson mandela's family life, view and other people’s perspectives . It's important to include deep thoughts and insights into your essay - just make sure your narrative supports your conclusions! Bad college essays have problems either with their topics or their execution. The essay is how admissions officers learn about paper templet your personality, point of view, and maturity level, so getting the topic right is a key factor in essay on harmful effects of mobile, letting them see you as an aware, self-directed, open-minded applicant who is going to thrive in an environment of independence. The essay is also how admissions officers learn that you are writing at a ready-for-college level, so screwing up the execution shows that you either don’t know how to write, or don’t care enough to do it well. The main ways college essay topics go wrong is bad taste, bad judgment, and lack of self-awareness.
The main ways college essays fail in their execution have to mla research do with ignoring format, syntax, and genre expectations. Want to read some excellent college essays now that you've seen some examples of flawed one? Take a look through our roundup of college essay examples published by colleges and then get help with brainstorming your perfect college essay topic. Need some guidance on other parts of the application process? Check out our detailed, step-by-step guide to college applications for an introduction essay advice.
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Power Management S3 Tricks and Tips. This document is intended to mla research paper templet, explain how S3 (suspend/resume) works and has some tricks and tips to not using essays, help debug and diagnose S3 issues. S3 is the ACPI sleep state that is known as sleep or suspend to paper, RAM. It essentially turns off most power of the system but keeps memory powered. When the user hits the sleep key, this generates a hardware interrupt which is caught and handled by the embedded controller (EC). ACPI defines two approaches to handle power buttons - fixed hardware or generic hardware. In the fixed hardware scheme, EC triggers a low-pulse to the PWRBTN# pin and Southbridge (SB) sets PWRBTN_STS bit in PM1_STS register to indicate to the operating system that a power button event occurs. Questions? In the generic hardware scheme, EC triggers a change to mla research, a GPIO pin to generate a general-purpose event to BIOS, and BIOS issues a Notify(PWRB, 0x80) to the operating system. You can observe which GPE is triggered by examining the files in /sys/firmware/acpi/interrupts and see which one increments when the event occurs.
The kernel handles the GPE and based on which GPE gets triggered it then executes the appropriate handler in the ACPI DSDT table (the DSDT, Differentiated System Description Table, contains AML bytecode that is executed in the kernel context by the kernel's ACPI driver. For example, if GPE 0x1e is triggered then AML bytecode method _GPE._L1E() or _GPE._E1E() is executed depending on it being Level or Edge triggered (the method name has a L or E prefix corresponds to Level or Edge triggered events). University? Typically the method just creates a Notify() event which gets passed over to user space via the /proc/acpi/event interface and handled by acpid and ultimately this calls /etc/acpi/sleep.sh which in turn calls pm-suspend. Note: Level-triggered or edge-triggered depends on the design and the configuration of the mla research, SB, and firmware (BIOS) must implement it correctly. The pm-suspend script prepares the on nelson family life, machine for suspend, typically this involves unloading broken modules that don't suspend well and then finally writing the text mem to /sys/power/state. Writing to /sys/power/state initiates the kernel side of the suspend. First it suspends all user space tasks (freezing them).
Next the kernel traverses the device tree and for each driver it calls the registered suspend method. Mla Research? It is the responsibility of each driver to ensure the correct state is saved to allow the hardware to research essays, resume correctly and this is where a lot of mla research templet, bugs can occur. The kernel then executes the ACPI methods _PTS() (Prepare to sleep) and/or _GTS() (Going to Sleep) which are again in then DSDT. This byte code generally does platform specific magic, such as writing magic values to the embedded controller and even calling System Management Mode (SMM) code in the BIOS via the use of System Management Interrupts (SMI). The kernel has no knowledge of what is happening while these methods are executing - the byte code controlling the BIOS and Embedded Controller interactions are out of the kernel's control. Obviously if the AML byte code or BIOS code being executed in SMI is essays on nelson mandela's life buggy it can cause S3 issues and there is little can be done to mla research paper, easily fix this in the kernel. When the methods return control back to the kernel the system is essays on nelson mandela's family almost ready to paper templet, suspend. The kernel writes the address of the resume wakeup code into a data structure and gossip essay the address is written into the Firmware Waking Vector (as specified by paper the Fixed ACPI Description Table (FADT)). The kernel fetches the addresses of the PM1a/PM1b control registers from the FADT and writes the sleep type (SLP_TYP) and blair contest sleep enable (SLP_EN) bits to the registers and this triggers the sleep. The kernel will sit in a wait loop until it gets put to sleep by the pending action of writing to the PM control registers.
After kernel writes SLP_TYP and SLP_EN, it is common a SMI is generated by SB (called Sleep SMI as it is invoked after the kernel considers that the system is in S3). Note that it is up to the BIOS to paper templet, save specific BIOS and Embedded Controller state. This is normally done in the _PTS/_GTS Method calls and in Sleep SMI. Sometimes this is were weird BIOS or EC state issues cause suspend/resume to fail. A break down of the research questions for extended essays, calls in the kernel is as follows: Eventually the user wants to wake their machine up from S3 suspend. The user presses a power button which wakes up the CPU and mla research paper templet it jumps to a known BIOS start address.
The BIOS does some setup to get the memory controller, restore some device states, and then reads the ACPI status register to tell it if it was in a suspended state. The BIOS then jumps to an introduction, the wakeup address saved in the Firmware Waking Vector. The kernel resume code pointed to by the Firmware Waking Vector is mla research paper templet some real mode x86 code that sets the CPU back into normal kernel protected mode and then restores CPU register state and pops back down the call suspend call chain to essays on nelson life, do the resume. At this point the kernel calls the ACPI _WAK() method, it then resumes drivers, unfreezes threads and user space processes and we return back to point where mem was just written to paper, /sys/power/state. To user space, nothing has really changed, apart from a jump forward in time by the clock. The first bit of magic to be aware of is in arch/x86/kernel/acpi/realmode/wakeup.S.
this directly maps to the wakeup_header defined in arch/x86/kernel/acpi/realmode/wakeup.h: during suspend, header-pmode_entry is set to wakeup_pmode_return() in function acpi_save_state_mem() and kernel state is saved into a wakeup header which is essay of mobile a real mode copy (to acpi_realmode) of a chunk of code and data in wakeup_code_start..wakeup_code_end. Mla Research Paper? acpi_wakeup_address points to the real mode code + data and acpi_sleep_prepare() uses this to essays family life, set the waking vector before suspending. To understand resume, we need to examine the final phase of suspend. Assembler function do_suspend_lowlevel in arch/x86/kernel/acpi/wakeup_32.S performs the final phase of templet, suspend, it basically does the following: saves cpu state + registers calls acpi_enter_sleep_state() which ultimately ends end suspending and CPU halts. If this fails, the registers + cpu state are restored and we return from do_suspend_lowlevel(). The wakeup from essays mandela's family life, S3 works as follows: BIOS (realmode) inspects the ACPI waking vector and jumps out of BIOS real mode into wakeup_code() in arch/x86/kernel/acpi/realmode/wakeup.S. Recall that this code is a copy in real mode memory - this code then ljmpl's to wakeup_pmode_return(). wakeup_pmode_return() in arch/x86/kernel/acpi/wakeup_32.S restores registers, the gdt, idt and ltd (hence comes out of real mode), and restores the stack pointer does a final sanity check to mla research templet, see if a saved magic value is as expected and if all is OK resturns back to pop the stack and return from do_suspend_lowlevel() as if nothing has happened. As you can now see, suspending and resuming is family rather non-trivial. Mla Research Templet? The following sections explain how where to look for S3 bugs:
We rely on drivers behaving correctly in their suspend/resume methods, if state is on nelson mandela's not saved/restored correctly then broken drivers can break in subtle and mla research mysterious ways. Drivers may oops during suspend or resume, which causes headache for on nelson life, debugging since these normally happen while the console is suspended. The first thing to try is to boot the kernel with kernel parameter: no_console_suspend. Next switch to VT1 and suspend/resume using Ctrl-Alt-F1 or: login on VT1 and suspend using: Repeat several times to see if you can capture a kernel oops. Use a digial camera to photo graph the oops message or if it scrolls too quickly off the screen limit the kernel oops message by hacking dump_stack() (arch/x86/kernel/dumpstack.c) to dump out paper templet, less off a stack trace. If you know the bug exists in for extended a driver but you cannot get an mla research templet oops and you have no console then things get tricky. The PC does can only not using essays save state in the real time clock (RTC) over reboots, so we have to result to saving a hashed state of the device suspend details in the RTC. We use the /sys/power/pm_trace interface to enable PM debugging as follows:
If resume fails, quickly reboot the machine as you have. 3 minutes before the templet, updates to the RTC corrupt the writing an introduction to an, saved hashed state. Once rebooted, look for the Magic numbers: text in the kernel log, use dmesg, and look for something like: You may even get lucky and get a device being mentioned as the problematic driver, e.g.: Device numbers sometimes are show, use lspci to track down the problematic device. The next trick is to remove the module and repeat the suspend/resume to see if this was the problem driver or not.
If a driver is not suspending/resuming correctly one workaround is to then add the name of the modules to mla research templet, the MODULES= list in essay on harmful /etc/default/acpi-support. Paper Templet? However, the essays on nelson life, best approach is to paper, find out why the driver is breaking suspend/resume and fixing it. However, /sys/power/pm_trace is known to be a little temperamental and may yield false positives. Writing An Introduction To An University? An alternative approach is to paper, remove all modules and do a suspend/resume cycle. If this works, then start loading modules one by one until you find one that causes the hang. As you may now be aware, we are very reliant on the BIOS + ACPI for suspend/resume and more often than not these cause the bugs. The issues fall into several categories: In this scenario, the kernel passes control over to BIOS, and for extended essays we BIOS never returns control back to the kernel. This can occur when the ACPI _PTS() or _GTS() methods call into the BIOS via SMIs - these are rare, but possible. In this case, one needs to enable ACPI AML code execution tracing and mla research paper templet see if these methods are being executed at the time of the questions, hang.
One may also want to check whether the system hangs after kernel writes SLP_TYP and SLP_EN. If so, BIOS may hang in Sleep SMI. More likely though BIOS either never jumps back to the Firmware Waking Vector or it jumps to the wrong location, or has really screwed up the paper, processor state and returns to the kernel via the Firmware Waking Vector but does not execute in the kernel correctly. At this point one should sanity check to see if the BIOS actually made it back into the kernel. One of a handful tricks can be used: 1. Write some code in wakeup_pmode_return() (arch/x86/kernel/acpi/wakeup_32.S) to essays, flash the LEDs on to indicate the BIOS jumped back to the kernel. Example code below:
unfortunately a lot of the newer machines don't seem to even have the luxury of a keyboard LED, so you may need to mla research, try the following strategies: 2. Write some code in wakeup_pmode_return() (arch/x86/kernel/acpi/wakeup_32.S) to to an university, dump state in port $80 and use a port $80 debug card. Paper? You need to boot with io_delay=udelay or io_delay=0xed so not to clobber port $80 on port I/O delay operations. 3. Write some code in wakeup_pmode_return() (arch/x86/kernel/acpi/wakeup_32.S) to zap the CMOS settings on resume. When the machine hangs, reboot. Your BIOS may beep and complain about the CMOS being cleared, and/or you may need to go into the BIOS set up to re-set the BIOS config back to a sane state. Writing An Introduction Essay University? If this happens you at least know that the BIOS transitioned from mla research templet, a S3 wakeup and jumped back into the kernel. We are very reliant on ACPI to do things right, sometimes it just does not. A few things worth checking are: Method _PTS(). This ACPI Method needs to exist and is required to transition the machine to the suspend state correctly. Unfortunately we rely in the ACPI AML code and the underlying BIOS code (if used) to do the right thing.
Method _GTS(). This ACPI Method is not required, but needs to work correctly if it does exist. Essays? Like _PTS() it is platform specific and may interact with the mla research paper, BIOS/Emebedded Controller in a closed and proprietary way. PM1a/b register settings from FADT. These are tweaked to set the PM power type and suspend enable at you in S3 suspend time, so if the addresses are incorrect the kernel may be just twiddling the wrong registers.
These can be dumped out using one of the following: and the mla research, edit FACP.dsl and check that the PM1A/PM1B event and control blocks look sane. You need to consult the chipset specific data sheet to sanity check these register addresses. Pressing the essay, suspend hot key should in theory trigger a suspend. The easiest thing to check is that the ACPI events are being passed down to acpid to kick off the suspend. Mla Research? Use the following to spy on ACPI events: If this fails, then next thing to check is for any GPEs occurring. If you don't observe any GPEs then there could be a problem with the blair, key waking up the Embedded Controller and the Embedded Controller poking the Southbridge which in turn causes the GPE. To observe the GPEs, use: then press the button and see if any of the GPE event counters increment. If not, you have a button + Embedded Controller issue.
Finally, if acpi_events to occur then make sure pm_suspend is being run. Mla Research Paper? This is a shell script, so you can add in questions debug and mla research paper write it to a log file to observe if it's being called. Research For Extended? If it's not, then there is a problem with acpid calling the mla research, sleep script which calls pm-suspend. If pm-suspend is being called, then the essay effects of mobile, final issue is most probably the kernel attempting to paper, suspend by fails because of broken ACPI Methods such as _PTS(). These need to be debugged by on harmful of mobile phones enabling the mla research templet, ACPI driver debug and observing the AML byte code being executed for these methods. The following power management kernel messages are a little terse and it's instructive to know what they really mean: Usually means dpm_suspend_noirq failed because some devices did not power down. dpm_prepare() failed to prepare all non-sys devices for writing to an essay, a system PM transition. The device should be listed in the error message. sysdev_suspend failed because some system devices did not power down.
It has been known for machines to sit in mla research paper templet resume for writing to an essay university, 300+ seconds before finally completing resume. Normally this means that during resume the kernel is reconfiguring some hardware, for example, the PCI configuration spaces and needs to do a short delay. Mla Research Paper Templet? Sometimes the CPU can pop into a very low C state and the HPET cannot wake it up - the timer interrupt gets lost. For example, the essay effects of mobile, AMD C1E idle wait can sometimes produce long delays on resume. Mla Research Templet? This is a known issue with the failed delivery of interrupts while in deep C states. If you have a BIOS option to not using you in, disable C1E then first disable this and retry. Mla Research? Alternatively, re-test with the essay on harmful of mobile, kernel parameter idle=mwait - this will disable the more power optimal C1E idle, so it's not energy star friendly. If this is successfully then you should look at more optimal workarounds such as disabling the paper, local APIC or disabling the APIC completely, so boot with nolapic or nolapic_timer kernel parameters.
Finally, it may be worth exploring the kernel HPET parameters to see if this helps stop or work around the delay. Kernel/Reference/S3 ( alexhung 2011-09-15 10:12:23) The material on this wiki is available under a free license, see Copyright / License for details.
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10 Ways To Condense Your Resume Without Losing Value. #1 Thing Recruiters Want You To Know About Getting A Job AppDynamics. How To Land A Job At Northside Hospital. Mla Research Paper? 3 Tips For Getting A Job At Medidata Solutions. The Secret To Networking When You Don#039;t Have Any Time. 3 Ways Emotionally Intelligent Leaders Make The Most Of Online Collaboration. Mandela's Family Life? In a culture dominated by short Facebook posts and cryptic tweets, we all face enormous pressure to communicate ever more briefly. When it comes to resumes, recent trends have lowered preferred lengths to 2-3 pages. Mla Research Paper? If your resume is long, how can you possibly condense it without losing value? As a certified and award-winning resume writer, I face this dilemma on gossip girl blair contest a daily basis. Most resumes contain a lot of “fat” in mla research paper templet the form of run-on sentences, unwieldy skill descriptions, lackluster branding, and unnecessary details.
By trimming these problem areas, your resume can become a lean, mean brand communication machine. 10 Ways To Condense Your Resume Without Losing Value. But isn’t it better to you in essays, include more content so you can weave in more keywords throughout your resume? No, actually. When it comes to mla research paper, resume writing less is generally more. Here’s why: Recruiters, HR professionals, and hiring executives are, like most of us, overworked and essay effects of mobile, inundated with information overload. Crisp lean sentences filled with the paper right details will stand out more in essays a sea of candidates. Too many keywords in a document can actually be a negative thing, because it may make it appear you are stuffing your document for the sole purpose of ranking high in resume searches. The database systems, or Applicant Tracking Systems, that recruiters, companies, and templet, job boards use to store and analyze incoming resumes are sophisticated enough to identify which documents have the right range of keywords specified in applicant searches – enough to meet their needs but not too much to raise eyebrows.
In other words, keyword density is long should word, important, but too many such words upset the apple cart. Mla Research Templet? Important details stand out mandela's, more when there is less text, especially if those details have been whittled and shaped wisely. Clogging up your resume with unnecessary information and paper templet, vague details impairs its ability to communicate your brand in the four to five seconds it is screened by humans. Let’s take a look at a few length targets to give you an not using you in, idea where your resume is out of balance. While there are few hard and fast resume rules, these are general guidelines that most highly experienced and paper templet, credentialed writers follow.
Resume Content Length Guidelines. Most recruiters expect resumes to be two to essay phones, three pages in length, with a strong preference for two pages in North America. While this varies from recruiter to recruiter, most like to mla research paper, see two-page resumes for on harmful, job seekers with up to 10-15 years of experience. For those with considerably more experience, a three-page resume may be necessary to capture and present all relevant details. There is (and never has been) a one-page-only resume rule, though. Mla Research Templet? Those with limited experience may find that length most appropriate for questions, their needs. Career summary statements have shortened since the 2008 recession and now trend at three to six lines of text. In mid-career, mid-management, and templet, executive resumes, it is often appropriate to add branding content to this section of the resume, though generally such material is best restricted to up to research for extended essays, the first half of the document’s first page. Core competency sections are best limited to paper templet, nine to twelve skills. Long Should Introduction Essay? If using a longer allotment makes sense for your situation, try breaking your list up into sub-sections and categorize your skills with keyword labels.
Generally, each job listed on a resume should include a brief position overview statement. These are best limited to 2-3 lines of text, except in recent executive roles which may use overviews of paper templet up to four to six lines. If these descriptions are longer, they may need to gossip blair contest, be broken into mla research two paragraphs to boost readability. Too many bulleted statements in a resume overwhelm your readers. Limit bullets to phones, six per mla research paper, role if possible; if you have more critical details that must be included, categorize them into sections and label with keyword or action phrases. Ideally, bullets should be limited to two lines of space. If additional critical details must be included, consider using sub-bullets or separating content into separate bullets. Amount Of Work History To Include. Recruiters typically are most interested in the last 10-15 years of your experience, so this is the not using amount of experience you will want to profile on your resume. Older experience can be briefly summarized. In some cases, it can be safely eliminated altogether.
Cut out words that aren’t needed and delete words that are repeated. When you’re fighting a two-line bullet length, every word counts, when means the foregoing sentence could easily be revamped to read trim repetitious and mla research, unnecessary words without losing any meaning. While all verbs convey action of some sort, some contain more energy and action than others. An Introduction To An Essay? It may be accurate to paper, say you wrote the company’s five-year plan , for example, but it’s more powerful to say that you strategized, authored, and executed the research questions for extended company’s first-ever five-year plan . Passive language on a resume masks the true role you played in paper the task you’re describing. The sentence, “I was exposed to different cultures, people, and challenges” is weaker than, “Gained cross-functional and not using you in, cross-cultural exposure to 5 ethnicities in 12 countries,” for example. Paper? Avoid vague descriptors and phrases such as “a variety of,” “many,” “others,” and “successfully.” Replace them with specific details that add value and meaning to the text. Numbers talk, so it’s imperative to use them in resumes to quantify key achievements and writing an introduction essay university, context information. Don’t tell your reader that you exceeded sales targets, show them how much you surpassed goals year-over-year. Whether you use a chart, graph, text box, or plain text to do so, your achievements (and therefore your candidacy) will stand out more. Many old-style resumes and built-in MS Word templates still use two-inch left margins. Eliminate this practice and other formatting limits to maximize readability and use of space and minimize document length.
Use smaller, narrower fonts, but keep text fonts between 10 to 11 points in size. Place your titles and mla research paper, employer names on one line if you held only mandela's life one role with the company. Eradicate widows and mla research paper templet, orphans (stray paragraph lines and single words on a line by themselves). As noted above, some content can be categorized or sub-categorized to convey information in more powerful ways. Subdividing a long series of research bullets, say, into 3-4 categories that emphasize the mla research paper templet cross-functionality of your skill set will not only make your achievements easier to read, it will also showcase your multi-function brand while adding industry-specific keywords to the resume. Give your readers the an introduction right quality and type of detail to help them understand the full scope of paper templet your impact. For instance, if you turned around an operation, that’s a critical accomplishment to include. But including before and after context details will automatically strengthen the presentation. How much money was the business losing per month or year prior to your tenure? How much profit or revenue was it generating by the time you left?
In real estate, it’s location, location, location that is critical; in resumes, it’s achievements, achievements, achievements. Numerically quantified statements communicate volumes of information in fewer words while conveying your accomplishment in specific, measurable terms. Here’s a sentence from a client’s original resume: “Managed multimillion dollars business and introduction 3500 essay, IT initiatives from inception to mla research templet, implementation to increase productivity, reduce operational cost, and improve service quality by collaborating with IT staff, c-level executives, business users, and gossip blair, external healthcare service providers.” Here’s a revamp that shortens the mla research paper templet sentence from 35 to 25 words while adding content to dramatically improve its results focus: “Ramped productivity 15%, cut operational costs $7M, and writing essay university, strengthened service quality 14%, leading $25M to $50M cross-functional business and IT initiatives from inception to rollout.” Notice that the original bullet spanned three lines while the revamp needs just two. Choose carefully which details you include and templet, how you do so. For example, in on harmful of mobile phones the original client sentence included in the prior bullet you’ll find a list of folks this person collaborated with in his position. The results he achieved are more central to his brand so I substituted the word “cross-functional” to cover my client’s list of mla research templet 4 groups that required 11 words to describe. Not Using You In Essays? A distinction that underlines many of the above points is to recognize the difference between resume content that is important versus that which is paper templet, critical to gossip essay, include.
There simply isn’t room for all important information on a resume, so sooner or later you have to choose which important details are must-haves – these are the paper templet data points to not only include but emphasize, as these additional examples of the above content-trimming suggestions make clear. On Nelson Life? A 15-time, award-winning resume writer, Cheryl Lynch Simpson serves mid-career to senior executives as a credentialed resume writer (ACRW), LinkedIn strategist (COPNS), and Get Clear, Get Found, Get Hired (G3) coach. Like her advice? Check out her website, ExecutiveResumeRescue.com for a complimentary copy of her popular Polish Your Profile LinkedIn presentation, or follow her on Twitter! Disclosure: This post is sponsored by a CAREEREALISM-approved expert. You can learn more about expert posts here .
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essay on clays quilt Freedom’s Story is made possible by paper a grant from the Wachovia Foundation. Rooted in Africa, Raised in America: The Traditional Arts and Crafts of. African-Americans Across Five Centuries. John Michael Vlach. Professor, American Studies and Anthropology. The George Washington University. National Humanities Center. Rarely do studies of slavery mention the valuable skills and writing an introduction tangible creations of the millions of Africans brought to the New World. Much is madeand rightly soof African talents in storytelling, music, and dance but these modes of creative performance do not adequately describe the paper templet, full range of Africa’s contributions to American culture.
The Africans brought to the New World to toil their lives away as slaves were generally cultivators. They also possessed a wide range of gossip blair essay skills that they had used for generations to wrest a living from the mla research templet, land and among these millions of unwilling immigrants were many skilled artisans. An Introduction Essay University? They included builders who erected houses for their families and other structures that sheltered their annual harvests. When confronting the challenges of living in the dense tropical forests of templet their homelands, they turned to their local blacksmiths who forged the necessary iron tools that allowed them to clear and maintain their garden plots. Basket makers provided them with various containers that allowed crops to be harvested and stored until needed. Potters turned local clays, found most often along the essays on nelson mandela's, banks of numerous rivers and mla research streams, into useful cooking and storage vessels. Other domestic implements, items like serving bowls and drinking cups, could be fashioned from gourds of varying sizes and baskets were made from reeds, palm leaves, and a wide variety other vegetal materials. Over the essays family, course of several millennia African populations developed the mla research paper, means to of mobile live successfully within a challenging environment of paper extreme heat, prolonged rain, and dense forest cover. Labeled by Europeans as savages, these people possessed a wide array of tangible skills that would ultimately prove to be precious immigrant gifts that they would contribute to the making of the Americas. Unfortunately for them, they were within easy reach of slave traders whose ships made regular calls along almost five thousand miles of Africa’s coastal shores. Asante-style drum.
The well-documented horrors of captivity in the foul holds of essays on nelson slave ships drive from our minds any images except those of horrible misery and suffering. Yet objects of considerable creativity, on occasion, also made the same voyage from Africa to the Americas. There is today in the British Museum a drum carved from a section of paper a tree trunk that was collected in Virginia some time between 1730 and 1745. The drum’s shape, materials, and mode of decoration are so distinctive that the instrument can confidently identified as one made by a person belonging to the Akan-speaking peoples who still reside in the modern nation of Ghana. There can be little doubt that this musical instrument was used in some plantation context almost half a century before the American Revolution. On Nelson Mandela's? The presence of such an unquestionably African object in the Americas indicates that the captives who were taken far from their homeland were still able to paper retain selected aspects of their native identities. It was more often the case that elements of of mobile their culturelanguage, religion, and foodways to name a fewwould over time become blended or creolized expressions as Africans evolved into African-Americans. Banjo being played at mla research paper, slave.
quarter with a drum. accompaniment. 18th Century. In plantation societies the playing of drums was generally outlawed due to the fear by slave owners that such instruments could be used to not using essays send messages related to mla research templet rebellion and escape. Such prohibitions did not however apply to other African musical instruments such as the banjo. In fact, the appealing sound of the banjo would, by the dawning of the nineteenth century, ignite a national fascination for its compelling combination of melody and percussion.
As a player’s fingers plucked a lively tune on mandela's family life, the strings, he would simultaneously mark the song’s beat when his hand tapped the mla research templet, skin stretched over the sounding chamber. Functionally the banjo joined the lute to the drum, an act that fused melody with a strong rhythmic punctuation. This combination of tune and percussion in a single instrument proved to be so appealing that banjo tunes that were first heard in plantation contexts are played today. However, the banjo is now so thoroughly associated with the Appalachian highlands and Anglo-American musicians that only a handful of enthusiasts are aware of either the banjo’s African origins or its long history among African-American players. African Potter and Colonoware samples. 2005 African Diaspora Archaeology Network. Archaeologists, who have probed the grounds on old plantation sites dating back to family life the seventeenth century, regularly turn up fragments of unglazed earthenware pottery. Mla Research Paper? Seeming to be very crude when compared to the stoneware vessels commonly in use in Euro-American households, these items were initially presumed to long essay have been made by Native Americans of the colonial period who perished shortly after the arrival of the first European settlers.
Initially labeled as Colono-ware, it is now clear that many of these pieces were fashioned by Africans. Consequently these rough earthenware vessels should be recognized as Afro-Colono pieces if not, in some cases, simply as examples of African pottery. During the colonial era South Carolina’s enslaved blacks outnumbered white people by a ratio of four to one and, given this numerical dominance, planters found that they could only effectively supervise their slaves when they were out in the fields. Consequently, the paper templet, routines carried out in you in essays, their domestic quarters couldand didreconnect them to some of the practices of their African homelands as they fashioned their own clay vessels and mla research templet used them to cook their meals according their own preferences. The African quality of their domestic routines was so evident to one eighteenth-century visitor that he would write that “Carolina looks more like a negro country than like a country settled by of mobile white people.” At plantation sites across the Carolina lowcountry archaeologists have discovered that over ninety percent of the mla research, ceramic evidence consists of essay fragments of Colono-ware, a finding that suggests that slaves controlled far more of their domestic routine than was previously suspected.
Given that Africans were the largest population group in South Carolina during the paper templet, colonial era, it should not be too surprising that black Carolinians would continue to use their African languages when conversing among themselves. But even when they had developed a creolized variant called Gullah, this new language still retained many African elements. They also developed an Africanized spatial “language” that was used in the design and layout of their quarters. To some white observers these buildings were too small and thus seemed uncomfortably crowded. This is because when English rules of measure were employed, room sizes were generally in girl essay contest, range of 264 square feet (16 feet x 16 feet). Mla Research Paper? In West African buildings rooms are considerably smaller being, on average, closer to 100 square feet (10 feet x 10 feet). The Afro-Carolinian average room size, based on a sample of long excavated foundations, was 120 square feet (approximately 11 feet x 11 feet). These proportions suggest that slaves continued to paper employ a sense of proportion that recalled the traditional house types found all along the Guinea Coast region from Sierra Leone to Cameroon. Filming “Digging for research for extended essays Slaves.” Wall trench and templet post holes.
in slave quarter. Whenever African-Americans were able to exert a degree of control over their working or living conditions, there usually emerged interesting tangible signs of their concerns 1859 Jar. (a.k.a. On Nelson Mandela's Life? Dave the mla research paper, Potter). 25-Gallon Jar. (a.k.a. Dave the Potter). and values. As early as the 1820s in effects, Edgefield District of western South Carolina, for mla research templet example, slave labor was used extensively in the manufacture of stoneware pottery. The most noteworthy black potter in writing essay, the area was David Drake, an mla research templet, extraordinarily skilled man who is credited with producing the writing an introduction to an essay, largest vessels ever made during the antebellum periodhuge crocks with holding capacities of almost fifty gallons. Beyond the achievement of mla research paper templet creating vessels that were so monumental in scale, Drake also added inscriptions in essays mandela's, the form of paper templet witty rhymed couplets like “A large jar which has four handles/ pack it full of fresh meatthen light candles” or “Good for essays on nelson lard/ or holding fresh meat/ Blest we were when/ Peter saw the folded/ sheet.” But he could also offer more sobering statements on his captivity: “Dave belongs to Mr.
Miles/ wher[e] the mla research templet, oven bakes the pot biles.” That he would display his literacy in public was a dangerous gesture since South Carolina law required that any slave who was literate was to be sold out of the state because of his ability to send secret messages to other slaves who might be plotting escapes or even rebellions. Girl Blair Essay? But because Drake was so skilled and could clearly make the sorts of large storage jars required by mla research paper templet the bigger plantations, the questions, criminal penalties for his literacy were apparently overlooked. That Drake’s craft skills had evidently earned him a rare dispensation from the penalties of the local slave codes would signal to other slaves that skill was a potential pathway to privilege. Face jugs attributed to a slave potter in. Edgefield, South Carolina, about 1850. While the potteries of the Edgefield District were established to satisfy planters needs for utilitarian wares, by the middle decades of the mla research templet, nineteenth century some African-American potters were making small vessels that were sculpted into you in the form of human heads. Generally about five inches tall (although one example measures less than an inch-and-a-half), their purpose has never been discovered and thus remains open to paper templet speculation. It is, however, worth noting that these small face pots strongly resemble wooden sculptures known in the Congo region of long introduction word essay central Africa which also have shiny white material inserted in them to mark eyes and teeth in exactly the same manner as the Edgefield vessels. The opportunity to develop pottery skills allowed African-Americans to mla research develop new skills even as they as retained some aspects of an long should word, ancestral tradition. Sherry Byrd and her “Home-grown/ Hand-made/Passed-on-Family” quilt.
While quilted bedcovers were not used in paper, the tropical homelands of on nelson mandela's family life enslaved Africans, they soon learned how to make them. Requiring thousands of mla research paper templet tiny stitches to attach the for extended, colorful quilt top to a plain back, assembling a quilt could take months to complete. Fannie Moore, who was still a child when slavery was abolished, recalled how her mother quilted in her cabin making bedcovers for “the white folks” as well as for her own family. One particularly noteworthy quilt decorated with images of chalices was made in 1860 by some of the enslaved women of mla research templet Mimosa Hall plantation in East Texas. Created on the occasion of a visit by an Anglican bishop, the quilt is today a high prized work of art owned by the American Museum in Britain located at Claverton Manor in Bath, England. Bedcovers of this sort rigorously follow a strict grid pattern typical of most Anglo-American quits and in this instance black quilters contributed only their labor as the quilt was assembled. Gossip Blair Contest? But over their years of paper templet captivity, black quilters evolved their own approach to quilt-making by developing a style open to imaginative patterns that break away from the usual Euro-American patterns based on a strict repetitive geometry.
Contemporary African-American quilter Sherry Bryd actually rejects old patterns saying “I don’t like to do the same things over research essays and over mla research again, and so I just kind of build my own quilts as I sit at the machine.” The improvisatory mode that she describes has led many quilters to experiment with novel notions of essays on nelson family life quilt design. Paper Templet? The most adventuresome proceed intuitively working out ideas that they have never tried before although they still seem to be, in some way, familiar. African-American Quilter Wanda Jones explains that “It’s nothin’ about makin’ it a little different. It’s still the same pattern. You just add somethin’ of your own to it.” A fusion of past and present occurs while a quilter is sorting out some of the essay effects phones, various ways that she might assemble her quilt. This review process has led ultimately to a preference for a set of constantly evolving patterns. Templet? The fluid design process seen in so many contemporary African-American quilts is analogous to the open-ended approach to musical composition that can be heard in blues and jazz performances where improvisational technique constantly interrupts regularized notions of tone and time. Mary Lee Bendolph, Mary Lee Bendolph.
and Ruth P. Mosely. Family Life? Recently there has been much public acclaim for the quilts produced in the small central Alabama town of paper Gee’s Bend. These exciting bedcovers have been displayed, so far, at twelve major museums all across the country and can be seen on a host of websites. Marked by bold color choices and patterns that break away from the should introduction 3500, expected regularized patterns of repeated blocks, these quilts strike most viewers as works of are equivalent to abstract paintings. Actually the Gee’s Bend quilts derive from so-called “throw together” quilts known to southern blacks as far back as the sharecropper era and, in some cases, even to slavery times.
While they are now widely hailed as outstanding works of art, for the Gee’s Bend community they are necessary items grounded in the experience of the self-reliant forebears. Some quilters see in the quilting process an expression of templet homage to ancestors who survived conditions much worse than what they may have to introduction 3500 essay confront today. Mla Research? Contemporary Gee’s Bend quilter Mary Lee Bendolph acknowledges a feeling for the past in long essay, her work when she selects the materials for mla research her quilts: “Old clothes carry something with them. You can feel the presence of the gossip girl essay contest, person that used to wear them. It has spirit in them. Even if I don’t even know the person, I know someone wore those pants, and it feels lovely and paper warm to me.” But the past is an introduction, only one of the influences that she brings together with her own personal insights and preferences as she creates a quilt: “I never try to paper quilt altogether like anybody It’s better if you do what you are supposed to essays mandela's family life do than to try and copy somebody else.” In the hands of an artist like Bendolph an mla research, old art form like quilting remains fresh and relevant. Contemporary African-American folk artists find themselves faced with the possibility of honoring the legacy of the past even as they look for a way to make their own mark. Philip Simmons, a renowned blacksmith who worked in Charleston, South Carolina for seventy years, was trained by Peter Simmons (no relation), a man who was born a slave. Peter Simmons’ history in ironwork traces back at least as far as the first decades of the nineteenth century. But when asked about the on harmful effects phones, importance of this history in carrying on his ancient trade, Philip Simmons suggests that the future always held more of an mla research paper, attraction for him because of the research questions essays, appeal of the unknown: “After all those many years [of working], I’m still learning things.
I’m still doing things I have never done before. There is mla research paper templet, always something you can learn. Girl Blair Essay Contest? Blacksmithing, there’s always something new to learn.” So often the dominant interest in history is templet, focused on looking back over on harmful of mobile time in order to answer questions related to origins. Mla Research Paper Templet? While the study of the historical record is important, Simmons encourages us to alter our perspective and to consider how the effects phones, great arc of templet history also reaches forward to contemporary generations.
He suggests that if we have a good understanding of older precedents and you in essays the desire look at them with care, we might be able to see how historical influences can move beneficially on into the future. Mla Research Paper? Simmons’s suggestion about the utility of essay on harmful effects traditional knowledge in mla research templet, the present can be seen daily in the streets of Charleston, South Carolina. Philip Simmons, 1982. Photographed by Tom Pich, for the National Endowment for the Arts, National Heritage Fellows. Introduction Essay? Every morning African-American basket sewers return to their chosen street corners where they ply their centuries-old trade of making coiled baskets. As early as 1690s, their ancestors made rice fanners, three-foot-wide trays fashioned with thick coils that were used to clean the rice before it could be cooked. They also made a wide assortment of containers that were used both in mla research paper, their homes and in the fields.
The baskets made for home use tended to be smaller and thus their coils were thinner and their shapes more elegant than the baskets used for for extended essays field tasks. Mla Research Paper Templet? When a series of hurricanes at the end of the should 3500, nineteenth century destroyed the vast rice fields that stretched from North Carolina to Florida, there was no longer a need for most work baskets but the mla research paper, more resourceful basket makers began to focus on flower baskets and other decorative forms that might be sold to tourists. Known as “show baskets” because they allowed a basket maker to show-off her particular talent, thousands of them can be seen most often at small stands along the coastal highway (Route 17). Consequently, the public presence of basket sewers has become an gossip girl essay, exotic feature of the local scene that can lure tourists to Carolina lowcountry. During the last quarter of the twentieth century, sweetgrass basket sewers (and there are hundreds of them) were celebrated in several museum exhibitions, both locally and nationally, and as a result of this attention their baskets have come to be celebrated as the product of an templet, unbroken tradition that has endured into its fourth century. One of the great contemporary stars, among many highly talented basket sewers, is Mary Foreman Jackson who has placed her works at an impressive list of notable museums that include: the Smithsonian American Art Museum, the writing an introduction to an essay university, Boston Museum of Fine Arts, and the Philadelphia Museum of Art. Jackson’s baskets are so highly regarded that when prominent figures visit South Carolina they presented with one of her baskets as a remembrance of the event. Included among these dignitaries are: Pope John Paul II; Charles, Prince of Wales, and the Emperor and Empress of Japan.
That a humble tool for cleaning rice could give rise to a prestigious art form used to honor the world’s most noteworthy figures, speaks volumes about the mla research templet, creative energies embedded in long should introduction 3500, the African-American community and the enduring power of their traditions. Clearly a community that can produce such talented artists deserves closer study so that their hidden virtues might, one day, become a source of national pride. Guiding Student Discussion. Deriving history from mla research templet, artifacts is a tricky proposition for most scholars because they are so used to blair essay contest gathering information by reading written documents. But objects and spaces, the tangible record of human experience, also have the ability to mark and express the record of human actions if they can be accurately placed in a geographic context and a historical sequence. Once archaeologists can link a dusty sherd of pottery to a person from a specific location during particular period, they can use that fragment to carry our minds back to that very same moment. By attending carefully to the materials, size, construction, decoration, and use of an object, whether it is as small as a pin or a large as house, a detailed biography can be constructed of any artifact (see Fleming’s cited below for a model). With that profile in mla research, hand, one can turn then to a particular type of artifacta quilt, for exampleand compare it to others of the same class and introduction 3500 essay then make useful observations of similarities and differences over time or across regions. What emerges from such an inquiry is paper, something of the life history of the object that might indicate the introduction 3500 word, virtues or flaws of mla research paper a particular quilt pattern. Life? If enough quilts are sampled as group, it may be possible to learn something about the artistic direction followed by a particular community. My book The Afro-American Tradition in Decorative Arts samples a wide array of paper templet topics that might be considered for class or individual projects: basketry, woodcarving, weaving, quilting, pottery, boatbuilding, blacksmithing, carpentry.
Since we live an era where most people are consumers rather than producers of the things they use every day, life in writing university, the eighteenth and mla research paper templet nineteenth centuries is bound to for extended appear very alien, if not irrelevant. Students might be benefit from assignments that require them to inspect aspects of the daily routines of slaves. Mla Research Paper Templet? Reading selected slave narratives, particularly those collected by interviewers working for the Federal Writer’s Program, will take students directly into the slave quarters and their work areas (see Yetman). Writing An Introduction To An Essay University? Often filled with memories of harsh treatment and templet cruel exploitation, their accounts also describe instances of diligent work and craft skills. The evident pride that some people express indicates that their statements made by material means served as a partial therapy for their cruel treatment. By creating a wide array of domestic items that they could use in their quarters, enslaved African-Americans proved that they were more the mere property. Blair? Gabe Lance, who worked for many years in the rice fields of South Carolina, when asked about mla research paper, life during the years before the Civil War, responded with apparent pride and a measure of bravado “Missus, Slavery time people done something!” It would be very therapeutic if students could understand that enslaved people were more than the should 3500 essay, sum of their brutalizationand further that a legacy, rooted in African aesthetic that continues to templet live on, can still be witnessed via a considerable number of tangible signs. John Michael Vlach is long word, Professor of American Studies and Anthropology at The George Washington University and Director of the university’s Folklife Program. Paper? His scholarship has focused on aspects of the African Diaspora, conducting field research in to an essay university, Africa (Ghana, Nigeria), the Caribbean (Haiti, Jamaica), and across the southern regions of the United States. Author of paper ten books, his titles include The Afro-American Tradition in Decorative Arts , Common Places: Readings in Vernacular Architecture (with Dell Upton), By the Work of Their Hands: Studies in Afro-American Folklife , Plain Painters: Making Sense of American Folk Art , Back of the Big House: The Architecture of essay on harmful effects phones Plantation Slavery , The Planter’s Prospect: Privilege and Slavery in Plantation Paintings, and Barns (winner of the 2003 Kniffen Prize for Best Book on North American Material Culture). Address comments or questions to Professor Vlach through TeacherServe “Comments and templet Questions.”
Vlach, John Michael. “Rooted in Africa, Raised in on nelson family, America: The Traditional Arts and Crafts of African-Americans Across Five Centuries.” Freedom’s Story, TeacherServe. National Humanities Center. DATE YOU ACCESSED ESSAY. http://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/tserve/freedom/1609-1865/essays/africa.htm 7 Alexander Drive, P.O. Box 12256. Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27709. Phone: (919) 549-0661 Fax: (919) 990-8535.
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How to Break into Corporate Writing. There are a lot of very smart people in business today; there are not a lot of good writers. Couple this with the mla research paper fact that companies need to produce more words, via a greater number of channels, than ever before, and you quickly come to realize that the corporate landscape is rife with opportunity for those who know how to communicate, you know, good. Oh, ohI can hear the murmurs already. All right, before we go any further, allow me to dispel three all-too-frequent demurrals I hear about corporate writing. CORPORATE WRITING ISN’T “REAL” WRITING. A few weeks ago, one of my clients, an executive for a financial services firm, asked me to write a hypothetical story about a working mom. The purpose of the story was to show how hard the typical mom works to writing university, succeed in her career, raise her kids, maintain a healthy marriage and mla research templet, still get home in time to make dinner. This executive, you see, wanted to pitch to essays, her senior committee an idea for a new credit card tailored specifically to mla research templet, working moms, and this story was to be the opener for her presentation. My assignment, in other wordsa corporate assignment, rememberwas basically to write a short story.
When someone asks if you’ll write the you in essays copy for a marketing brochure, that’s a writing job. When a contact asks if you can write the mla research presentation script for a conference, that’s a writing job. You In Essays. When he tells you the templet product proposal he has drafted is a dog’s breakfast and he needs a writer to fix it, that’s a writing job. You know how I can tell these are all writing jobs? First, the writing to an essay university word “writing” or “writer” is in all of them. Second, nonwriters can’t do them. Third, they have only one requirement: to paper templet, put together words in a compelling way. Damned if that doesn’t define writing. My attitude is this: Anytime someone comes to essay effects phones, me with a corporate writing gig, I’m essentially being asked to tell a story as well as it can be told. That story might be, “Here’s why you should buy our product, customers between 29 and 45.” It might be, “Here’s why you should give me a ginormous budget to run this initiative, Oh President of the Division.” It might be, “Hey, average investor, here’s why the economy is reboundingno, honestly.”
They’re coming to me because, no matter the story they need to tell, they think I can help them tell it better than anyone else. My profession is storytelling, and it runs across many different contexts, so it makes perfect sense to me when I receive such requests. When my son asks me to read him one of mla research templet my own stories at bedtime, my heart swells. When a senior executive at a multinational conglomerate asks me to should word, write some marketing copy for him, I may not turn into mla research a puddle, but I’m just as flattered, and gossip girl blair essay, it’s no less real. CORPORATE WRITING IS SELLING OUT. We writers spend half of mla research paper our lives answering the question, “Can you really make a living doing that?” I make a living doing it, in large part because of the not using network of corporate clients I’ve developed over the years, and templet, I’ll be honest: I love it when cousin whatshisname the investment broker asks me if one can make a living writing, and I get to say, “Yep.” Selling out? Hardly. Maximizing my skills in on harmful of mobile phones, a variety of different ways? Definitely. CORPORATE WRITING WILL UNDERMINE THE ARTIST IN ME.
Follow my logic, and tell me if it goes off the rails: You’re a writer, so you enjoy writing. You’re naturally better at it than most others. Writing is a skill, and it’s also an paper templet art. For Extended. It produces great literature, fascinating historical accounts, important texts and persuasive marketing brochures. If you’ve worked hard to develop your writing skills, they’re transferable from one area to the next and immediately make you a versatile and mla research paper templet, valuable resource. So, while writing haiku may give you the biggest lift, why not also use your talent to make a little coin? Is the artist in you going to balk at the check you receive for writing the CEO’s keynote at the annual gala? If so, the two of you need to have a little talk. OK. We’ve established (I hope) that there’s no reason not to pursue corporate writing, and that it can be a lucrative, gratifying, fun part of your career.
So how do you get your foot in the door? Glad you asked. There are plenty of fish in research questions essays, the sea, as the saying goes. When it comes to templet, corporate writing, that’s never been truer than it is not using essays today. The fragile economy’s corporate downsizing is, in an odd way, a boon for freelance and contract writers. Why? Because the fewer people those companies have around who can put a decent sentence together, the greater their need to seek outside help. Your job, then, is to let them know who you are and how you can help save them from their own rampant incoherence (though of course you’re going to say it a little more tactfully than that).
There are a number of specific things you can do to make this happen. Before you say boo to anyone, you need to paper, undertake a few steps to to an essay, establish yourself as a freelance professional, as distinct from an mla research author or journalist. The junior associate tapped to find a writer for the new company website isn’t concerned with whether or not you’ve been published in The Fiddlehead; she just wants to know if you can write snappy copy, thereby making her look good. Which means you need four things: a business card, matching letterhead, and a website and proprietary domain. Your business card, which you will attach to every piece of long 3500 correspondence you send out, needs to mla research templet, have either your name or the name of your entity. When you take on corporate gigs, you are not the devoted short-story writer who occasionally writes marketing copy. Just as the author in you must be 100-percent committed to his side of the overall pursuit, the corporate writer must be likewise devoted. These two creatures occupying the same body have no productive reason to overlap. In other words, your business card should not say “The Wizard of Words,” “The Write Stuff” or anything of the sort.
It should say “Moore Communications,” or “The Business Writing Expert” or, as in should introduction 3500 essay, my case, simply “Writer.” Your websiteand you do need one (this is mla research paper templet a non-negotiable point)should be simple and direct, letting prospective clients know about your credentials and the kind of 3500 essay writing you can provide. Paper. Need examples? Just do an Internet search for other freelance writers’ sites; you’ll quickly get a feel for what works. Purchase a Web domain that (ideally) matches your name or the name of your business entity exactly. Do not engage in correspondence with prospects using a third-party common e-mail provider like Hotmail, Gmail or the like. My e-mails with clients or anyone else in the corporate world are sent exclusively through firstname.lastname@example.org. Once you’ve got your business cards and long should 3500, letterhead printed, your domain registered and your website set up, it’s time to draft an introductory letter to the sorts of companies you want to approach.
But before you start fishing for mla research clients, you need to decide what you want to gossip girl blair contest, catch. Trout from mla research your local lake? A majestic ocean swordfish? Or are you just looking to should word essay, fill your hold with anything that has gills? Your target clients will depend in part on mla research, your background. If you’ve been a lawyer for 20 years and you’re now going to try your hand at professional writing, law firms are a logical place to start.
If you’ve volunteered extensively in hospitals, you could impress medical firms with your familiarity with their subject matter and should introduction 3500 word, the industry lingo. Paper. If you don’t have any readily transferable expertise of this nature, that’s OK, too: There’s nothing wrong with being a generalist. Long Introduction Word. In that case, your best strategy will be to mla research, start with small or local businesses, then work your way up. Once you’ve identified who you’re targeting, draft a template for a one-page letter that will serve as your introduction to the corporate world. The goal of this letter mirrors that of your website: to let potential clients know you’re out there, to tell them about essay effects of mobile yourself and to say a little about the kinds of templet corporate writing you can do. The letter, printed on your own letterhead, simply does this in you in, a proactive way. (Note: proactivea very corporate word. Learn to love them.) Mention any relevant expertise or general experience with the subject of the templet business and/or with various types of corporate materials, from research essays white papers to mla research paper templet, speeches, brochures to annual reports, case studies to buckslips.
If you don’t yet have expertise in any areas that seem directly applicable to corporate writing, don’t worry about itjust emphasize your overall writing or communications skills and experience. Businesses simply are looking for people who can take information and introduction essay, convey it well, just as when they hire employees they’re usually looking for smart people who demonstrate an ability to adapt to mla research paper templet, their environment more than people who have specific experience in a particular realm. If you have applicable credentials, note them. If not, that’s OK, too. When you’ve got your letter drafted, compile a list of mandela's companies you plan to mla research paper templet, approach. First and foremost, tap your personal network any way you can.
Word-of-mouth recommendations and personal relationships can be some of the best ways to get your foot in the door. Don’t let this discourage you: Nearly everyone you know works somewhere, right? Start your list there, and don’t be shy about distributing your letter to existing contacts. A good next step is to contact your chamber of commerce to request a list of local businesses. Research Questions For Extended Essays. When you’re going local, there’s also the old-fashioned way of finding and approaching potential clients: walking in mla research paper, and dropping off your introductory materials in on harmful of mobile, person. It really does work. Finally, conduct simple Internet searches for the types of businesses you’re looking to target.
The more lines you cast, the better your chances of getting a bite. No doubt you have umpteen friends in the corporate world. Ask them to sneak home as many samples as they can of the internal and paper templet, external materials their companies produce. Anything will do, from 50-slide PowerPoint presentations to essay on harmful, one-page memos. Getting a look at mla research paper, these materials helps you in should introduction 3500 essay, three ways. Mla Research Paper Templet. First, it gives you a chance to assess the general quality of word essay that company’s communications. Second, it gives you the opportunity to see how much you can improve on them. Third, it offers you a glimpse into the consistency of the mla research paper templet company’s brand. A number of essay on harmful organizations produce individual pieces that stand on their own respectably enough, but a surprising few have taken the time to paper, put in place an essays mandela's family life overall branding or communications program that enforces a consistent voice and style.
That’s where you come in. While you don’t want to mla research, divulge having seen a firm’s propriety materials, you can make indirect reference to what you’ve learned from reviewing them. Say your friend showed you a marketing brochure the company produced for you in its last big product launch, and you thought the writing was awful. Chances are someone inside the company thinks so, too. Alluding specifically to mla research paper, your experience with, or interest in, writing marketing brochures might cause the proverbial bulb to light up over the right person’s head. You’re now in business; therefore, you need to give potential clients as many reasons as possible to questions for extended essays, name you as their vendor of choice. Your hourly rate, for example, can vary slightly depending on the prospect you’re trying to woo.
There’s a $30 range between my lowest hourly rate and mla research paper templet, my highest. The level at which I set my rate for a given client is a function of the size of the company, the size of the project, the difficulty of the work, the timeline surrounding it and on nelson life, any other factors that present themselves. I do several other things to stand out to clients. Paper Templet. For instance, in my standard agreement, I include two rounds of back-and-forth revision to not using, whatever extent the mla research paper templet client deems necessary. I also cap every one of my quotes: If I tell you it’s going to be $800, it’s going to essay effects, be $800 and not a penny more, provided we stay within the mla research two editing rounds. Clients love this because they don’t have to essays, live in fear of being charged for extra hours. I also guarantee, in mla research paper templet, writing, that I’ll hit the research questions for extended deadline. Sounds obvious, I knowbut you’d be surprised how many people maintain a different approach. And any edge you can get over mla research the competition is worthwhile. Getting a foot in the door is writing to an essay one thing.
Being invited to cross the mla research paper templet threshold is another. And becoming a preferred guest is really where it’s at. How do you get a company to want your services again and essay university, again? OVERDELIVER. Sammy Davis Jr. said he always maintained the philosophy that you give them the show of your life no matter how many people are in the crowd. Mla Research Paper. Apply the same attitude to your corporate writing. The shareholder newsletter you’re being asked to edit for a few hundred bucks may not seem like a big deal on its own, but never underestimate the importance of doing a stellar job on a small piece. Perform great work for one person, and that person might refer you to half a dozen others in the organization with similar needs.
Knock the ball out of the park on an assignment you think is trivial and you might find out they were giving you a trial run before pulling the trigger on on harmful effects of mobile phones, that major project, which is now going to pay your bills for the next two months. Put in a few extra hours gratis to help the company get a brochure out the door in time, and you’re nothing less than golden to those on the inside. The ripple effect of paper doing an impressive job is always larger than you think. BE EASY TO WORK WITH. Creative types can sometimes be, um, a little testy when it comes to their art. For your own good, don’t be that type.
Be flexible. Be accommodating. Be pleasant to not using, work with. Don’t nickel-and-dime. Don’t get upset when the client asks you for mla research templet the third time in a week to writing an introduction to an, please resend the paper file because he accidentally deleted it. WRITE IT HOW THEY WANT, NOT HOW YOU WANT. It’s your job to figure out on nelson mandela's family life what the mla research company wants to sound like and then to tell the story in that voice. It is you in essays not your job to tell them how to do their jobs. If they feel like trimming that sparkling line of copy you know would probably sell the product on its own, take a deep breath and say nothing.
Certain battles are obligatory, like the time my client wanted to mla research paper, add a random comma to the first line of should introduction 3500 essay a brochure I’d written, which would have created a splice and a useless piece for my portfolio. But even in mla research, such cases, tact is the watchword. Once you begin writing for corporations, you’ll be stunned at how ghastly their understanding of grammar rules can sometimes be. You must never act condescending, snappish or rude. Calmly explain why the appearance of a comma in such a spot is like the sound of nails on a chalkboard, and move on.
When you finish a project, ask the most senior person you’ve been in touch with for a testimonial. Word. Collect these endorsements over time and categorize them according to industry, type of project and so on, so you always have them at the ready for prospective clients. Once you have a few, add a testimonials page to your website. Also, gather samples of mla research paper your pieces as you go. In your standard agreement, include a clause that stipulates you are permitted to use all or part of the long should 3500 word assignment in your own promotional materials. Paper. This is no different than being able to include published clips when you pitch a story to a magazine. Companies will often ask you to sign nondisclosure agreements before writing anything for them. These simply mean you agree not to divulge any of writing their secrets or work for direct competitors while writing for them.
That’s fine, but make sure you always add the clause I mentioned above so you can include the paper templet work in your own portfolio. It’s a writer’s world. Strong communicators are worth their weight in writing essay university, gold. Start testing the corporate waters and see for yourself! Want to learn how to succeed at corporate writing? Consider: Become a Writer’s Digest VIP and save 10% on this class: 7 thoughts on “ How to Break into Corporate Writing ”
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